Online Security


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These slides are from an online security class I taught at Darien Library in Darien, CT. They are the property of Darien Library.

Originally everything was nicely aligned, but then sending this up to Slideshare messed up the alignment, so I gave up! :-)

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Online Security

  1. 1. Online Security Source: Amanda L. Goodman, User Experience Librarian Darien Library, September 2013
  2. 2. Source: Story Time!
  3. 3. Source: The Bad News
  4. 4. Source: The Good News Know the signs of a scam, use strong passwords, and protect your computer from hackers. Protecting yourself is easy!
  5. 5. Your Online User Account Be fake! Ease to do: Moderately easy Source: Create a fake persona for yourself and use its information when creating accounts online.
  6. 6. Your Online User Account Be fake! Do not use your real personal data I.e. not your mom’s maiden name Create a story for yourself Love a book character to death? Use their story information for your account Remember your fake details Source: Protect yourself:
  7. 7. Scam Messages Do not click! Difficulty to spot: Very easy Shows up on: All social networks Instant messaging Text messages Scammers and spammers want to take your identity and money.
  8. 8. Scam Messages Do not click! No photo No text but just a URL Beware of messages like: ~ “You won’t believe what they said about you!” ~ “Check out this video of you.” Nonsense username Giveaways of a scam:
  9. 9. Scam Emails Do not click! Difficulty to spot: Depends Shows up on: All email providers Source: Email scammers prey on gullibility, greed, empathy, and loneliness.
  10. 10. Scam Emails Do not click! Unreasonably high salary Looking for no experience or says you can work from home. Giveaways of a scam:
  11. 11. Scam Emails Do not click! Wants to transfer you money From a foreign prince A dead family member Someone trying to leave a dangerous situation Language is unusual English grammar is very weak Urges urgency Source: Giveaways of a scam:
  12. 12. Phishing Do not click! Difficulty to spot: Moderately difficult Shows up on: All social networks Emails Source: Phisers want to hack your account and steal your information.
  13. 13. Phishing Do not click! Claims there’s an issue with your account Wants you to click on a link to log in or reactivate account Warnings of doom if you do not immediately comply Giveaways of a scam:
  14. 14. Phishing Do not click! How to check if real: Hover over the URL See if it really goes to the exact URL the email claims to be from Check the email address of the sender Beware of close URLs like gmale instead of gmail Know who will not send you such an email AKA your bank, the IRS, the FBI, etc. If in doubt, go the website directly and log in
  15. 15. Romance Scam Emails Do not click! Source: Wants you to transfer money For goods, services, plane tickets Sweet talks you “Love of my life” “No one has made me feel like this before” Avoids meeting you Giveaways of a scam:
  16. 16. Scams Protect yourself! Source: Wikipedia 5 Common Email Scams Latest Email Hoaxes Urban Legends To learn more:
  17. 17. Email Attachments Do not open unless you are expecting an attachment! Difficulty to spot: Easy Shows up on: All email providers Source: Email hackers send damaging attachments via email to take over your computer.
  18. 18. Email Attachments Attachment file ends in .exe or .rar Attachment(s) from a stranger Do not open unless you are expecting an attachment! Attachment(s) from a friend but no text in the email body Giveaways of a scam:
  19. 19. Passwords Keep ‘em fresh! Easy level: Very easy Shows up: Everywhere you go online ********** Changing your passwords frequently is the best security measure.
  20. 20. Passwords Keep ‘em fresh! Source:
  21. 21. Passwords Do not leave your password cheat sheet lying around ********** Protect yourself: Use different passwords for important sites E.g. bank, email, shopping sites Keep ‘em fresh! Keep your password to yourself Use a password manager E.g. LastPass, Dashlane, KeePass
  22. 22. Two Factor Authentication Add an extra level of protection! Easy level: Easy after setting up Shows up: Gmail Facebook PayPal Twitter Dropbox And more Use a second layer of authentication when accessing your online accounts.
  23. 23. Two Factor Authentication Add an extra level of protection! Remember how to access your accounts Or you will not be able to log into the site You may need your mobile phone if your site uses an app to generate the access code Enable two factor authentication You will need a code, a password, or answer a question to log into a site where you have enabled two factor authentication More information Protect yourself:
  24. 24. WiFi & Public Computer Safety Be aware! Ease to do: Moderately easy When on public WiFi networks or computers, be careful to not give away your personal information.
  25. 25. WiFi & Public Computer Safety If on public WiFi, know that someone could be “sniffing” and stealing your data Student recommended using Hotspot Shield Stay off sensitive information sites E.g. bank, email, shopping sites Be aware! Always sign off all sites you log into on a public computer Protect yourself:
  26. 26. HTTPS Use secure connections! Easy level: Very easy Shows up: Many popular, major websites already offer HTTPS security so your data is encrypted. Encrypt your data as you browse the web.
  27. 27. HTTPS Use secure connections! Check for HTTPS in the URL If a site which is handling sensitive data like financial information or Social Security Numbers does not use HTTPS, do not input your information Download a browser extension that tries to use HTTPS everywhere it is available on the web Available for Firefox and Chrome browsers Protect yourself:
  28. 28. Web Browser Use a secure browser! Easy level: Very easy Keeping your browser up to date is essential for safe online usage.
  29. 29. Web Browser Use a secure browser! Choose a better browser My recommended browsers are Google Chrome and Firefox (my bias) Add protective features to the browser AdBlock Plus HTTPS Everywhere Disconnect extension Keep My Opt-Outs Do Not Track Disable third party cookies Protect yourself:
  30. 30. Read Your Credit Report It’s free! Easy level: Moderately easy Source: 123-45-6789 Federal law guarantees your access to an online copy of your credit report.
  31. 31. Read Your Credit Report It’s free! Get your free credit reports 123-45-6789Reports are from three major reporting agencies Experian Equifax TransUnion Get a single report from a single agency every 4 months This way you can watch your credit report throughout the year Protect yourself:
  32. 32. Viruses avast! Free Antivirus AVG Free Paid Norton Bitdefender Antivirus Plus Get yourself some anti-virus software. Free
  33. 33. Other Tips Follow the news to learn which sites were hacked Change your password immediately on that site Do not give your password or PIN to your child They could run up charges by making purchasing on your iPad or iPhone Pay attention! Be mindful of others’ privacy Family and friends may not want their name, photo, or other information posted online No such thing as a free lunch Visiting pornography or free download sites (i.e. movies, music, etc.) may expose your computer to viruses Protect yourself:
  34. 34. You are responsible for your online security. By being aware of what’s happening online and how your data can be compromised, you are now ready to protect yourself!