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CHAPTER 16 GRAMMAR,
PART II
Perfect Passive System
PERFECT PASSIVE INDICATIVE
• The perfect passive is the perfect passive participle (the 4th principal
part) plus a form of...
PERFECT PASSIVE IN A SENTENCE
• The participle portion of the verb declines and will agree with the
subject:
Dido deserta ...
EXERCISE 16.7 #1-2 AND 16.8 #1-2
16.7
1. o nautae, a deo iussi sumus ab Africa nauigare.
2. nonne a reginā bene recti esti...
FUTURE PERFECT AND
PLUPERFECT PASSIVE
Future Perfect Passsive
paratus ero
I will have been
prepared
paratus eris
You will ...
FUTURE PARTICIPLE
• This participle is formed by removing the ending on the fourth
principle part (-um) and adding –urus:
...
EXERCISE 16.10 #1-3
1. maritum suum iterum uisura, Scintilla laetissima erat.
2. Caesar theatrum intrauit mortem obiturus....
EXERCISE TRANSLATIONS
16.7.1: O sailors, we have been ordered by the god to sail from
Africa.
16.7.2: Surely you all have ...
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16 grammar ii

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16 grammar ii

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16 grammar ii

  1. 1. CHAPTER 16 GRAMMAR, PART II Perfect Passive System
  2. 2. PERFECT PASSIVE INDICATIVE • The perfect passive is the perfect passive participle (the 4th principal part) plus a form of sum. •There are two translations: was _____ed and has been _____ed paro, parare, paraui, paratus Perfect Passive Indicative Translation paratus sum I was prepared, have been prepared paratus es You were prepared, have been prepared paratus est He/She/It was prepared, has been prepared parati sumus We were prepared, have been prepared parati estis You all were prepared, have been prepared parati sunt They were prepared, have been prepared
  3. 3. PERFECT PASSIVE IN A SENTENCE • The participle portion of the verb declines and will agree with the subject: Dido deserta est. Dido has been deserted. • Passive verbs are usually followed by an ablative either with a/ab (agent) or without (means). Quintus a patre vocatus est. Quintus was called by his father. epistola manu scripta est. The letter was written by hand.
  4. 4. EXERCISE 16.7 #1-2 AND 16.8 #1-2 16.7 1. o nautae, a deo iussi sumus ab Africa nauigare. 2. nonne a reginā bene recti estis, o ciues? 16.8 1. ciues omnes tumultibus (terrere). 2. urbs ab hostibus (capere). territi suntcapta est
  5. 5. FUTURE PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT PASSIVE Future Perfect Passsive paratus ero I will have been prepared paratus eris You will have been prepared paratus erit He/She/It will have been prepared parati erimus We will have been prepared parati eritis You all will have been prepared parati erunt They will have been prepared Pluperfect Passive paratus eram I had been prepared paratus eras You had been prepared paratus erat He/She/It had been prepared parati eramus We had been prepared parati eratis You all had been prepared parati errant They had been prepared
  6. 6. FUTURE PARTICIPLE • This participle is formed by removing the ending on the fourth principle part (-um) and adding –urus: paratum -> paraturus, -a, -um • The future participle has first and second declension endings and declines like magnus, -a, -um. • Translate as ‘about to _____’
  7. 7. EXERCISE 16.10 #1-3 1. maritum suum iterum uisura, Scintilla laetissima erat. 2. Caesar theatrum intrauit mortem obiturus. 3. Quintum Romam relicturum Heliodorus ualere iussit.
  8. 8. EXERCISE TRANSLATIONS 16.7.1: O sailors, we have been ordered by the god to sail from Africa. 16.7.2: Surely you all have been ruled well by the queen, o citizens? 16.8.1: All the citizens have been scared by the riots. 16.8.2: The city has been captured by the enemies. 16.10.1: About to see her husband again, Scintilla was very happy. 16.10.2: Caesar, about to die, entered the theater. 16.10.3: Heliodorus ordered Quintus, about to leave Rome, to be well.

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