KEY PEOPLE “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well- formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocati ons, and race of his ancestors.” John Watson. 1930 John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, E. L. Thorndike (connectionism), Bandura, Tolman (moving toward cognitivism)
KEY POINTS What is Behaviorism? This is a learning philosophy that states the learner starts off as a “clean slate” and their behavior is shaped through positive or negative reinforcement Either positive or negative punishment decreases the likelihood that the behavior will happen again Learning is defined in this theory as a change in behavior in the learner Most of the original testing for this theory was done on animals
TWO TYPES OF CONDITIONING 1) Classical Conditioning- a technique used in training in which a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response. Then a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the natural stimulus. Eventually, the previously neutral stimulus starts to evoke the response without the presence of the naturally occurring stimulus. They become the conditioned stimulus and the conditional response
2) Operant Conditioning- this is a method of learning that uses rewards and punishments for behavior. Through this conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior.
THE TEACHER’S ROLE The teacher will either give the students praise or a punishment depending on their behavior. It is important for students to know what behavior is expected of them and what consequences will follow, whether positive or negative. The teacher can let the students use the computer as a reward for good behavior.
THE STUDENTS ROLE The students will learn what kind of behavior is expected in the classroom by their choices. If they hit another student and get called to the principal’s office and negatively punished, hopefully the student will be afraid of that consequence and not make that choice again. Also if the student does all of their work and is quiet in class they can be allowed to use the class iPad or other fun piece of technology as a positive reward. Example with animals
WHAT YOU THINK ABOUT THE THEORY FORYOUR OWN TEACHING I believe I will use this theory in my own classroom. I will use behavior cards (green, yellow, and red) and make sure the students know that certain behavior is expected of them and if they decide to break the rules their will be a punishment. I will also use positive reinforcement for when students follow the rules to ensure they know good behavior equals praise and rewards.
WORKS CITED http://www.learning-theories.com/behaviorism.html http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsycholo gy/f/behaviorism.htm http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/images/c/cf/Behavi orism_2.gif http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0 8/John_Watson_behaviorist.jpg http://teflworldwiki.com/images/5/58/Behaviourist.jp g