NSP Proposal:  Hilltop Neighborhood Rachel Bacon  Ryan Cowden  Drew Hurst  Amanda King  Isolde Teba
 
Why is Hilltop Worth “Saving”? <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable housing stock </li></ul><ul><li>Income levels...
Strategy <ul><li>Budget: $1.25-$1.81 million </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal: 5.4%-7.9% of NSP funds  </li></ul><ul><li>Targete...
Strategy Overview <ul><li>Understand strengths and challenges  </li></ul><ul><li>Consider context, people and history </li...
<ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhood  Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Market </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology...
Location <ul><li>Hilltop </li></ul><ul><li>Study Area </li></ul>
Location
Study Area <ul><li>2.5 miles from downtown </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to I-70 </li></ul>
Connectivity www.googlemaps.com
Negative Attributes <ul><li>Weak economic base </li></ul><ul><li>Vacancy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of amenities </li></ul><ul...
Blight  Photo credit: Isolde Teba
Photo credit: Isolde Teba
Blight www.googlemaps.com
Vacancy and Crime Photo credit: Isolde Teba
Vacancy Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009
Auditor, Franklin County, Ohio, Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009, and Community Research Partners 2006 Data Housing Tenure Co...
Occupancy Rate Total  housing units=359 Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009
Positive Attributes <ul><li>Community pride </li></ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Communi...
Community Pride  The Greater Hilltop Area Commission www.googleimages.com
Churches www.googlemaps.com
Schools West High School, 179 S Powell Ave. Ohio Department of Education
Community Health Center 2300 W Broad St.  Photo credit: Isolde Teba
Eldon Ave. and Terrace Ave.  Photo credit: Isolde Teba, www.googlemaps.com
Housing Stock Eldon Ave. and Terrace Ave.  Photo credit: Isolde Teba
Historic Neighborhoods  Westgate and Wilshire Heights Westgate Neighbors Association, www.googlemaps.com
Housing Market <ul><li>Income & Age </li></ul><ul><li>Appraised Values </li></ul><ul><li>Sales History </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Income 2008 AMI: $65,300 $32,650=50% Hilltop Median Age: 33 Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data
Property Type Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009
Source: Franklin County Auditor Appraised Values
Source: Franklin County Auditor Appraisal Map
Sales History
Sales History Source: Terry Penrod, REAL Living
Tax Delinquency
Methodology <ul><li>Identify Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Housing Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize Budget </l...
<ul><li>Conducted walk-throughs of neighborhood to assess observable housing stock condition </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed p...
4709.03 Designation as a hazardous building. Any building or structure found to be vacant or which becomes vacant after ha...
1. Assess condition of the property, 2. Consider proximity to community amenities    including Wheatland Redevelopment sit...
Condition <ul><li>Poor </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate </li></ul><ul><li>Good </li></ul><ul><li>(available properties only) </l...
<ul><li>Developed rating system:  1 for blighted properties, 2 for fair condition properties, 3 for higher quality propert...
Available Properties
<ul><li>Anchor Properties  </li></ul><ul><li>Clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to Wheatland Site </li></ul><ul><li>(a...
Strategies <ul><li>Demo </li></ul><ul><li>Rehab </li></ul><ul><li>Land Bank </li></ul>
<ul><li>REHAB:  Higher quality condition, close proximity to amenities and anchor properties, clustered, high potential fo...
Strategy
Acquisition & Budget <ul><li>Demo Cost per Cubic Foot </li></ul><ul><li>Average Rehab Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Land Bank (Pu...
<ul><li>Negotiate with entities holding foreclosed properties/REOs (banks, Fannie Mae, HUD) </li></ul><ul><li>Attend Sheri...
Budget Scenarios-Rehab Minimum Moderate Substantial No new appliances Some new appliances All Energy-efficient appliances ...
$764,986 $228,964 $188,172 $59,106 Total Budget: $1,241,230 NSP Budget (Minimal Rehab) 1.8%
NSP Budget (Moderate Rehab) $1,036,946 Total Budget: $1,526,772
NSP Budget (Substantial Rehab) Total Budget: $1,812,345 $1,308,906
Policy <ul><li>Future Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Recommendations </li></ul>
Wheatland Site
<ul><li>Weak housing market </li></ul><ul><li>Limit of 30 months for leasing </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare lessee for homeowne...
<ul><li>Rehab properties with additional NSP and/or community development grants </li></ul><ul><li>Sell properties to non-...
<ul><li>Ongoing interdepartmental body streamlining the foreclosure process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User-friendly resource (...
<ul><li>Many additional properties South of West Broad facing foreclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 200 Sheriff Sales in th...
<ul><li>By reinforcing the heart of this study area in Hilltop, the City of Columbus will be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
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Hilltop, Columbus, Ohio Neighborhod Stabilization Program Recommendations

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Program and policy recommendations for the implementation of the Neighborhood Stabilization Program (NSP) funds for foreclosure mitigation in the Hilltop neighborhood of Columbus, Ohio.

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  • Hilltop, Columbus, Ohio Neighborhod Stabilization Program Recommendations

    1. 1. NSP Proposal: Hilltop Neighborhood Rachel Bacon Ryan Cowden Drew Hurst Amanda King Isolde Teba
    2. 3. Why is Hilltop Worth “Saving”? <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable housing stock </li></ul><ul><li>Income levels fit NSP mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Higher quality housing </li></ul><ul><li>Many good neighborhood attributes </li></ul>
    3. 4. Strategy <ul><li>Budget: $1.25-$1.81 million </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal: 5.4%-7.9% of NSP funds </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted and flexible strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Demo: 4 properties </li></ul><ul><li>Rehab: 12 properties </li></ul><ul><li>Landbank: 2 properties </li></ul>
    4. 5. Strategy Overview <ul><li>Understand strengths and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Consider context, people and history </li></ul><ul><li>Research housing market </li></ul><ul><li>Identify anchors and amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Use qualitative and quantitative measures </li></ul><ul><li>Apply NSP requirements and goals effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Create a flexible budget and proposal </li></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Neighborhood Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Market </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition Plan & Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Considerations </li></ul>Outline
    6. 7. Location <ul><li>Hilltop </li></ul><ul><li>Study Area </li></ul>
    7. 8. Location
    8. 9. Study Area <ul><li>2.5 miles from downtown </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to I-70 </li></ul>
    9. 10. Connectivity www.googlemaps.com
    10. 11. Negative Attributes <ul><li>Weak economic base </li></ul><ul><li>Vacancy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul>
    11. 12. Blight Photo credit: Isolde Teba
    12. 13. Photo credit: Isolde Teba
    13. 14. Blight www.googlemaps.com
    14. 15. Vacancy and Crime Photo credit: Isolde Teba
    15. 16. Vacancy Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009
    16. 17. Auditor, Franklin County, Ohio, Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009, and Community Research Partners 2006 Data Housing Tenure Comparison
    17. 18. Occupancy Rate Total housing units=359 Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009
    18. 19. Positive Attributes <ul><li>Community pride </li></ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Community health center </li></ul><ul><li>Grocery stores </li></ul><ul><li>Close proximity to affordable, higher quality housing </li></ul><ul><li>Historic Wilshire Heights Neighborhood and Westgate </li></ul>
    19. 20. Community Pride The Greater Hilltop Area Commission www.googleimages.com
    20. 21. Churches www.googlemaps.com
    21. 22. Schools West High School, 179 S Powell Ave. Ohio Department of Education
    22. 23. Community Health Center 2300 W Broad St. Photo credit: Isolde Teba
    23. 24. Eldon Ave. and Terrace Ave. Photo credit: Isolde Teba, www.googlemaps.com
    24. 25. Housing Stock Eldon Ave. and Terrace Ave. Photo credit: Isolde Teba
    25. 26. Historic Neighborhoods Westgate and Wilshire Heights Westgate Neighbors Association, www.googlemaps.com
    26. 27. Housing Market <ul><li>Income & Age </li></ul><ul><li>Appraised Values </li></ul><ul><li>Sales History </li></ul><ul><li>Delinquent Taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Available Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Quality </li></ul>
    27. 28. Income 2008 AMI: $65,300 $32,650=50% Hilltop Median Age: 33 Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data
    28. 29. Property Type Hilltop Focus Area Study 2009
    29. 30. Source: Franklin County Auditor Appraised Values
    30. 31. Source: Franklin County Auditor Appraisal Map
    31. 32. Sales History
    32. 33. Sales History Source: Terry Penrod, REAL Living
    33. 34. Tax Delinquency
    34. 35. Methodology <ul><li>Identify Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Housing Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Context (location, defining characteristics, demographics, & housing market) </li></ul>
    35. 36. <ul><li>Conducted walk-throughs of neighborhood to assess observable housing stock condition </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed priority funding areas, housing stock, community needs/desires with Homes on the Hill CDC </li></ul><ul><li>Identify eligible REOs, upcoming foreclosures, and blighted properties (in accordance with CCC) </li></ul>Methodology
    36. 37. 4709.03 Designation as a hazardous building. Any building or structure found to be vacant or which becomes vacant after having been declared unfit for human habitation or use, and which because of its condition, constitutes a hazard to the public health, safety, or welfare is hereby declared to be a nuisance and a hazardous building and shall be so designated and placarded by the code enforcement officer. (Ord. 0946-04 § 2 (part); Ord. 897-05 § 5 (part).) 4709.07 Repair, secure or demolition. Any building or structure declared and placarded as a hazardous building by the code enforcement officer director shall be brought to a safe condition by being secured and maintained in accordance with Chapter 4707, or razed within a reasonable time as ordered by the code enforcement officer director. Failure to bring the building or structure into a safe condition is a violation of this code as specified in C.C. Section 4701.15, such that the director may initiate any proper legal action, and/or referral of the property to the safe neighborhood review board for an appropriate hearing and finding. (Ord. 0946-04 § 2 (part); Ord. 897-05 § 5 (part): Ord. 374-06 § 10.) Blight http://ordlink.com/codes/columbus/index.htm found to be vacant declared unfit for human habitation or use constitutes a hazard to the public declared to be a nuisance Failure to bring the building or structure into a safe condition is a violation of this code as specified in C.C. Section 4701.15, such that the director may initiate any proper legal action, and/or referral of the property to the safe neighborhood review board for an appropriate hearing and finding.
    37. 38. 1. Assess condition of the property, 2. Consider proximity to community amenities including Wheatland Redevelopment site, 3. Consider clustering of potential properties, and 4. Consider location of “anchor” properties Assess Housing Quality To determine strategy and funding priorities:
    38. 39. Condition <ul><li>Poor </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate </li></ul><ul><li>Good </li></ul><ul><li>(available properties only) </li></ul>
    39. 40. <ul><li>Developed rating system: 1 for blighted properties, 2 for fair condition properties, 3 for higher quality properties </li></ul>Methodology
    40. 41. Available Properties
    41. 42. <ul><li>Anchor Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to Wheatland Site </li></ul><ul><li>(available properties only) </li></ul>Considerations
    42. 43. Strategies <ul><li>Demo </li></ul><ul><li>Rehab </li></ul><ul><li>Land Bank </li></ul>
    43. 44. <ul><li>REHAB: Higher quality condition, close proximity to amenities and anchor properties, clustered, high potential for stabilization </li></ul><ul><li>LAND BANK: Fair condition, potential for future redevelopment </li></ul><ul><li>DEMO: Blighted properties (in accordance with CCC definition of blight), may be scattered or clustered </li></ul>Strategy
    44. 45. Strategy
    45. 46. Acquisition & Budget <ul><li>Demo Cost per Cubic Foot </li></ul><ul><li>Average Rehab Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Land Bank (Purchase and Maintenance Costs) </li></ul>
    46. 47. <ul><li>Negotiate with entities holding foreclosed properties/REOs (banks, Fannie Mae, HUD) </li></ul><ul><li>Attend Sheriff’s Sales for upcoming foreclosed properties </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor code violation lawsuits for acquisitions of blighted properties </li></ul>Acquisition Plan
    47. 48. Budget Scenarios-Rehab Minimum Moderate Substantial No new appliances Some new appliances All Energy-efficient appliances No additional bathroom No additional bathroom Additional bathroom Fresh paint, no substantial interior/exterior modifications Moderate interior modifications/some exterior modifications Substantial interior/exterior modifications Roof repairs New moderate quality roof New high quality roof $30/square foot $50/square foot $70/square foot
    48. 49. $764,986 $228,964 $188,172 $59,106 Total Budget: $1,241,230 NSP Budget (Minimal Rehab) 1.8%
    49. 50. NSP Budget (Moderate Rehab) $1,036,946 Total Budget: $1,526,772
    50. 51. NSP Budget (Substantial Rehab) Total Budget: $1,812,345 $1,308,906
    51. 52. Policy <ul><li>Future Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Recommendations </li></ul>
    52. 53. Wheatland Site
    53. 54. <ul><li>Weak housing market </li></ul><ul><li>Limit of 30 months for leasing </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare lessee for homeownership </li></ul>Lease-Purchase Program
    54. 55. <ul><li>Rehab properties with additional NSP and/or community development grants </li></ul><ul><li>Sell properties to non-/for-profit developers for rehab </li></ul><ul><li>Intended for 120% AMI or below </li></ul>Land Banked Properties
    55. 56. <ul><li>Ongoing interdepartmental body streamlining the foreclosure process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User-friendly resource (e.g. website) for identifying foreclosed/vacant properties and their status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Updated consistently and regularly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listings of upcoming foreclosures, Sheriff’s Sales, tax foreclosures, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance for redevelopment process </li></ul></ul>Foreclosure Task Force
    56. 57. <ul><li>Many additional properties South of West Broad facing foreclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 200 Sheriff Sales in the 43204 area since December 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of blocks adjacent to West Broad </li></ul>Additional NSP Funding
    57. 58. <ul><li>By reinforcing the heart of this study area in Hilltop, the City of Columbus will be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent further decline near the city’s investment at the Wheatland Ave site, perhaps achieving viability at an earlier date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate a commitment to current West Side residents that further abandonment is being fought in the area, thus preserving their investment as homeowners and residents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work towards the true goal of the NSP: Stabilization </li></ul></ul>Conclusions “ On Ridpath Avenue, a lady has a rental house between two abandoned homes. Her tenants just moved out because they were afraid of the characters hanging around. Now she told me she was going to have to board up her home. She can’t get anyone to live in it. So those two houses now have caused another home to become empty.” From: Cleveland Plain Dealer, March 8, 2009
    58. 59. Questions?

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