Canada in WW1 PowerPoint


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Canada in WW1 PowerPoint

  1. 1. Amar Dhari Block: B
  2. 2. Ypres (2nd Battle)  April 22nd (1915) – May 25 (1995) City of Ypres, West Belgium (Near France) France, Britain and Canada vs. German Empire 2,000 Canadian Deaths, 6,035 Casualties
  3. 3. Ypres (2 Battle) nd (cont’d)  Prominent Leaders: Horace Smith-Dorrien (Britain), Arthur Currie (Canada), Henri Gabriel Putz (France), A.-L.-T. de Ceuninck (Belgium), Thedophile Figeys (Belgium) Albrecht of Württemberg (Germany) Outcome for Canada: Loss to Germany, but the Canadian forces were viewed as extremely brave and devoted because of their immaculate effort in this battle
  4. 4. Ypres (2 Battle)nd (cont’d) What Happened? Germans used chlorine gas to kill many Canadians, Brits, and French. This technique worked very well, especially with the wind helping spread the gas The gas quickly sank into the trenches, but Canadians urinated on handkerchiefs to become immune tho the gas and survived until reinforcements arrived, this was seen as a great accomplishment given the lack of equipment they had
  5. 5. Ypres (2 Battle) nd (cont’d)  The Canadians had to close a very large gap as the French fled the battle after being gassed The Canadians had to make sure that the Germans did not surround them, by attempting such tasks the Canadian army was viewed as extra hardworking and brave
  6. 6. Battle of Somme  July 1st (1916) – November 18th (1916) Took place along the Somme river in northern France, also in the southern Pas-de-calais region of France Britain, France and Canada vs. German Empire Almost 8000 Canadian deaths
  7. 7. Battle of Somme (Cont’d)  Prominent Leaders: Douglas Haig (Britain), Ferdinand Foch (France), Prince Rupperecht (Germany), Max von Gallwitz (Germany), Fritz von Below (Germany) Outcome for Canada: This was an inconclusive battle, both sides knew they could not reach a victory
  8. 8. Battle of Somme (Cont’d) What Happened? This battle was the battle that symbolized the horrors of warfare in the war Began with a week long bombardment on German line 1.7 million (approx.) shells were fired during this time
  9. 9. Battle of Somme (Cont’d)  The Brits used this amount of shells in hope of destroying all German trenches, forcing them to retreat The Germans created very, very deep dugouts to help them survive all the explosions. They hid in these until the bombing stopped The Germans came out of their dugouts and attempted attack on oncoming British and Canadian soldiers The battle ended in somewhat of a stalemate, if people had to chose a victor it would have been the British
  10. 10. The Battle of Vimy Ridge  April 9 – 12 (1917) Vimy Ridge, North France, in the Nord-Pad-de- Calais region of France Canada and Britain vs. The German Empire 3,598 Canadian Deaths, another 7,000 were wounded
  11. 11. The Battle of Vimy Ridge (cont’d)  Prominent Military Leaders: Sir Julian Byng (Britain), Ludwig von Falkenhausen (Germany) Outcome for Canada: An Allied Victory for Britain and Canada resulted from The Battle of Vimy Ridge
  12. 12. The Battle of Vimy Ridge (cont’d) What Happened? Canadian and British artillery pounded the enemies on the ridge, killing and tormenting the defenders Very new artillery tactics had allowed the gunners to first target enemies, then destroy their positions A endless supply of shells and new 106 fuses, which allowed shells to explode on contact were used in the destruction of hardened defenses and barbed wire barricades
  13. 13. The Battle of Vimy Ridge (cont’d)  The Canadian soldiers were very well supported with over 1,000 artillery items providing helpful and effective support fire. The four Canadian divisions were attacking together for the first time, they stormed the ridge in the early morning on Apr. 9. 1917 More than 15,00 Canadian soldiers attacked the Germans along the front
  14. 14. The Battle of Vimy Ridge (cont’d)  Incredible bravery and discipline allowed soldiers to keep proceeding forward under immensely heavy fire Many acts of courage were displayed as Canadians charged machine gun nests or forced the surrender of Germans in dugouts. Hill 145, the tallest and most important part of Vimy Ridge was captured in a bayonet charge
  15. 15. The Battle of Vimy Ridge (cont’d)  Three more days of battle and the Canadians came out with a victory The Canadian victory was a very important success , but it was a victory at an immensely heavy cost with the amount of Canadian deaths and casualties
  16. 16. Vimy Ridge Monument 
  17. 17. The Battle of Passchendaele  July 31st (1917) – November 6th (1917) Passchendaele (small Belgian village), Western Front, Belgian city of Ypres in Western Flanders Canada, France and Britain vs. German Empire Approximately 4000 Canadian deaths
  18. 18. The Battle of Passchendaele (cont’d)  Prominent Military Leaders: Douglas Haig (Britain), Hubert Gough (Britain), Herbert Plumer (Britain), Francois Anthoine (France), Erich Ludendorff (Germany), Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria (Germany), Friedrich Sixt von Armin (Germany) Outcome for Canada: After a lengthy effort Canada obtained a Victory over Germany
  19. 19. The Battle of Passchendaele (cont’d) What Happened? Sir Douglas Haig decides to take advantage of German weakness by launching an attack on Ypres The British army attacked the Germans from the left, while France made an attack from the right of the front lines The Allies made insignificant gains in the territory
  20. 20. The Battle of Passchendaele (cont’d)  Tank and equipment mobility was very difficult due to the extremely wet conditions and the intensive bombardment had destroyed drainage systems At last, Canada and Britain launched another offensive attack on Passchendaele and it was now taken by the allied forces. Britain lost about 310,000 soldiers during this battle, Germany lost 260,000
  21. 21. Canada’s One Hundred Days  August 8th (1918) – November 11th (1918) Amiens, France to Mons, Belgium. Also, Valenciennes and Mont Huoy, France. Charleroi, Belgium Canada vs. German Empire Over 6800 Canadian lives were claimed in this battle
  22. 22. Canada’s One Hundred Days (cont’d)  Prominent Military Leaders: Arthur Currie (Canada), Erich Ludendorff (Germany), Georg von der Marwitz (Germany) Outcome for Canada: Canadian Victory, Canada helped capture many location along the way from Amiens, France to Mons, Belgium
  23. 23. Canada’s One Hundred Days (cont’d) What Happened? The “Hundred Days” Campaign was Canada’s march to Mons in Belgium Three battles took place: Battle of Amiens, Breaking the Hindenburg, and the pursuit to Mons, The Canadian forces marched very successfully to Mons From August 26th to September 3rd, the Canadian Corps broke through the tough German defenses in front of the Canal Du Nord, part of the main Hindenburg line
  24. 24. Canada’s One Hundred Days (cont’d)  Arthur Currie had said that the breaching of the line was “one of the finest [accomplishments] in Canadian history” Further heavy fighting led to the capture of Cambrai, it was the last action on the whole Corps together as one Finally, in 1919, the Canadian troops returned to Canada where they were welcomed and embraced by thankful and enthusiastic crowds in cities and villages across the country.
  25. 25. Works Cited 