“The United States ranks first amongdeveloped nations in rates of both teenagepregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.”(Stanger-Hall & Hall, 2011, p.1)
Let’s be honest…50% of high school students reportbeing sexually active40% of these students did not usecondoms during their last sexualencounter76% of students report using nocontraceptive methods at all
“…abstinence-only education as a state policyis ineffective in preventing teenagepregnancy and may actually be contributing tothe high teenage pregnancy rates in the U.S.”(Stanger-Hall & Hall, 2011, p.1)
But what about “virginity pledges?” Studies suggest that 60% have broken their vowswithin 6 years. Pledgers may begin vaginal intercourse at a laterage, but are more likely to engage in oral oranal sex than non-pledgers. Pledgers are also less likely to use any form ofcontraception during their first sexual encounter
Where does “abstinence only until marriage”leave teens who identify as lesbian, gay,bisexual or transgendered?
What are your feelings about sex andsexuality? Are you comfortable discussing sex and your ownsexuality?
How do you want your children to experiencetheir sexuality? Do you want them to be in “love”? Is it important that they wait until marriage? Do you want them to be in a committed, long-termrelationship first? Are you open to discussions abouthomosexuality, bisexuality or transgender issues?
Tips for Discussion The right moment might be when the topiccomes up – in conversation, on TV, etc. Be honest Acknowledge that the subject is uncomfortable If you don’t know the answer to a question, offerto look it up
Be direct and explain the risks Consider your teen’s point of view Discuss values and feelings Encourage your son or daughter to continue tocome to you with questions and concerns
Invite your teen If appropriate, invite your teen to watch therest of the presentation with you Otherwise, use the information on thefollowing slides to start your discussion whenthe time is right
Studies show that positive family relationshipsand open discussion about sex can influence ateen to delay sexual activity as well as havingthem become more responsible once they aresexually active.
How does your teen define sex? How does your teen hope to experiencehis/her sexuality?
Defining Sex There is no one correct definition of “sex.” Dictionaries can’t even agree… Sexual intercourse= any physical contactbetween two individuals involving stimulation ofthe genital organs of at least one.(freedictionary.com) OR Sexual intercourse= an act carried out forprocreation or pleasure in which, typically, theinsertion of the male’s penis into the female’svagina. (Collin’s dictionary)
Its important for you as a family to have yourown definitions of sex. Do you mean penis-vagina penetration? Does oral sex or mutual masturbation count? What about anal sex?
What are your goals as a family? Is it to delay sex until marriage? Is your goal to be “in love” before you have sex? Is it to delay sex until a certain age or stage(ex/out of high school) Do you want to avoid pregnancy? What about Sexually Transmitted Infections?
Recognizing an UnhealthyRelationship Alcohol or drug use Avoidance of friends and social events Excusing their dating partners behavior Fearfulness around their dating partner Loss of interest in school or activities that wereonce enjoyable Suspicious bruises, scratches or other injuries
Teenaged Mothers 3 out of 10 females will become pregnant atleast once before the age of 20. Only 1/3 of teen mothers will complete HighSchool and receive a diploma
Only 30% of teen moms report receiving anyform of child support from their child’s father Many report less than $800 per year. Greater than 25% of all teen mothers live inpoverty.
Teen Fathers 1 out of 15 males will become fathers beforetheir 20th birthday. Almost 50% will have another child betweenthe ages of 22-24 years of age. Teen fathers are likely to have lower levels ofeducation leading to lower income.
STI’s- The scary truth Teens are at an increased risk to contract anSTI because they are more likely to haveunprotected sex and multiple partners. 50% of all new STI cases each year occur inteens 1 out of every 2 people who are sexuallyactive will have an STI by age 25
Warning – Graphic Content! For further descriptions and pictures ofcommon STIs use this link: Http://www.cdc.gov/std/training/picturecards-warning.htm
Testing STIs can be spread through any sexualcontact. Yes! you can get an STI from oral sex, penis-vaginal sex and anal sex. Most teens do not even know they have anSTI Less than 50% of those under the age of 30reported being tested for an STI other thanHIV.
What Can I Do? Get tested! Use protection Make sure all of your partners get tested.
How do I decide? Talk to your partner about your plan forcontraception Make a plan, both of you should be involved Have a conversation with your healthcareprofessional about contraception options
ReferencesCDC. 2013. Sexual Risk Behavior: HIV, STD, & Teen Pregnancy Prevention. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/sexualbehaviors/Commendador, K.A., (2010). Parental influences on adolescent decision making and contraceptive use. PediatricNursing, 36, 147-70.Foster, L.R., Byers, E.S., & Sears, H.A. (2011). Middle school students’ perceptions of the quality of the sexual healtheducation received from their parents. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 20(3), 55-65.Kesterton, D. & Coleman, L. (201). Speakeasy: a UK-wide initiative raising parents’ confidence and ability to talkabout sex and relationships with their children. Sex Education, 10(4), 437-448.Manlove, J. Ikramullah, E., Minicieli, L., Holcombe, E., & Danish, S. (2009) Trends in sexual experience, contraceptiveuse, and teenage childbearing: 1992-2002. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44, 413-423Mayo Clinic. 2011. Sex Education: Talking to your teen about sex. Retrieved fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sex-education/CC00032Sexually transmitted disease guidelines. 2010. (2010). MMWR Recommendations and Reports, 59 (RR-12). 1-110.Stanger-Hall, K.F., Hall, D.W. (2011). Abstinence-Only Education and Teen Pregnancy Rates: Why We NeedComprehensive Sex Education in the U.S. PLoS ONE, 6(10), 1-11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024658Vital Signs. Teen pregnancy- United States. 1991-2009. (2011). MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 60(13),414-420.