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Film Whitewashing Essay
This semester we had the opportunity to learn about African–Americans and Latinas/os in film and
television. Throughout the semester we learned about the following terminology; feminism, white
supremacy, representation, intersectionality, stereotypes, whitewashing, and many more. As a group
project, my group and I decided to focus on whitewashing in the movie industry. We researched the
history, impacts, and the importance of whitewashing in society. Our main goal was to learn
different ways to prevent it from happening, and also about the implemented action plans that are
being executed towards whitewashing.
As we all know Hollywood has been criticized and known for the many whitewashed roles that are
casted by many Caucasian–looking actors/actresses, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This is said to be a form of race bending "White–washing is so commonplace that there is an
industry classification for it: race bending" (Atlanta Black Star), which in fact is not the same as
whitewashing. White people are not underrepresented in the media and so race bending, in a way is
a form of undoing the whitewashing that is happening in the entertainment industry. As a matter of
fact, race bending doesn't actually happen in the entertainment industry, all its doing is making
people feel a little better about the issues of
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African American Theater Essays
Over the course of approximately one–hundred years there has been a discernible metamorphosis
within the realm of African–American cinema. African–Americans have overcome the heavy weight
of oppression in forms such as of politics, citizenship and most importantly equal human rights. One
of the most evident forms that were withheld from African–Americans came in the structure of the
performing arts; specifically film. The common population did not allow blacks to drink from the
same water fountain let alone share the same television waves or stage. But over time the strength of
the expectant black actors and actresses overwhelmed the majority force to stop blacks from
appearing on film. For the longest time the performing arts were ... Show more content on
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‘The Tom' represented the African–American who was badgered and controlled by the white
population. This person was the one who endured all of the abuse from any white person who was in
the position of superiority. Bogle defines him as, the harassed hounded, flogged, enslaved, and
insulted. They keep the faith, and stay true to their masters always remaining kind and selfless. Thus
they endear themselves to white audiences and emerge as heroes of sorts (6). One of the most
prevalent plays where this type of black characters emerged was given the name, Uncle Tom's
Cabin. This theatrical production came about during the 1850's. It gave an overview of Harriet
Beecher Stowe's (a white women who was against slavery) claim that white Americans imagine
themselves as suffering slaves. In this production whites in blackface played Tom, Eliza, and Topsy .
This construction was very controversial; Michael Rogin gives a brief summary and comment on
this in his book, Blackface, Whitenoise:
The production of Uncle Tom's Cabin was not only embracing slaves but also supporting antislavery
politics. There was considerable overlap, to be sure, between the proslavery and sentimental
abolitionist structures of feeling, for maternalist
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Ira Aldridge By Lolita Chakrabarti
Ira Aldridge is not a "house hold name" in the Theatre committee, but it should be. A native New
Yorker who moved to England when he was in his late teens, Ira achieved immense fame in mid–
1800's Europe, mesmerizing people of all nationalities with his renditions of Shakespeare. Since his
death he has become rather obscure, although a dramatization of his life, by Lolita Chakrabarti, is
making its way into theatrical seasons across Europe and the USA. Ira Aldridge is a man who
undermined the racial presumptions of his era. Bernth Lindfors calls Aldridge "the most visible
black man in a white world in the middle of the nineteenth century" ("The Vagabond Years" 5). Ira
Aldridge paved the way for other African American Actors through his work ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
Competing theatre companies sent thugs and police to harass the Theater during performances and
hired newspapers to print spoofs of African American dialects. Ira worked backstage and played
several roles at The Grove in his late teens and could often be found outside the theatre after
performances participating in brawls with competing actors and police trying to shut down the
Theater. Historian Bernth Lindforths would say this violence foreshadowed the anti–abolitionist
riots of 1834, which devastated black homes, churches, and businesses. Ross speculates that if Ira
had stayed in the US, his acting career would definitely have failed. Ira arrived in London in 1825,
eight years before slavery would be abolished in the British Empire. As Ira toured the British Isles in
those eight years, the practice of "black face" was being established as a favored sport in the theatre.
During Ira's first few years of touring, he 's simply referred to as a "gentleman of color". But as he
gains notoriety, he 's advertised as the "American Tragedian from the African Theater New York
City". Patrons came to the theatre anticipating an African burlesque. One newspaper promotion
wrote: "Theatrical dogs, horses, and elephants have passed away; –– those of monkeys seem to be
on the decline, and now for a more monstrous exhibition than all the rest, we are to be treated with a
Black Actor, a right earnest African Tragedian" ("The Early Years" 203). Instead,
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A Raisin In The Sun Play Analysis
I chose the play A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry because in my perspective the play
symbolizes the struggle of the African American meaning we had to work twelve times as hard as a
white person. Being an African American back then you had to live the stereotype of living in poor
housing, poor education, poor jobs that paid almost nothing while the Whites lived the high, rich life
with all the best schooling, jobs, pay and housing. The struggles of the African American family
losing the main breadwinner also known as the husband means that the oldest son took on the
responsibility of providing for the family which was the actor Walter. Walter had to face the world
alone trying to take care of his mother, the character names Mama and his wife Ruth and the rest of
the family. The $10,000 came from the deceased husband of Mama's life insurance policy and she
wanted to use the money to buy a house for the family and create stability for everyone, but
everyone had their own idea of what they wanted to do with the money and not being on one accord.
Now that I have given an overview, let's start with the explanation of actors/ actresses, set (including
venue, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The production symbolizes the daily struggles of the African American family or the African
American man. As money becomes a crucial competent to the family due to the competition dealing
with the white stereotype of richness. This production shows the changes that the African American
man must face when the father dies. The oldest son must take on the role as the man of the house
and facing the world alone. The only people in the man's corner is his family that he is trying to
support on a minimum wage check. The mama is trying to make sure that her family has a plot in
life and her dream is to own a house in the white neighborhood and not rent the rest of her life, so
their family will have stability as it
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African American Theatre And American Theater
African–American Theatre has gone through exponential changes throughout the course of
American history. They have made a push towards defining theatre for a whole of African–
American culture. In doing so, African–American actors, directors, technicians, and theatre
entrepreneurs strive to be the very best in their field and "create a true American theatre" (Miller
335). The theatre challenges thespians to hold onto their roots but branch out and mingle with the
culture of today. The African–American Theatre and American Theatre grow closer and closer to
each other with variety of traditions and culture all to entertain and drive theatre to a height sought
for so long. African–American Theatre has been ridiculed, humiliated, transformed, destroyed,
rebuilt, and enhanced, and it continues to remain and grow developing into a world–renowned art.
African–American Theatre has traveled along a rocky path, on great highs to devastating lows, still
surviving and breathing. Though many practices and techniques of African–American Theatre were
undervalued in the past, those practices and techniques are bringing about a new light to the theatre
realm. "Black Theatre, as Hill and Hatch reveal the length and breadth of its American story, seems
not fabulous but almost miraculous in its ability to survive the well–documented slings and arrows
of American race relations" (Miller 335). Black Theatre stuck around through the racism that
America is and was experiencing and never gave up.
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The Portrayal Of African Americans
Throughout the last century, the role that African Americans have played in films has changed
drastically, and for the better. When black people first started acting in movies they were strictly
relegated to playing the roles of pre–determined stereotypes of the black man. Not only were they
forced to play the roles of insulting stereotypes, but also the only aspect that determined what role
they would play was essentially their skin color. In a world today where we are taught that we are all
equal and that color of skin is simply the product of where your people came from, your culture, and
who your parents are. Throughout this research paper I will put forward the numerous stereotypes
that are shown in the films that first used black ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In fact the people of the NAACP agreed, ""Black entertainers were not getting their due on regular
awards shows," says Julian Bond, NAACP chairman emeritus and a civil rights activist. "We had to
create our own.""1 In 1967 the NAACP created the NAACP Image Awards, "to recognize
exceptional performances of people of color in the arts, the awards also were meant to point out the
paucity of blacks in movies and television –– as well as at the Academy Awards and Emmys."1
Even at the end of the article that was cited, the author references how the NAACP Awards and the
film industry itself have evolved through time. African Americans in film have evolved strongly
over the past several decades, at one point there was essentially only five roles a black person could
play in a movie. All of those roles are considered negatively inspired stereotypes of the African
American, and are relatively well known today among Blacks and Whites. The first and most likely
the best known among the standard black movie stereotypes is the "Tom". "Toms are always chased,
harassed, hounded, flogged, enslaved, and insulted. They keep the faith never turn against their
white masters and remain hearty, submissive, stoic, generous, selfless and oh–so–very kind. They
endear themselves to white audiences as
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Film Review : ' Romeo Must Die '
Romeo Must Die is an action film released in the year 2000, the plot is similar to that of Romeo and
Juliet, due to the rivaling families and the forbidden love, but the root of the hostility is different.
Race seems to be the main proponent of this division. The film begins with Po Sing who is the son
of Chu Sing, leader of a chinese gang, Po is in a predominantly african american club, after an
altercation, Kai who is Chu Sing's right hand man intervenes and sends Po home. A fight ensues and
the next day Po is found dead. We then meet Han Sing played by actor Jet Li, Han is imprisoned in
Hong Kong but after the news is revealed that his brother has died (Po) he escapes and heads to the
United States to avenge his brother 's death. Han meets Trish O'Day, the daughter of a Isaak O'Day,
he is the leader of an african american gang that is at war with Chu Sing. Due to Po's death Isaak
finds it necessary to protect his children, so he assigns them bodyguards to protect them from
Chinese retaliation. However this does not prevent Trish and Han from seeing each other and as
their relationship deepens so does the consequences for their actions. They are kidnapped after
catching on to the plan of Kai and Mac, who is Isaaks right hand man and then Han and Trish are
separated. Han has to fight his way out of this dilemma using kung–fu and as he reunites with Trish
he learns that the death of his brother was internal. The movie reaches a climax when Han and Kai
have a final fight,
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The African-American Image in Films
The African–American Image in Films
Films serve many functions like education, entertainment, handbooks of social behavior, and a
transmitter of cultural and social values. The most effective way in which stereotypes are
perpetuated in America is through the mediums of film and television. American films mostly
played an influential part in fixing images of ethnic groups in the minds of audience. The negative
representation of films or movies sometimes reinforces false assumptions (as poor, dangerous and
dumb) about minority groups, for example African–American. The way African–Americans were
represented in past films can be proved misrepresentation of minority group by an average viewer.
The lack of control of films over the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In the1998 film 'Deep Impact,' it's a scene that never would have been imagined; a well–dressed
attractive woman stands before a group of reporters, and announces, "Ladies and Gentlemen, the
President of the United States". At this point, a middle–aged African–American man walked out, the
African–American man is Morgan Freeman. In this film, Freeman's portrayal of the most powerful
man in the world seemed more presidential. There was a time when African–Americans were
considered as weak and dumb. But those times have changed, and it is reflected on the big screen. In
fact, there have been several films over the past ten years that African–Americans have shown as
presidents, or presidential candidates
For the longest time, one of the biggest taboos in film has been the subject of interracial
relationships. The best example of this taboo would have to be two earlier versions of William
Shakespeare's, 'Othello' (1952, 1965) a story that deals with the subject of interracial romance. In
both cases, white actors in black face were cast to play the famous Moor of Venice (1952, 1965).
But, nowadays story has changed, a black actor playing a black character and the climate of films
has also changed, something as little as a kiss between a black man and a white woman on screen.
The African–American image in the past that had been perpetuated by Yaphet Frederick Kotto as
criminal has changed to loving role of African–American. In 1999's 'The
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Acceptance Speech In Oprah Winfrey
From the Emancipation Proclamation to the Jim Crowe laws of 1965, African Americans have been
fighting for their rights, freedom and a voice in society for decades. African Americans were
introduced to people, specifically Caucasians as individuals only regarded as legal property with a
force placed upon them to obey others superior than them according to society. As she was used to
the constant disadvantage and mistreatment displayed towards African Americans, it was an unreal
moment for young Oprah Winfrey as she observed Sidney Poiter walk across the stage to accept the
award of "best actor at the 36th Academy Awards". Poiter's award for best actor not only came as
shock, moment of change in society for Winfrey but for all African Americans as Poiter became the
first African American male to receive an award at the Golden Globes. In the same fashion, years
later at the Golden Globes, Oprah Winfrey accepted the honorary "Cecil B. Demille" award
becoming the first African American female to win the astounding award. As accepting her award,
Winfrey delivered a speech that impacted not only the crowd but all those watching through her
exquisite nomenclature and use of rhetorical ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
With her description of Sidney Poiter as he accepted the award for best actor, becoming the first
African American male to win an Oscar, Winfrey describes the joy that surrounded her as it was the
first time she had experienced and observed such celebration of a black man after years of
mistreatment and unfairness towards her culture. Sidney's win gave Oprah the hope and belief as a
young child that she could achieve the same as Poiter and become the "first African American....".
Today individuals look at Oprah Winfrey steadily observing her achieving her dreams, holding the
title as the "first African American woman to receive the Cecil B Demille"
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Race-Conscious Casting Analysis
In the article review "Race–Conscious Casting ..." Lyra D. Monteiro claims that Lin–Manuel
Miranda's Hamilton lacks the other parts of history that are important to African Americans. The
examples in history that are important to African Americans are when the slaves were free or when
they were finally given rights in America, and their involvement and development in the Harlem
Renaissance.
Lyra D. Monteiro criticizes Lin–Manuel Miranda for not addressing the problems such as slavery
and the exclusion of the introduction of colored people in history. The color–bling casting that is
presented throughout the play has caused people to notice the way certain roles were given and
casted. An example of this is the "racialized musical forms that ... Show more content on
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This can be show as the "14 percent of New York City's inhabitants" (93) being African American or
a slave being "present in one in five of the city's white households" (94). Miranda needs to credit or
create an addition to the play of expressing black lives in America during that time.
The untold truths in American history are a problem that need to be addressed. I agree with the
statements that were spoken about in the review, there are people that believe that the events such as
slavery should be in the play to show its importance. Monteiro's theory of that the events of slavery
and the history of the African America population during the American Revolution should not be left
out is extremely useful because it sheds light on the difficult problem of leaving out important
history.
The way that the black actors portray the founding fathers makes a mockery of the suffering of the
blacks experienced from ones that enslaved them. I agree that this is wrong not having the black
actors to portray their oppressors was done wrong instead they should have play the roles of African
Americans of that era and the influences they had in America. The use of black historical figures
during the American Revolution would have made the musical a little more
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The Brown Vs. Board Of Education Case Decision
In early black History Africans Americans were looked at as an asset or a slave for the benefit of the
white folks. This sense of ownership was detrimental in the day to African Americans pride and also
their identity. According to History.com "Though it is impossible to give accurate figures, some
historians have estimated that 6 to 7 million slaves were imported to the New World during the 18th
century alone, depriving the African continent of some of its healthiest and ablest men and women".
After slavery was abolished the sense of racial inferiority of the white folks was maintained and
preserved by teaching this to everyone thereafter through the media we watch. This strategy of
colonialism was sought after to control the thoughts of blacks and whites. Segregation enabled the
African American's to uphold oppositional standpoints and views to counter the effects of racism. In
order to try and level out the superiority integrations was enacted. The Brown Vs. Board of
education case decision in 1954 made integration possible. In today's movies after all the integration
and quest to level out the superiority, the social dominance of the white folks is still present in the
film industry. For example, in the movie The Bodyguard, Whitney Huston and Kevin Costner live
together in perfect harmony, despite their racial differences. In todays movies when they want to
show tension between the races the Africans Americans are generally grouped with criminal
behavior while on the
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African Americans: The Role Of Racism In Hollywood
"Man, I counted at least 15 black people on that monitor. I'm here at the academy awards, otherwise
known as the White Peoples Choice Awards." said Chris Rock to kick off the 2016 Oscars Academy
Awards. The Awards were surrounded with controversy through and through. It was the second time
in a row that absolutely no African Americans had been nominated. Considering that a lot of great
movies came out in which African Americans either wrote, directed, or acted in, a few in the the
Black community exclaimed that the racism in Hollywood needed to end. On the other hand, others
felt that the reason that no black actors were nominated was because they were not good enough this
year, or the one before that..., to earn a nomination. They feel as though ... Show more content on
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So, there is clearly going to be a disparity in income regarding minorities and whites in the industry.
The issue of Income disparities based on race sounds inherently racist but in this case it it based on
the population of Actors. There are more white actors so it makes sense that the probability of them
winning is higher right? Yes, it is true that the amount of African Americans that have won Oscar
nominations are in line with their overall population in the U.S, but the amount of other minorities
in the industry are by all means not at all accurate to America's cultural reality. According to analysis
by The Economist, Blacks make up 12.6% of the American population and receive 10% of Oscar
nominations. While 3% are received by Hispanics which make up 16%. It's even worse for Asians
and other minorities who total receive 3% of nominations while representing 20% of the population.
The paper makes a point that where Hollywood fails in promoting diversity is not at award
ceremonies but in drama schools. They state that for the past 15 years the Academy has judged fairly
based on who was present at the time, at least for African Americans. More interesting figures are
the amount of black directors in Hollywood. According to a study 6% of directors in the top 600
films are African
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What Are The Misrepresentation Of African Americans
The media often paints a picture of certain groups that may not be accurate for example, African
Americans in the media are portrayed as criminals, drug addicts, or misogynist which also includes
African American women are viewed as abrasive and promiscuous. While there are millions of
responsible and respectable African Americans. They are not celebrated in the media. What the
community sees are instead are thing in movies and on TV. This changes the general perception of
African Americans and cause people to assume they are violent and are a burdened to society.
During the pinnacle of segregation through the 1900s, African Americans were rarely portrayed on
screen and when they were portrayed in satirical ways, it was with white actors in blackface. This is
a great example of the misrepresentation of an entire community by those in power. In February
1915, a movie was released called birth of a nation which was based on Thomas Dixon Jr. novel the
clansman. The film depicts the Ku Klux Klan as heroes and the villains were portrayed by white
actors in black face. The film was basically trying to justify racism and imply that the white hooded,
figures where protecting the white race because African males were trying to sexually ravage the
white women this portrayal of African American male was known as a bucks. Despite the very clear
prejudice in the film it was a major success and was the first ever major motion picture shown in the
White House to
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Racial Identity And Its Impact On Society
In our society, race identity is brought up everyday and is a subject that still separates people even to
this day. Race is a very sensitive subject for most people and is still an issue today regarding jobs
and opportunity. One of the major influences in our culture as well as a depiction of our interests
and entertainment value is film. Film is one of the most important forms of media in our culture
because it speaks to a very large audience and sets the tone for morals and values of our culture.
Film has the ability to force a perspective to the public through selected storytelling and opinion.
Racial identity has always been present in film through many different ways. Over time, racial
identity in film has become more subtle and less up front to the audience. The depiction of African
Americans being mentally deficient and dangerous in film is a setback for our culture and a denial
of equality between races. For many years, film has been shown to represent the thoughts and
customs of our society. Most of the time you can tell when the movie was made based on the content
and dialogue used in the film. The portrayal of African Americans in film is one of the most brought
up topics when discussing racial identity in film. This racial identity has been the most noticed
within our culture because of the change in our culture since the Civil Rights Era. Most films back
in that time mostly casted white people, or white people playing as black characters with blackface
on, or
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The History of African Americans in Film Essay
Minstrel shows were developed in the 1840's and reached its peak after the Civil War. They
managed to remain popular into the early 1900s. The Minstrel shows were shows in which white
performers would paint their faces black and act the role of an African American. This was called
black facing. The minstrel show evolved from two types of entertainment popular in America before
1830: the impersonation of blacks given by white actors between acts of plays or during circuses,
and the performances of black musicians who sang, with banjo accompaniment, in city streets. The
'father of American minstrelsy' was Thomas Dartmouth 'Daddy' Rice, who between 1828 and 1831
developed a song–and–dance routine in which he impersonated an old, crippled ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
Tambo) at one end and a performer on the bone castanets (Mr. Bones) at the other, the singing of
songs with harmonized choruses, the exchange of jokes between the endmen and the performer in
the center seat (Mr. Interlocutor), and the introduction of special variety acts at the conclusion of the
bill. Though many of these shows claimed that these were true African American songs that had
been brought back by people who had observed plantation slaves, this wasn?t necessarily true. For
example one of the more common songs such as ?Jim Crow?by Thomas Rice was simply inspired
by a crippled African American that Rice had seen dancing and singing a song with the chorus of ?
Wheel about, an' turn about, an' do jis so, Eb'ry time I wheel about, I jump Jim Crow.? Many people
were lead to believe that this was how every African American sang and danced and failed to realize
that this was simply the way one man did it. Actual African American actors were rare at the time.
There were only a few African Americans that actually appeared on stage and those who did only
had minor roles such as servants or shoe shiners. This was mainly because the world was used to
African Americans being slaves doing jobs such as these and people weren?t ready to accept African
Americans as equals yet. There had however been several attempts of African American stage
performance such as New York?s African Grove theater. This theater was founded
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Essay on Racism in the Media: Misrepresentation of Minorities
Misrepresentation of different cultures by the media
The definition of race is often based on physical characteristics such as skin color, hair texture and
eye shape. Race is both a set of genetically defined biological characteristics and culturally defined
characteristics. One influence on culture is the media and the media have a huge influence on the
way different races are viewed by society. The media consists of communication devices and some
media forms include television, newspapers, magazines, film and radio. Misrepresent can be defined
as to give a false or misleading representation with an intent to deceive or be unfair.
The United States is one of, if not the most, diverse nations in the world. It is often described as a ...
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Another problem is these television shows may be the only interaction an audience may have with a
particular race or ethnic group. This primarily affects children. Young children are extremely easy to
influence and spend hours in front of the television. When children are exposed to only one race,
they develop prejudices and bias towards other ethnicities. This misrepresentation of races of
television shows may cause children to become close minded and prejudiced.
One of the longest running and most popular television shows, The Simpsons, is full of minority
stereotypes. Several ethnic groups in this show are misrepresented, but Indians are stereotyped the
most in "The Simpsons." Some of the Indian stereotypes include that the convenience store worker
is Hindu and is named Apu and has a stereotypical Indian last name, Nahasapeemapetilan. Here,
writers are saying that all people of Indian descent work in convenience stores and practice
Hinduism as their religion.
Another television series which stereotypes a race is "The Sopranos." In the Sopranos, the main
character Tony Soprano, an Italian American, is the head of an organized crime family. They are
stereotyping that all Italian Americans are involved in organized crime. The television show
"Growing Up Gotti" is also about an organized crime family and also stereotypes Italian Americans
in this
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Argumentative Essay: African American Cinema
I chose African American Cinema for many reasons. Black cinema is an important to me because it
brought our stories to life.I love urban movies about growing up and surviving in the
hood/ghetto/projects. Also, we get to show our live and out struggles and then you will see how we
succeed and come out on top. Black Cinema made a name for themselves and stand out and it will
never die. Black Cinema has a voice and a meaning and I love to hear it. We learn about our past
and see it visually. Black Cinema brings out reality to live. We have black Cinema that's shows us
are talented people of the past who can sing and dance, it shows about ancestors and it shows race
films. Before the black cinema and black actors the black characters would be played by white
people in black–face. In 1903, Uncle Tom's Cabin, starred the first black actor to ever appear on
screen. Although black Cinema came to be by Oscar Micheaux founded the Micheaux Film and
Book Company of Sioux City in Chicago and William D, Foster. Foster formed the Foster Photoplay
Company, the first independent African–American film company. In 1912, Foster, produced and
directed The railroad Porter. Black Cinema focuses on Preer much anything, such as drama, comedy,
thriller, urban, death, good, poverty, friends, tragedy, death, hope, pain, joy, depression and family
and etc. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The amount of black cinema breaking through at that time is astonishing. Hip–hop, and white
audiences' interest in it, fed into the movement. Rappers and musicians transitioned into film as
actors like actresses Ice Cube, Ice–T, Tupac Shakur, Queen Latifah Janet Jackson. It wasn't just
youthful "hood dramas", Black Cinema changed television. Black tv show series came out starting
mainly in the 90 such as Moesha, A Different World, Family Matters, Kenan and Kel, Martin, Queen
Latifah's Living Single, Sister Sister and Malcolm & Eddie, In Living Color, The Fresh prince of bel
air and
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Racism Enacted Throughout the History of Black Films Essay
The history of African Americans in early Hollywood films originated with blacks representing
preconceived stereotypes. D.W. Griffith's 1915 film, Birth of a Nation, stirred many controversial
issues within the black community. The fact that Griffith used white actors in blackface to portray
black people showed how little he knew about African Americans. Bosley Crowther's article "The
Birth of Birth of a Nation" emphasizes that the film was a "highly pro–South drama of the American
Civil War and the Period of Reconstruction, and it glorified the role of the Ku Klux Klan" (76).
While viewing this film, one would assert that the Ku Klux Klan members are heroic forces that
rescue white women from sexually abusive black men. Griffith ... Show more content on
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Micheaux's purpose behind his film blacks about the issues of racism and stereotypes. The film
opens with a young educated African American woman, Sylvia, who travels to the North to raise
$5,000 to save a local school for black children. During her visit, Sylvia meets a handsome white
man, Dr. Vivian. Along the way, she also encounters a wealthy philanthropist, Elena. After Elena
learns about Sylvia's work, she decides to give her the money that she needs. However, Elena's
southern friend discourages her from giving the donation and says that "blacks cannot get an
education." (Please Cite this source). Conversely, Elena decides to give $50,000 which will be more
than enough the save the school. According to Bogle, Within Our Gates sparked a controversy with
a lynching scene. The lynching scene shows a white mob lynching Sylvia's adopted parents and
almost killing their son, and also the mob lynched the white man's servant, Efrem. In addition, one
particular scene shows Sylvia being chased by a white man who almost raped her but notices that
Sylvia is his daughter. In the end, Dr. Vivian confesses his love for Sylvia and the film ends with
their marriage. Within Our Gates plot and characters challenges the prejudice shown in the film
Birth of a Nation. For instance, the character Efrem is an example of Uncle Tom because he tells his
white master
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Chicago Actors Inequality
The article What do Chicago actors make? A new study looks at inequality in pay, race and gender
explains why America is unequal because the article explains that white males have the most
contracts which are papers a person signs to do the job given to them and they also get paid more
amount of money compared to women and people that are colored. It mentions that 72% of actors in
theater are white and the next highest group represented is African Americans at 8%. For a lead role,
African Americans get paid $150 more than a white actor on average for a week. Also, for the
chorus of the theater more women are represented at 53% compared to 47% are men, and women
get paid more in the chorus of theater than men. The last thing mentioned was that ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
The term that describes this is inequality which is unequal distribution of opportunities in society.
The article shows this by saying that women and people of color get less opportunities in theater
because they are not the predominant white male for example for play, 61.3 % are males and 35.7%
are females. Another reason America is unequal according to the article for theater people is because
people cannot move from one social class to a higher social class. This is defined as immobility.
Immobility occurs in the article due to the potential person getting hired gets the established not so
good pay in order to get the job they want just to be able to provide for the family. This does not
allow for a move up in class, because if they negotiate for better pay they might get not get the job
or get fired and then they won't have anything for their family. The article provides an example that
inequality due to skin color in America is going down a bit. The example of African American lead
actors getting paid more than white lead actors in Chicago is an example of meritocracy.
Meritocracy is where an individual gets rewarded for being skillful at the job rather than having
connections. That African American example is an example of meritocracy, because they don't have
the same background as the white employers, but I believe they get paid more because they are
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
August Wilson The Ground On Which I Stand Analysis
August Wilson's 1996 address entitled "The Ground on Which I Stand", sparked a vigorous debate
in the world of theater over the idea of "colorblind casting" and he presented the need for a Black
Theatre. Mr. Wilson was outraged by the fact that of the 66 major companies belonging to the
League of Resident Theaters, only one was black. He felt that the supporters of black theatre used
their funds to increase black hiring in primarily white theatres as opposed to creating a theatre for
the black community. Hw wanted to have more black theaters established to cater to the black actors
as well as draw in black audiences. He attacks the increasingly popular trend of "colorblind casting"
which basically meant casting black actors in roles traditionally ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
Wilson stated that ''The truth is that often where there are esthetic criteria of excellence, there are
also sociological criteria that have traditionally excluded blacks.'' He then continued on to say ''...
raise the standards and remove the sociological consideration of race as privilege, and we will meet
you at the crossroads, in equal numbers, prepared to do the work of extending and developing the
common ground of the American theater.'' Through these powerful words Wilson is saying that in
order to reflect American culture in the theater, the history of African American's must be reflected.
There have always been systems in place that have excluded African Americans and white
Americans will never understand the way that sense of oppression felt. White Americans will never
understand how it feels to be enslaved, be powerless in protecting your family, and being sold off as
property, as Eliza Harris from Uncle Tom's Cabin, and millions of other slaves felt. Photographing
the "American Negro" by Shawn Michelle Smith presented the idea that white Americans have tried
to take away the histories of other races in America. People have always turned against embracing
the histories of the African Americans because they were seen as alien to their owners. Their
different skin tone separated them from the white Americans who thought of them as uncivilized
before they were brought to work for them. Ultimately Wilson calls for Black Theaters to prevent
the culture of the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
African American Theatre Research Paper
Africana Studies – GSS 2201
Dr. Ried–Merritt
December 2, 2014
Overview on subject
African American Theatre has a very dynamic and rich entity which comes from ancient Egyptian
practices, and the African background of Greek legends contributed by Shakespeare. While black
theatre was in its early stages, plays echoed of the lives they were living. Black American artists
were constructing and preforming plays for mixed audiences as early as 1821. The dance and
rhythm black people inherited caught the eyes of European audiences. Black theatre involves all
sorts of black tradition with ancient stories, mythology, dances, music, and rich practices. It also
contributed to the formation of America's musical comedy acts. Social restrictions that ... Show
more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Performanced were created by whites who made a joke and recreated slaves and the every–day
plantation practices. White performers who were involved with blackface would do laughable
impressions of the stories, songs, dances, and practices in black culture for white audiences. This
was known as Minstresly, a very adored form on entertainment for white people. These productions
would perform into the mid 1900's. Langston Hughes and Jeam Toomer were two African
Americans concerned with the image white people were portraying on stage. Langston Hughes
famous poem "Notes on Commercial Theatre" echoed one of the founding tenets for the movement
of Black Theatre. This would launch the Black Arts Movement during the 1960's. During this period
black writers responded loudly to the racism black citizens were fighting against in the Civil Rights
Movement. This movement lasted for about 10 years, 1960's–70's. It gave African Americans a
greater significance in society. Through the different forms of media emerging, blacks were able to
spread knowledge of the expression of cultural differences. Theatre performances were used to show
audiences problem in their communities and businesses.
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Racial Stereotypes Of Film, Movie, Films Like The Avengers...
Racial stereotypes in films have typically reflected societies reality. How individuals are able to
come to understand what it means to be a black in America is shaped by the social construct of
cultural identity. As both reality and social construct shifts, so does Black representation in film.
What has not shifted is the fact that we are still living in a white dominated society, where much of
the narrative belongs to and is determined by Rich, White Males and where black stereotypes still
exist and are continually reinforced in films. Hollywood has typically followed this trend through
the use of white directors, discussions of diversity, or even in its selection of Oscar nominees
(Donnelly 2016). As a result, many "mainstream" films look to target young males and females, for
example, films like The Avengers or the Twilight vampire series. Taking all of this into account,
Black film has transcended over time to change the way African Americans are viewed and take
control of their own narrative. However as independent Black films seek to influence this change
and look to challenge the dominate of White Hollywood, directors of Black films have may find
themselves controlling the conversation by either doing the work of talking to a black audience or
are looking to talk to general (mainly White) audience about black issues. Since the beginning,
African–Americans have been seen as lesser in this country. Because of this, it is important to note
the history of Black
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Difference Between Civil War And Reconstruction
The era of emancipation, the Civil War, and Reconstruction has a contested view that affects the
understanding of the past and present. The southern white population was angry at African
American's newly won freedom, used violence against African American to control of their lives.
The Lost Cause is the movement to describe the Confederate cause as a heroic on against all odd
despite its defeat. The Lost Cause justified the violence against African Americans and rewrote the
history of the Civil War and Reconstruction. The Lost Cause was central to the development of
collective memory, and for the Civil War and Reconstruction erased African Americans as decisive
historical actors. Collective memory is the memory of the group of two or more individuals the is
passed from ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Collective memory damage is the erasing of African Americans as historical actors. General
Longstreet stated, "why not talk about witchcraft if slavery was not the cause of the war. I never
heard of any other cause." He was calling out those who were erasing why the war was fought.
More effective is the comment of Senator Kennedy writing that "no state suffered more from
carpetbag rule than Mississippi." Kennedy thought it revealing that "two former slaves held the
offices of Lieutenant Governor and Secretary of State," Egerton 6043 . This shows the lasting
impact of collective memory, and not allowing African Americans ever be deceived actors in their
lives historically or presently. Even still efforts to tell a complete story are affected by memory, for
example, Kens Burns documentary is full of nostalgia that makes it difficult to fully comprehend the
horrors enacted towards African Americans. Ultimately, the collective memory of the era is
contested; however, memory does not allow for clear understanding of the past. Rather, the painful
parts are forgotten, and a nation does not understand it history or
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Chicago Actors Inequality
The article What do Chicago actors make? A new study looks at inequality in pay, race and gender
explains why America is unequal because the article explains that white males have the most
contracts which are papers a person signs to do the job given to them and they also get paid more
amount of money compared to women and people that are colored. It mentions that 72% of actors in
theater are white and the next highest group represented is African Americans at 8%. For a lead role,
African Americans get paid $150 more than a white actor on average for a week. Also, for the
chorus of the theater more women are represented at 53% compared to 47% are men, and women
get paid more in the chorus of theater than men. The last thing mentioned was that ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
The term that describes this is inequality which is unequal distribution of opportunities in society.
The article shows this by saying that women and people of color get less opportunities in theater
because they are not the predominant white male for example for play, 61.3 % are males and 35.7%
are females. Another reason America is unequal according to the article for theater people is because
people cannot move from one social class to a higher social class. This is defined as immobility.
Immobility occurs in the article due to the potential person getting hired gets the established not so
good pay in order to get the job they want just to be able to provide for the family. This does not
allow for a move up in class, because if they negotiate for better pay they might get not get the job
or get fired and then they won't have anything for their family. The article provides an example that
inequality due to skin color in America is going down a bit. The example of African American lead
actors getting paid more than white lead actors in Chicago is an example of meritocracy.
Meritocracy is where an individual gets rewarded for being skillful at the job rather than having
connections. That African American example is an example of meritocracy, because they don't have
the same background as the white employers, but I believe they get paid more because they are
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Effects Of Black Stereotypes On Mass Media
Initialization and Declination of Black Stereotypes in Mass Media The first Academy Award ever
obtained by a black American occurred in 1940 during the 12th annual Academy Awards. Hattie
McDaniel prevailed in the category of Best Supporting Actress through her depiction of Mammy in
Gone with the Wind. This happened during the times of The Amos 'n ' Andy Show, a radio broadcast
along with a television program regarding two African American fellows performed by Caucasian
men. In what way can an actress accomplish the peak of achievement whilst the color of her skin is
being exploited to degrade people of her ilk? The discovery for the solution lies in analyzing
scholarly reviews, journals, newspapers, movies, primary actors and directors involved in the
filmmaking process that depicts this racial enigma. Black Stereotypes in film have always been
rooted in films since cinema's genesis but for this research, I will be focusing on Classical
Hollywood era leading into Blaxploitation movement.
2
Thomas Cripps, author of Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie from World War
II to the Civil Rights era, claims that trendy entertainments in addition to films facilitated conversion
in our viewpoints concerning race within America. The mass media system that was designed for
belittling the African race was correcting the social problems it generated. Cripps examines various
movies beginning with post–war cinema and leading into the Civil Rights era. This book presents
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Stereotypes : Has The Role Of Peter Dinklage Progressed?
Austin Oller
Professor XXX
Class Abreviation and Number
17 November 2014
Stereotypes: Has the Role of Peter Dinklage Progressed?
In 1952 theorist Frantz Fanon wrote The Fact of Blackness, an article that illustrations the struggles
of being an African– American in then modern–day America. Fanon suggested African Americans
live with a prescribed stereotype of "blackness". Because of the color of their skin, African–
Americans have an image created for them. Due to this prescription, many individuals are unable to
create their own persona. Fanon states that a black person is the slave of his or her own image.
Today, there are many other stereotypes being placed on people just like blackness was placed on
the African American community. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The most common type, called Achondroplasia is the cause of about 70 percent of all dwarfism. It
makes your arms and legs shorter than that of your torso. Achondroplasia affects about 1 in 15,000
to 1 in 40,000 live births.
To understand Fanon one must look back to the beginning of the cinema. Stereotypes were prevalent
in movies since the beginning of the cinema. One of the first movies to show a stereotypes was the
1915 silent film Birth of a Nation. In the D.W. Griffith film the African American plays the
stereotypical slave of the south after the civil war.
In the article Hollywood, Black Animation, and the Problem of Representation, author Jennifer L.
Barker shares a statement about her voice about black stereotypes:
"Since the early twentieth century, critics, filmmakers, and actors such as W.E.B. Du Bois, Clarence
Muse, Sidney Poitier, Spike Lee, and Henry Louis Gates Jr. have argued for various approaches to
representing African Americans in film, and it is unlikely that this conversation will become simpler
or more unified in the near future. In fact, conversations are bound to become more complex as the
nature of racial identity in America has become more heterogeneous in the last few decades".
The image of "Blackness" was very prevalent in the classical Hollywood Period. Often depicted as
mammies, coons or uncle toms during this period. In Boogle's book Toms, Coons, Mulattoes,
Mammies, and Bucks he writes
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
August Wilson Contributions
Playwright August Wilson, and actress Danielle Brooks have made the most contributions to my life
as a humanitarian, and an actor in training. August Wilson created a foundation for African–
Americans who are interested in the theatre. The Pittsburgh Cycle, a collection of ten plays strictly
for African–Americans, opened the door to future opportunities for African–American playwrights,
directors, stage managers, and actors. The context of his plays portrayed the genuine life and
struggle of African–Americans. He wrote about the importance of family, history, futures, and
development. Reading and studying August Wilson's plays lead to me loving and embracing my
history as an African–American. I studied his work in the early parts of my acting
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Personal Narrative Essay : My Hero Is A Hero
My inspiration... A hero is not a person with strength or a person how fight monsters. A hero is a
person that inspires you to be the best you can be, a person how tells you that there is nothing in the
world that you can't do, a person how will speak to you in a different way. My hero doesn't need
strength or able to fight monster, but their able to change your life in a different way. My heroes
inspire me to be the person I can be today and other every day. The people in my store inspire me to
do thing I never want to do but they make me do it by changing my mind. The reason I picked these
people because they don't just inspire me they inspire other people to. Paul walker is an actor who
started acting at a young age. In 2001 Paul Walker had a role of a lifetime and he had started acting
in a movie called The Fast and the Furious. The director of the movie knew that Walker was the
right person for that role. A few years later Walker also got a role in the movie Flag of Our Father.
The director knew that Walker was inspiring people like Vin Diesel to do things they would never
do. Vin Diesel never wanted to have kids, but when he met Paul Walker he had his first k id because
Walker encouraged him to imagine his life with a child. Diesel said "A lot of tough guys will tell
you to wait in the hallway, don't go in the delivery room," but Walker told Vin diesel to go into that
delivery room, be present and cut that umbilical cord and it will be the best day of your life"
(MailOnline). After Paul Walker death Vin Diesel named his third child Pauline. Paul walker
inspired me to do things I never wanted to do like. They day my sister was going to college we made
a primes that she will do to RCC for two years and why I graduate high school we both will go to
VCU together. I didn't want to say goodbye when she told me that she can't white for me. But after
reading about Paul walker and how he help Vin Diesel. I know that I had to let her go without me.
Oprah Gail Winfrey was born on January 29, 1954 in Kosciusko, Mississippi. The person that
inspired Oprah was Nelson Mandela. He inspired her to changer the lives of young African Girls.
Oprah new that Mandela was her hero because the way he change her life, he also
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
What Is Oscar's Diversity
Oscars: Where's the diversity?
And the winner is...."insert famous A list white actor name" congratulations! This was the unwritten
script that every presenter followed for this year's Academy Awards also known as the Oscars. For
the second year in a row, there were no black nominees in any of the four acting categories. So
many questions were raise after the nominations were release to the public for instance; people were
asking if the Oscars had discrimination toward black films? How much diversity does the judging
panel have? Why are black actors not receiving the recognition they deserve? Etc. In the past, when
African Americans weren't nominated for an Oscar, it wasn't a big surprise because the Oscars
wasn't necessary geared towards the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Whitewashing is when white actors play the role of non–white characters. This phenomenon is scary
because it's taking away opportunities from minority actors (who are more fitting for the role and
already has the look without any alterations.) and it can feed into the theory that white actors are
more of a financial gain for movie studios. Is there a financial risk in casting minority actors? The
Bunche Center's 2014 Hollywood Diversity Report found that median global box office revenue
peaked for films with a 21–30% minority cast share; revenue was lower for films with both a
smaller and larger minority cast share. In order to truly answer that question, movie studios must
cast minority actors in films especially when the film is about their
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
African-American In Motion Pictures
African –American In Motion Pictures
How did African Americans enter film? When did they? African Americans had a hard time entering
film. Who are some successful black actors today in Hollywood?
According to the sources I've read, American Americans had a very complex time in the history in
the American motion industry. In the early 20's, things like the Civil War were still being discussed.
Society wanted African American to stay in their place, so they were given roles such as criminals,
servants, and other negative roles. Society wanted to keep the social order. Most roles that were
played by African Americans were played in an all black casted film. In movies like this, Blacks
were given more positive and diverse roles. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
We've went from having minor roles or no roles. Now , we starring in mainstream Hollywood
movies . There's more African Americans taking home Oscars. Not to forget, we also have voices in
animated film . Animated film has involved over the years. Today, we see more diversity. Fans have
been complaining about the less diversity, not seeing more than one race. That's why Disney has
created more princesses with different cultures and ethics. Mainly, we used to see more Caucasian
princesses . Now, we see Hawaiian, African American, and other ethics on animation film.
Not only do we see diverse of race on animation film, we hear the diversity. We hear people like
Jennifer Lopez , Beyonce , and Eddie Murphy in animation films today . This begins to show the
change in history of animation film. We have diverse of races starring in animated film as well as
mainstream motion films. This shows the growth of African Americans throughout
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The History Of Police And African Americans Essay
African Americans in modern America have bound together in unity against inequality to help end
the unnecessary murders and unjust police beatings. However, where did these tensions between
police and African Americans begin? This question can be answered by looking at the history of
police in America and why they were originally established. Police first came on to the scene in
1704 when Carolina established the nation's first slave patrol that would turn into what we know
today as the modern police. The slave patrol had the duty of searching for runaway slaves and
returning them to their masters. Therefore, the original reason the police force was established was
to deal with black slaves and it seems as if some officers today still hold that as their job title.
However, this was just the beginning to the negative police encounters that many African Americans
would have to endure. With the ratification of the 13th amendment and the freeing of the slaves the
slave patrol became what is known as modern day police. During reconstruction the police began a
war to create a new form of slavery, this form of slavery was known as convict leasing. Although,
the 13th amendment legalized the enslavement of anyone convicted of a crime it seemed as if it was
only used against African Americans. This new method of enslavement sky rocketed the rate of
African American arrests and created new laws in the south such as the pig laws which sentenced
anyone who stole a pig to 5 years in
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
All White Oscars Diversity
Jada Pinkett Smith, the wife of Will Smith, an actor made a video that went viral calling on other
Black actors and actresses to boycott the Oscars because she believes it lacks diversity. The 'All
white Oscars nominees' with no Black actors or actresses was seen as racial bias to some African–
Americans. They believe that Black actors and actresses have made tremendous contributions to the
success of the movie industry, and need to be appreciated on their works just as the white actors and
actresses.
Everyone deserves to be appreciated, encourage, and recognized on the contributions he makes
towards his community. The minority Black people have suffered long enough to be deprived of
their respect and acknowledgement in society. The 'All white ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
The 'All white Oscar nominee' also promote or shows that segregation of people of color still exist
in the United States. Racial segregation according to the National Humanities Center, was a system
derived from the efforts of some white Americans to keep African Americans in a subordinate by
denying them equal access to public facilities and ensuring that blacks lived apart from whites This
is evident when, Oscars voters are about 91% white and 76% male, according to a new Time study.
(Los Angeles Times). Also the major or biggest category of the award nominees are all white,
leaving some black actors and actresses at the minor level. Jada believe that if people of color are
not given equal treatment just as whites, they should encourage themselves as one powerful people,
and put resources together to make a difference in their community. Jada says, "That maybe is time
that we recognizes that if we love and respect, and acknowledge ourselves in a way which we are
asking others to do that, that is the place of true power." Similarly, Martin Luther King a civil right
activist who fought against racial segregation. King mobilized Montgomery's African American
community to boycott the city's public transportation, demanding equal rights for all citizens on
public transportations. This happened when Rosa Parks was jailed for refusing to give up her seat to
a white man in
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
African American Stereotypes In Entertainment
Stereotypical representation in entertainment media has long been and continues to be a reoccurring
issue. Diversity representation in entertainment media has been debated over and over again, and
still continues to be a major problem. The historical representation of African Americans in theatre
and comedic performances still largely affects the stereotypical representation of African American
males today. More often than not, when a male African American body is placed into a theatric
arena, they are automatically stereotyped to only acting in a certain way. Ranging from historical
contexts, viral YouTube videos, American sitcoms, and actor's entire careers, male African American
bodies have and will continue to be used to define the specific ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
The physique of the football player has to be top–notch, but audience members also expect the
athlete to be less than smart, have an attitude problem, and not use proper grammar. Therefore, even
though black comedy plays a huge role in our current entertainment media, African American men
are stereotyped in other roles as well. Not to claim however, that Chris Rock's entire career is faulty
in any way, however one can clearly point out how and why he continues to play the roles that he
does. Simply because of how his roles are directly related to the public and social acceptance of
African American males in
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
African American Stereotypes in the Film Industry
African–Americans have long endured demeaning and misrepresentative images within the film
industry and American society as a whole. In the early 20th century, an abundance of films depicted
an idealized vision of life in the south, in which blacks were happily subservient to their role as the
property of their white masters. The roles of black characters were also portrayed by white actors in
blackface. Blackface was a form of theatrical makeup used to represent an image of a black person
and was employed as a means to portray negative images of African–Americans and to showcase
them in an inferior light. Fortunately, the use of blackface dwindled as it was considered extremely
offensive and derogatory, although the practice still remains in use today though very limited due to
the rightful stigma surrounding it. However, the negative portrayals of African–Americans in film
did not end there and continued for a long time after. African–Americans were still confined to roles
which often portrayed blacks as incompetent, child–like, hyper–sexualized, and criminal. Even the
more positive roles offered to African–Americans provided limited options and reinforced the belief
that the proper social position for African–Americans was that of a servant who was devoted to his
or her white masters and to upholding that particular social order. These roles were often as loyal
servants, mammies, and butlers – some even found great success and prominence in these roles,
most notably
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Minstrel And Stereotypes Of African-Americans In The...
Spectacles have always been a great means to convey the opinion of the majority to the public. For
example, starting in the 1820's white actors would blacken their face and act has black people in a
comedy skit known as the minstrel shows. The "blackface" gimmick was first used by white people
to enhance the racial stereotypes against black persons in order to limit their growing power in
society. The white actors were soon replaced by black actors who inherited the white's stereotypes
and continued with them. The African–American community began to fight using art as their
weapons they took up the industry of Jazz and Blues and battled the delusions of the white
community.
The Minstrel shows became popular in the mid–1840's and were first a means to convey the view
that white Americans had of the black population and its culture and reassure them of their racial
superiority. Before the abolition of slavery in ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In 1919 alone more than twenty race riots took place but this time the black people defended
themselves against the white attackers. Southerners migrate to the North and take up residence in
New York City, the influx of black people take the Harlem district by flood and becomes mostly
populated by blacks. Having a community of their own, African–American now aspire to new
heights and begin to reach for better education as they march to eradicate the remaining oppression.
Using art as a weapon the black community starts the Harlem renaissance. The African–American
would challenge the preconceived notions held by the white Americans by using art to debunk those
notions and highlight previously unknown aspects of the African–American culture. By 1921,
seventeen magazines and newspapers had been published by black people. Moreover by the mid to
late–1920's Harlem had surpassed Broadway has the place to go to enjoy nightlife to the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
African American Women in Early Film Essay
African American Women in Early Film
In early film many African American actresses portrayed roles as mammies, slaves, seductresses,
and maids. These roles suppressed them not allowing them to show their true talents. Although they
had to take on these degrading roles, they still performed with dignity, elegance, grace and style.
They paved the way for many actresses to follow both blacks and whites. These women showed the
film industry that they were more than slaves, mammies, and maids. These beautiful actresses
showed the film industry that they are able to hold lead parts and even carry the whole cast if need
be. Phenomenal actresses such as Hattie McDaniels, Pearl Bailey, Ethel Waters, Nina Mae
McKinney, and Dorothy ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This was much for an African–American as well as a white entertainer. Even though she broke that
barrier McDaniel was still oppressed by racism not only on film, but also off film. She was
faced with racial legal problems when trying to acquire a home in Los Angeles. At that time there
was a limited black land and home ownership right. Though she won the suite she still was
subjected to racial hostility from her neighbors. McDaniels experience oppressions of many types
during her career, but she continued to take the mammy roles but played them with dignity and
respect. In spite of her being the mammy, McDaniels made sure that her characters had the "upper
hand". After McDaniels death the mammy roles died with her.
Pearl Bailey, the "Ambassador of Love" career took off on Washington's U street at the age of
fifteen years of age. She started off as a singer and appeared in many nightclubs. In the mid–30's she
performed with the Noble Sissle's Band in the Village Vanguard and Blue Angel Club. In the 40's
she was the lead singer for Count Basie, Cab Calloway and Cootie Williams. She debuted on
Broadway in St. Louis Blue; she won honors for as Broadway's best newcomer. After her debut on
Broadway films she performed in Variety Girl, Isn't It Romantic, Carmen Jones, and Porgy and
Bess. "In 1967 she won a Tony Award for heading the all–black cast of
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Film Whitewashing Essay
This semester we had the opportunity to learn about African–Americans and Latinas/os in film and
television. Throughout the semester we learned about the following terminology; feminism, white
supremacy, representation, intersectionality, stereotypes, whitewashing, and many more. As a group
project, my group and I decided to focus on whitewashing in the movie industry. We researched the
history, impacts, and the importance of whitewashing in society. Our main goal was to learn
different ways to prevent it from happening, and also about the implemented action plans that are
being executed towards whitewashing.
As we all know Hollywood has been criticized and known for the many whitewashed roles that are
casted by many Caucasian–looking actors/actresses, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This is said to be a form of race bending "White–washing is so commonplace that there is an
industry classification for it: race bending" (Atlanta Black Star), which in fact is not the same as
whitewashing. White people are not underrepresented in the media and so race bending, in a way is
a form of undoing the whitewashing that is happening in the entertainment industry. As a matter of
fact, race bending doesn't actually happen in the entertainment industry, all its doing is making
people feel a little better about the issues of
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Hollywood Race Diversity Analysis
We are all people with different interests, but something that connects us is films, series, and
television in general. If one pays attention, one can see that there is an unequal race diversity within
the Hollywood industry. This is not as shocking because, since the beginning, the United States was
being built upon race inequality. To illustrate, Africans were being brought to this country to be
taken away their rights as a human being, Native Americans were being robbed of their own land,
and other people of color were being treated as lesser than a white man. As time went on, progress
was being made, but people of color were still being seen as minorities. This was an issue in
Hollywood during the upcoming of the United States and still ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
As people of this country, we need to realize that we are not all that different simply because of
one's race, hence representation should increase. Also, when there are representations of people of
color they should be distinct from the clichéd character that has already been seen hundreds of
times; films need to convey the message that an individual should not be defined based on their race.
When we come to think about it, we do not realize that what we see on the screen can influence how
we see others in reality. Without a doubt, what you see on the big screen can impact how you might
view your neighbor, your boss, or even a complete stranger and possibly for the worse; all types of
races are affected by the racial representation in films and series. If there is an increase in racial
diversity within Hollywood, we will receive a variety of perspectives of people of color and not
simply biased stereotypes. The case is that if you believe that there is no racism in Hollywood, then
you have already been influenced by it. The small racial representation can continue to affect our
future generations, this means your future children. We as the viewers need to make our voices
heard by demonstrating that a film of color can be as successful as a predominantly white film.
Therefore, I encourage you to go watch films that portray a person of color in a positive way and
consist of actors of color; we need to exceed the box–office, since in the end a large impulse of any
business is to have a large income and show the Oscars that actors of color are also very talented and
deserve at least a
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Civil Rights Achievements Of The Famous African...
This autobiographical analysis will define the civil rights achievements of the famous African
American actor, Canada Lee. Lee's background as a jockey, boxer, and a musician would set the
stage for a major acting career in theater and in Hollywood. More importantly, Lee would use his
fame as an actor to promote racial equality through the support of Hollywood magnates, such as
Orson Wells, and through the theatrical/literary guidance of Langston Hughes. Lee would be
become known for his role in Lifeboat (1944) by Alfred Hitchcock, but he would also get other roles
in throughout this historical period. These successes as an actor propelled Lee to the forefront of
civil rights issues that were becoming more of a problem during the 1930s ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
The cast wore ballroom finery and the witches' magic was turned into voodoo (Mordden 236). This
major breakthrough for lee was a crucial moment in his acting career, since he was catapulted into
fame through the support of Welles. More so Langston Hughes began to take notice of Lee's
burgeoning success, which eventually inspired Hughes to write to versions of his novels into
theatrical dramas. During this time, Lee and Hughes were denied financial support for the two plays,
yet Lee eventually went onto great stage success by performing in Richard Wright's theatrical drama
of native Son (1941). More so, Welles was, once again, the primary support for producing Native
Son, which provided a an even greater public platform for Lee's civil rights activism in the 1940s.
Lee's theatrical success would not only garner him critical acclaim as an actor, but he would also use
this fame to promote racial equality and justice for African–Americans. During WWII, Lee would
speak out against racial division in the U.S. military, which segregated black soldiers from white
soldiers (Biondi 10). In this manner, Lee spoke throughout the country about the problem of
segregation, which allowed him to exploit his fame for the cause of African–American civil rights:
"He felt honor–bound to use his success as a platform to fight for equal rights, for his people and for
all people suffering social, political, and economic injustices" (Smith
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Film Whitewashing Essay

  • 1. Film Whitewashing Essay This semester we had the opportunity to learn about African–Americans and Latinas/os in film and television. Throughout the semester we learned about the following terminology; feminism, white supremacy, representation, intersectionality, stereotypes, whitewashing, and many more. As a group project, my group and I decided to focus on whitewashing in the movie industry. We researched the history, impacts, and the importance of whitewashing in society. Our main goal was to learn different ways to prevent it from happening, and also about the implemented action plans that are being executed towards whitewashing. As we all know Hollywood has been criticized and known for the many whitewashed roles that are casted by many Caucasian–looking actors/actresses, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This is said to be a form of race bending "White–washing is so commonplace that there is an industry classification for it: race bending" (Atlanta Black Star), which in fact is not the same as whitewashing. White people are not underrepresented in the media and so race bending, in a way is a form of undoing the whitewashing that is happening in the entertainment industry. As a matter of fact, race bending doesn't actually happen in the entertainment industry, all its doing is making people feel a little better about the issues of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. African American Theater Essays Over the course of approximately one–hundred years there has been a discernible metamorphosis within the realm of African–American cinema. African–Americans have overcome the heavy weight of oppression in forms such as of politics, citizenship and most importantly equal human rights. One of the most evident forms that were withheld from African–Americans came in the structure of the performing arts; specifically film. The common population did not allow blacks to drink from the same water fountain let alone share the same television waves or stage. But over time the strength of the expectant black actors and actresses overwhelmed the majority force to stop blacks from appearing on film. For the longest time the performing arts were ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... ‘The Tom' represented the African–American who was badgered and controlled by the white population. This person was the one who endured all of the abuse from any white person who was in the position of superiority. Bogle defines him as, the harassed hounded, flogged, enslaved, and insulted. They keep the faith, and stay true to their masters always remaining kind and selfless. Thus they endear themselves to white audiences and emerge as heroes of sorts (6). One of the most prevalent plays where this type of black characters emerged was given the name, Uncle Tom's Cabin. This theatrical production came about during the 1850's. It gave an overview of Harriet Beecher Stowe's (a white women who was against slavery) claim that white Americans imagine themselves as suffering slaves. In this production whites in blackface played Tom, Eliza, and Topsy . This construction was very controversial; Michael Rogin gives a brief summary and comment on this in his book, Blackface, Whitenoise: The production of Uncle Tom's Cabin was not only embracing slaves but also supporting antislavery politics. There was considerable overlap, to be sure, between the proslavery and sentimental abolitionist structures of feeling, for maternalist ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Ira Aldridge By Lolita Chakrabarti Ira Aldridge is not a "house hold name" in the Theatre committee, but it should be. A native New Yorker who moved to England when he was in his late teens, Ira achieved immense fame in mid– 1800's Europe, mesmerizing people of all nationalities with his renditions of Shakespeare. Since his death he has become rather obscure, although a dramatization of his life, by Lolita Chakrabarti, is making its way into theatrical seasons across Europe and the USA. Ira Aldridge is a man who undermined the racial presumptions of his era. Bernth Lindfors calls Aldridge "the most visible black man in a white world in the middle of the nineteenth century" ("The Vagabond Years" 5). Ira Aldridge paved the way for other African American Actors through his work ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Competing theatre companies sent thugs and police to harass the Theater during performances and hired newspapers to print spoofs of African American dialects. Ira worked backstage and played several roles at The Grove in his late teens and could often be found outside the theatre after performances participating in brawls with competing actors and police trying to shut down the Theater. Historian Bernth Lindforths would say this violence foreshadowed the anti–abolitionist riots of 1834, which devastated black homes, churches, and businesses. Ross speculates that if Ira had stayed in the US, his acting career would definitely have failed. Ira arrived in London in 1825, eight years before slavery would be abolished in the British Empire. As Ira toured the British Isles in those eight years, the practice of "black face" was being established as a favored sport in the theatre. During Ira's first few years of touring, he 's simply referred to as a "gentleman of color". But as he gains notoriety, he 's advertised as the "American Tragedian from the African Theater New York City". Patrons came to the theatre anticipating an African burlesque. One newspaper promotion wrote: "Theatrical dogs, horses, and elephants have passed away; –– those of monkeys seem to be on the decline, and now for a more monstrous exhibition than all the rest, we are to be treated with a Black Actor, a right earnest African Tragedian" ("The Early Years" 203). Instead, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. A Raisin In The Sun Play Analysis I chose the play A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry because in my perspective the play symbolizes the struggle of the African American meaning we had to work twelve times as hard as a white person. Being an African American back then you had to live the stereotype of living in poor housing, poor education, poor jobs that paid almost nothing while the Whites lived the high, rich life with all the best schooling, jobs, pay and housing. The struggles of the African American family losing the main breadwinner also known as the husband means that the oldest son took on the responsibility of providing for the family which was the actor Walter. Walter had to face the world alone trying to take care of his mother, the character names Mama and his wife Ruth and the rest of the family. The $10,000 came from the deceased husband of Mama's life insurance policy and she wanted to use the money to buy a house for the family and create stability for everyone, but everyone had their own idea of what they wanted to do with the money and not being on one accord. Now that I have given an overview, let's start with the explanation of actors/ actresses, set (including venue, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The production symbolizes the daily struggles of the African American family or the African American man. As money becomes a crucial competent to the family due to the competition dealing with the white stereotype of richness. This production shows the changes that the African American man must face when the father dies. The oldest son must take on the role as the man of the house and facing the world alone. The only people in the man's corner is his family that he is trying to support on a minimum wage check. The mama is trying to make sure that her family has a plot in life and her dream is to own a house in the white neighborhood and not rent the rest of her life, so their family will have stability as it ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. African American Theatre And American Theater African–American Theatre has gone through exponential changes throughout the course of American history. They have made a push towards defining theatre for a whole of African– American culture. In doing so, African–American actors, directors, technicians, and theatre entrepreneurs strive to be the very best in their field and "create a true American theatre" (Miller 335). The theatre challenges thespians to hold onto their roots but branch out and mingle with the culture of today. The African–American Theatre and American Theatre grow closer and closer to each other with variety of traditions and culture all to entertain and drive theatre to a height sought for so long. African–American Theatre has been ridiculed, humiliated, transformed, destroyed, rebuilt, and enhanced, and it continues to remain and grow developing into a world–renowned art. African–American Theatre has traveled along a rocky path, on great highs to devastating lows, still surviving and breathing. Though many practices and techniques of African–American Theatre were undervalued in the past, those practices and techniques are bringing about a new light to the theatre realm. "Black Theatre, as Hill and Hatch reveal the length and breadth of its American story, seems not fabulous but almost miraculous in its ability to survive the well–documented slings and arrows of American race relations" (Miller 335). Black Theatre stuck around through the racism that America is and was experiencing and never gave up. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. The Portrayal Of African Americans Throughout the last century, the role that African Americans have played in films has changed drastically, and for the better. When black people first started acting in movies they were strictly relegated to playing the roles of pre–determined stereotypes of the black man. Not only were they forced to play the roles of insulting stereotypes, but also the only aspect that determined what role they would play was essentially their skin color. In a world today where we are taught that we are all equal and that color of skin is simply the product of where your people came from, your culture, and who your parents are. Throughout this research paper I will put forward the numerous stereotypes that are shown in the films that first used black ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In fact the people of the NAACP agreed, ""Black entertainers were not getting their due on regular awards shows," says Julian Bond, NAACP chairman emeritus and a civil rights activist. "We had to create our own.""1 In 1967 the NAACP created the NAACP Image Awards, "to recognize exceptional performances of people of color in the arts, the awards also were meant to point out the paucity of blacks in movies and television –– as well as at the Academy Awards and Emmys."1 Even at the end of the article that was cited, the author references how the NAACP Awards and the film industry itself have evolved through time. African Americans in film have evolved strongly over the past several decades, at one point there was essentially only five roles a black person could play in a movie. All of those roles are considered negatively inspired stereotypes of the African American, and are relatively well known today among Blacks and Whites. The first and most likely the best known among the standard black movie stereotypes is the "Tom". "Toms are always chased, harassed, hounded, flogged, enslaved, and insulted. They keep the faith never turn against their white masters and remain hearty, submissive, stoic, generous, selfless and oh–so–very kind. They endear themselves to white audiences as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Film Review : ' Romeo Must Die ' Romeo Must Die is an action film released in the year 2000, the plot is similar to that of Romeo and Juliet, due to the rivaling families and the forbidden love, but the root of the hostility is different. Race seems to be the main proponent of this division. The film begins with Po Sing who is the son of Chu Sing, leader of a chinese gang, Po is in a predominantly african american club, after an altercation, Kai who is Chu Sing's right hand man intervenes and sends Po home. A fight ensues and the next day Po is found dead. We then meet Han Sing played by actor Jet Li, Han is imprisoned in Hong Kong but after the news is revealed that his brother has died (Po) he escapes and heads to the United States to avenge his brother 's death. Han meets Trish O'Day, the daughter of a Isaak O'Day, he is the leader of an african american gang that is at war with Chu Sing. Due to Po's death Isaak finds it necessary to protect his children, so he assigns them bodyguards to protect them from Chinese retaliation. However this does not prevent Trish and Han from seeing each other and as their relationship deepens so does the consequences for their actions. They are kidnapped after catching on to the plan of Kai and Mac, who is Isaaks right hand man and then Han and Trish are separated. Han has to fight his way out of this dilemma using kung–fu and as he reunites with Trish he learns that the death of his brother was internal. The movie reaches a climax when Han and Kai have a final fight, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. The African-American Image in Films The African–American Image in Films Films serve many functions like education, entertainment, handbooks of social behavior, and a transmitter of cultural and social values. The most effective way in which stereotypes are perpetuated in America is through the mediums of film and television. American films mostly played an influential part in fixing images of ethnic groups in the minds of audience. The negative representation of films or movies sometimes reinforces false assumptions (as poor, dangerous and dumb) about minority groups, for example African–American. The way African–Americans were represented in past films can be proved misrepresentation of minority group by an average viewer. The lack of control of films over the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In the1998 film 'Deep Impact,' it's a scene that never would have been imagined; a well–dressed attractive woman stands before a group of reporters, and announces, "Ladies and Gentlemen, the President of the United States". At this point, a middle–aged African–American man walked out, the African–American man is Morgan Freeman. In this film, Freeman's portrayal of the most powerful man in the world seemed more presidential. There was a time when African–Americans were considered as weak and dumb. But those times have changed, and it is reflected on the big screen. In fact, there have been several films over the past ten years that African–Americans have shown as presidents, or presidential candidates For the longest time, one of the biggest taboos in film has been the subject of interracial relationships. The best example of this taboo would have to be two earlier versions of William Shakespeare's, 'Othello' (1952, 1965) a story that deals with the subject of interracial romance. In both cases, white actors in black face were cast to play the famous Moor of Venice (1952, 1965). But, nowadays story has changed, a black actor playing a black character and the climate of films has also changed, something as little as a kiss between a black man and a white woman on screen. The African–American image in the past that had been perpetuated by Yaphet Frederick Kotto as criminal has changed to loving role of African–American. In 1999's 'The ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Acceptance Speech In Oprah Winfrey From the Emancipation Proclamation to the Jim Crowe laws of 1965, African Americans have been fighting for their rights, freedom and a voice in society for decades. African Americans were introduced to people, specifically Caucasians as individuals only regarded as legal property with a force placed upon them to obey others superior than them according to society. As she was used to the constant disadvantage and mistreatment displayed towards African Americans, it was an unreal moment for young Oprah Winfrey as she observed Sidney Poiter walk across the stage to accept the award of "best actor at the 36th Academy Awards". Poiter's award for best actor not only came as shock, moment of change in society for Winfrey but for all African Americans as Poiter became the first African American male to receive an award at the Golden Globes. In the same fashion, years later at the Golden Globes, Oprah Winfrey accepted the honorary "Cecil B. Demille" award becoming the first African American female to win the astounding award. As accepting her award, Winfrey delivered a speech that impacted not only the crowd but all those watching through her exquisite nomenclature and use of rhetorical ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... With her description of Sidney Poiter as he accepted the award for best actor, becoming the first African American male to win an Oscar, Winfrey describes the joy that surrounded her as it was the first time she had experienced and observed such celebration of a black man after years of mistreatment and unfairness towards her culture. Sidney's win gave Oprah the hope and belief as a young child that she could achieve the same as Poiter and become the "first African American....". Today individuals look at Oprah Winfrey steadily observing her achieving her dreams, holding the title as the "first African American woman to receive the Cecil B Demille" ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. Race-Conscious Casting Analysis In the article review "Race–Conscious Casting ..." Lyra D. Monteiro claims that Lin–Manuel Miranda's Hamilton lacks the other parts of history that are important to African Americans. The examples in history that are important to African Americans are when the slaves were free or when they were finally given rights in America, and their involvement and development in the Harlem Renaissance. Lyra D. Monteiro criticizes Lin–Manuel Miranda for not addressing the problems such as slavery and the exclusion of the introduction of colored people in history. The color–bling casting that is presented throughout the play has caused people to notice the way certain roles were given and casted. An example of this is the "racialized musical forms that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This can be show as the "14 percent of New York City's inhabitants" (93) being African American or a slave being "present in one in five of the city's white households" (94). Miranda needs to credit or create an addition to the play of expressing black lives in America during that time. The untold truths in American history are a problem that need to be addressed. I agree with the statements that were spoken about in the review, there are people that believe that the events such as slavery should be in the play to show its importance. Monteiro's theory of that the events of slavery and the history of the African America population during the American Revolution should not be left out is extremely useful because it sheds light on the difficult problem of leaving out important history. The way that the black actors portray the founding fathers makes a mockery of the suffering of the blacks experienced from ones that enslaved them. I agree that this is wrong not having the black actors to portray their oppressors was done wrong instead they should have play the roles of African Americans of that era and the influences they had in America. The use of black historical figures during the American Revolution would have made the musical a little more ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. The Brown Vs. Board Of Education Case Decision In early black History Africans Americans were looked at as an asset or a slave for the benefit of the white folks. This sense of ownership was detrimental in the day to African Americans pride and also their identity. According to History.com "Though it is impossible to give accurate figures, some historians have estimated that 6 to 7 million slaves were imported to the New World during the 18th century alone, depriving the African continent of some of its healthiest and ablest men and women". After slavery was abolished the sense of racial inferiority of the white folks was maintained and preserved by teaching this to everyone thereafter through the media we watch. This strategy of colonialism was sought after to control the thoughts of blacks and whites. Segregation enabled the African American's to uphold oppositional standpoints and views to counter the effects of racism. In order to try and level out the superiority integrations was enacted. The Brown Vs. Board of education case decision in 1954 made integration possible. In today's movies after all the integration and quest to level out the superiority, the social dominance of the white folks is still present in the film industry. For example, in the movie The Bodyguard, Whitney Huston and Kevin Costner live together in perfect harmony, despite their racial differences. In todays movies when they want to show tension between the races the Africans Americans are generally grouped with criminal behavior while on the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. African Americans: The Role Of Racism In Hollywood "Man, I counted at least 15 black people on that monitor. I'm here at the academy awards, otherwise known as the White Peoples Choice Awards." said Chris Rock to kick off the 2016 Oscars Academy Awards. The Awards were surrounded with controversy through and through. It was the second time in a row that absolutely no African Americans had been nominated. Considering that a lot of great movies came out in which African Americans either wrote, directed, or acted in, a few in the the Black community exclaimed that the racism in Hollywood needed to end. On the other hand, others felt that the reason that no black actors were nominated was because they were not good enough this year, or the one before that..., to earn a nomination. They feel as though ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... So, there is clearly going to be a disparity in income regarding minorities and whites in the industry. The issue of Income disparities based on race sounds inherently racist but in this case it it based on the population of Actors. There are more white actors so it makes sense that the probability of them winning is higher right? Yes, it is true that the amount of African Americans that have won Oscar nominations are in line with their overall population in the U.S, but the amount of other minorities in the industry are by all means not at all accurate to America's cultural reality. According to analysis by The Economist, Blacks make up 12.6% of the American population and receive 10% of Oscar nominations. While 3% are received by Hispanics which make up 16%. It's even worse for Asians and other minorities who total receive 3% of nominations while representing 20% of the population. The paper makes a point that where Hollywood fails in promoting diversity is not at award ceremonies but in drama schools. They state that for the past 15 years the Academy has judged fairly based on who was present at the time, at least for African Americans. More interesting figures are the amount of black directors in Hollywood. According to a study 6% of directors in the top 600 films are African ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. What Are The Misrepresentation Of African Americans The media often paints a picture of certain groups that may not be accurate for example, African Americans in the media are portrayed as criminals, drug addicts, or misogynist which also includes African American women are viewed as abrasive and promiscuous. While there are millions of responsible and respectable African Americans. They are not celebrated in the media. What the community sees are instead are thing in movies and on TV. This changes the general perception of African Americans and cause people to assume they are violent and are a burdened to society. During the pinnacle of segregation through the 1900s, African Americans were rarely portrayed on screen and when they were portrayed in satirical ways, it was with white actors in blackface. This is a great example of the misrepresentation of an entire community by those in power. In February 1915, a movie was released called birth of a nation which was based on Thomas Dixon Jr. novel the clansman. The film depicts the Ku Klux Klan as heroes and the villains were portrayed by white actors in black face. The film was basically trying to justify racism and imply that the white hooded, figures where protecting the white race because African males were trying to sexually ravage the white women this portrayal of African American male was known as a bucks. Despite the very clear prejudice in the film it was a major success and was the first ever major motion picture shown in the White House to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. Racial Identity And Its Impact On Society In our society, race identity is brought up everyday and is a subject that still separates people even to this day. Race is a very sensitive subject for most people and is still an issue today regarding jobs and opportunity. One of the major influences in our culture as well as a depiction of our interests and entertainment value is film. Film is one of the most important forms of media in our culture because it speaks to a very large audience and sets the tone for morals and values of our culture. Film has the ability to force a perspective to the public through selected storytelling and opinion. Racial identity has always been present in film through many different ways. Over time, racial identity in film has become more subtle and less up front to the audience. The depiction of African Americans being mentally deficient and dangerous in film is a setback for our culture and a denial of equality between races. For many years, film has been shown to represent the thoughts and customs of our society. Most of the time you can tell when the movie was made based on the content and dialogue used in the film. The portrayal of African Americans in film is one of the most brought up topics when discussing racial identity in film. This racial identity has been the most noticed within our culture because of the change in our culture since the Civil Rights Era. Most films back in that time mostly casted white people, or white people playing as black characters with blackface on, or ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. The History of African Americans in Film Essay Minstrel shows were developed in the 1840's and reached its peak after the Civil War. They managed to remain popular into the early 1900s. The Minstrel shows were shows in which white performers would paint their faces black and act the role of an African American. This was called black facing. The minstrel show evolved from two types of entertainment popular in America before 1830: the impersonation of blacks given by white actors between acts of plays or during circuses, and the performances of black musicians who sang, with banjo accompaniment, in city streets. The 'father of American minstrelsy' was Thomas Dartmouth 'Daddy' Rice, who between 1828 and 1831 developed a song–and–dance routine in which he impersonated an old, crippled ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Tambo) at one end and a performer on the bone castanets (Mr. Bones) at the other, the singing of songs with harmonized choruses, the exchange of jokes between the endmen and the performer in the center seat (Mr. Interlocutor), and the introduction of special variety acts at the conclusion of the bill. Though many of these shows claimed that these were true African American songs that had been brought back by people who had observed plantation slaves, this wasn?t necessarily true. For example one of the more common songs such as ?Jim Crow?by Thomas Rice was simply inspired by a crippled African American that Rice had seen dancing and singing a song with the chorus of ? Wheel about, an' turn about, an' do jis so, Eb'ry time I wheel about, I jump Jim Crow.? Many people were lead to believe that this was how every African American sang and danced and failed to realize that this was simply the way one man did it. Actual African American actors were rare at the time. There were only a few African Americans that actually appeared on stage and those who did only had minor roles such as servants or shoe shiners. This was mainly because the world was used to African Americans being slaves doing jobs such as these and people weren?t ready to accept African Americans as equals yet. There had however been several attempts of African American stage performance such as New York?s African Grove theater. This theater was founded ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. Essay on Racism in the Media: Misrepresentation of Minorities Misrepresentation of different cultures by the media The definition of race is often based on physical characteristics such as skin color, hair texture and eye shape. Race is both a set of genetically defined biological characteristics and culturally defined characteristics. One influence on culture is the media and the media have a huge influence on the way different races are viewed by society. The media consists of communication devices and some media forms include television, newspapers, magazines, film and radio. Misrepresent can be defined as to give a false or misleading representation with an intent to deceive or be unfair. The United States is one of, if not the most, diverse nations in the world. It is often described as a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Another problem is these television shows may be the only interaction an audience may have with a particular race or ethnic group. This primarily affects children. Young children are extremely easy to influence and spend hours in front of the television. When children are exposed to only one race, they develop prejudices and bias towards other ethnicities. This misrepresentation of races of television shows may cause children to become close minded and prejudiced. One of the longest running and most popular television shows, The Simpsons, is full of minority stereotypes. Several ethnic groups in this show are misrepresented, but Indians are stereotyped the most in "The Simpsons." Some of the Indian stereotypes include that the convenience store worker is Hindu and is named Apu and has a stereotypical Indian last name, Nahasapeemapetilan. Here, writers are saying that all people of Indian descent work in convenience stores and practice Hinduism as their religion. Another television series which stereotypes a race is "The Sopranos." In the Sopranos, the main character Tony Soprano, an Italian American, is the head of an organized crime family. They are stereotyping that all Italian Americans are involved in organized crime. The television show "Growing Up Gotti" is also about an organized crime family and also stereotypes Italian Americans in this ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Argumentative Essay: African American Cinema I chose African American Cinema for many reasons. Black cinema is an important to me because it brought our stories to life.I love urban movies about growing up and surviving in the hood/ghetto/projects. Also, we get to show our live and out struggles and then you will see how we succeed and come out on top. Black Cinema made a name for themselves and stand out and it will never die. Black Cinema has a voice and a meaning and I love to hear it. We learn about our past and see it visually. Black Cinema brings out reality to live. We have black Cinema that's shows us are talented people of the past who can sing and dance, it shows about ancestors and it shows race films. Before the black cinema and black actors the black characters would be played by white people in black–face. In 1903, Uncle Tom's Cabin, starred the first black actor to ever appear on screen. Although black Cinema came to be by Oscar Micheaux founded the Micheaux Film and Book Company of Sioux City in Chicago and William D, Foster. Foster formed the Foster Photoplay Company, the first independent African–American film company. In 1912, Foster, produced and directed The railroad Porter. Black Cinema focuses on Preer much anything, such as drama, comedy, thriller, urban, death, good, poverty, friends, tragedy, death, hope, pain, joy, depression and family and etc. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The amount of black cinema breaking through at that time is astonishing. Hip–hop, and white audiences' interest in it, fed into the movement. Rappers and musicians transitioned into film as actors like actresses Ice Cube, Ice–T, Tupac Shakur, Queen Latifah Janet Jackson. It wasn't just youthful "hood dramas", Black Cinema changed television. Black tv show series came out starting mainly in the 90 such as Moesha, A Different World, Family Matters, Kenan and Kel, Martin, Queen Latifah's Living Single, Sister Sister and Malcolm & Eddie, In Living Color, The Fresh prince of bel air and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. Racism Enacted Throughout the History of Black Films Essay The history of African Americans in early Hollywood films originated with blacks representing preconceived stereotypes. D.W. Griffith's 1915 film, Birth of a Nation, stirred many controversial issues within the black community. The fact that Griffith used white actors in blackface to portray black people showed how little he knew about African Americans. Bosley Crowther's article "The Birth of Birth of a Nation" emphasizes that the film was a "highly pro–South drama of the American Civil War and the Period of Reconstruction, and it glorified the role of the Ku Klux Klan" (76). While viewing this film, one would assert that the Ku Klux Klan members are heroic forces that rescue white women from sexually abusive black men. Griffith ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Micheaux's purpose behind his film blacks about the issues of racism and stereotypes. The film opens with a young educated African American woman, Sylvia, who travels to the North to raise $5,000 to save a local school for black children. During her visit, Sylvia meets a handsome white man, Dr. Vivian. Along the way, she also encounters a wealthy philanthropist, Elena. After Elena learns about Sylvia's work, she decides to give her the money that she needs. However, Elena's southern friend discourages her from giving the donation and says that "blacks cannot get an education." (Please Cite this source). Conversely, Elena decides to give $50,000 which will be more than enough the save the school. According to Bogle, Within Our Gates sparked a controversy with a lynching scene. The lynching scene shows a white mob lynching Sylvia's adopted parents and almost killing their son, and also the mob lynched the white man's servant, Efrem. In addition, one particular scene shows Sylvia being chased by a white man who almost raped her but notices that Sylvia is his daughter. In the end, Dr. Vivian confesses his love for Sylvia and the film ends with their marriage. Within Our Gates plot and characters challenges the prejudice shown in the film Birth of a Nation. For instance, the character Efrem is an example of Uncle Tom because he tells his white master ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Chicago Actors Inequality The article What do Chicago actors make? A new study looks at inequality in pay, race and gender explains why America is unequal because the article explains that white males have the most contracts which are papers a person signs to do the job given to them and they also get paid more amount of money compared to women and people that are colored. It mentions that 72% of actors in theater are white and the next highest group represented is African Americans at 8%. For a lead role, African Americans get paid $150 more than a white actor on average for a week. Also, for the chorus of the theater more women are represented at 53% compared to 47% are men, and women get paid more in the chorus of theater than men. The last thing mentioned was that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The term that describes this is inequality which is unequal distribution of opportunities in society. The article shows this by saying that women and people of color get less opportunities in theater because they are not the predominant white male for example for play, 61.3 % are males and 35.7% are females. Another reason America is unequal according to the article for theater people is because people cannot move from one social class to a higher social class. This is defined as immobility. Immobility occurs in the article due to the potential person getting hired gets the established not so good pay in order to get the job they want just to be able to provide for the family. This does not allow for a move up in class, because if they negotiate for better pay they might get not get the job or get fired and then they won't have anything for their family. The article provides an example that inequality due to skin color in America is going down a bit. The example of African American lead actors getting paid more than white lead actors in Chicago is an example of meritocracy. Meritocracy is where an individual gets rewarded for being skillful at the job rather than having connections. That African American example is an example of meritocracy, because they don't have the same background as the white employers, but I believe they get paid more because they are ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. August Wilson The Ground On Which I Stand Analysis August Wilson's 1996 address entitled "The Ground on Which I Stand", sparked a vigorous debate in the world of theater over the idea of "colorblind casting" and he presented the need for a Black Theatre. Mr. Wilson was outraged by the fact that of the 66 major companies belonging to the League of Resident Theaters, only one was black. He felt that the supporters of black theatre used their funds to increase black hiring in primarily white theatres as opposed to creating a theatre for the black community. Hw wanted to have more black theaters established to cater to the black actors as well as draw in black audiences. He attacks the increasingly popular trend of "colorblind casting" which basically meant casting black actors in roles traditionally ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Wilson stated that ''The truth is that often where there are esthetic criteria of excellence, there are also sociological criteria that have traditionally excluded blacks.'' He then continued on to say ''... raise the standards and remove the sociological consideration of race as privilege, and we will meet you at the crossroads, in equal numbers, prepared to do the work of extending and developing the common ground of the American theater.'' Through these powerful words Wilson is saying that in order to reflect American culture in the theater, the history of African American's must be reflected. There have always been systems in place that have excluded African Americans and white Americans will never understand the way that sense of oppression felt. White Americans will never understand how it feels to be enslaved, be powerless in protecting your family, and being sold off as property, as Eliza Harris from Uncle Tom's Cabin, and millions of other slaves felt. Photographing the "American Negro" by Shawn Michelle Smith presented the idea that white Americans have tried to take away the histories of other races in America. People have always turned against embracing the histories of the African Americans because they were seen as alien to their owners. Their different skin tone separated them from the white Americans who thought of them as uncivilized before they were brought to work for them. Ultimately Wilson calls for Black Theaters to prevent the culture of the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. African American Theatre Research Paper Africana Studies – GSS 2201 Dr. Ried–Merritt December 2, 2014 Overview on subject African American Theatre has a very dynamic and rich entity which comes from ancient Egyptian practices, and the African background of Greek legends contributed by Shakespeare. While black theatre was in its early stages, plays echoed of the lives they were living. Black American artists were constructing and preforming plays for mixed audiences as early as 1821. The dance and rhythm black people inherited caught the eyes of European audiences. Black theatre involves all sorts of black tradition with ancient stories, mythology, dances, music, and rich practices. It also contributed to the formation of America's musical comedy acts. Social restrictions that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Performanced were created by whites who made a joke and recreated slaves and the every–day plantation practices. White performers who were involved with blackface would do laughable impressions of the stories, songs, dances, and practices in black culture for white audiences. This was known as Minstresly, a very adored form on entertainment for white people. These productions would perform into the mid 1900's. Langston Hughes and Jeam Toomer were two African Americans concerned with the image white people were portraying on stage. Langston Hughes famous poem "Notes on Commercial Theatre" echoed one of the founding tenets for the movement of Black Theatre. This would launch the Black Arts Movement during the 1960's. During this period black writers responded loudly to the racism black citizens were fighting against in the Civil Rights Movement. This movement lasted for about 10 years, 1960's–70's. It gave African Americans a greater significance in society. Through the different forms of media emerging, blacks were able to spread knowledge of the expression of cultural differences. Theatre performances were used to show audiences problem in their communities and businesses. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. Racial Stereotypes Of Film, Movie, Films Like The Avengers... Racial stereotypes in films have typically reflected societies reality. How individuals are able to come to understand what it means to be a black in America is shaped by the social construct of cultural identity. As both reality and social construct shifts, so does Black representation in film. What has not shifted is the fact that we are still living in a white dominated society, where much of the narrative belongs to and is determined by Rich, White Males and where black stereotypes still exist and are continually reinforced in films. Hollywood has typically followed this trend through the use of white directors, discussions of diversity, or even in its selection of Oscar nominees (Donnelly 2016). As a result, many "mainstream" films look to target young males and females, for example, films like The Avengers or the Twilight vampire series. Taking all of this into account, Black film has transcended over time to change the way African Americans are viewed and take control of their own narrative. However as independent Black films seek to influence this change and look to challenge the dominate of White Hollywood, directors of Black films have may find themselves controlling the conversation by either doing the work of talking to a black audience or are looking to talk to general (mainly White) audience about black issues. Since the beginning, African–Americans have been seen as lesser in this country. Because of this, it is important to note the history of Black ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44.
  • 45. Difference Between Civil War And Reconstruction The era of emancipation, the Civil War, and Reconstruction has a contested view that affects the understanding of the past and present. The southern white population was angry at African American's newly won freedom, used violence against African American to control of their lives. The Lost Cause is the movement to describe the Confederate cause as a heroic on against all odd despite its defeat. The Lost Cause justified the violence against African Americans and rewrote the history of the Civil War and Reconstruction. The Lost Cause was central to the development of collective memory, and for the Civil War and Reconstruction erased African Americans as decisive historical actors. Collective memory is the memory of the group of two or more individuals the is passed from ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Collective memory damage is the erasing of African Americans as historical actors. General Longstreet stated, "why not talk about witchcraft if slavery was not the cause of the war. I never heard of any other cause." He was calling out those who were erasing why the war was fought. More effective is the comment of Senator Kennedy writing that "no state suffered more from carpetbag rule than Mississippi." Kennedy thought it revealing that "two former slaves held the offices of Lieutenant Governor and Secretary of State," Egerton 6043 . This shows the lasting impact of collective memory, and not allowing African Americans ever be deceived actors in their lives historically or presently. Even still efforts to tell a complete story are affected by memory, for example, Kens Burns documentary is full of nostalgia that makes it difficult to fully comprehend the horrors enacted towards African Americans. Ultimately, the collective memory of the era is contested; however, memory does not allow for clear understanding of the past. Rather, the painful parts are forgotten, and a nation does not understand it history or ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46.
  • 47. Chicago Actors Inequality The article What do Chicago actors make? A new study looks at inequality in pay, race and gender explains why America is unequal because the article explains that white males have the most contracts which are papers a person signs to do the job given to them and they also get paid more amount of money compared to women and people that are colored. It mentions that 72% of actors in theater are white and the next highest group represented is African Americans at 8%. For a lead role, African Americans get paid $150 more than a white actor on average for a week. Also, for the chorus of the theater more women are represented at 53% compared to 47% are men, and women get paid more in the chorus of theater than men. The last thing mentioned was that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The term that describes this is inequality which is unequal distribution of opportunities in society. The article shows this by saying that women and people of color get less opportunities in theater because they are not the predominant white male for example for play, 61.3 % are males and 35.7% are females. Another reason America is unequal according to the article for theater people is because people cannot move from one social class to a higher social class. This is defined as immobility. Immobility occurs in the article due to the potential person getting hired gets the established not so good pay in order to get the job they want just to be able to provide for the family. This does not allow for a move up in class, because if they negotiate for better pay they might get not get the job or get fired and then they won't have anything for their family. The article provides an example that inequality due to skin color in America is going down a bit. The example of African American lead actors getting paid more than white lead actors in Chicago is an example of meritocracy. Meritocracy is where an individual gets rewarded for being skillful at the job rather than having connections. That African American example is an example of meritocracy, because they don't have the same background as the white employers, but I believe they get paid more because they are ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48.
  • 49. The Effects Of Black Stereotypes On Mass Media Initialization and Declination of Black Stereotypes in Mass Media The first Academy Award ever obtained by a black American occurred in 1940 during the 12th annual Academy Awards. Hattie McDaniel prevailed in the category of Best Supporting Actress through her depiction of Mammy in Gone with the Wind. This happened during the times of The Amos 'n ' Andy Show, a radio broadcast along with a television program regarding two African American fellows performed by Caucasian men. In what way can an actress accomplish the peak of achievement whilst the color of her skin is being exploited to degrade people of her ilk? The discovery for the solution lies in analyzing scholarly reviews, journals, newspapers, movies, primary actors and directors involved in the filmmaking process that depicts this racial enigma. Black Stereotypes in film have always been rooted in films since cinema's genesis but for this research, I will be focusing on Classical Hollywood era leading into Blaxploitation movement. 2 Thomas Cripps, author of Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie from World War II to the Civil Rights era, claims that trendy entertainments in addition to films facilitated conversion in our viewpoints concerning race within America. The mass media system that was designed for belittling the African race was correcting the social problems it generated. Cripps examines various movies beginning with post–war cinema and leading into the Civil Rights era. This book presents ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50.
  • 51. Stereotypes : Has The Role Of Peter Dinklage Progressed? Austin Oller Professor XXX Class Abreviation and Number 17 November 2014 Stereotypes: Has the Role of Peter Dinklage Progressed? In 1952 theorist Frantz Fanon wrote The Fact of Blackness, an article that illustrations the struggles of being an African– American in then modern–day America. Fanon suggested African Americans live with a prescribed stereotype of "blackness". Because of the color of their skin, African– Americans have an image created for them. Due to this prescription, many individuals are unable to create their own persona. Fanon states that a black person is the slave of his or her own image. Today, there are many other stereotypes being placed on people just like blackness was placed on the African American community. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The most common type, called Achondroplasia is the cause of about 70 percent of all dwarfism. It makes your arms and legs shorter than that of your torso. Achondroplasia affects about 1 in 15,000 to 1 in 40,000 live births. To understand Fanon one must look back to the beginning of the cinema. Stereotypes were prevalent in movies since the beginning of the cinema. One of the first movies to show a stereotypes was the 1915 silent film Birth of a Nation. In the D.W. Griffith film the African American plays the stereotypical slave of the south after the civil war. In the article Hollywood, Black Animation, and the Problem of Representation, author Jennifer L. Barker shares a statement about her voice about black stereotypes: "Since the early twentieth century, critics, filmmakers, and actors such as W.E.B. Du Bois, Clarence Muse, Sidney Poitier, Spike Lee, and Henry Louis Gates Jr. have argued for various approaches to representing African Americans in film, and it is unlikely that this conversation will become simpler or more unified in the near future. In fact, conversations are bound to become more complex as the nature of racial identity in America has become more heterogeneous in the last few decades". The image of "Blackness" was very prevalent in the classical Hollywood Period. Often depicted as mammies, coons or uncle toms during this period. In Boogle's book Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks he writes ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 52.
  • 53. August Wilson Contributions Playwright August Wilson, and actress Danielle Brooks have made the most contributions to my life as a humanitarian, and an actor in training. August Wilson created a foundation for African– Americans who are interested in the theatre. The Pittsburgh Cycle, a collection of ten plays strictly for African–Americans, opened the door to future opportunities for African–American playwrights, directors, stage managers, and actors. The context of his plays portrayed the genuine life and struggle of African–Americans. He wrote about the importance of family, history, futures, and development. Reading and studying August Wilson's plays lead to me loving and embracing my history as an African–American. I studied his work in the early parts of my acting ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54.
  • 55. Personal Narrative Essay : My Hero Is A Hero My inspiration... A hero is not a person with strength or a person how fight monsters. A hero is a person that inspires you to be the best you can be, a person how tells you that there is nothing in the world that you can't do, a person how will speak to you in a different way. My hero doesn't need strength or able to fight monster, but their able to change your life in a different way. My heroes inspire me to be the person I can be today and other every day. The people in my store inspire me to do thing I never want to do but they make me do it by changing my mind. The reason I picked these people because they don't just inspire me they inspire other people to. Paul walker is an actor who started acting at a young age. In 2001 Paul Walker had a role of a lifetime and he had started acting in a movie called The Fast and the Furious. The director of the movie knew that Walker was the right person for that role. A few years later Walker also got a role in the movie Flag of Our Father. The director knew that Walker was inspiring people like Vin Diesel to do things they would never do. Vin Diesel never wanted to have kids, but when he met Paul Walker he had his first k id because Walker encouraged him to imagine his life with a child. Diesel said "A lot of tough guys will tell you to wait in the hallway, don't go in the delivery room," but Walker told Vin diesel to go into that delivery room, be present and cut that umbilical cord and it will be the best day of your life" (MailOnline). After Paul Walker death Vin Diesel named his third child Pauline. Paul walker inspired me to do things I never wanted to do like. They day my sister was going to college we made a primes that she will do to RCC for two years and why I graduate high school we both will go to VCU together. I didn't want to say goodbye when she told me that she can't white for me. But after reading about Paul walker and how he help Vin Diesel. I know that I had to let her go without me. Oprah Gail Winfrey was born on January 29, 1954 in Kosciusko, Mississippi. The person that inspired Oprah was Nelson Mandela. He inspired her to changer the lives of young African Girls. Oprah new that Mandela was her hero because the way he change her life, he also ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 56.
  • 57. What Is Oscar's Diversity Oscars: Where's the diversity? And the winner is...."insert famous A list white actor name" congratulations! This was the unwritten script that every presenter followed for this year's Academy Awards also known as the Oscars. For the second year in a row, there were no black nominees in any of the four acting categories. So many questions were raise after the nominations were release to the public for instance; people were asking if the Oscars had discrimination toward black films? How much diversity does the judging panel have? Why are black actors not receiving the recognition they deserve? Etc. In the past, when African Americans weren't nominated for an Oscar, it wasn't a big surprise because the Oscars wasn't necessary geared towards the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Whitewashing is when white actors play the role of non–white characters. This phenomenon is scary because it's taking away opportunities from minority actors (who are more fitting for the role and already has the look without any alterations.) and it can feed into the theory that white actors are more of a financial gain for movie studios. Is there a financial risk in casting minority actors? The Bunche Center's 2014 Hollywood Diversity Report found that median global box office revenue peaked for films with a 21–30% minority cast share; revenue was lower for films with both a smaller and larger minority cast share. In order to truly answer that question, movie studios must cast minority actors in films especially when the film is about their ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 58.
  • 59. African-American In Motion Pictures African –American In Motion Pictures How did African Americans enter film? When did they? African Americans had a hard time entering film. Who are some successful black actors today in Hollywood? According to the sources I've read, American Americans had a very complex time in the history in the American motion industry. In the early 20's, things like the Civil War were still being discussed. Society wanted African American to stay in their place, so they were given roles such as criminals, servants, and other negative roles. Society wanted to keep the social order. Most roles that were played by African Americans were played in an all black casted film. In movies like this, Blacks were given more positive and diverse roles. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... We've went from having minor roles or no roles. Now , we starring in mainstream Hollywood movies . There's more African Americans taking home Oscars. Not to forget, we also have voices in animated film . Animated film has involved over the years. Today, we see more diversity. Fans have been complaining about the less diversity, not seeing more than one race. That's why Disney has created more princesses with different cultures and ethics. Mainly, we used to see more Caucasian princesses . Now, we see Hawaiian, African American, and other ethics on animation film. Not only do we see diverse of race on animation film, we hear the diversity. We hear people like Jennifer Lopez , Beyonce , and Eddie Murphy in animation films today . This begins to show the change in history of animation film. We have diverse of races starring in animated film as well as mainstream motion films. This shows the growth of African Americans throughout ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 60.
  • 61. The History Of Police And African Americans Essay African Americans in modern America have bound together in unity against inequality to help end the unnecessary murders and unjust police beatings. However, where did these tensions between police and African Americans begin? This question can be answered by looking at the history of police in America and why they were originally established. Police first came on to the scene in 1704 when Carolina established the nation's first slave patrol that would turn into what we know today as the modern police. The slave patrol had the duty of searching for runaway slaves and returning them to their masters. Therefore, the original reason the police force was established was to deal with black slaves and it seems as if some officers today still hold that as their job title. However, this was just the beginning to the negative police encounters that many African Americans would have to endure. With the ratification of the 13th amendment and the freeing of the slaves the slave patrol became what is known as modern day police. During reconstruction the police began a war to create a new form of slavery, this form of slavery was known as convict leasing. Although, the 13th amendment legalized the enslavement of anyone convicted of a crime it seemed as if it was only used against African Americans. This new method of enslavement sky rocketed the rate of African American arrests and created new laws in the south such as the pig laws which sentenced anyone who stole a pig to 5 years in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 62.
  • 63. All White Oscars Diversity Jada Pinkett Smith, the wife of Will Smith, an actor made a video that went viral calling on other Black actors and actresses to boycott the Oscars because she believes it lacks diversity. The 'All white Oscars nominees' with no Black actors or actresses was seen as racial bias to some African– Americans. They believe that Black actors and actresses have made tremendous contributions to the success of the movie industry, and need to be appreciated on their works just as the white actors and actresses. Everyone deserves to be appreciated, encourage, and recognized on the contributions he makes towards his community. The minority Black people have suffered long enough to be deprived of their respect and acknowledgement in society. The 'All white ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The 'All white Oscar nominee' also promote or shows that segregation of people of color still exist in the United States. Racial segregation according to the National Humanities Center, was a system derived from the efforts of some white Americans to keep African Americans in a subordinate by denying them equal access to public facilities and ensuring that blacks lived apart from whites This is evident when, Oscars voters are about 91% white and 76% male, according to a new Time study. (Los Angeles Times). Also the major or biggest category of the award nominees are all white, leaving some black actors and actresses at the minor level. Jada believe that if people of color are not given equal treatment just as whites, they should encourage themselves as one powerful people, and put resources together to make a difference in their community. Jada says, "That maybe is time that we recognizes that if we love and respect, and acknowledge ourselves in a way which we are asking others to do that, that is the place of true power." Similarly, Martin Luther King a civil right activist who fought against racial segregation. King mobilized Montgomery's African American community to boycott the city's public transportation, demanding equal rights for all citizens on public transportations. This happened when Rosa Parks was jailed for refusing to give up her seat to a white man in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 64.
  • 65. African American Stereotypes In Entertainment Stereotypical representation in entertainment media has long been and continues to be a reoccurring issue. Diversity representation in entertainment media has been debated over and over again, and still continues to be a major problem. The historical representation of African Americans in theatre and comedic performances still largely affects the stereotypical representation of African American males today. More often than not, when a male African American body is placed into a theatric arena, they are automatically stereotyped to only acting in a certain way. Ranging from historical contexts, viral YouTube videos, American sitcoms, and actor's entire careers, male African American bodies have and will continue to be used to define the specific ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The physique of the football player has to be top–notch, but audience members also expect the athlete to be less than smart, have an attitude problem, and not use proper grammar. Therefore, even though black comedy plays a huge role in our current entertainment media, African American men are stereotyped in other roles as well. Not to claim however, that Chris Rock's entire career is faulty in any way, however one can clearly point out how and why he continues to play the roles that he does. Simply because of how his roles are directly related to the public and social acceptance of African American males in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 66.
  • 67. African American Stereotypes in the Film Industry African–Americans have long endured demeaning and misrepresentative images within the film industry and American society as a whole. In the early 20th century, an abundance of films depicted an idealized vision of life in the south, in which blacks were happily subservient to their role as the property of their white masters. The roles of black characters were also portrayed by white actors in blackface. Blackface was a form of theatrical makeup used to represent an image of a black person and was employed as a means to portray negative images of African–Americans and to showcase them in an inferior light. Fortunately, the use of blackface dwindled as it was considered extremely offensive and derogatory, although the practice still remains in use today though very limited due to the rightful stigma surrounding it. However, the negative portrayals of African–Americans in film did not end there and continued for a long time after. African–Americans were still confined to roles which often portrayed blacks as incompetent, child–like, hyper–sexualized, and criminal. Even the more positive roles offered to African–Americans provided limited options and reinforced the belief that the proper social position for African–Americans was that of a servant who was devoted to his or her white masters and to upholding that particular social order. These roles were often as loyal servants, mammies, and butlers – some even found great success and prominence in these roles, most notably ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 68.
  • 69. The Minstrel And Stereotypes Of African-Americans In The... Spectacles have always been a great means to convey the opinion of the majority to the public. For example, starting in the 1820's white actors would blacken their face and act has black people in a comedy skit known as the minstrel shows. The "blackface" gimmick was first used by white people to enhance the racial stereotypes against black persons in order to limit their growing power in society. The white actors were soon replaced by black actors who inherited the white's stereotypes and continued with them. The African–American community began to fight using art as their weapons they took up the industry of Jazz and Blues and battled the delusions of the white community. The Minstrel shows became popular in the mid–1840's and were first a means to convey the view that white Americans had of the black population and its culture and reassure them of their racial superiority. Before the abolition of slavery in ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In 1919 alone more than twenty race riots took place but this time the black people defended themselves against the white attackers. Southerners migrate to the North and take up residence in New York City, the influx of black people take the Harlem district by flood and becomes mostly populated by blacks. Having a community of their own, African–American now aspire to new heights and begin to reach for better education as they march to eradicate the remaining oppression. Using art as a weapon the black community starts the Harlem renaissance. The African–American would challenge the preconceived notions held by the white Americans by using art to debunk those notions and highlight previously unknown aspects of the African–American culture. By 1921, seventeen magazines and newspapers had been published by black people. Moreover by the mid to late–1920's Harlem had surpassed Broadway has the place to go to enjoy nightlife to the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 70.
  • 71. African American Women in Early Film Essay African American Women in Early Film In early film many African American actresses portrayed roles as mammies, slaves, seductresses, and maids. These roles suppressed them not allowing them to show their true talents. Although they had to take on these degrading roles, they still performed with dignity, elegance, grace and style. They paved the way for many actresses to follow both blacks and whites. These women showed the film industry that they were more than slaves, mammies, and maids. These beautiful actresses showed the film industry that they are able to hold lead parts and even carry the whole cast if need be. Phenomenal actresses such as Hattie McDaniels, Pearl Bailey, Ethel Waters, Nina Mae McKinney, and Dorothy ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This was much for an African–American as well as a white entertainer. Even though she broke that barrier McDaniel was still oppressed by racism not only on film, but also off film. She was faced with racial legal problems when trying to acquire a home in Los Angeles. At that time there was a limited black land and home ownership right. Though she won the suite she still was subjected to racial hostility from her neighbors. McDaniels experience oppressions of many types during her career, but she continued to take the mammy roles but played them with dignity and respect. In spite of her being the mammy, McDaniels made sure that her characters had the "upper hand". After McDaniels death the mammy roles died with her. Pearl Bailey, the "Ambassador of Love" career took off on Washington's U street at the age of fifteen years of age. She started off as a singer and appeared in many nightclubs. In the mid–30's she performed with the Noble Sissle's Band in the Village Vanguard and Blue Angel Club. In the 40's she was the lead singer for Count Basie, Cab Calloway and Cootie Williams. She debuted on Broadway in St. Louis Blue; she won honors for as Broadway's best newcomer. After her debut on Broadway films she performed in Variety Girl, Isn't It Romantic, Carmen Jones, and Porgy and Bess. "In 1967 she won a Tony Award for heading the all–black cast of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 72.
  • 73. Film Whitewashing Essay This semester we had the opportunity to learn about African–Americans and Latinas/os in film and television. Throughout the semester we learned about the following terminology; feminism, white supremacy, representation, intersectionality, stereotypes, whitewashing, and many more. As a group project, my group and I decided to focus on whitewashing in the movie industry. We researched the history, impacts, and the importance of whitewashing in society. Our main goal was to learn different ways to prevent it from happening, and also about the implemented action plans that are being executed towards whitewashing. As we all know Hollywood has been criticized and known for the many whitewashed roles that are casted by many Caucasian–looking actors/actresses, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This is said to be a form of race bending "White–washing is so commonplace that there is an industry classification for it: race bending" (Atlanta Black Star), which in fact is not the same as whitewashing. White people are not underrepresented in the media and so race bending, in a way is a form of undoing the whitewashing that is happening in the entertainment industry. As a matter of fact, race bending doesn't actually happen in the entertainment industry, all its doing is making people feel a little better about the issues of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 74.
  • 75. Hollywood Race Diversity Analysis We are all people with different interests, but something that connects us is films, series, and television in general. If one pays attention, one can see that there is an unequal race diversity within the Hollywood industry. This is not as shocking because, since the beginning, the United States was being built upon race inequality. To illustrate, Africans were being brought to this country to be taken away their rights as a human being, Native Americans were being robbed of their own land, and other people of color were being treated as lesser than a white man. As time went on, progress was being made, but people of color were still being seen as minorities. This was an issue in Hollywood during the upcoming of the United States and still ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As people of this country, we need to realize that we are not all that different simply because of one's race, hence representation should increase. Also, when there are representations of people of color they should be distinct from the clichéd character that has already been seen hundreds of times; films need to convey the message that an individual should not be defined based on their race. When we come to think about it, we do not realize that what we see on the screen can influence how we see others in reality. Without a doubt, what you see on the big screen can impact how you might view your neighbor, your boss, or even a complete stranger and possibly for the worse; all types of races are affected by the racial representation in films and series. If there is an increase in racial diversity within Hollywood, we will receive a variety of perspectives of people of color and not simply biased stereotypes. The case is that if you believe that there is no racism in Hollywood, then you have already been influenced by it. The small racial representation can continue to affect our future generations, this means your future children. We as the viewers need to make our voices heard by demonstrating that a film of color can be as successful as a predominantly white film. Therefore, I encourage you to go watch films that portray a person of color in a positive way and consist of actors of color; we need to exceed the box–office, since in the end a large impulse of any business is to have a large income and show the Oscars that actors of color are also very talented and deserve at least a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 76.
  • 77. The Civil Rights Achievements Of The Famous African... This autobiographical analysis will define the civil rights achievements of the famous African American actor, Canada Lee. Lee's background as a jockey, boxer, and a musician would set the stage for a major acting career in theater and in Hollywood. More importantly, Lee would use his fame as an actor to promote racial equality through the support of Hollywood magnates, such as Orson Wells, and through the theatrical/literary guidance of Langston Hughes. Lee would be become known for his role in Lifeboat (1944) by Alfred Hitchcock, but he would also get other roles in throughout this historical period. These successes as an actor propelled Lee to the forefront of civil rights issues that were becoming more of a problem during the 1930s ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The cast wore ballroom finery and the witches' magic was turned into voodoo (Mordden 236). This major breakthrough for lee was a crucial moment in his acting career, since he was catapulted into fame through the support of Welles. More so Langston Hughes began to take notice of Lee's burgeoning success, which eventually inspired Hughes to write to versions of his novels into theatrical dramas. During this time, Lee and Hughes were denied financial support for the two plays, yet Lee eventually went onto great stage success by performing in Richard Wright's theatrical drama of native Son (1941). More so, Welles was, once again, the primary support for producing Native Son, which provided a an even greater public platform for Lee's civil rights activism in the 1940s. Lee's theatrical success would not only garner him critical acclaim as an actor, but he would also use this fame to promote racial equality and justice for African–Americans. During WWII, Lee would speak out against racial division in the U.S. military, which segregated black soldiers from white soldiers (Biondi 10). In this manner, Lee spoke throughout the country about the problem of segregation, which allowed him to exploit his fame for the cause of African–American civil rights: "He felt honor–bound to use his success as a platform to fight for equal rights, for his people and for all people suffering social, political, and economic injustices" (Smith ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...