Digital Media Production
Amani Channel, MA
Assignment 1 Review/Critique
Talk About Cameras
Chapter 4/5/6 Light and Sound
In Class Assignment - Interviews
Do the photos tell a story?
Are they visually interesting?
Composition, Lighting, In focus?
5Ws and H
Accurate, Spelling , Typos?
Intro to Video Production
Visual storytelling is the art and science of using
visual images, sound, and graphics/text to create an
emotional connection with the viewers.
Visuals can be photos or video.
Sound can be interviews (actualities) or music.
Why do you like to watch films/video?
Light is the basis of visual media
Quantity, Quality, Direction, Color and Sources
The amount of light (Exposure)
Lumen: Quality of light perceived by the human eye
Illuminance: The brightness (foot candles/lux)
Contrast: Comparison of the brightest and darkest
area in the frame.
Waveform Monitor: Displays the brightness range
How the light creates the look and mood
Direct light (hard/spotted) Sun, spotlight – hard
Soft light (diffused/flooded) less intense, even or soft
How to Light
Three point lighting
All light isn’t equal
Measured in Kelvin
Incandescant bulb = 3200K
Direct sunlight = 5000k
You should always white balance
With video, good sound is just as if not more
important than video
Microphone: Equipment that turns sound into an
Sound waves: Vibrations that travel through air
Crest: maximum air pressure - trough: release
Frequency: Number of cycles that the sound wave
travels in one second
Amplitude: Height of the wave
Decibel: How amplitude is measured
Need to know what kind of speech, instrument, or
situation that you’re capturing
Transducer: Transduction - converting sound
Two main kinds of mics: Dynamic/Condenser
Dynamic: Durable, no battery
Condenser: More sensitive/phantom power/battery
Ribbon: (sometimes called dynamic)
Mics hear sound differently pp. 130/149
Omnidirectional, bidirectional, unidirectional
Omni – Picks up sound from every direction
Bi – Picks up sound from two opposite directions
Uni – Heart shaped-narrow range of sound
Type of Mics
Handheld: Good for run and gun, need to move the
mic – a bit obtrusive. Condenser/or dynamic
Lavaliere: (Personal) Clip/lapel – condenser – good
for sit down interviews – hands free
Shotgun: Long mics (look like a gun) – captures
sound from a distance (1-15 feet). Usually condenser
Quality of Sound
VU/LED meters: Measures sound wave voltage
Peak 0dB = 100% (above that audio will distort)
Recording clean sound
Monitor with headphones