Advrolesocieco2 110601075036-phpapp01

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Advrolesocieco2 110601075036-phpapp01

  1. 1.  Adds Value: How does advertising affect the value of product.( Making product better known- Desirable to consumer-thus adds value) Value to both consumer and advertiser(focusing on self interest)
  2. 2.  Advertised product cost more than non advertisedII. Completion lowers price(Criticism)III. Adv is element of mass distribution system- which in turn lowers cost of product.IV. Subject to Government price regulation –no effect on priceV. In retailing ,price is prominentVI. In national advertisers stresses features
  3. 3.  It do effect But very small n newcomers cannot compete with very large firms(immense budget) Some firms eliminated from advertising who work less effectively
  4. 4. II. Adv affect aggregate consumption.III. Give info n increase primary demandIV. Freedom to advertise-more sellers- give more choices What effect does it have on consumer choice and overall business cycle. Relationship of adv and GDP Maintaining consumer demand adv sustain employment and income Adv helps to maintain business cycle(recession- adv works)
  5. 5.  Cock of bottle include about a penny for advertising $20,000 include $400 Adv informs consumer(Complete info) Allows companies to compete more effectively (Self Interest) Competition results in lower price and better products Advertising must meet consumers approval
  6. 6.  Does advertising make us more materialistic Deception: Little PUFF OK---Puffery Manipulating psychologically Consumers are captured prey-helpless in jaws of marketing predators Does it force us buy things we don’t need How does it affect the art and culture of society Does advertising debase our language
  7. 7.  It gives consumer wider choice Encouraging mass production-lowers price Encourages acceptance of new product n technology-development Promote healthy competition Promote standard of living-subsidize arts Disseminate public info on heath n social issues Adv create externalities that interfere media n their editorial statement Self interest of both consumer n marketer
  8. 8. Childrens TV Watching BehaviorChildren ages 2-11 watch 80% of all advertisingan average of targeted to children falls22 hours of TV per week in fourand see 30,000 product categories:commercials per year Toys, cereal, candy & fast food restaurants
  9. 9. Advocates Argue That Children: Cannot differentiateLack the knowledge and skills between programs andto evaluate advertising claims commercials Marketers Argue Children:Must learn Must acquire skills needed tothrough socialization function in the marketplace
  10. 10. Provides information Encourages higher standard of livingProponentarguments Promotes competition Helps new firms enter a market Creates jobs More propaganda than information Creates consumer needs, wantsCritic arguments Promotes materialism, insecurity, and greed
  11. 11.  a) Economic Benefits of Advertising Informing people about the availability of rationally(Realistically) - improvements helping them to make informed prudent consumer decisions, contributing to efficiency and the lowering of prices stimulating economic progress via expansion of business and trade-creation of new jobs, higher incomes
  12. 12. Does advertisingencourage materialism?Does advertising make peoplebuy thingsthey don’t need?Is advertising justa reflection of society?
  13. 13. Advertising is the primary source ofrevenue for newspapers, magazines,television and radioMedia’s dependence on advertising forrevenue makes them vulnerable tocontrol by advertisersAdvertisers may exert control over themedia by biasing editorial content,limiting coverage of certain issues, orinfluencing program content
  14. 14. They must report the news fairly andaccurately to retain public confidenceAdvertisers need the media more thanthe media need any one advertiserMedia maintain separation betweennews and business departments “TheWall”
  15. 15. Makes consumers aware ofproducts and servicesProvides consumers withinformation to use to makepurchase decisionsEncourages consumption,fosters economic growth
  16. 16. Effects on Consumer Choice• Differentiation• Brand LoyaltyEffects on Competition• Barriers to entry• Economies of scaleEffects on Product Costs and Prices• Advertising as an expense that increases the cost of products• Increased differentiation
  17. 17.  . Each economic system has an interesting relationship with the social system (unequal distribution of wealth) , political system (international politics-by influencing)and cultural value.(vice versa)
  18. 18.  a) Economic Harms of Advertising More often, though, advertising is used not simply to inform but to persuade and motivate — to convince people to act in certain ways: buy certain products or services, patronize certain institutions. This is where particular abuse can occur.
  19. 19.  "brand"-related advertising can raise serious problems. advertising may attempt to move people to act on the basis of irrational motives ("brand loyalty," status, fashion, "sex appeal," etc.) instead of presenting differences in product quality and price as bases for rational choice.
  20. 20.  It is true that a judicious use of advertising can stimulate developing countries to improve their standard of living. serious harm can be done them if advertising and commercial pressure become so irresponsible The result of this is that they waste their resources and neglect their real needs, and genuine development falls behind."16
  21. 21.  Advertising also can be, and often is, a tool of the "phenomenon of consumerism," as Pope John Paul II delineate it when he said: "It is not wrong to want to live better; what is wrong is a style of life which is presumed to be better when it is directed toward ?having rather than ?being, and which wants to have more, not in order to be more but in order to spend life in enjoyment as an end in itself."14
  22. 22. From an economic perspective, advertising might lower thecost of a product by: A) Creating barriers to entry for less efficient firms B) Moving consumers to the consumer socialization stage of the buying process C) Making it possible for firms to realize economies of scale through expansion of sales volume D) Allowing firms to advertise at high levels along with competitors E) Doing none of the above
  23. 23. Change consumers’ tastesAdvertisingEquals Market Lowers sensitivity to pricePower Builds brand loyalty Results in higher profits Reduces competition Leads to higher prices Leads to fewer choices
  24. 24. Provides useful informationAdvertisingEquals Increases price sensitivityInformation Increases competition Pressure for high quality Pressure for lower prices Forces inefficient firms out
  25. 25. “It must be said that without advertisingwe would have a far different nation, andone that would be much the poorer-notmerely in material commodities, but in thelife of the spirit.”Excerpters is from a speech given by Leo Burnett on the AmericanAssociation or Advertising Agencies’ 50th anniversary, April 20,1967
  26. 26.  Political advertising can support and assist the working of the democratic process, but it also can obstruct it. This happens when, for example, the costs of advertising limit political competition to wealthy candidates or groups, or require that office-seekers compromise their integrity and independence by over- dependence on special interests for funds.
  27. 27.  Such obstruction of the democratic process also happens when, instead of being a vehicle for honest expositions of candidates views and records, political advertising seeks to distort the views and records of opponents and unjustly attacks their reputations. It happens when advertising appeals more to peoples emotions and base instincts — to selfishness, bias and hostility toward others, to racial and ethnic prejudice and the like — rather than to a reasoned sense of justice and the good of all.
  28. 28.  Political advertising can make a contribution to democracy so political advertising can make its contribution by informing people about the ideas and policy proposals of parties and candidates, including new candidates not previously known to the public
  29. 29.  In the competition to attract ever larger audiences and deliver them to advertisers, communicators can find themselves tempted — in fact pressured, subtly or not so subtly — to set aside high artistic and moral standards and lapse into superficiality, tawdriness and moral squalor.
  30. 30.  Some advertisements are instances of popular art, with a vivacity (liveliness) and élan (elegance) all their own.
  31. 31.  advertising contributes to the invidious stereotyping of particular groups that places them at a disadvantage in relation to others. This often is true of the way advertising treats women; and the exploitation of women, both in and by advertising, is a frequent, deplorable abuse. "How often are they treated not as persons with an inviolable dignity but as objects whose purpose is to satisfy others appetite for pleasure or for power? How often is the role of woman as wife and mother undervalued or even ridiculed? How often is the role of women in business or professional life depicted as a masculine caricature, a denial of the specific gifts of feminine insight, compassion, and understanding, which so greatly contribute to the ? civilization of love?
  32. 32. Portrayal of women to reflect their changing role in society Criticisms of Portrayal ofGender women asstereotyping Advertising Beauty objects With Regard to Stereotyping Ethnic stereotyping/ representation
  33. 33. Groups such as the National Organization for Women (NOW)are critical of advertising that: A) Portrays women in traditional sexist roles B) Contributes to violence against women C) Is insulting to women D) Stereotypes women E) Does any of the above

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