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Note Taking Tips - Summarizing, Paraphrasing, Quoting


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Adapted from “Ideas about Note Taking and Citing Sources,”, this Power Point reviews summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting when taking notes for a middle school research project.

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Note Taking Tips - Summarizing, Paraphrasing, Quoting

  1. 1. Note Taking Tips Mrs. Amanda Ingalls Stockbridge Valley CSD LMS 7 / LMS 8
  2. 2. To take effective notes…    Do not record material unrelated to your topic/thesis Make sure summaries and paraphrases accurately express the ideas in your sources Be accurate! Direct quotations need to be copied word for word (spelling, capitalization, etc)
  3. 3. Summarize  Summarizing means to read a large section for overall meaning then condensing the meaning into 1-2 sentences.
  4. 4. How to Summarize Paragraph vs. Article     Read the paragraph twice. Isolate the topic sentence; if it conveys reliably the meaning of the paragraph, consider it your summary. Underline key phrases and look for any crucial distinctions or contrasts which form the framework of the paragraph Write your own summarizing sentence which makes use of those key phrases or distinctions.      Compare the opening and closing paragraphs. Read the entire article more than once, if necessary. Underline key or repeated words and phrases. Distinguish the author's main idea from details which support that idea or are repetitions and variations on the same theme. Draft a severalsentence summary which defines the author's main idea broadly enough to account for most of the supporting material introduced.
  5. 5. Paraphrasing  Paraphrasing is putting the information in your own words. a more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea.
  6. 6. Steps to an effective paraphrase      Read the original passage several times until you understand its full meaning. Pretend that you have to explain it to a younger person, or someone your age who is just learning English, who won't understand the original. What would you say? Set the original aside, and write your explanation (paraphrase) on your note taking organizer. Check your paraphrase with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the important information in a new form. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or words you have borrowed exactly from the source.
  7. 7. Quotations    Quotations are reserved for 1-2 sentence statements that prove a point or reveal an attitude. Don't use quotations to make your point, just to back it up. They are especially appropriate for primary sources such as diaries, journals, speeches, interviews, letters, memos, manuscripts, memoirs, and autobiographies. You need to use quotation marks and footnotes.
  8. 8. Tip for avoiding plagiarism:   You will need to add quotes around text that is extracted directly from the source. Summarized or paraphrased notes should be "noted" so you remember to cite as appropriate.  Do this so you won't forget whether or not it is a direct quote or paraphrased when you are using the information in a paper later on.
  9. 9. Sources  Adapted from “Ideas about Note Taking and Citing Sources,”
  10. 10. Sources  Adapted from “Ideas about Note Taking and Citing Sources,”