Review of the literature


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Review of the literature

  1. 1. Review of the Literature<br />Academic Research<br />
  2. 2. Knowledge<br />Experience – Perception and observation<br />Reason – induction and deduction<br />Emotion – values, cultural background<br />Language – Discourse, social knowledge production<br />
  3. 3. Deduction<br />
  4. 4. Induction<br />
  5. 5. Where is the argument most heated?<br />Where is there a missing piece?<br />How can I conceive the problem differently <br />What is accepted as knowledge and what is contested?<br />Listening to the Debate<br />
  6. 6. The LR establishes The researcher as A participant<br />LR directly follows introduction and orients the research –places your research in the debate.<br />LR chance to show that you know the current situation in your area.<br />Line up the players in the field and show how your research will be different – even for those similar<br />
  7. 7. Placement of the LR<br />Postpositive – Deductive study - separate and before method and results – sets up the hypothesis<br />Qualitative – Ethnography: LR is the critical framework that the observations show to be ‘true’.<br />Qualitative (Grounded ) – at the end: good for inductive study – a case study. Contrast actual results with the theories already present<br />
  8. 8. Steps<br />Identify key words from synopsis <br />Search catalogues and databases <br />Locate and scan abstracts – save all related<br />Rank importance to your topic – check bibliography <br />Have foundation texts ready that inform you of the basic theories<br />Start the literature map<br />
  9. 9. Steps<br />Place each reading on the literature map<br />Keep summaries together in a file<br />Keep precise references<br />Go back to library / other basic resources to find the ‘missing’ information <br />Redo summaries<br />Map out the patterns in the argument<br />Assemble the review with an organisational principle<br />
  10. 10. The lit Map: Basic <br />
  11. 11. Complex MAP with resources<br />
  12. 12. Organisational Principle<br />Lit Map has logical structure: classification,<br />Represents the structure of the review and report<br />Helps you to find ‘missing pieces’.<br />Looks like a concept map<br />Fill it in as you go<br />Example Figure 2.1 Creswell<br />Use Microsoft Smart Art<br />
  13. 13. Locate and scan abstracts<br />Epistemology<br />Mythology of Earthquakes and Science: Focus – Greek and Italian myths<br />Key words: Myth* Earthquake* Gree* Ital* Scien*<br />Http://<br />
  14. 14. Establish a Process<br />Start with encyclopaedia style information<br />Then go to peer reviewed articles<br />Follow the bibliography of the MOST relevant<br />Then go to government papers – prevailing real state<br />
  15. 15. What to summarise – QuantitativeExample<br />Mention the problem being addressed<br />How does the researcher SEE the problem – theory they support<br />State the central purpose of the study - actions<br />Outline the sample, population, findings – method<br />Review key results<br />Point out the flaws and missing key figures / variables<br />
  16. 16. What to summarise – QualitativeExample<br />Mention the problem being addressed<br />Identify central theme<br />State major conclusions<br />Mention flaws in its reasoning, argument<br />
  17. 17. Definition of terms <br />Lit review defines all new terms as used by other writers in the way they use them.<br />Use the language of the literature – not everyday, dictionary language<br />Dispute definition if necessary (a possible early critique)<br />