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Organic compounds and plants


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Organic compounds and plants

  1. 1. Organic Compounds and Plants<br />8SCIENCE: Wed. Feb. 2/ Thurs. Feb. 3<br />
  2. 2. Why learn about plants?<br />Plants produce oxygen for humans and other organisms to breathe<br />Plants are important because they are producers <br />Make their own food and are a food source for other consumers and all other links in the food chainE.g. produce sugars (carbohydrates) to eat, a rabbit eats the grass and gets energy from these carbohydrates, and fox eats rabbit to gain that energy!<br />
  3. 3. Organic compounds<br />Plants make an organic compound,for energy, called carbohydrates<br />All organisms (living things) obtain their energy from carbohydrates<br />Organic compounds are compounds that contain carbon (C )<br />Reminder: compounds are combinations of elements from the periodic table<br />Carbohydrates are one type of organic compound that contains only C, H and O<br />
  4. 4. Organic compounds: Hydrocarbons <br />One type of organic compound is the hydrocarbon<br />What elements make up this compound?<br />Carbon (C ) and hydrogen (H )<br />You already know many types:<br />Propane gas (cooking)<br />Butane (lighters)<br />
  5. 5. 2 TYPES OF HYDROCARBONS<br /><ul><li>There are 2 types:</li></ul>Saturated<br />Unsaturated<br />
  6. 6. HYDROCARBONS<br />SATURATED<br />UNSATURATED<br />What is the difference?<br />Saturated hydrocarbons have all of their C atoms connected to an H atom<br />Unsaturated hydrocarbons still have space for more H atoms<br />