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A. Rose by any other name A new approach to name authority Amanda Hill @mandahill JISC Conference, 2010
The Names Project <ul><li>‘ From the Annals of the Onomastic Society’ </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Watson (1990) </li></ul>JISC C...
Rhyming couples JISC Conference, 2010
JISC Conference, 2010
 
JISC Conference, 2010 http://www.pryers-solicitors.co.uk/blog/clinical-negligence-news/mix-up-leads-to-surgeons-operating-...
Academic impact <ul><li>Immunologist </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra Nicole Rose  </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010 http://www.f...
Forms of name <ul><li>Rose, A. N. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra Rose </li></ul><ul><li>A. N. Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandr...
http://separatedbyacommonlanguage.blogspot.com/2009/08/initials-and-names.html
Background <ul><li>Repositories Programme </li></ul><ul><li>People depositing copies of their papers, learning materials, ...
What? <ul><li>Names of people involved in creating materials </li></ul><ul><li>Names of institutions and (perhaps) departm...
Retrieval <ul><li>Users/administrators/funders may want to find all articles by a particular individual </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Disambiguation <ul><li>Need to retrieve  only  those materials deposited by that particular individual </li></ul><ul><li>W...
What is the Names Project? <ul><li>A JISC-funded Mimas project in collaboration with the British Library </li></ul><ul><li...
JISC Conference, 2010 Mimas British Library Millions of names of active researchers   Only initials, not full forenames  
Process <ul><li>Use Zetoc to pre-populate the Names system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify unique individuals and assign id...
Names Phase One Activities <ul><li>Establish requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Determine data structure </li></ul><ul><li>Map...
Current phase <ul><li>Testing matching algorithms </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewing data structure </li></ul><ul><li>Updating da...
Demo <ul><li>http://names.mimas.ac.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://names.mimas.ac.uk/script-test-two/   </li></ul>JISC Confer...
JISC Conference, 2010
RDF version of record JISC Conference, 2010
JISC Conference, 2010
Longer term <ul><li>Allow researchers to edit their own information (e.g. to specify a preferred form of name) </li></ul><...
Broader context <ul><li>Lots of activity in this area right now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ORCID (Open Researcher Contributor I...
Names matter… <ul><li>In 2000 there were seven people in the USA with the name Robert Pattinson.  howmanyofme.com </li></u...
Project updates <ul><li>Names website:  http://names.mimas.ac.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Project blog: </li></ul><ul><li>http://...
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A. Rose by any other name

The Names Project, as presented at Internet Librarian International, 15 October 2010.

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A. Rose by any other name

  1. 1. A. Rose by any other name A new approach to name authority Amanda Hill @mandahill JISC Conference, 2010
  2. 2. The Names Project <ul><li>‘ From the Annals of the Onomastic Society’ </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Watson (1990) </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  3. 3. Rhyming couples JISC Conference, 2010
  4. 4. JISC Conference, 2010
  5. 6. JISC Conference, 2010 http://www.pryers-solicitors.co.uk/blog/clinical-negligence-news/mix-up-leads-to-surgeons-operating-on-wrong-patient/
  6. 7. Academic impact <ul><li>Immunologist </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra Nicole Rose </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010 http://www.flickr.com/photos/nitsrejk/42284247/
  7. 8. Forms of name <ul><li>Rose, A. N. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra Rose </li></ul><ul><li>A. N. Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra N. Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Rose, Alexandra N. </li></ul><ul><li>Rose, Alexandra Nicole </li></ul><ul><li>Rose, Alexandra </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra Nicole Rose </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010 And these are all spelt correctly!
  8. 9. http://separatedbyacommonlanguage.blogspot.com/2009/08/initials-and-names.html
  9. 10. Background <ul><li>Repositories Programme </li></ul><ul><li>People depositing copies of their papers, learning materials, slides in institutional and subject-based digital repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Need to add name (and other) data to the digital object for information retrieval </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  10. 11. What? <ul><li>Names of people involved in creating materials </li></ul><ul><li>Names of institutions and (perhaps) departments </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  11. 12. Retrieval <ul><li>Users/administrators/funders may want to find all articles by a particular individual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult if the name has been entered in a variety of ways </li></ul></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  12. 13. Disambiguation <ul><li>Need to retrieve only those materials deposited by that particular individual </li></ul><ul><li>With common names, there will be many matches – loss of precision </li></ul><ul><li>Need to be able to uniquely identify individuals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideally using principles of Linked Data </li></ul></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  13. 14. What is the Names Project? <ul><li>A JISC-funded Mimas project in collaboration with the British Library </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 1 (July 2007 – February 2009): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigated the potential and requirements for a Name Authority Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A prototype was developed with test set of data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phase 2: (March 2009 – February 2011): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand prototype into pilot system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at future options as a service </li></ul></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  14. 15. JISC Conference, 2010 Mimas British Library Millions of names of active researchers  Only initials, not full forenames 
  15. 16. Process <ul><li>Use Zetoc to pre-populate the Names system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify unique individuals and assign identifiers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhance data with information from other sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. UKPMC grantees database </li></ul></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  16. 17. Names Phase One Activities <ul><li>Establish requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Determine data structure </li></ul><ul><li>Map to existing name-related standards (e.g. MARC, EAC-CPF, CERIF, FOAF) </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  17. 18. Current phase <ul><li>Testing matching algorithms </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewing data structure </li></ul><ul><li>Updating data mappings for revised and new standards </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating with potential data providers and Names users </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  18. 19. Demo <ul><li>http://names.mimas.ac.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://names.mimas.ac.uk/script-test-two/ </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  19. 20. JISC Conference, 2010
  20. 21. RDF version of record JISC Conference, 2010
  21. 22. JISC Conference, 2010
  22. 23. Longer term <ul><li>Allow researchers to edit their own information (e.g. to specify a preferred form of name) </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange for upload of information from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>funding bodies </li></ul></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  23. 24. Broader context <ul><li>Lots of activity in this area right now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ORCID (Open Researcher Contributor Identifier) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VIAF & WorldCat Identities(OCLC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISNI (International Standard Name Identifier) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various national initiatives in other countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poland/Spain (under consideration) </li></ul></ul></ul>JISC Conference, 2010
  24. 25. Names matter… <ul><li>In 2000 there were seven people in the USA with the name Robert Pattinson. howmanyofme.com </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23A0qzm374g
  25. 26. Project updates <ul><li>Names website: http://names.mimas.ac.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Project blog: </li></ul><ul><li>http://namesproject.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: @NamesProject </li></ul>JISC Conference, 2010

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