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what is Hajj? and how to perform it

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  1. 1. Hajj
  2. 2. HajjThe word Hajj, linguistically, means heading to a place forthe sake of visiting; in Islamic terminology, it impliesheading to Makkah to observe the rituals of pilgrimage.Hajj is obligated by Allah upon every Muslim, male andfemale, who is physically and financially capable. It isobligatory only once during the lifetime of a Muslim.Allah Almighty Says (what means): “…And *due+ to Allahfrom the people is a pilgrimage to the House – forwhoever is able to find thereto a way….” *Quran 3:97]
  3. 3. HajjThe Prophet said: “Islam is built upon five (pillars): thetestimony that none has the right to be worshippedexcept Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger ofAllaah, the establishment of the prayer, payingZakah, Hajj to the House (i.e. Ka’bah,) and fasting inRamadhaan.” *Al-Bukhaari & Muslim]Hajj was prescribed in the sixth year after Hijrah(migration) upon the revelation of the following verse inwhich Allah Says (what means): “And complete the Hajjand ‘Umrah for Allah...” *Quran 2:196]
  4. 4. HajjHajj is not a new institution introduced by Islam, rather itis as old as the Kabah itself. Allah Almighty Says (whatmeans): "Indeed, the first House [of worship] establishedfor mankind was that at Bakkah [i.e., Makkah] – blessedand guidance to the worlds.” *Quran 3:96]
  5. 5. HajjThe whole origin of Hajj is rooted to the acts of devotionof Prophet Ibrahim . This demonstrates thatMuhammad did not innovate this institution; all he didwas to clear it of all the evil practices that had crept intoit. After a few centuries of the death of Ibrahim and hisson Ismaeel people abandoned their teachings andgradually went astray, like all other people around them.
  6. 6. HajjHundreds of idols were installed in the Ka’bah, which wasbuilt by Ibrahim and Ismaeel, may Allah exalt theirmention, as a centre for the worship of the One TrueGod. The descendants of Ibrahim who had himselfrepudiated all idols began to worship idols. The Ka’bahwas turned into a type of temple for idol-worship andsuperstition. This lasted for about two thousandyears, until the advent of Prophet Muhammad .
  7. 7. HajjHajj is rightly said to be the perfection of faith, since itcombines in itself all the distinctive qualities of otherobligatory acts of prayer, patience, privation of amenitiesof life, devotion, Zakah (alms), slaughtering the sacrificeand supplication. In fact, the physical pilgrimage is aprelude to the spiritual pilgrimage to Allah when manwould bid goodbye to everything of the world andpresent himself before Him as His humble servant saying:Here I am before You, my Lord, as a slave.
  8. 8. Months of HajjHajj is undertaken in company with all the other pilgrims.The months of Hajj are: Shawwal, Thul-Qidah and Thul-Hijjah (the last three months of the Hijri calendar).
  9. 9. HajjThe Makkan territory is sacred. The pilgrim enters thisterritory in a state of Ihraam (a state in which one isforbidden to do certain things that are otherwisepermissible).
  10. 10. HajjIhraam, for men, entailswearing a specialgarment. A male pilgrimis not allowed to wearform-fitting clothes or tocover his head or handswith gloves, or his feetwith socks or shoes. Thisis done in order to fostera sense of humility and afeeling of brotherhoodamong the Muslims.
  11. 11. Cloths of HajjThe male pilgrims garment consists of two sheets ofwhite woollen or cotton cloth, of which one is wrappedaround the waist and reaches below the knees and abovethe ankles, while the other is wrapped around the upperpart of the body. The head and the right shoulder are leftuncovered during Tawaaf. This attire is formales, whereas females have to cover all of their bodyexcept the face and hands.Before donning this dress, the pilgrim is recommended totake a bath (Ghusl). A man in Ihraam is consecrated. Hecannot hunt, pick plants, shed blood,.
  12. 12. Rituals of HajjIn the forenoon of the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah, a pilgrimpurifies himself once again by bathing as he did before‘Umrah in the place in which he is staying, if convenient.He puts on his Ihram and says: "Here I am for Hajj. Here Iam, oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner.Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion isyours, and you have no partners.“
  13. 13. HajjIf he fears that something will prevent him fromcompleting his Hajj he should make a condition when hemakes his intentions, saying: "If I am prevented by anyobstacle my place is wherever I am held up." If he has nosuch fear, he doesnt make this condition.
  14. 14. HajjA pilgrim goes to Mina and there praysDhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha and Fajr, shortening his four unitprayers so as to make them two units each, withoutcombining
  15. 15. HajjWhen the sun rises, he goes toArafah and there prays Dhuhr andAsr combined at the time ofDhuhr, making each one two units.He remains in Namira Mosqueuntil sunset if possible. Heremembers Allah and makes asmany supplications as possiblewhile facing the Qiblah.The Prophet (peace be upon him)prayed thus: "There is no Deity butAllah alone. He has no partner. Alldominion and praise are His andHe is powerful over all things.
  16. 16. HajjAt sunset he goes from Arafah toMuzdalifah and there praysMaghrib, Isha, and Fajr. If he istired or has little water, it ispermissible for him to combineMaghrib and Isha. He remainsthere, in Muzdalifah, makingsupplications and rememberingAllah till just before sunrise.
  17. 17. Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from HajjMuzdalifah to Mina. Upon reachingit he does the following:He throws seven consecutivepebbles at Jamrat Al-Aqabah whichis the closest monument toMecca, saying Allah is theGreatest, as he throws each pebble.He slaughters the sacrificialanimal, eats some of it, and givessome to the poor. Slaughter isobligatory.He shaves or clips his hair; shavingis preferable. A woman clips her
  18. 18. HajjThese three should be done in the above order ifconvenient, but there is no restriction if one precedesanother.With that, one is allowed to come out of Ihram. He canwear other clothing and do everything that was lawfulbefore Ihram.He goes to Mecca to perform Tawaf Al-lfadah and Sai, alsofor Hajj.
  19. 19. HajjWith the completion of thisTawaf and Sai, a pilgrim isallowed to do everythingthat was lawful beforeIhram, including engaging inmarital relations.After performing Tawaf andSai, he returns to Mina tospend the nights of theeleventh and twelfth daysthere.
  20. 20. HajjHe stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both theeleventh and twelfth days. He starts with the firstJamrah, which is furthest from Mecca, then the middleone, and lastly Jamrat Al-Aqabah. Each one should bestoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied byTakbir. He stops after the first and middle Jamrah to makesupplications facing the Qiblah. It is not permissible tostone before noon on these two days. It is best to walk tothe Jamrah, but riding is permissible.
  21. 21. HajjWhen he is ready to return to his country, he makes TawafAl-Wada, which is seven circuits around the Kabah.
  22. 22. The excellence of Hajj:1. It is one of the best deeds:Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet was once asked:“What is the best deed?” He replied: “To believe inAllaah and His Messenger.” The enquirer then asked:“What next?” The Prophet replied: “To fight in the causeof Allaah.” He again asked: “What is the next best thing?”He replied: “Hajj ‘Mabroor’ (i.e., the Hajj that is free ofsin and all its pillars and conditions are fulfilled).” *Al-Bukhaari]
  23. 23. 2. It is a form of Jihaad:Al-Hasan Ibn ‘Ali and his father, said that a man came tothe Prophet and said: "I am a coward and a weak person.Is there anything I can do?" The Prophet replied: "Youmay go for a Jihaad that involves no fighting, thatis, Hajj." *‘Abdur-Razzaaq & At-Tabaraani]The Prophet also said: "Hajj is the Jihaad for the old, theweak and the women." [An-Nasaai]
  24. 24. 3. It wipes away past sins:Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet said: "He whoperforms Hajj seeking Allaahs pleasure and avoids alllewdness and sins (therein) will return after Hajj freefrom all sins, just as he was on the day his mother gavebirth to him." [Al-Bukhaari & Muslim]
  25. 25. 4. Pilgrims are the Guests of Allaah:The Prophet said: "Pilgrims and those performing Umrahare Allaahs guests; their prayers are answered and theirsupplications for forgiveness are granted.” *An-Nasaai &Ibn Maajah]
  26. 26. 5. The Reward of Hajj is Paradise:The Prophet said: "All sins committed in between theperformance of one Umrah and the next are expiatedand erased, and the reward of Hajj ‘Mabroor’ is nothingsave Paradise." [Al-Bukhaari & Muslim]