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Ethical Health Care Issues
Dementia and Ethical Issues HCS–545 April 09, 2012 Cheryl Bly Dementia Ethical Issues Growing old and losing the ability to
function independently is inevitable. Aging is a part of life. As adults grow old, they need increased assistance with daily living
skills. The elderly may need assistance with finances, cooking, washing clothes, and cleaning. However, many Americans are not
only aging but also acquiring dementia. In a recent study from the funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH), revealed that
approximately 3.8 million people in the United States have some type of dementia National Institute of Neurological Disorders and
Stroke. (2001). Dementia affects the ability to cognitively function ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This principle is based on idea of the idea of goodness as a benefit. The third principle is to cause no harm and the fourth principle
justice. Justice is based on the idea to act fairly (Morrison, 2011). Analyze In this case, we will analyze the important questions of
intubation of patients with dementia by applying the four ethical principles. The first principle is autonomy which is the right to
chose and made decisions (Morrison, 2011). Patients with dementia are non–autonomy have lost their ability to made decisions for
themselves during the last stages of the lives. It is important to make decisions following the patient's wishes. The patients may
have stated how he would have liked to live under these circumstances or should be made by a person that he would want. That
leads to the next two principles benefiance and non–malefiance. Both of these protect the patients by assuring that the patient is not
harmed and only good is produced by the outcome (Morrison, 2011). Benefiance involves the benefit of a treatment. Non–
maleficence involves avoiding harm. The benefit of the treatment should outshine the harm that may be caused. We will have to
analyze of the placement of the feeding tube will harm the patients or cause pain. The last principle is justice. Justice is a very
important principle because it justifies the actions and helps with the decision making process by assuring acts of fairness.
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Other : Organizational Cultural Activities
Other: Organizational cultural activities: The program recognizes the need for to ensure that all messaging is culturally–appropriate
by involving target audiences in the translation (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 11).
Other: Incentives and disincentives: Incentives exist for older individuals to participate in the Falls Free program and receive
insurance incentives (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 30). Furthermore, provider incentives exist for promotion of the program within the
context of coding, compensation and reimbursement (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 13). Financial incentives exist for providers to adopt
information technology systems for medical management to reduce falls (p.17). In reference to the Patient Protection and
Affordable Care Act ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Home risk assessment tools are available via web based that can be used by consumers, providers, caregivers to assess the need for
home modification in order to promote better home safety for the aging adult (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 21).
Criterion IV: Program Oversight
Results–based accountability framework: There is not a results–based accountability framework. This is a significant deficiency to
the program, although stated in the Falls Free 2015 National Action Plan, the plan is leveraged on past data and progress, and it is
not clear how the goals and objectives are formulated or based off of. Evidence is not provided to show whether results–based
accountability framework is drives future program growth.
Published budget: A budget is publically published on the National Council for Aging website. The budget includes the aging
program funding. Specifically the actual spending for fiscal year 2015 and 2016 is outline for each program. Five million dollars
was spent in fall prevention in the elderly. The administration requested ten million dollars for the fiscal year 2017 from the
Prevention and Public Health Fund allocated by Congress (Federal Budget – FY17 Aging Program Funding Table, Rep, n.d.).
However, the day–to–day operations, salaries, and program's individual budgets could not be located.
Appropriate use of funds: The funding received primarily from the
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The Obama Administration: A Case Study
The Obama administration has attempted to tackle many healthcare issues over the years through the Affordable Care Act (ACA),
with focal points such as Medicare, Medicaid, the aging population and long–term care. Recent announcements from the Obama
Administration include modernizing federal rules that affect long–term care and healthy aging by updating the quality and safety
requirements for thousands of nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities, suggesting better quality of life, enhance person–
centered care and services in long–term care facilities, and bring regulatory requirements closer with regards to professional
standards (The White House, 2015). These recommendations align with my position in terms of adequate education, training,
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Home Health Care Policy Summary
The Home Health Care Planning Improvement Act of 2015 (H.R. 1342 & S. 578) would allow advanced practice registered nurses
(APRNs), including clinical nurse specialists, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners to be able to order home health care
services under Medicare. (Senators Collins & Schumer, 2015) Many of the elderly live in urban or rural areas that do not always
have access to physicians. This act would make it easier for them to receive care and treatment they need because the APRNs
would be able to sign care plans and patients would receive their care and prescriptions faster without having to wait for a doctor's
approval or signature. This act is basically an amendment to Title XVIII (Medicare) of the Social Security Act. ... Show more
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So many of the elderly have multiple chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and arthritis and these comorbidities
sometimes can increase the risk for falls in this population. Health screening services will include falls prevention screening and
behavioral health screening. Other health screening services will include screening for neglect, elder abuse, and exploitation. The
Administration will also provide technical help to and share best practices with states, area agencies, and ADRCs on how to
collaborate and coordinate services with health care entities to better the care for individuals with multiple chronic illnesses (S.
192). The original Older Americans Act had expired almost five years before the reauthorization was introduced to Congress in
January of 2015 and became a law in April of 2016. The passing was a unanimous bipartisan decision. The elderly population is
growing at a high rate because people are taking better care of themselves and are thus living longer. This reauthorization is
invaluable to the health and livelihood of the elderly in the
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Florida State Prison Risk Analysis
The administrative goal of any correctional facility is to ensure the safety and security of the facility, staff, and inmates. Inmates
that possess certain characteristics that require additional or different care than others are often called a special offender population.
The label of special offender population can relate to mental health capacity, gang affiliation, age, or gender identity disorder. Each
of these populations of inmates require the correctional administration and officers to consider alternative forms of risk assessment
at intake, alternative treatment and control, and possible alternatives to punishment. If not addressed properly, the administration
and facility risk expensive litigation being brought against them for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
There is not a plethora of research on the transgender inmate population. Brown and McDuffie (2009) report 750 transgender
prisoners were in custody in 2007. The only reason this population is last on the list of importance is because of the limited
population. Transgender inmate population pose one of the most challenging legal questions to the DOC. How far does the DOC
have to go in providing medical, psychiatric, or surgical needs to those inmates who enter the correctional facility as transgender
(Brown & McDuffie, 2009). There has been some successful litigation that has addressed these issues with inmates who have been
diagnosed with gender identity disorders (GID). Brown and McDuffie (2009), suggest California has some of the most
"comprehensive directive" that allows inmates to continue or initiate "cross–sex hormones for appropriately diagnosed inmates"
(p.288). Ultimately, the transgender population pose a real threat to the correctional environment, such as, safety issues and
predatory behavior by other inmates. One area of concern for transgender inmate population, because it is such a relatively new
population, there are not a lot of facilities medically equipped to care for them properly (Brown & McDuffie, 2009), a lot like the
elderly inmate population. This population is as equally at risk of being violated as any of the other special
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Elder Abuse Research Paper
Where to Go for Help National Center on Elder Abuse(NCEA) The NCEA is a resource for public and private agencies,
professionals, service providers, and individuals interested in elder abuse prevention information, training, technical assistance, and
research. 1–855–500–3537 www.ncea.aoa.gov Adult Protective Services Adult Protective Services (APS), present in all 50 states, is
designated to receive and investigate allegations of elder abuse and neglect. Each state has a primary agency that houses APS. It
may be the Area Agency on Aging, the Division of Aging, the Department of Aging, or the Department of Social Services.
www.napsa–now.org Area Agencies on Aging Area Agencies on Aging (AAAs) provide support for older adults, their families,
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Food Insecurity Issues
Even though payments from Social Security and Supplemental Security Income have played a critical part in an attempt to increase
economic security among older adults, poverty still remains on the rise for this population. Many still live on limited incomes and
have the modest savings. In 2013, 50% of people in Medicare possessed incomes of less than $23,000 which corresponds to 200%
of poverty in 2015 (Cubanski et. al, 2015). Today, over 25 million people ages 60 or more are economically insecure living at or
below 250% of the federal poverty level (FPL) (National Council on Aging, 2016). As a result, these individuals struggle with
increasing housing and health care bills, lack of nutrition, inadequate access to transportation, and job ... Show more content on
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In 2014, approximately 5.7 million people over the age of 60 were food insecure which comprises 9% of the entire senior
population. This number is projected to increase by 50% by the time the youngest of the Baby Boom Generation reaches age 60 in
2025. It has been proven that food insecure seniors are at an increased risk for chronic health conditions where 60% of the aging
population experience depression, 53% report a heart attack, 52% develop asthma, and 40% report a congestive health failure
(Feeding America, 2016). Recognizably, for seniors in poverty, protecting themselves from food insecurity and hunger is a lot more
difficult than the general population. For instance, researchers conducted a study that focused on the experience of food insecurity
among the elderly population. They took a sample of 46 elderly households from three large cities in upstate New York utilizing
purposive sampling. Older adults were recruited via subsidized housing programs, churches, congregated and home–delivered
meals programs, and a Latino community worker. The elders varied by age, sex food programs used, spousal status, and mobility.
The final sample comprised of 25 Latino older adults living in one large city, 28 non–Latino elders residing in two large cities.
They found that most of the time, food insecure older adults did not have the means to afford the right foods for health and they did
not have the capability to prepare food (Wolfe et. al, 2003). To slowly combat the issue of this insecurity, Title III Grants to State
Formula of the 2016 OAA Reauthorization Act accounts for geographic changes in the older population. The bill regulates the
formula for the Title III supportive services, assemble meals, home–delivered meals as well as preventive service programs. The
formula
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Why The United States Has Only Two Major Political Parties
Final Exam Essays
Essay Prompt 1: Discuss why the United States has only two major political parties.
The United States government is commonly referred to as a "Duopoly", which means that there are two established political parties,
Democratic and Republic, and that these two parties share the vast majority of the political power in the country. This is because
the United States follows a winner–takes–all voting system, utilizing a "single–member district plurality". The "single–member
district" portion means that for each geographic area or district, there is only one elected official, and the "plurality" portion means
that in United States elections, the representative or politician who receives the most number of votes, wins the given election, even
if it's less than half the percentage of votes. According to Duverger's law, a Political Science principle, plurality voting procedures
correlationally support the emergence of only two political parties, in contrast to a multiparty democracy.
This is largely because there have only been two parties for so long, and these two parties have made it such a point to make their
separation of ideals and beliefs blatant, so the vast majority of the voters have for the most part picked a definitive "side", so to
speak, and have registered as a member of the corresponding political party, that caters the most to their individual ideals. Because
of this, it has made it very hard for any smaller parties to gain enough support to
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A Career In Long Term Care Administration
As a recent graduate from the Health Care Administration and Planning (HCAP) program at Tennessee State University my desire
for Health Care Administration has grown tremendously. My passion has always been Long Term Care, from observing family
members being admitted into a facility with high abuse rates, sitting with the elderly at a young age, to completing an internship at
National Healthcare Corporation (NHC) during the summer of 2016 under the Regional Director, Mr. Tim Shelly. I have always
had a love for the aging population and wanted to work in an environment that believed in producing the best quality of care for the
aging population. I will pursue a career in Long Term Care Administration because it is essential that facilities
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American Society Of Today Strongly Values
Chapter One
Introduction
The American society of today strongly values and caters to Generation X with advertising, product development and societal
norms perpetuating the idea and values of a youthful society; however, a revolution may be around the corner. Just as the baby
boomers "caused a social revolution in the late '60s" (Barr, 1999, par. 2), they may cause a millennium social revolution that
embraces aging and generates changes in geriatric services. Baby boomers account for a significant number of our population.
During the post World War II era, sociologists noted a significant rise in "number and rate of births to women aged 15–44"
(Morgan, 1998, p. 10) from 1946 until 1964. Baby boomers are now reaching ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
3). The impact of the baby boom demographic group has the potential to revolutionize not only our culture, but the structure of the
services provided by healthcare professionals. As the baby–boomers reach their mid 50s and 60s, meeting their needs may tax
already overburdened healthcare systems, counselors, gerontologists, and service providers. Healthcare professionals and the
institutions educating those professionals will need to reevaluate current services and programs to meet the demands of an elderly
society. Educational programs of service providers, including counseling, should train the doctors, counselors, social workers of
tomorrow to deal with the special needs of elderly clients. In the article Competencies, Credentialing, and Standards for
Gerontological Counselors: Implications for Counselor Education, Myers (1992) suggested that with such a shift in demographics,
it is conceivable that "all counselors, regardless of work setting, will encounter older persons or families of older persons among
their clientele" (par. 2). Proper training by educational institutions will greatly effect and determine the quality of care the elderly
will receive.
Statement of the Problem The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of an aging society on counselors
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Pros And Cons Of Juuvederm
Juvederm
Well apparently as we get older the skin also gets older! Wrinkles start to form on the skin and with time they get deeper, but no
one really loves wrinkles and everyone wishes to remain young. Unfortunately that cannot be the case, as we get older the body's
collagen production reduces which leads to increased wrinkles which then lowers the skins suppleness.
To maintain the skin's elasticity and minimize wrinkles due to aging, dermatologists normally inject patients with collagen. Most of
the collagen supplements are however from fish and this has its pros and cons. For starters, before one gets collagen filler, tests
have to be done to ensure zero allergic reaction to the skin. Due to this a new type of dermal filler has been introduced, juvederm.
Juvederm is FDA–approved filler guaranteed to restore the skins moisture and suppleness for a year even deep wrinkles, reduce
acne scars and reduce under eye hollows. The major component is hyaluronic acid.
Hyaluronic acid
This a major component of the tissues that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
A sample of people were selected and given a juvederm injection one of the nasolabial fold and followed for around 20 weeks. The
same sample was injected with a bovine based collagen on the opposite nasolabial fold and followed for 20 weeks also. Juvederm
Injection site reactions for all the patients were similar and lasted for a week. Swelling occurred in 80% of the patients, bruising in
60% and itching in 35%. The patients who maintained improvement with Juvederm at 4 weeks was 90% compared to the 40% with
the bovine based collagen. The patients at the end of study showed a 90% preference to juvederm compared to a 10% preference to
bovine based collagen. Out of the selected sample, 70% went back for the juvederm injections after 36 weeks, and 75% of the
patients showed an improvement prior to administration of the juvederm dermal
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Nursing Home Care Essay
Individuals in lower socioeconomic (SES) groups are at a higher risk to experience disability and cognitive impairment at an earlier
age, which makes this group in need for nursing home care (Berthelot, Derksen, Finlayson, & Mustard, 1999). Unfortunately, from
a 2011 statistics, the average cost of nursing home care is $85,775, but these varies by state (Berger, 2014). Medicaid provides the
money for individuals to receiving nursing home care, but not all nursing homes accept medicaid programs (Dickey, n.d.), Nursing
homes that accept medicaid programs are subject to government inspections (Dickey, n.d.). Furthermore, to receive medicaid for
nursing home care, individuals must prove that is "medically necessary," and this decision varies by state (Dickey, n.d.). Higher
quality (non–profit) nursing homes are usually funded by religious organizations (Berger, 2014). Other sources of funding are from
Medicare (not for long term care), Medicaid, and also Veterans Administration Aid and Attendance (for veterans) (Mullin, 2013).
Elderly abuse can occur if the caregivers who are under stress, have emotional and financial problems (Berger, 2014). Also, if the
care receiver is frail and demanding, they are more likely to experience abuse (Berger, 2014). If these caregivers are in low SES
groups, they are more vulnerable to experience ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
I think the younger population is more concerned with issues that are current to them, so future planning is difficult. For example,
most young adult are worried about making enough money to sustain their life currently, rather than thinking about saving for their
elder care. College students are more worried about student loans, adults are worried about sustaining their life and providing for
their children (if they have children). By the time people age and need nursing home care, it is too late to start saving for their
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Obesity Is A National Issue For Older Adults And Young...
In today's society malnutrition has always been an issue for older adults and young individuals. There has been studies that have
stated that older adults among young people are the most susceptible to having poor eating habits. Malnutrition alongside obesity is
a national issue. There have been many programs that have been put in place to solve this issues. There are many programs that are
created in order to provide assistance for older adult's health and safe (Nutrition and Aging, 2016).
Kowlessar, Robinson and Schur (2015) stated that, the Administration of Community of Living alongside the Aging Services
Network has always made it their goal to help older adults who need help to stay within their homes safely and also in the ... Show
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According to, the Administration on Aging (2016) (AoA) there are many programs that have been created in order to make sure the
wellness of older adults is well taken care of. The main goal of the OAA Nutrition Program is to ensure that there is reduction in
hunger and to ensure that an individual is never in the need of food. The program helps to promote a social aspect for older adults.
Alongside promoting a quality of life for older adults to ensure that their health and well–being is well taken care of. It helps to
deferral opposing health conditions that are commonly found in older adults. The programs are approved under the Tittle IIIC of the
Older Americans Act. The purpose of the guidelines is to provide older adults with healthy meals, education about going eating
habits and nutritional advice, and lastly to provide counseling service for older adults. The programs are aimed for older adults that
aged 60 or older that have more issues with social or economic needs. The program targets to help individuals that are of lower
income status, minority older typical are the majority population that these programs are aimed toward.
Many individuals from rural communities are usually the ones that use this service provided. Older adults who speaks little English
are typically one's that seek these programs and lastly older adults who
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Essay On Regulatory Agencies
Regulatory Agency Paper
University of Phoenix
HCS 430 Legal Issues in Healthcare:
Regulation and Compliance
June 8, 2008
The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) is one of the many agencies that handle an array of healthcare departments
as well as research. The DHHS caters to citizens of all nationalities, race, and ethnicities. The DHHS focus is to protect the health
of all Americans and providing the highest level of human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves. The
Public Health Service is divided into 42 subdivisions (Department of Health and Human Services, 2007). This paper will give
highlights of the history of the DHHS, the source and scope of authority, how the day–to–day ... Show more content on
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Department of Health and Human Services, 2006).
Structure
The DHHS is structured by department and specialties where day–to–day operations and responsibilities cover an enormous
amount of activities. This includes, health and social science research, preventing disease, including immunization services,
assuring food and drug safety, Medicare (health insurance for elderly and disabled Americans) and Medicaid (health insurance for
low–income people), health information technology, financial assistance and services for low–income families, improving maternal
and infant health, head Start (pre–school education and services), faith–based and community initiatives, preventing child abuse
and domestic violence, substance abuse treatment and prevention, services for older Americans, including home–delivered meals,
comprehensive health services for Native Americans, and medical preparedness for emergencies, and potential terrorism (U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, 2008).
Day–to–day responsibilities The day–to–day operations of the DHHS has a breakdown by departments, which supports research on
disease and health concerns through the National Institute of Health, which protects consumers from adulterated or untested foods
and drugs through the Food and Drug Administration that implements public health measures and monitors the spread of infectious
diseases through the Centers for Disease Control and
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BSHA Program Analysis
What are your overall impressions of the BSHA program? I found the program to be well rounded in the health care field and I am
happy that I chose to continue with this program as an entry into the health administration field. This program has given me more
opportunity to prepare an entrance into a professional environment of being of service in various health facilities and agencies,
clinics and hospitals. The responsibility of the health administrator will encompass a wide variety of duties including but not
limited to administrative, medical, legal and ethical requirements and brilliantly combines the overall knowledge of the business
administration and the health care system.
What did you like the most about this program? The program touched on many different topics from the study connected with those
who are afflicted with mental retardation. I enjoyed learning about the intricacies involved in our aging ... Show more content on
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More in the medical billing realm, studies covered medical terminology and electronic records. A brief over view on coding would
make a complete program of how medical bills get paid. One of the time wasters for me was Algebra I and Algebra II. Not only
was it a waste of time (for me) but I am certain the only reason I passed them was staying up until 2 am working on problems.
After reviewing the outcomes listed above, do you feel the program prepared you to meet these outcomes? If not, which ones do
you feel you did not meet? The world is in great need of health care administrators and other members of their staff. Health care in
our country is vital to its citizens, because a person cannot work well when they are ill. If they do not work, that will affect the
economy both at home and the money available to be spent on food, medicine, etc. Due to our Baby Boomers and other elderly
residents, the employment in this area will grow continuously because our aging population will be in need of more care as they
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Administration On Aging
The perception for older people is that they are fine. They can do this or that. But we worry that they can't in fact do this or
that...that they might hurt themselves or even get lost in the case of dementia. Our parents are stubborn and proud in most cases and
would not ask for help and if you offer, they would not welcome it. The responsibility lies first with the "spouse" and children of
the elderly parents as caretakers when they get too ill or too old to take care of themselves (Facts about caregivers...). When we are
too busy or working and can't get time off, we are most likely to ask a neighbor or a friend to help. All this puts a burden and stress
on families. Most times, our elderly parents can't live alone so we welcome them into our homes. This forces you to re–arrange
things and invade spaces. This needs for us to be realistic about things and expectations and work with the whole family and other
relatives as a caring team. The fact remains that most of us can't afford professional help to take care ... Show more content on
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Administration on Aging (AOA) in 2000, states that most elderly Americans who are too ill or frail to take care of themselves rely
on families and their friends to provide help (AOA). This makes it necessary for policy makers to start looking at providing ways of
helping our families who are taking care of their ill and frail elderly parents. This necessary task of caring for your elderly parents
puts an extra burden on the caregivers. The time lost from doing other things and working means income is lost. A lot of families
also see an increased illness, depression and compassion fatigue related to caring for elderly parents. The AOA reports states the
average caregiver is female, with her own family and also working. Time taken from work and income is lost and no replaced since
the caregivers are not paid. Politicians and policymakers need to think about this lose to the economy and set up ways of paying the
caregivers
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Aging And The Healthcare System
Aging and Healthcare System in America
Meron Biriye
GERO 302 6981
Dr. Elaine Nailler
March 8, 2015
Aging and Healthcare System in America
What is Aging?
It is not easy to come up with a working definition of aging; different academics around the world defined 'aging' from different
perspectives. Based on the collected information I have, I define aging –a multidimensional process of physiological, mental and
social changes that occurred over the course of life. Though it is beyond human control, aging experiences may vary between
individuals. "In the developed world, chronological time plays a paramount role. The age of 60 or 65, roughly equivalent to
retirement ages in most developed countries is said to be the beginning of old age. In many parts of the developing world,
chronological time has little or no importance in the meaning of old age. Other socially constructed meanings of age are more
significant such as the roles assigned to older people; in some cases it is the loss of roles accompanying physical decline which is
significant in defining old age. Thus, in contrast to the chronological milestones which mark life stages in the developed world, old
age in many developing countries is seen to begin at the point when active contribution is no longer possible." (Gorman, 2000)
Aging Myth and Reality
Obviously, there are some inevitable biological and psychological changes that occur with aging, and because of those changes,
older adult may face some
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Evolution of Programs and Services for Aging Populations...
Evolution of Programs and Services for Aging Populations Over the Last Fifty Years The objective of this study is to examine the
evolution of programs and services for aging population over the last fifty years. Toward this end, this brief study will conduct a
review of literature that addresses these shifts and changes in policy. The timeline of the history of the services and pogroms for the
aging population in the United States is shown in the following timeline and an explanation for these develops will next follow the
timeline. Timeline for Evolution of Programs and Services for Aging Population (Last 50 Years) 1935 Social Security Act/Old Age
Survivors Insurance 1950 National Conferences on Aging 1952 First Federal Social Services Programs Funded 1956 Special Staff
on Aging Created 1961 Federal Council on Aging Created & First White House Conference on Aging 1965 Older American Act
1972 National Nutrition Program 2006 – Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Program became effective 2010 – Affordable Care Act
was implemented 2011 – First of the baby boomers in America turned 65. 2011– Enactment of the Community Living Assistance
and Supports (CLASS) program Description of Programs and Services In 1935 the Social Security Act was established to provide
Old Age Assistance and Old Age Survivors Insurance and in 1950, then President Truman, held the first of all National Conferences
on Aging and the first federal social service programs were funded for the
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Nursing Home Neglect Research Paper
Sometimes, elderly people, or those with disabilities, require round–the–clock care or treatment that their family members cannot
provide. As such, their loved ones may make the difficult decision to move them into a nursing home or long–term facility. In doing
so, most people believe that their family members will receive the compassionate care they need and deserve. Unfortunately,
nursing home residents are often the victims of abuse or neglect at the hands of those who are meant to provide their care. By
taking certain steps, however, people in Illinois, and elsewhere, may be able to protect their loved ones from nursing home neglect
and abuse. What is nursing home abuse? When most people think of nursing home abuse, it is physical violence
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Outline Of The Policy On The Aging Population
ELDER ABUSE Jennifer Stastny Final Policy Issue Paper May 14, 2015 ABSTRACT Policy changes are needed in order to
provide senior citizens with a safe, quality living environment free from abuse. Changes at federal, state, and local governments are
needed to provide the best possible support and series to the aging population. With the significant increase of older Americans
their likelihood of being taken advantage of and mistreated has risen a great amount. This vulnerable population does not deserve
this kind of treatment. We need to be doing whatever it takes to provide these people with quality health care to ensure safety and
good quality of life. This means increasing funding, continuing education for providers and other related professions, harsher
punishments for violators, and strict laws requiring background checks and health assessments before being allowed to care for an
elderly person. The aging population is at high risk of being taken advantage of and mistreated by a caregiver or family member.
Elders are the most vulnerable group of people and are subject to elder abuse in their later years of life. The Administration of
Aging refers to elder abuse as the knowing, intentional, or negligent act that causes harm or serious risk of harm to a vulnerable
adult. Every year, hundreds of thousands of older adults are abused, neglected, and exploited. Unfortunately, a trusted caregiver or a
loved one commits most of these heinous acts.
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Aging in America Essay 2
We all will one day face the reality of growing older. There are many aspects of this change that will affect us in a large way.
According to the Merck Manual of Health and Aging, 1.5% of Americans are 85 or older. This research states that the number of
people 100 years or older could rise from 1 out of 5,578 in the year 2000, to 1 out of 472 in the year 2050. It brings out that women
have a longer life expectancy than men, among people aged 65 and older in the year 2000, there were 70 men for every 100
women. For people aged 85 and older the figure was 41 men for every 100 women. The site goes on to say that approximately 11%
of Americans aged 65 and older are below the poverty line. (The Merck Manual of Health and Aging: ... Show more content on
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(http://www.nia.nih.gov/)
Participation in physical activity has been shown to have many health benefits for older adults; this study does not provide strong
support that it protects against cognitive decline. Reports have been made that physical activity may help guard against stroke and
coronary heart disease, both of which may be associated with the development of dementia. Some studies were either limited in
their scope or had short follow–up times. In all they find that for older adults, physical activity alone may not protect against
cognitive decline. (By Charnicia E. Huggins: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/exerciseforseniors.html)
7,000 strokes occur in Americans every year. For Hispanics it is the third leading cause of death. This article emphasizes the
importance of knowing the symptoms of the stroke to reduce the chances of its occurrences. Prevention tips include: stop smoking,
eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and work to control high blood pressure and manage diabetes. (Strokes Affect Thousands of
Hispanics Each Year – Learn To Recognize Symptoms: Brandon Alvarez Montgomery http://onlinecci.com/ec/crs/default.learn?
CourseID=2281666&CPURL=onlinecci.com&Survey=1&47=2500922&ClientNodeID=122303&coursenav=0&bhcd2=1133475293
The next topic to address is the growing need for long–term care in the United States. Many Americans are faced with the dilemma
that there are a limited
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Interventions In Aging
An interesting piece from Scientific American on the influx of money from silicon valley rich–listers into life extending
technology.
Examples include Larry Page, Larry Ellison, and Peter Thiel, who have donated nearly half a billion in various research ventures
aimed at extending life indefinitely.
The articles
"First, the second law of thermodynamics is paramount in the universe, so entropy will get us in the long run, if not the short. As
the renowned astrophysicist Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington noted in 1928, "If your theory is found to be against the second law of
thermodynamics I can give you no hope; there is nothing for it but to collapse in deepest humiliation."
Second, extrapolating trend lines far into the future is problematic. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The authors are thus led to conclude that "to date, no convincing evidence showing the administration of existing 'anti–aging'
remedies can slow aging or increase longevity in humans is available." And the SENS Research Foundation Web site admits: "No
currently–available medical intervention or lifestyle choice has been shown to affect the basic human aging process.""
Not one of the points raised by Scientific American is particularly compelling in my opinion.
The 2nd law of thermodynamics can stay intact, we will never achieve true immortality so the law is never even threatened.
Regarding the final two points, we may not see a single massive life extension breakthrough, and frankly, it's not needed. we only
need something to extend our life a little bit, then a little bit more. This wouldn't be "radical" life extension. It would be what
Aubrey de Grey describes as "Longevity Escape Velocity".
Personally, the life extension projects are misguided as far as I'm concerned. As far as I can tell there are no compelling reasons
why humans need to live longer. Unless there is a clear evolutionary reason compelling us to live longer, such as long distance
space travel, I would be much more content with a lifespan that is predictable and comfortable, rather than
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Essay On Health And Social Care
In today's society social and educational programs and services plays a crucial role in improving health, enhancing the quality of
life, preventing disease and injury. These programs and services being fully designed to reach individuals outside of the traditional
health care settings. It is important these programs and services are within reach for diverse generations as well as the elderly. This
paper focus is on the programs and resources available, the importance of these programs and services, and the preventive
education the programs and services provide.
Programs
The Older American Act of 1965 is an act created to promote well–being for elderly adults. This organization offers programs such
as food and meals services, disease prevention, national family caregiver support, health promotions, and supportive services. The
Older Americans Act provides services that will help elderly individuals live independently in their homes and communities. The
Act gives power to the federal government to dispense out monies to the states for giving support to the older adults 60 and over.
The Office of Nutrition and Health ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The National Aging Network is regulated by the United States Administration on Aging. These organizations have different
resources to meet the needs of the increasing number of aging Americans in today's society. The resources are websites to check
their benefits find out about long term care planning, advance care planning. Additional information and tips about caregivers,
helpful links, Federal Websites, and that information they can search out by subject. The National Institute of Health is a resource
for finding out quality information. Another resourceful method for information is MedlinePlus is a medical library that has a
volume of quality
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Gerontological Nursing Essay
Aging is a normal part of life. In 2015, the elderly population has increased to 47.8 million and is expected to be 98 million in the
year of 2060 (Administration on Aging (AoA), Administration for Community Living, U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services, 2016). This will lead to a greater demand of gerontological nurses. Gerontological nursing is important to meet the health
needs of the elderly. The purpose of this post is to discuss the reasons why gerontological nursing is an under–served area of
practice and why we need more gerontological nurses.
The term "gerontological nurse" means that a registered nurse is specialized in taking care of the elderly to promote healthy aging
and a better quality of life. I think so few students ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The American Nurses Association standards describes the practice of nursing and the details associated with specialty nursing
practice (American Nurses Association, 2017). There is a relationship between A Profile of Older Americans: 2016 and American
Nurses Association standards and Scope of Practice Gerontological Nursing. A Profile of Older Americans: 2016 shows the changes
in demographics of the elderly which helps gerontological nurses tailor specific nursing interventions to improve rising issues of
the elderly. This connection helps provide a better quality of life for older Americans.
In conclusion, we need more gerontological nurses to take care of the increasing elderly population. Gerontological nursing is an
under–served area of practice and having a shortage of gerontological nurses can effect the care of the elderly. We need more
gerontological nurses to help promote healthy aging and a better quality of life for the population over 65 years old. Persuading
nursing students and increasing interest in this area of nursing may help with the shortage of gerontological
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Population Report Of Tasmania. Introduction . Population
Population Report of Tasmania
Introduction
Population is now being greatly realized as a principle element of regional or local economic development.(此处有reference)
Understanding the role that population play in a regional or local area is significant as well as effective to facilitate economic
growth and organize economic activities. This report is to collect and illustrate the data in relation to population of Tasmania
including but not limited to population pyramid, employment, transportation etc. Afterwards, a population projection for the year
2030 will be given to Tasmania, followed by identification of a series of planning implications and recommendations.
Status quo
Tasmania is currently the third smallest state in Australia ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Male residents approximately occupied 49% of the total population of Tasmania, compared with female residents accounting for
51% of total population. In contrast to Australia, Tasmania has a smaller proportion of population aged from 20 to 44, while it has a
larger proportion of elderly people. As seen from table 2, among population from pre–schooler (0–4) to parents and homebuilders
(35–49), only the secondary schooler (12–17) accounts for a slightly more percentage than it is for Australia, the rest is evidently
fewer compared to Australia. The proportion of population which is over 50 years old in Tasmania is much higher than it is in
Australia which means Tasmania is a state with a large number of aging people at present.
In terms of the economy of Tasmania, pillar industries like agriculture, aquaculture, forestry, mining, and tourism contribute a lot
for local economy (ABS, 2017). In terms of industry sector, shown as table 4, health care and social assistance (26,040 people or
12.0%) and retail trade (24,550 people or 11.3%) as well as public administration and safety (19,596 people or 9.0%) account for
three of the most important sectors which employed 32.3% of total Tasmanian employed population. In contrast to Australia,
Tasmania has a larger proportion of employed population working in the sector of agriculture, forestry and fishing (4.8% compared
to 2.5%) as well as public administration and safety (9.0% compared to
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The World Aging Population Is On The Rise
The worlds aging population is on the rise and has been for some time. It is estimated that by the year 2030 that there will be
"seventy million Americans over the age of 65" of that "fifteen million suffer from a mental disorder" of some kind (Gary S. Moak,
2011). This paper is intended to showcase the issue as it relates to policy as well as recommendations needed to curtail this ever
increasing issue. With the rise in medical expenses, the aging and elderly community suffers from inadequate health care (Gary S.
Moak, 2011). In an effort to alleviate this growing health issue, priority needs to be placed on key concepts such as "extensive
knowledge of the aging process", "proactive and anticipatory care", a practice structure with a multidisciplinary team", as well as, "
good communication skills", " and a clear sense of the patients values, goals and preferences" just to name a few (Cassel, 2009).
Mentally ill individuals are at a disadvantage from the onset of the disease. This is because they are often times not diagnosed at the
early stages. Older individuals are at a larger disadvantage due to the fact that they mostly live alone. According to the article titled
Researchers Tackle the Underdiagnosis and Undertreatment of Late–Life Depression by Kanapaux and Williams for the Psychiatric
times dated June 2004 "certain groups were less likely to receive treatment" for certain conditions. The article goes on to say that
these groups include but are
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Nursing Home Placement Essay
Starting in 2008, the Administration for Community Living (ACL), on behalf of the Department of Health and Human Services
(HHS) began a partnership with the Veteran's Health Administration to serve Veterans of all ages at risk of nursing home placement
through the Veterans Directed Home and Community Based Services (VD–HCBS) Program. ACL and VHA's long–range national
vision is to have a long–term service and supports system that is person–centered, consumer–directed and helps people at risk of
institutionalization to continue to live at home and be engaged in community life. The VHA will increase access to HCBS to serve
the growing demand of veterans who desire home care and prefer independence at home over living in a nursing facility. The
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Problem Of Aging Population
An aging population is a population with an increased median age due to an increase in life expectancy, accompanied by a decrease
in fertility rates. This phenomena is already occurring in other countries, and the United States is expected to undergo a similar
demographic shift. The population of citizens aged 65 and over is projected to double in the next few decades, from 43.1 million in
2012, to 83.7 million in 2050, and life expectancy is expected to rise at the same time (Ortman, Velkoff, Hogan, & others, 2014).
The most important consequence of this is an increase in the percentage of older people from 13% to 20%. An increase of these
amount while seemingly insignificant is going to pose a significant burden on the societal support systems set in place to help older
individuals. These burden while widespread across different departments, is poised to heavily impact a healthcare climate that is
already stretched to the brink. It is essential for adequate preparation to be made in form of public policies that plan for the future.
The three most important public policy issues facing the United States are reauthorizing the Older Americans Act, ensuring long–
term services and supports, and health coverage for older individuals. The Older Americans Act of 1965 was the first
comprehensive federal policy directed towards ensuring increased care for older citizens. It created the Administration on Aging
(AoA), National Eldercare Locator Service, National Family Caregiver
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Many Americans Prepare For Adulthood By Pursuing Careers,
Many Americans prepare for adulthood by pursuing careers, building families and investing in homes. However, very few of us
really think of old age and how it will impact our families. As stated by Greg Link in his journal, "The Administration for
Community Living: Programs and Initiatives Providing Family Caregiver Support", "for many older people, the ability to remain
living at home in the community is often contingent upon consistent support provided by a family caregiver" (Link, 2015, p. 57). In
essence, the authors point is that in order for older adults to live with dignity and age in place in their homes they require assistance
from another individual. Furthermore, care takers play an imperative role in the lives of aging adults. ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
In addition, as mentioned previously many of the caregivers become overwhelmed and overworked and for that reason the program
offers respite services. Some of the respite services can be found in the adult day care units of senior centers. Finally, the New York
Elder Care Support Program offers supplemental services to caregivers. To clarify supplemental services are services that help the
elder adult age in the home for example: transportation services, home modifications such as wheel chair ramps, bath chairs or
home delivered meals (Office for the Aging, 2016).
My observation of the services offered by the program is that is although they help the caretaker by assisting them in the care of the
older adult the program also benefits the elderly person because the caretaker is learning techniques and skills that will help them
better accommodate the aging adult also, the caretaker I would assume from the support being granted to them is better informed
and can make more conscious decisions on the aging persons behalf which again works in favor or the older person. As per the
respite services, it is my observation from interning at ARC XVI Fort Washington Senior Center that participants of the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The First Aging American's Act
Describe the purpose of the proposed legislation
In 1965 the first Aging American's Act was passed. This legislation was part of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society reform. In passing
this legislation nearly 50 years ago, the government created a new department the focused on the rights and needs of the gaining
population called the United States Administration on Aging. The original legislation was complete with seven titles. The articles
include Title I–the Declaration of Objectives for Older Americans; Title II–Establishment of Administration on aging; Title III–
Grants for state and community programs on aging; Title IV–Activities for health and independence, and longevity; Title V–
Community service senior opportunities act; Title VI–Grants ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
S1562 calls for increased reporting and provides education to services providers on how to recognize abuse, neglect, and
exploitation.
What does it do?
Title I of this legislation is important because it outlines what the bill is trying to accomplish. According the (House.gov, 2012), the
declaration of objectives for older Americans defines not only the legislations goal, but also key terms used throughout the
legislation. This is important also because it leaves little room for interpretation. Title II established the Administration on Aging,
and has defined the structure, positions, expectations, and financial aspects of the administration. Tittle II prevents misuse of funds,
and unclear roles of the government organization in it role to protect the interests of the aging population. Title III, Grants for state
and community programs on aging, is a significant part of the legislation because it secures the rights of the aging population to
remain as independent as possible and to provide adequate levels of care for those in need. Part one, Paragraph B defines the need
to remove the "individual and social barriers to economic and personal independence for older individuals" (House.gov 2012).
Furthermore, the legislation in this part, Paragraph D goes on to state that older
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Cognitive Disorders
1. The four major categories of cognitive disorders are: delirium which is an alteration in consciousness that manifest and
progresses over a relatively short span of time where people have a decreased cognizance of their surrounding environment;
dementia is an on–going atrophy of brain function that is pronounced by damage of memory, bewilderment and inability to focus;
amnesia marked by an indicative loss of memory, against no loss of other cognitive functions that appear in dementia; there is also
an inclusion of other cognitive disorders not particularly specified that may otherwise not be categorized properly on their own. A
broad assortment of factors may lead to cognitive disorders, that could also encompass other general medical conditions such as
brain infections or head injuries.
Cognitive disorders are normally assessed after physical and neurological inspection. Examples of these tests would be imaging
exams, blood screening, liver function tests and thyroid analysis. Treatment options vary and depend on what kind of condition
appears. Delirium for instance is normally treated adequately through analysis of the underlying cause, the prognosis however, is
not as positive for patients suffering from dementia or amnesia. Common mental disorders such as depression, affect cognitive
functions, through the process of memory as well perception and problem solving. As mentioned for the fourth category, other
cognitive disorders make up this section. Berkman &
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Elder Abuse Research Paper
Elder abuse has been prevalent in society for quite some time. Nevertheless, the issue has been withheld and under reported by
society as a whole. In some cases people find it difficult to comprehend the severity of this issue except if he or she had faced it in
his or her life. Elder abuse should be reported to a health care provider or other appropriate authorities if mistreatment of the elder
is at all in question. In countless instances, individuals who are conscious to the abuse of elders may not report it to health care
providers or the criminal justice system for numerous reasons (e.g. fear of retaliation). Also, elders are reluctant to report their own
abuse in fear of losing their caregiver or getting themselves into legal disputes. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
According to the Administration on Aging "elder abuse is a term concerning intentional, or negligent acts by a caregiver or any
other person that causes harm or a serious risk of harm to a vulnerable adult." Physical abuse consists of any physical behavior
concerning an elder that is aggressive towards that person (e.g. assault, battery, unsuitable restraint). Another familiar type of elder
abuse is emotional/psychological abuse. Emotional/psychological abuse includes verbal or nonverbal actions that are considered
violent and are directed toward another individual. According to Administration on Aging, emotional/psychological abuse consists
of "inflicting mental pain, anguish, or distress on an elder person through verbal or nonverbal acts (e.g. humiliating, intimidating or
threatening)." Furthermore sexual abuse of an elder is also a common form of elder abuse. Particularly, sexual abuse is any "non–
consensual sexual contact of any kind," (Administration on Aging). Basically, sexual abuse is the violation or exploitation of
another individual in a sexual manner. Additionally, an elder can also be a victim or financial abuse/exploitation. The type of abuse
consists of "the illegal taking, misuse, or concealment of funds, property, or assets of an elder for someone else's benefit,"
(Administration on Aging). According to the National Institute of Justice (2013), financially exploited elderly people suffered
numerous incidents of financial crimes and misdeeds, comprising theft, fraud and misuse of their assets. In many cases these elders
did not have someone with whom they can consult or who will supervise their financial pursuits (National Institute of Justice,
2013). Lastly, elder abuse also consists of neglect. Neglect is considered "the failure by caregivers to provide food, shelter, health
care, or protection for the elder in their care," (Administration on Aging). Basically, a caregiver fails to meet the
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Ethical And Legal Issues
The Issue
The concept of autonomy spans both ethical and legal issues as it pertains to the aging population. This paper will focus on the
ethical perspective of trying to keep a balance between allowing an aging (65+) person to maintain their autonomy when making
rational and intelligent life choices while at the same time assisting them from making bad choices that might harm them
emotionally, financial, spiritually or even physically in some instances. Autonomy comes from the Greek word for "self rule," and
defines a person's ability or capacity to make choices based on their personal beliefs and values. Unless decision–making capacity
is taken away from a person through legal measures, all adults are presumed to have capacity to ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
As unique as we are throughout our lifetimes, we are just as unique in how we age. Seniors today who are 65–plus have a greater
opportunity of living another thirty or more years, and while some are not healthy in body and/or mind, a great many are living full
and active lives. It is usually the family and friends who will be the first to observe if someone is failing in ADL's (Activities of
Daily
2
Living), and to what degree the person may need help making daily choices. People need to feel empowered in their lives in order
to feel satisfaction and continue to have a purpose. Of prime importance in someone's life is the feeling that they make a difference
and that their thoughts and deeds matter.
Contrasting Views
While there are several components to the concept of autonomy, this paper will compare and contrast the elements pertaining to
autonomy within the healthcare and legal system. When President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Older Americans Act (OAA) in
1965, the same year of the creation of Medicare, the OAA created the Administration on Aging (AOA), a division within the
Department of Health and Human Services which funds community service programs for the elderly, as well as provides funding
and administration for research projects in the field of aging. Amendments in 1972 to the OAA added the "National Nutrition
Program" for elders. In 2000, the OAA was amended once again,
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Aging Out Research Paper
Introduction and Definition of Foster Children Aging Out
"The term 'aging out' refers to children within a state's foster care system who are still in the system upon reaching the age of
majority or when they have graduated from high school" (Craft, 2017, Aging Out). Many of these children "have not found
permanency with an adoptive family ... or they have not been able to return to their biological parents" (Craft, 2017, Aging Out). A
child typically ages out at 18 years, "but some states have extended services beyond this age because so many young adults are just
not ready to be thrust out into the world on their own at such a young age" (Craft, 2017, Aging Out). If a foster parent chooses to
continue parenting the foster child once they have aged out of the system, they are able to as long as the foster youth is okay with
this. If an individual continues fostering a child, they will no longer receive money from the state. "Foster care is intended to be a
temporary, safe living arrangement for children whose parents for some reason cannot adequately care for them. The ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
While I was never within the foster system, four of my siblings were. In 2016 my foster sister aged out of the foster system. She
was one of the lucky ones. The family she was living with wanted to continue housing her and being part of her family despite the
fact that they were not going to adopt her. She was within the foster system for about four years and then she was considered to
have "aged out." The family she is living with fought for her after she was no longer within the system. They were able to extend
her foster care until she turns 21. Her foster parents are still in her life and will be at least until she turns 21. Before this placement,
she was terrified of what was going to happen once she reached the age of 18. She did not like the foster family she was living with
and believed that they would kick her out once she turned
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Nurse Staffing Crisis
Your post brought out some great ideas about the nurse staffing crisis. As you stated, with the aging of the 'baby boomers' the
demand for nurses is expected to only rise. Adding an interesting element is the fact that not only are patients aging, nurses are also
aging. Per Auerbach, Buerhaus, and Staiger (2015), 40% of working nurses today are over the age of 40. In the next 20 years, this
generation of nurses will be retiring and there will be an ever–rising demand for a new generation of nurses. Pondering the question
of ways to counteract the nursing shortage crisis, my opinion may vary from others. Perhaps the key to the nursing crisis simply
involves the utilization of nurses who hold a simpler nursing license and allowing them to preform
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Human Growth Hormone Essay
Human Growth Hormone
Human growth hormone, a substance produced in the human body, is now being sold over the Internet. Companies are marketing
the product as an anti–aging product. At the web–site, http://www.awakenhgh.com, the company claims that there is a possibility
that one can "stop the aging process." On the home page, they claim that the product can reduce fat and cellulite, increase energy
and muscle tone, elevate mood, improve sexual performance and sleep, remove wrinkles, balance cholesterol, re–grow and re–color
hair, and more. The product is a dietary oral spray that they claim contains a product that is "identical to the growth hormone
manufactured in the human body" and is designed for oral consumption. They also ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In addition, they claim that their product will result in the elimination of panic attacks, a reversal of the aging process, and rapid
healing of wounds and broken bones. The presentation of scientific information before the sales pitch seemingly increases the
credibility of the company with the customer. They quote Dr. William Regelson, who uses hormone therapy in his work, as saying,
"it has some amazing powers, but its benefits must be carefully weighed against its costs and potential side effects." He also states
that a product may eventually be available that provides all the benefits, but has no side–effects, which is now available through
"Health and Energy." They also have a disclaimer that the FDA does not approve the information they provide about the product.
These web–sites are all created by companies trying to sell something. They are not going to provide any medical research that
does not support their product claims to sell their product. This is why it is important to review scientific data when thinking about
starting a new, possibly controversial, dietary supplement. Researchers and doctors are much more biased when examining a
product than a group that has a stake in the possible positive or negative results. The purpose of research is to inform the public, not
sell
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Disparity Of African Americans
I plan to discuss Older African Americans and the disparity of the quality of care in nursing homes. In 2008, 3.2 older African
Americans lived in the United States, making up 8.3% of the older population. (Administration on Aging) This number is expected
to grow to 9.9 million by the year 2050, making African Americans account for 11% of the population. 50% of Black Elderly lived
in 8 states, which were New York, Florida, California, Texas, Georgia, North Carolina, Illinois, and Virginia. (Administration on
Aging) 12% of older African Americans had a bachelors degree or higher. (Administration on Aging) Also in 2008, over 12% of
Black older persons had a bachelor's degree or higher. (Administration on Aging) In 2008, 30% of older black men ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
A method to solve the socioeconomic issue, newer long–term facilities with great qualities, adequate staffing could be opened. The
facilities could seek funds from the state, and from local donations such as churches, in an effort to open a long–term care facility
with high quality but with lower costs. For nursing homes who refuse to admit older African Americans based on their chronic
illness, people could begin to sue the nursing homes for discrimination and maybe that would stop the discrimination in admitting
older African Americans to higher quality care facilities. Another method to lower and stop racial discrimination older African
Americans face in nursing homes is to maybe have a black owned, and all black staff so that there wouldn't be any point for racial
discrimination to occur. For older African Americans who simply opt to check in to nursing homes with lower quality, there isn't
much one can do to change that except talk to them and make them aware that there are other alternatives in seeking long–term care
facilities with higher quality. People could also call on policymakers to make a difference and call for uniform quality in all nursing
homes. In rectifying the disparity, it would not be an easy task, but if the unequal treatment of African Americans in nursing homes
is brought to America's attention, I do agree that barriers of racial bias would have to be eliminated. (Popoola,
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Roles For Long-Term Care
I conducted interviews with individuals from the Department of Health and Human services that focused on the aging population,
vulnerable adults and their residency in long term care facilities. The DHS has different branches that cater to the needs of older
adults as well as regulations and laws aimed at protecting residents in long–term care facilities. The regulations include, the Adult
protection statute, and general statutory guidelines for home and community–based services under Medicaid. Minnesota and the
federal government share responsibility for enforcing the "Nursing Facility Bill of Rights" which explains the rights afforded to
residents of nursing facilities. One of the interviewees explained the responsibilities of the ... Show more content on
Helpwriting.net ...
The interviewee also stated that the DHS works with the legislative branch, providing policy and fiscal analysis, as well as statutory
and regulatory support for legislation that legislators propose or seek to change. They work with the legislature to ensure laws and
statutes are beneficial for older adults in our programs and facilities. Through the interview, I learned that the DHS pays for
Transportation, doctors visit, meals, nursing home, home care of older adults, if they are eligible. Some aging adults depend on
meals provided to them which are funded by the government like meals on wheels for nutrition. Recently, the Trump administration
proposed a budget cut for the community development block grant, which is a program that provides funds for community
development including meals on wheels. 50,000 Minnesota older Adults rely on meals on wheels for their daily nutrition. Meals on
wheels allows older and disabled adults to remain in their homes and still get food every day, but this might be in jeopardy because
of the new proposal by the trump administration. Furthermore, the trump administration is planning on decreasing the budget of the
Department of Human Services, which funds the Meals on Wheels program. This reduction will increase the impact on senior
citizens that rely on meals on the wheels for their daily food. I was informed that the DHS partners with advisory
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Diversity Worksheet
Appendix I
Aging and Disability Worksheet
University of Phoenix
ETH/125
Rob Fralick
February 23, 2014
Associate Program Material
Aging and Disability Worksheet
Part I
Identify 2 or 3 issues faced by the aging population.
1 Health
2 Income
3 Lonliness
Answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
What is ageism? How does ageism influence the presence of diversity in society?
Ageism is prejudice and discrimination against older adults. (Schaefer, 2012) It is a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used
to justify age based prejudice, discrimination, and subordination. This may be casual or systematic. The term was coined in 1969 by
... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The information in this section of the AoA website brings together a wide variety of statistical information about this growing
population. (Aging, 2013)
What types of legislation may or may not be affected by the aging population?
The two types of legislation that may or may not affect the aging population in the United States are; The Patient Protection and
Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act of 2010 respectively. Population
aging may affect financial markets if individuals tend to amass assets during their working years and spend them during retirement.
When there is a large cohort such as the baby boom, there may be more demand than usual for corporate stock and other assets
while the cohort saves for retirement. This demand for corporate stock and other assets may abate after the cohort retires.
(tonihansberry, 2012)
How does poverty affect the aging population?
Aging Americans, like other age groups, are feeling the effects of the declining real estate and stock markets, as well as soaring fuel
and food prices. Seniors' economic security will only increase in importance as the U.S. population ages. The nation's health and
social services resources will face unprecedented demand as 75 million people in the baby boomer generation reach retirement age–
some with eroded savings and retirement accounts. Aging people of color are more likely than white
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Ethical Health Care Issues

  • 1. Ethical Health Care Issues Dementia and Ethical Issues HCS–545 April 09, 2012 Cheryl Bly Dementia Ethical Issues Growing old and losing the ability to function independently is inevitable. Aging is a part of life. As adults grow old, they need increased assistance with daily living skills. The elderly may need assistance with finances, cooking, washing clothes, and cleaning. However, many Americans are not only aging but also acquiring dementia. In a recent study from the funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH), revealed that approximately 3.8 million people in the United States have some type of dementia National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2001). Dementia affects the ability to cognitively function ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This principle is based on idea of the idea of goodness as a benefit. The third principle is to cause no harm and the fourth principle justice. Justice is based on the idea to act fairly (Morrison, 2011). Analyze In this case, we will analyze the important questions of intubation of patients with dementia by applying the four ethical principles. The first principle is autonomy which is the right to chose and made decisions (Morrison, 2011). Patients with dementia are non–autonomy have lost their ability to made decisions for themselves during the last stages of the lives. It is important to make decisions following the patient's wishes. The patients may have stated how he would have liked to live under these circumstances or should be made by a person that he would want. That leads to the next two principles benefiance and non–malefiance. Both of these protect the patients by assuring that the patient is not harmed and only good is produced by the outcome (Morrison, 2011). Benefiance involves the benefit of a treatment. Non– maleficence involves avoiding harm. The benefit of the treatment should outshine the harm that may be caused. We will have to analyze of the placement of the feeding tube will harm the patients or cause pain. The last principle is justice. Justice is a very important principle because it justifies the actions and helps with the decision making process by assuring acts of fairness. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Other : Organizational Cultural Activities Other: Organizational cultural activities: The program recognizes the need for to ensure that all messaging is culturally–appropriate by involving target audiences in the translation (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 11). Other: Incentives and disincentives: Incentives exist for older individuals to participate in the Falls Free program and receive insurance incentives (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 30). Furthermore, provider incentives exist for promotion of the program within the context of coding, compensation and reimbursement (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 13). Financial incentives exist for providers to adopt information technology systems for medical management to reduce falls (p.17). In reference to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Home risk assessment tools are available via web based that can be used by consumers, providers, caregivers to assess the need for home modification in order to promote better home safety for the aging adult (Cameron et al, 2015, p. 21). Criterion IV: Program Oversight Results–based accountability framework: There is not a results–based accountability framework. This is a significant deficiency to the program, although stated in the Falls Free 2015 National Action Plan, the plan is leveraged on past data and progress, and it is not clear how the goals and objectives are formulated or based off of. Evidence is not provided to show whether results–based accountability framework is drives future program growth. Published budget: A budget is publically published on the National Council for Aging website. The budget includes the aging program funding. Specifically the actual spending for fiscal year 2015 and 2016 is outline for each program. Five million dollars was spent in fall prevention in the elderly. The administration requested ten million dollars for the fiscal year 2017 from the Prevention and Public Health Fund allocated by Congress (Federal Budget – FY17 Aging Program Funding Table, Rep, n.d.). However, the day–to–day operations, salaries, and program's individual budgets could not be located. Appropriate use of funds: The funding received primarily from the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. The Obama Administration: A Case Study The Obama administration has attempted to tackle many healthcare issues over the years through the Affordable Care Act (ACA), with focal points such as Medicare, Medicaid, the aging population and long–term care. Recent announcements from the Obama Administration include modernizing federal rules that affect long–term care and healthy aging by updating the quality and safety requirements for thousands of nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities, suggesting better quality of life, enhance person– centered care and services in long–term care facilities, and bring regulatory requirements closer with regards to professional standards (The White House, 2015). These recommendations align with my position in terms of adequate education, training, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. Home Health Care Policy Summary The Home Health Care Planning Improvement Act of 2015 (H.R. 1342 & S. 578) would allow advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), including clinical nurse specialists, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners to be able to order home health care services under Medicare. (Senators Collins & Schumer, 2015) Many of the elderly live in urban or rural areas that do not always have access to physicians. This act would make it easier for them to receive care and treatment they need because the APRNs would be able to sign care plans and patients would receive their care and prescriptions faster without having to wait for a doctor's approval or signature. This act is basically an amendment to Title XVIII (Medicare) of the Social Security Act. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... So many of the elderly have multiple chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and arthritis and these comorbidities sometimes can increase the risk for falls in this population. Health screening services will include falls prevention screening and behavioral health screening. Other health screening services will include screening for neglect, elder abuse, and exploitation. The Administration will also provide technical help to and share best practices with states, area agencies, and ADRCs on how to collaborate and coordinate services with health care entities to better the care for individuals with multiple chronic illnesses (S. 192). The original Older Americans Act had expired almost five years before the reauthorization was introduced to Congress in January of 2015 and became a law in April of 2016. The passing was a unanimous bipartisan decision. The elderly population is growing at a high rate because people are taking better care of themselves and are thus living longer. This reauthorization is invaluable to the health and livelihood of the elderly in the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. Florida State Prison Risk Analysis The administrative goal of any correctional facility is to ensure the safety and security of the facility, staff, and inmates. Inmates that possess certain characteristics that require additional or different care than others are often called a special offender population. The label of special offender population can relate to mental health capacity, gang affiliation, age, or gender identity disorder. Each of these populations of inmates require the correctional administration and officers to consider alternative forms of risk assessment at intake, alternative treatment and control, and possible alternatives to punishment. If not addressed properly, the administration and facility risk expensive litigation being brought against them for ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... There is not a plethora of research on the transgender inmate population. Brown and McDuffie (2009) report 750 transgender prisoners were in custody in 2007. The only reason this population is last on the list of importance is because of the limited population. Transgender inmate population pose one of the most challenging legal questions to the DOC. How far does the DOC have to go in providing medical, psychiatric, or surgical needs to those inmates who enter the correctional facility as transgender (Brown & McDuffie, 2009). There has been some successful litigation that has addressed these issues with inmates who have been diagnosed with gender identity disorders (GID). Brown and McDuffie (2009), suggest California has some of the most "comprehensive directive" that allows inmates to continue or initiate "cross–sex hormones for appropriately diagnosed inmates" (p.288). Ultimately, the transgender population pose a real threat to the correctional environment, such as, safety issues and predatory behavior by other inmates. One area of concern for transgender inmate population, because it is such a relatively new population, there are not a lot of facilities medically equipped to care for them properly (Brown & McDuffie, 2009), a lot like the elderly inmate population. This population is as equally at risk of being violated as any of the other special ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. Elder Abuse Research Paper Where to Go for Help National Center on Elder Abuse(NCEA) The NCEA is a resource for public and private agencies, professionals, service providers, and individuals interested in elder abuse prevention information, training, technical assistance, and research. 1–855–500–3537 www.ncea.aoa.gov Adult Protective Services Adult Protective Services (APS), present in all 50 states, is designated to receive and investigate allegations of elder abuse and neglect. Each state has a primary agency that houses APS. It may be the Area Agency on Aging, the Division of Aging, the Department of Aging, or the Department of Social Services. www.napsa–now.org Area Agencies on Aging Area Agencies on Aging (AAAs) provide support for older adults, their families, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Food Insecurity Issues Even though payments from Social Security and Supplemental Security Income have played a critical part in an attempt to increase economic security among older adults, poverty still remains on the rise for this population. Many still live on limited incomes and have the modest savings. In 2013, 50% of people in Medicare possessed incomes of less than $23,000 which corresponds to 200% of poverty in 2015 (Cubanski et. al, 2015). Today, over 25 million people ages 60 or more are economically insecure living at or below 250% of the federal poverty level (FPL) (National Council on Aging, 2016). As a result, these individuals struggle with increasing housing and health care bills, lack of nutrition, inadequate access to transportation, and job ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In 2014, approximately 5.7 million people over the age of 60 were food insecure which comprises 9% of the entire senior population. This number is projected to increase by 50% by the time the youngest of the Baby Boom Generation reaches age 60 in 2025. It has been proven that food insecure seniors are at an increased risk for chronic health conditions where 60% of the aging population experience depression, 53% report a heart attack, 52% develop asthma, and 40% report a congestive health failure (Feeding America, 2016). Recognizably, for seniors in poverty, protecting themselves from food insecurity and hunger is a lot more difficult than the general population. For instance, researchers conducted a study that focused on the experience of food insecurity among the elderly population. They took a sample of 46 elderly households from three large cities in upstate New York utilizing purposive sampling. Older adults were recruited via subsidized housing programs, churches, congregated and home–delivered meals programs, and a Latino community worker. The elders varied by age, sex food programs used, spousal status, and mobility. The final sample comprised of 25 Latino older adults living in one large city, 28 non–Latino elders residing in two large cities. They found that most of the time, food insecure older adults did not have the means to afford the right foods for health and they did not have the capability to prepare food (Wolfe et. al, 2003). To slowly combat the issue of this insecurity, Title III Grants to State Formula of the 2016 OAA Reauthorization Act accounts for geographic changes in the older population. The bill regulates the formula for the Title III supportive services, assemble meals, home–delivered meals as well as preventive service programs. The formula ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. Why The United States Has Only Two Major Political Parties Final Exam Essays Essay Prompt 1: Discuss why the United States has only two major political parties. The United States government is commonly referred to as a "Duopoly", which means that there are two established political parties, Democratic and Republic, and that these two parties share the vast majority of the political power in the country. This is because the United States follows a winner–takes–all voting system, utilizing a "single–member district plurality". The "single–member district" portion means that for each geographic area or district, there is only one elected official, and the "plurality" portion means that in United States elections, the representative or politician who receives the most number of votes, wins the given election, even if it's less than half the percentage of votes. According to Duverger's law, a Political Science principle, plurality voting procedures correlationally support the emergence of only two political parties, in contrast to a multiparty democracy. This is largely because there have only been two parties for so long, and these two parties have made it such a point to make their separation of ideals and beliefs blatant, so the vast majority of the voters have for the most part picked a definitive "side", so to speak, and have registered as a member of the corresponding political party, that caters the most to their individual ideals. Because of this, it has made it very hard for any smaller parties to gain enough support to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. A Career In Long Term Care Administration As a recent graduate from the Health Care Administration and Planning (HCAP) program at Tennessee State University my desire for Health Care Administration has grown tremendously. My passion has always been Long Term Care, from observing family members being admitted into a facility with high abuse rates, sitting with the elderly at a young age, to completing an internship at National Healthcare Corporation (NHC) during the summer of 2016 under the Regional Director, Mr. Tim Shelly. I have always had a love for the aging population and wanted to work in an environment that believed in producing the best quality of care for the aging population. I will pursue a career in Long Term Care Administration because it is essential that facilities ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. American Society Of Today Strongly Values Chapter One Introduction The American society of today strongly values and caters to Generation X with advertising, product development and societal norms perpetuating the idea and values of a youthful society; however, a revolution may be around the corner. Just as the baby boomers "caused a social revolution in the late '60s" (Barr, 1999, par. 2), they may cause a millennium social revolution that embraces aging and generates changes in geriatric services. Baby boomers account for a significant number of our population. During the post World War II era, sociologists noted a significant rise in "number and rate of births to women aged 15–44" (Morgan, 1998, p. 10) from 1946 until 1964. Baby boomers are now reaching ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... 3). The impact of the baby boom demographic group has the potential to revolutionize not only our culture, but the structure of the services provided by healthcare professionals. As the baby–boomers reach their mid 50s and 60s, meeting their needs may tax already overburdened healthcare systems, counselors, gerontologists, and service providers. Healthcare professionals and the institutions educating those professionals will need to reevaluate current services and programs to meet the demands of an elderly society. Educational programs of service providers, including counseling, should train the doctors, counselors, social workers of tomorrow to deal with the special needs of elderly clients. In the article Competencies, Credentialing, and Standards for Gerontological Counselors: Implications for Counselor Education, Myers (1992) suggested that with such a shift in demographics, it is conceivable that "all counselors, regardless of work setting, will encounter older persons or families of older persons among their clientele" (par. 2). Proper training by educational institutions will greatly effect and determine the quality of care the elderly will receive. Statement of the Problem The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of an aging society on counselors ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. Pros And Cons Of Juuvederm Juvederm Well apparently as we get older the skin also gets older! Wrinkles start to form on the skin and with time they get deeper, but no one really loves wrinkles and everyone wishes to remain young. Unfortunately that cannot be the case, as we get older the body's collagen production reduces which leads to increased wrinkles which then lowers the skins suppleness. To maintain the skin's elasticity and minimize wrinkles due to aging, dermatologists normally inject patients with collagen. Most of the collagen supplements are however from fish and this has its pros and cons. For starters, before one gets collagen filler, tests have to be done to ensure zero allergic reaction to the skin. Due to this a new type of dermal filler has been introduced, juvederm. Juvederm is FDA–approved filler guaranteed to restore the skins moisture and suppleness for a year even deep wrinkles, reduce acne scars and reduce under eye hollows. The major component is hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid This a major component of the tissues that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... A sample of people were selected and given a juvederm injection one of the nasolabial fold and followed for around 20 weeks. The same sample was injected with a bovine based collagen on the opposite nasolabial fold and followed for 20 weeks also. Juvederm Injection site reactions for all the patients were similar and lasted for a week. Swelling occurred in 80% of the patients, bruising in 60% and itching in 35%. The patients who maintained improvement with Juvederm at 4 weeks was 90% compared to the 40% with the bovine based collagen. The patients at the end of study showed a 90% preference to juvederm compared to a 10% preference to bovine based collagen. Out of the selected sample, 70% went back for the juvederm injections after 36 weeks, and 75% of the patients showed an improvement prior to administration of the juvederm dermal ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. Nursing Home Care Essay Individuals in lower socioeconomic (SES) groups are at a higher risk to experience disability and cognitive impairment at an earlier age, which makes this group in need for nursing home care (Berthelot, Derksen, Finlayson, & Mustard, 1999). Unfortunately, from a 2011 statistics, the average cost of nursing home care is $85,775, but these varies by state (Berger, 2014). Medicaid provides the money for individuals to receiving nursing home care, but not all nursing homes accept medicaid programs (Dickey, n.d.), Nursing homes that accept medicaid programs are subject to government inspections (Dickey, n.d.). Furthermore, to receive medicaid for nursing home care, individuals must prove that is "medically necessary," and this decision varies by state (Dickey, n.d.). Higher quality (non–profit) nursing homes are usually funded by religious organizations (Berger, 2014). Other sources of funding are from Medicare (not for long term care), Medicaid, and also Veterans Administration Aid and Attendance (for veterans) (Mullin, 2013). Elderly abuse can occur if the caregivers who are under stress, have emotional and financial problems (Berger, 2014). Also, if the care receiver is frail and demanding, they are more likely to experience abuse (Berger, 2014). If these caregivers are in low SES groups, they are more vulnerable to experience ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... I think the younger population is more concerned with issues that are current to them, so future planning is difficult. For example, most young adult are worried about making enough money to sustain their life currently, rather than thinking about saving for their elder care. College students are more worried about student loans, adults are worried about sustaining their life and providing for their children (if they have children). By the time people age and need nursing home care, it is too late to start saving for their ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. Obesity Is A National Issue For Older Adults And Young... In today's society malnutrition has always been an issue for older adults and young individuals. There has been studies that have stated that older adults among young people are the most susceptible to having poor eating habits. Malnutrition alongside obesity is a national issue. There have been many programs that have been put in place to solve this issues. There are many programs that are created in order to provide assistance for older adult's health and safe (Nutrition and Aging, 2016). Kowlessar, Robinson and Schur (2015) stated that, the Administration of Community of Living alongside the Aging Services Network has always made it their goal to help older adults who need help to stay within their homes safely and also in the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... According to, the Administration on Aging (2016) (AoA) there are many programs that have been created in order to make sure the wellness of older adults is well taken care of. The main goal of the OAA Nutrition Program is to ensure that there is reduction in hunger and to ensure that an individual is never in the need of food. The program helps to promote a social aspect for older adults. Alongside promoting a quality of life for older adults to ensure that their health and well–being is well taken care of. It helps to deferral opposing health conditions that are commonly found in older adults. The programs are approved under the Tittle IIIC of the Older Americans Act. The purpose of the guidelines is to provide older adults with healthy meals, education about going eating habits and nutritional advice, and lastly to provide counseling service for older adults. The programs are aimed for older adults that aged 60 or older that have more issues with social or economic needs. The program targets to help individuals that are of lower income status, minority older typical are the majority population that these programs are aimed toward. Many individuals from rural communities are usually the ones that use this service provided. Older adults who speaks little English are typically one's that seek these programs and lastly older adults who ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26.
  • 27. Essay On Regulatory Agencies Regulatory Agency Paper University of Phoenix HCS 430 Legal Issues in Healthcare: Regulation and Compliance June 8, 2008 The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) is one of the many agencies that handle an array of healthcare departments as well as research. The DHHS caters to citizens of all nationalities, race, and ethnicities. The DHHS focus is to protect the health of all Americans and providing the highest level of human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves. The Public Health Service is divided into 42 subdivisions (Department of Health and Human Services, 2007). This paper will give highlights of the history of the DHHS, the source and scope of authority, how the day–to–day ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Department of Health and Human Services, 2006). Structure The DHHS is structured by department and specialties where day–to–day operations and responsibilities cover an enormous amount of activities. This includes, health and social science research, preventing disease, including immunization services, assuring food and drug safety, Medicare (health insurance for elderly and disabled Americans) and Medicaid (health insurance for low–income people), health information technology, financial assistance and services for low–income families, improving maternal and infant health, head Start (pre–school education and services), faith–based and community initiatives, preventing child abuse and domestic violence, substance abuse treatment and prevention, services for older Americans, including home–delivered meals, comprehensive health services for Native Americans, and medical preparedness for emergencies, and potential terrorism (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008). Day–to–day responsibilities The day–to–day operations of the DHHS has a breakdown by departments, which supports research on disease and health concerns through the National Institute of Health, which protects consumers from adulterated or untested foods and drugs through the Food and Drug Administration that implements public health measures and monitors the spread of infectious diseases through the Centers for Disease Control and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. BSHA Program Analysis What are your overall impressions of the BSHA program? I found the program to be well rounded in the health care field and I am happy that I chose to continue with this program as an entry into the health administration field. This program has given me more opportunity to prepare an entrance into a professional environment of being of service in various health facilities and agencies, clinics and hospitals. The responsibility of the health administrator will encompass a wide variety of duties including but not limited to administrative, medical, legal and ethical requirements and brilliantly combines the overall knowledge of the business administration and the health care system. What did you like the most about this program? The program touched on many different topics from the study connected with those who are afflicted with mental retardation. I enjoyed learning about the intricacies involved in our aging ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... More in the medical billing realm, studies covered medical terminology and electronic records. A brief over view on coding would make a complete program of how medical bills get paid. One of the time wasters for me was Algebra I and Algebra II. Not only was it a waste of time (for me) but I am certain the only reason I passed them was staying up until 2 am working on problems. After reviewing the outcomes listed above, do you feel the program prepared you to meet these outcomes? If not, which ones do you feel you did not meet? The world is in great need of health care administrators and other members of their staff. Health care in our country is vital to its citizens, because a person cannot work well when they are ill. If they do not work, that will affect the economy both at home and the money available to be spent on food, medicine, etc. Due to our Baby Boomers and other elderly residents, the employment in this area will grow continuously because our aging population will be in need of more care as they ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30.
  • 31. Administration On Aging The perception for older people is that they are fine. They can do this or that. But we worry that they can't in fact do this or that...that they might hurt themselves or even get lost in the case of dementia. Our parents are stubborn and proud in most cases and would not ask for help and if you offer, they would not welcome it. The responsibility lies first with the "spouse" and children of the elderly parents as caretakers when they get too ill or too old to take care of themselves (Facts about caregivers...). When we are too busy or working and can't get time off, we are most likely to ask a neighbor or a friend to help. All this puts a burden and stress on families. Most times, our elderly parents can't live alone so we welcome them into our homes. This forces you to re–arrange things and invade spaces. This needs for us to be realistic about things and expectations and work with the whole family and other relatives as a caring team. The fact remains that most of us can't afford professional help to take care ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Administration on Aging (AOA) in 2000, states that most elderly Americans who are too ill or frail to take care of themselves rely on families and their friends to provide help (AOA). This makes it necessary for policy makers to start looking at providing ways of helping our families who are taking care of their ill and frail elderly parents. This necessary task of caring for your elderly parents puts an extra burden on the caregivers. The time lost from doing other things and working means income is lost. A lot of families also see an increased illness, depression and compassion fatigue related to caring for elderly parents. The AOA reports states the average caregiver is female, with her own family and also working. Time taken from work and income is lost and no replaced since the caregivers are not paid. Politicians and policymakers need to think about this lose to the economy and set up ways of paying the caregivers ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32.
  • 33. Aging And The Healthcare System Aging and Healthcare System in America Meron Biriye GERO 302 6981 Dr. Elaine Nailler March 8, 2015 Aging and Healthcare System in America What is Aging? It is not easy to come up with a working definition of aging; different academics around the world defined 'aging' from different perspectives. Based on the collected information I have, I define aging –a multidimensional process of physiological, mental and social changes that occurred over the course of life. Though it is beyond human control, aging experiences may vary between individuals. "In the developed world, chronological time plays a paramount role. The age of 60 or 65, roughly equivalent to retirement ages in most developed countries is said to be the beginning of old age. In many parts of the developing world, chronological time has little or no importance in the meaning of old age. Other socially constructed meanings of age are more significant such as the roles assigned to older people; in some cases it is the loss of roles accompanying physical decline which is significant in defining old age. Thus, in contrast to the chronological milestones which mark life stages in the developed world, old age in many developing countries is seen to begin at the point when active contribution is no longer possible." (Gorman, 2000) Aging Myth and Reality Obviously, there are some inevitable biological and psychological changes that occur with aging, and because of those changes, older adult may face some ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34.
  • 35. Evolution of Programs and Services for Aging Populations... Evolution of Programs and Services for Aging Populations Over the Last Fifty Years The objective of this study is to examine the evolution of programs and services for aging population over the last fifty years. Toward this end, this brief study will conduct a review of literature that addresses these shifts and changes in policy. The timeline of the history of the services and pogroms for the aging population in the United States is shown in the following timeline and an explanation for these develops will next follow the timeline. Timeline for Evolution of Programs and Services for Aging Population (Last 50 Years) 1935 Social Security Act/Old Age Survivors Insurance 1950 National Conferences on Aging 1952 First Federal Social Services Programs Funded 1956 Special Staff on Aging Created 1961 Federal Council on Aging Created & First White House Conference on Aging 1965 Older American Act 1972 National Nutrition Program 2006 – Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Program became effective 2010 – Affordable Care Act was implemented 2011 – First of the baby boomers in America turned 65. 2011– Enactment of the Community Living Assistance and Supports (CLASS) program Description of Programs and Services In 1935 the Social Security Act was established to provide Old Age Assistance and Old Age Survivors Insurance and in 1950, then President Truman, held the first of all National Conferences on Aging and the first federal social service programs were funded for the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36.
  • 37. Nursing Home Neglect Research Paper Sometimes, elderly people, or those with disabilities, require round–the–clock care or treatment that their family members cannot provide. As such, their loved ones may make the difficult decision to move them into a nursing home or long–term facility. In doing so, most people believe that their family members will receive the compassionate care they need and deserve. Unfortunately, nursing home residents are often the victims of abuse or neglect at the hands of those who are meant to provide their care. By taking certain steps, however, people in Illinois, and elsewhere, may be able to protect their loved ones from nursing home neglect and abuse. What is nursing home abuse? When most people think of nursing home abuse, it is physical violence ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38.
  • 39. Outline Of The Policy On The Aging Population ELDER ABUSE Jennifer Stastny Final Policy Issue Paper May 14, 2015 ABSTRACT Policy changes are needed in order to provide senior citizens with a safe, quality living environment free from abuse. Changes at federal, state, and local governments are needed to provide the best possible support and series to the aging population. With the significant increase of older Americans their likelihood of being taken advantage of and mistreated has risen a great amount. This vulnerable population does not deserve this kind of treatment. We need to be doing whatever it takes to provide these people with quality health care to ensure safety and good quality of life. This means increasing funding, continuing education for providers and other related professions, harsher punishments for violators, and strict laws requiring background checks and health assessments before being allowed to care for an elderly person. The aging population is at high risk of being taken advantage of and mistreated by a caregiver or family member. Elders are the most vulnerable group of people and are subject to elder abuse in their later years of life. The Administration of Aging refers to elder abuse as the knowing, intentional, or negligent act that causes harm or serious risk of harm to a vulnerable adult. Every year, hundreds of thousands of older adults are abused, neglected, and exploited. Unfortunately, a trusted caregiver or a loved one commits most of these heinous acts. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40.
  • 41. Aging in America Essay 2 We all will one day face the reality of growing older. There are many aspects of this change that will affect us in a large way. According to the Merck Manual of Health and Aging, 1.5% of Americans are 85 or older. This research states that the number of people 100 years or older could rise from 1 out of 5,578 in the year 2000, to 1 out of 472 in the year 2050. It brings out that women have a longer life expectancy than men, among people aged 65 and older in the year 2000, there were 70 men for every 100 women. For people aged 85 and older the figure was 41 men for every 100 women. The site goes on to say that approximately 11% of Americans aged 65 and older are below the poverty line. (The Merck Manual of Health and Aging: ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... (http://www.nia.nih.gov/) Participation in physical activity has been shown to have many health benefits for older adults; this study does not provide strong support that it protects against cognitive decline. Reports have been made that physical activity may help guard against stroke and coronary heart disease, both of which may be associated with the development of dementia. Some studies were either limited in their scope or had short follow–up times. In all they find that for older adults, physical activity alone may not protect against cognitive decline. (By Charnicia E. Huggins: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/exerciseforseniors.html) 7,000 strokes occur in Americans every year. For Hispanics it is the third leading cause of death. This article emphasizes the importance of knowing the symptoms of the stroke to reduce the chances of its occurrences. Prevention tips include: stop smoking, eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and work to control high blood pressure and manage diabetes. (Strokes Affect Thousands of Hispanics Each Year – Learn To Recognize Symptoms: Brandon Alvarez Montgomery http://onlinecci.com/ec/crs/default.learn? CourseID=2281666&CPURL=onlinecci.com&Survey=1&47=2500922&ClientNodeID=122303&coursenav=0&bhcd2=1133475293 The next topic to address is the growing need for long–term care in the United States. Many Americans are faced with the dilemma that there are a limited ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42.
  • 43. Interventions In Aging An interesting piece from Scientific American on the influx of money from silicon valley rich–listers into life extending technology. Examples include Larry Page, Larry Ellison, and Peter Thiel, who have donated nearly half a billion in various research ventures aimed at extending life indefinitely. The articles "First, the second law of thermodynamics is paramount in the universe, so entropy will get us in the long run, if not the short. As the renowned astrophysicist Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington noted in 1928, "If your theory is found to be against the second law of thermodynamics I can give you no hope; there is nothing for it but to collapse in deepest humiliation." Second, extrapolating trend lines far into the future is problematic. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The authors are thus led to conclude that "to date, no convincing evidence showing the administration of existing 'anti–aging' remedies can slow aging or increase longevity in humans is available." And the SENS Research Foundation Web site admits: "No currently–available medical intervention or lifestyle choice has been shown to affect the basic human aging process."" Not one of the points raised by Scientific American is particularly compelling in my opinion. The 2nd law of thermodynamics can stay intact, we will never achieve true immortality so the law is never even threatened. Regarding the final two points, we may not see a single massive life extension breakthrough, and frankly, it's not needed. we only need something to extend our life a little bit, then a little bit more. This wouldn't be "radical" life extension. It would be what Aubrey de Grey describes as "Longevity Escape Velocity". Personally, the life extension projects are misguided as far as I'm concerned. As far as I can tell there are no compelling reasons why humans need to live longer. Unless there is a clear evolutionary reason compelling us to live longer, such as long distance space travel, I would be much more content with a lifespan that is predictable and comfortable, rather than ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 44.
  • 45. Essay On Health And Social Care In today's society social and educational programs and services plays a crucial role in improving health, enhancing the quality of life, preventing disease and injury. These programs and services being fully designed to reach individuals outside of the traditional health care settings. It is important these programs and services are within reach for diverse generations as well as the elderly. This paper focus is on the programs and resources available, the importance of these programs and services, and the preventive education the programs and services provide. Programs The Older American Act of 1965 is an act created to promote well–being for elderly adults. This organization offers programs such as food and meals services, disease prevention, national family caregiver support, health promotions, and supportive services. The Older Americans Act provides services that will help elderly individuals live independently in their homes and communities. The Act gives power to the federal government to dispense out monies to the states for giving support to the older adults 60 and over. The Office of Nutrition and Health ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The National Aging Network is regulated by the United States Administration on Aging. These organizations have different resources to meet the needs of the increasing number of aging Americans in today's society. The resources are websites to check their benefits find out about long term care planning, advance care planning. Additional information and tips about caregivers, helpful links, Federal Websites, and that information they can search out by subject. The National Institute of Health is a resource for finding out quality information. Another resourceful method for information is MedlinePlus is a medical library that has a volume of quality ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 46.
  • 47. Gerontological Nursing Essay Aging is a normal part of life. In 2015, the elderly population has increased to 47.8 million and is expected to be 98 million in the year of 2060 (Administration on Aging (AoA), Administration for Community Living, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2016). This will lead to a greater demand of gerontological nurses. Gerontological nursing is important to meet the health needs of the elderly. The purpose of this post is to discuss the reasons why gerontological nursing is an under–served area of practice and why we need more gerontological nurses. The term "gerontological nurse" means that a registered nurse is specialized in taking care of the elderly to promote healthy aging and a better quality of life. I think so few students ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The American Nurses Association standards describes the practice of nursing and the details associated with specialty nursing practice (American Nurses Association, 2017). There is a relationship between A Profile of Older Americans: 2016 and American Nurses Association standards and Scope of Practice Gerontological Nursing. A Profile of Older Americans: 2016 shows the changes in demographics of the elderly which helps gerontological nurses tailor specific nursing interventions to improve rising issues of the elderly. This connection helps provide a better quality of life for older Americans. In conclusion, we need more gerontological nurses to take care of the increasing elderly population. Gerontological nursing is an under–served area of practice and having a shortage of gerontological nurses can effect the care of the elderly. We need more gerontological nurses to help promote healthy aging and a better quality of life for the population over 65 years old. Persuading nursing students and increasing interest in this area of nursing may help with the shortage of gerontological ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 48.
  • 49. Population Report Of Tasmania. Introduction . Population Population Report of Tasmania Introduction Population is now being greatly realized as a principle element of regional or local economic development.(此处有reference) Understanding the role that population play in a regional or local area is significant as well as effective to facilitate economic growth and organize economic activities. This report is to collect and illustrate the data in relation to population of Tasmania including but not limited to population pyramid, employment, transportation etc. Afterwards, a population projection for the year 2030 will be given to Tasmania, followed by identification of a series of planning implications and recommendations. Status quo Tasmania is currently the third smallest state in Australia ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Male residents approximately occupied 49% of the total population of Tasmania, compared with female residents accounting for 51% of total population. In contrast to Australia, Tasmania has a smaller proportion of population aged from 20 to 44, while it has a larger proportion of elderly people. As seen from table 2, among population from pre–schooler (0–4) to parents and homebuilders (35–49), only the secondary schooler (12–17) accounts for a slightly more percentage than it is for Australia, the rest is evidently fewer compared to Australia. The proportion of population which is over 50 years old in Tasmania is much higher than it is in Australia which means Tasmania is a state with a large number of aging people at present. In terms of the economy of Tasmania, pillar industries like agriculture, aquaculture, forestry, mining, and tourism contribute a lot for local economy (ABS, 2017). In terms of industry sector, shown as table 4, health care and social assistance (26,040 people or 12.0%) and retail trade (24,550 people or 11.3%) as well as public administration and safety (19,596 people or 9.0%) account for three of the most important sectors which employed 32.3% of total Tasmanian employed population. In contrast to Australia, Tasmania has a larger proportion of employed population working in the sector of agriculture, forestry and fishing (4.8% compared to 2.5%) as well as public administration and safety (9.0% compared to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 50.
  • 51. The World Aging Population Is On The Rise The worlds aging population is on the rise and has been for some time. It is estimated that by the year 2030 that there will be "seventy million Americans over the age of 65" of that "fifteen million suffer from a mental disorder" of some kind (Gary S. Moak, 2011). This paper is intended to showcase the issue as it relates to policy as well as recommendations needed to curtail this ever increasing issue. With the rise in medical expenses, the aging and elderly community suffers from inadequate health care (Gary S. Moak, 2011). In an effort to alleviate this growing health issue, priority needs to be placed on key concepts such as "extensive knowledge of the aging process", "proactive and anticipatory care", a practice structure with a multidisciplinary team", as well as, " good communication skills", " and a clear sense of the patients values, goals and preferences" just to name a few (Cassel, 2009). Mentally ill individuals are at a disadvantage from the onset of the disease. This is because they are often times not diagnosed at the early stages. Older individuals are at a larger disadvantage due to the fact that they mostly live alone. According to the article titled Researchers Tackle the Underdiagnosis and Undertreatment of Late–Life Depression by Kanapaux and Williams for the Psychiatric times dated June 2004 "certain groups were less likely to receive treatment" for certain conditions. The article goes on to say that these groups include but are ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 52.
  • 53. Nursing Home Placement Essay Starting in 2008, the Administration for Community Living (ACL), on behalf of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) began a partnership with the Veteran's Health Administration to serve Veterans of all ages at risk of nursing home placement through the Veterans Directed Home and Community Based Services (VD–HCBS) Program. ACL and VHA's long–range national vision is to have a long–term service and supports system that is person–centered, consumer–directed and helps people at risk of institutionalization to continue to live at home and be engaged in community life. The VHA will increase access to HCBS to serve the growing demand of veterans who desire home care and prefer independence at home over living in a nursing facility. The ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 54.
  • 55. The Problem Of Aging Population An aging population is a population with an increased median age due to an increase in life expectancy, accompanied by a decrease in fertility rates. This phenomena is already occurring in other countries, and the United States is expected to undergo a similar demographic shift. The population of citizens aged 65 and over is projected to double in the next few decades, from 43.1 million in 2012, to 83.7 million in 2050, and life expectancy is expected to rise at the same time (Ortman, Velkoff, Hogan, & others, 2014). The most important consequence of this is an increase in the percentage of older people from 13% to 20%. An increase of these amount while seemingly insignificant is going to pose a significant burden on the societal support systems set in place to help older individuals. These burden while widespread across different departments, is poised to heavily impact a healthcare climate that is already stretched to the brink. It is essential for adequate preparation to be made in form of public policies that plan for the future. The three most important public policy issues facing the United States are reauthorizing the Older Americans Act, ensuring long– term services and supports, and health coverage for older individuals. The Older Americans Act of 1965 was the first comprehensive federal policy directed towards ensuring increased care for older citizens. It created the Administration on Aging (AoA), National Eldercare Locator Service, National Family Caregiver ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 56.
  • 57. Many Americans Prepare For Adulthood By Pursuing Careers, Many Americans prepare for adulthood by pursuing careers, building families and investing in homes. However, very few of us really think of old age and how it will impact our families. As stated by Greg Link in his journal, "The Administration for Community Living: Programs and Initiatives Providing Family Caregiver Support", "for many older people, the ability to remain living at home in the community is often contingent upon consistent support provided by a family caregiver" (Link, 2015, p. 57). In essence, the authors point is that in order for older adults to live with dignity and age in place in their homes they require assistance from another individual. Furthermore, care takers play an imperative role in the lives of aging adults. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In addition, as mentioned previously many of the caregivers become overwhelmed and overworked and for that reason the program offers respite services. Some of the respite services can be found in the adult day care units of senior centers. Finally, the New York Elder Care Support Program offers supplemental services to caregivers. To clarify supplemental services are services that help the elder adult age in the home for example: transportation services, home modifications such as wheel chair ramps, bath chairs or home delivered meals (Office for the Aging, 2016). My observation of the services offered by the program is that is although they help the caretaker by assisting them in the care of the older adult the program also benefits the elderly person because the caretaker is learning techniques and skills that will help them better accommodate the aging adult also, the caretaker I would assume from the support being granted to them is better informed and can make more conscious decisions on the aging persons behalf which again works in favor or the older person. As per the respite services, it is my observation from interning at ARC XVI Fort Washington Senior Center that participants of the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 58.
  • 59. The First Aging American's Act Describe the purpose of the proposed legislation In 1965 the first Aging American's Act was passed. This legislation was part of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society reform. In passing this legislation nearly 50 years ago, the government created a new department the focused on the rights and needs of the gaining population called the United States Administration on Aging. The original legislation was complete with seven titles. The articles include Title I–the Declaration of Objectives for Older Americans; Title II–Establishment of Administration on aging; Title III– Grants for state and community programs on aging; Title IV–Activities for health and independence, and longevity; Title V– Community service senior opportunities act; Title VI–Grants ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... S1562 calls for increased reporting and provides education to services providers on how to recognize abuse, neglect, and exploitation. What does it do? Title I of this legislation is important because it outlines what the bill is trying to accomplish. According the (House.gov, 2012), the declaration of objectives for older Americans defines not only the legislations goal, but also key terms used throughout the legislation. This is important also because it leaves little room for interpretation. Title II established the Administration on Aging, and has defined the structure, positions, expectations, and financial aspects of the administration. Tittle II prevents misuse of funds, and unclear roles of the government organization in it role to protect the interests of the aging population. Title III, Grants for state and community programs on aging, is a significant part of the legislation because it secures the rights of the aging population to remain as independent as possible and to provide adequate levels of care for those in need. Part one, Paragraph B defines the need to remove the "individual and social barriers to economic and personal independence for older individuals" (House.gov 2012). Furthermore, the legislation in this part, Paragraph D goes on to state that older ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 60.
  • 61. Cognitive Disorders 1. The four major categories of cognitive disorders are: delirium which is an alteration in consciousness that manifest and progresses over a relatively short span of time where people have a decreased cognizance of their surrounding environment; dementia is an on–going atrophy of brain function that is pronounced by damage of memory, bewilderment and inability to focus; amnesia marked by an indicative loss of memory, against no loss of other cognitive functions that appear in dementia; there is also an inclusion of other cognitive disorders not particularly specified that may otherwise not be categorized properly on their own. A broad assortment of factors may lead to cognitive disorders, that could also encompass other general medical conditions such as brain infections or head injuries. Cognitive disorders are normally assessed after physical and neurological inspection. Examples of these tests would be imaging exams, blood screening, liver function tests and thyroid analysis. Treatment options vary and depend on what kind of condition appears. Delirium for instance is normally treated adequately through analysis of the underlying cause, the prognosis however, is not as positive for patients suffering from dementia or amnesia. Common mental disorders such as depression, affect cognitive functions, through the process of memory as well perception and problem solving. As mentioned for the fourth category, other cognitive disorders make up this section. Berkman & ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 62.
  • 63. Elder Abuse Research Paper Elder abuse has been prevalent in society for quite some time. Nevertheless, the issue has been withheld and under reported by society as a whole. In some cases people find it difficult to comprehend the severity of this issue except if he or she had faced it in his or her life. Elder abuse should be reported to a health care provider or other appropriate authorities if mistreatment of the elder is at all in question. In countless instances, individuals who are conscious to the abuse of elders may not report it to health care providers or the criminal justice system for numerous reasons (e.g. fear of retaliation). Also, elders are reluctant to report their own abuse in fear of losing their caregiver or getting themselves into legal disputes. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... According to the Administration on Aging "elder abuse is a term concerning intentional, or negligent acts by a caregiver or any other person that causes harm or a serious risk of harm to a vulnerable adult." Physical abuse consists of any physical behavior concerning an elder that is aggressive towards that person (e.g. assault, battery, unsuitable restraint). Another familiar type of elder abuse is emotional/psychological abuse. Emotional/psychological abuse includes verbal or nonverbal actions that are considered violent and are directed toward another individual. According to Administration on Aging, emotional/psychological abuse consists of "inflicting mental pain, anguish, or distress on an elder person through verbal or nonverbal acts (e.g. humiliating, intimidating or threatening)." Furthermore sexual abuse of an elder is also a common form of elder abuse. Particularly, sexual abuse is any "non– consensual sexual contact of any kind," (Administration on Aging). Basically, sexual abuse is the violation or exploitation of another individual in a sexual manner. Additionally, an elder can also be a victim or financial abuse/exploitation. The type of abuse consists of "the illegal taking, misuse, or concealment of funds, property, or assets of an elder for someone else's benefit," (Administration on Aging). According to the National Institute of Justice (2013), financially exploited elderly people suffered numerous incidents of financial crimes and misdeeds, comprising theft, fraud and misuse of their assets. In many cases these elders did not have someone with whom they can consult or who will supervise their financial pursuits (National Institute of Justice, 2013). Lastly, elder abuse also consists of neglect. Neglect is considered "the failure by caregivers to provide food, shelter, health care, or protection for the elder in their care," (Administration on Aging). Basically, a caregiver fails to meet the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 65. The Ethical And Legal Issues The Issue The concept of autonomy spans both ethical and legal issues as it pertains to the aging population. This paper will focus on the ethical perspective of trying to keep a balance between allowing an aging (65+) person to maintain their autonomy when making rational and intelligent life choices while at the same time assisting them from making bad choices that might harm them emotionally, financial, spiritually or even physically in some instances. Autonomy comes from the Greek word for "self rule," and defines a person's ability or capacity to make choices based on their personal beliefs and values. Unless decision–making capacity is taken away from a person through legal measures, all adults are presumed to have capacity to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As unique as we are throughout our lifetimes, we are just as unique in how we age. Seniors today who are 65–plus have a greater opportunity of living another thirty or more years, and while some are not healthy in body and/or mind, a great many are living full and active lives. It is usually the family and friends who will be the first to observe if someone is failing in ADL's (Activities of Daily 2 Living), and to what degree the person may need help making daily choices. People need to feel empowered in their lives in order to feel satisfaction and continue to have a purpose. Of prime importance in someone's life is the feeling that they make a difference and that their thoughts and deeds matter. Contrasting Views While there are several components to the concept of autonomy, this paper will compare and contrast the elements pertaining to autonomy within the healthcare and legal system. When President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Older Americans Act (OAA) in 1965, the same year of the creation of Medicare, the OAA created the Administration on Aging (AOA), a division within the Department of Health and Human Services which funds community service programs for the elderly, as well as provides funding and administration for research projects in the field of aging. Amendments in 1972 to the OAA added the "National Nutrition Program" for elders. In 2000, the OAA was amended once again, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 67. Aging Out Research Paper Introduction and Definition of Foster Children Aging Out "The term 'aging out' refers to children within a state's foster care system who are still in the system upon reaching the age of majority or when they have graduated from high school" (Craft, 2017, Aging Out). Many of these children "have not found permanency with an adoptive family ... or they have not been able to return to their biological parents" (Craft, 2017, Aging Out). A child typically ages out at 18 years, "but some states have extended services beyond this age because so many young adults are just not ready to be thrust out into the world on their own at such a young age" (Craft, 2017, Aging Out). If a foster parent chooses to continue parenting the foster child once they have aged out of the system, they are able to as long as the foster youth is okay with this. If an individual continues fostering a child, they will no longer receive money from the state. "Foster care is intended to be a temporary, safe living arrangement for children whose parents for some reason cannot adequately care for them. The ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... While I was never within the foster system, four of my siblings were. In 2016 my foster sister aged out of the foster system. She was one of the lucky ones. The family she was living with wanted to continue housing her and being part of her family despite the fact that they were not going to adopt her. She was within the foster system for about four years and then she was considered to have "aged out." The family she is living with fought for her after she was no longer within the system. They were able to extend her foster care until she turns 21. Her foster parents are still in her life and will be at least until she turns 21. Before this placement, she was terrified of what was going to happen once she reached the age of 18. She did not like the foster family she was living with and believed that they would kick her out once she turned ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 69. Nurse Staffing Crisis Your post brought out some great ideas about the nurse staffing crisis. As you stated, with the aging of the 'baby boomers' the demand for nurses is expected to only rise. Adding an interesting element is the fact that not only are patients aging, nurses are also aging. Per Auerbach, Buerhaus, and Staiger (2015), 40% of working nurses today are over the age of 40. In the next 20 years, this generation of nurses will be retiring and there will be an ever–rising demand for a new generation of nurses. Pondering the question of ways to counteract the nursing shortage crisis, my opinion may vary from others. Perhaps the key to the nursing crisis simply involves the utilization of nurses who hold a simpler nursing license and allowing them to preform ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 71. Human Growth Hormone Essay Human Growth Hormone Human growth hormone, a substance produced in the human body, is now being sold over the Internet. Companies are marketing the product as an anti–aging product. At the web–site, http://www.awakenhgh.com, the company claims that there is a possibility that one can "stop the aging process." On the home page, they claim that the product can reduce fat and cellulite, increase energy and muscle tone, elevate mood, improve sexual performance and sleep, remove wrinkles, balance cholesterol, re–grow and re–color hair, and more. The product is a dietary oral spray that they claim contains a product that is "identical to the growth hormone manufactured in the human body" and is designed for oral consumption. They also ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In addition, they claim that their product will result in the elimination of panic attacks, a reversal of the aging process, and rapid healing of wounds and broken bones. The presentation of scientific information before the sales pitch seemingly increases the credibility of the company with the customer. They quote Dr. William Regelson, who uses hormone therapy in his work, as saying, "it has some amazing powers, but its benefits must be carefully weighed against its costs and potential side effects." He also states that a product may eventually be available that provides all the benefits, but has no side–effects, which is now available through "Health and Energy." They also have a disclaimer that the FDA does not approve the information they provide about the product. These web–sites are all created by companies trying to sell something. They are not going to provide any medical research that does not support their product claims to sell their product. This is why it is important to review scientific data when thinking about starting a new, possibly controversial, dietary supplement. Researchers and doctors are much more biased when examining a product than a group that has a stake in the possible positive or negative results. The purpose of research is to inform the public, not sell ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 73. Disparity Of African Americans I plan to discuss Older African Americans and the disparity of the quality of care in nursing homes. In 2008, 3.2 older African Americans lived in the United States, making up 8.3% of the older population. (Administration on Aging) This number is expected to grow to 9.9 million by the year 2050, making African Americans account for 11% of the population. 50% of Black Elderly lived in 8 states, which were New York, Florida, California, Texas, Georgia, North Carolina, Illinois, and Virginia. (Administration on Aging) 12% of older African Americans had a bachelors degree or higher. (Administration on Aging) Also in 2008, over 12% of Black older persons had a bachelor's degree or higher. (Administration on Aging) In 2008, 30% of older black men ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... A method to solve the socioeconomic issue, newer long–term facilities with great qualities, adequate staffing could be opened. The facilities could seek funds from the state, and from local donations such as churches, in an effort to open a long–term care facility with high quality but with lower costs. For nursing homes who refuse to admit older African Americans based on their chronic illness, people could begin to sue the nursing homes for discrimination and maybe that would stop the discrimination in admitting older African Americans to higher quality care facilities. Another method to lower and stop racial discrimination older African Americans face in nursing homes is to maybe have a black owned, and all black staff so that there wouldn't be any point for racial discrimination to occur. For older African Americans who simply opt to check in to nursing homes with lower quality, there isn't much one can do to change that except talk to them and make them aware that there are other alternatives in seeking long–term care facilities with higher quality. People could also call on policymakers to make a difference and call for uniform quality in all nursing homes. In rectifying the disparity, it would not be an easy task, but if the unequal treatment of African Americans in nursing homes is brought to America's attention, I do agree that barriers of racial bias would have to be eliminated. (Popoola, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 75. Roles For Long-Term Care I conducted interviews with individuals from the Department of Health and Human services that focused on the aging population, vulnerable adults and their residency in long term care facilities. The DHS has different branches that cater to the needs of older adults as well as regulations and laws aimed at protecting residents in long–term care facilities. The regulations include, the Adult protection statute, and general statutory guidelines for home and community–based services under Medicaid. Minnesota and the federal government share responsibility for enforcing the "Nursing Facility Bill of Rights" which explains the rights afforded to residents of nursing facilities. One of the interviewees explained the responsibilities of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The interviewee also stated that the DHS works with the legislative branch, providing policy and fiscal analysis, as well as statutory and regulatory support for legislation that legislators propose or seek to change. They work with the legislature to ensure laws and statutes are beneficial for older adults in our programs and facilities. Through the interview, I learned that the DHS pays for Transportation, doctors visit, meals, nursing home, home care of older adults, if they are eligible. Some aging adults depend on meals provided to them which are funded by the government like meals on wheels for nutrition. Recently, the Trump administration proposed a budget cut for the community development block grant, which is a program that provides funds for community development including meals on wheels. 50,000 Minnesota older Adults rely on meals on wheels for their daily nutrition. Meals on wheels allows older and disabled adults to remain in their homes and still get food every day, but this might be in jeopardy because of the new proposal by the trump administration. Furthermore, the trump administration is planning on decreasing the budget of the Department of Human Services, which funds the Meals on Wheels program. This reduction will increase the impact on senior citizens that rely on meals on the wheels for their daily food. I was informed that the DHS partners with advisory ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 77. Diversity Worksheet Appendix I Aging and Disability Worksheet University of Phoenix ETH/125 Rob Fralick February 23, 2014 Associate Program Material Aging and Disability Worksheet Part I Identify 2 or 3 issues faced by the aging population. 1 Health 2 Income 3 Lonliness Answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use. What is ageism? How does ageism influence the presence of diversity in society? Ageism is prejudice and discrimination against older adults. (Schaefer, 2012) It is a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify age based prejudice, discrimination, and subordination. This may be casual or systematic. The term was coined in 1969 by ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The information in this section of the AoA website brings together a wide variety of statistical information about this growing population. (Aging, 2013) What types of legislation may or may not be affected by the aging population? The two types of legislation that may or may not affect the aging population in the United States are; The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act of 2010 respectively. Population aging may affect financial markets if individuals tend to amass assets during their working years and spend them during retirement. When there is a large cohort such as the baby boom, there may be more demand than usual for corporate stock and other assets while the cohort saves for retirement. This demand for corporate stock and other assets may abate after the cohort retires. (tonihansberry, 2012) How does poverty affect the aging population? Aging Americans, like other age groups, are feeling the effects of the declining real estate and stock markets, as well as soaring fuel and food prices. Seniors' economic security will only increase in importance as the U.S. population ages. The nation's health and social services resources will face unprecedented demand as 75 million people in the baby boomer generation reach retirement age– some with eroded savings and retirement accounts. Aging people of color are more likely than white ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...