sustainability by sweden    get    more    for                                 we kno                                     ...
SymbioCity promotes holistic and sustainable    urban development – finding potential synergies    in urban functions and ...
3
IntroductionWelcome to SymbioCitySymbiosis in a city               A Swedish trademark                  Sustainability:Sym...
5
BackgroundHow should urbangrowth be managed?World challenges                   City life                            Decisi...
7
Our experience    Sustainability    by Sweden    Pioneers                             Private and public                  ...
9
Think     green     save     money      le           eatab        unb rs!          offe10
SymbioCity will help youn   cut life cycle costs of system investments …n   cut maintenance costs …n   improve living sati...
The ConceptValue from combinationsGet more for less                    Long term gains                   With a social    ...
The building blocksAn integrated planning approach iskey to unlocking hidden synergies inthe city. Why manage urban sector...
THE LAYOUTMaking urban systemscommunicateInformation and                    n Smart logistics can save          n With sma...
Scalable and easy to modifyRegion, city, district, building or household? Depending on your needs and        The most effi...
Carbon     down!     Thumbs     up!        s            cces !         su ies          stor16
A few Swedish showcasesSymbioCity in practicemaster planningHammarby by-the-sea, a model districtIn the 1990s, plans were ...
heating                                                                energyDistrict heating – energy hero               ...
coolingThe big chillSometimes we like it cold. On       ground to supply customershot days, business productivity     with...
housingA change for lifeFrom triple glazed windows to       sources are household appli-hot water economy, all the        ...
Check our offers! Swedish companies have delivered their solutionsaround the globe, both high-tech and low-tech. Find your...
ChecklistA few inspiring ideastraffic and                         urban                               water supply        ...
landscape                           wasteplanning                            management                          energyn D...
SymbioCity is an initiative by the Swedish   Swedish Trade Council     Government through The Swedish Trade         Teleph...
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SymbioCity Sustainability By Sweden

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SymbioCity Sustainability By Sweden

  1. 1. sustainability by sweden get more for we kno w less how!The Swedish experience in urban development The Swedish experience in urban development 1
  2. 2. SymbioCity promotes holistic and sustainable urban development – finding potential synergies in urban functions and unlocking their efficiency and profitability.2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. IntroductionWelcome to SymbioCitySymbiosis in a city A Swedish trademark Sustainability:Symbiosis means the integra- SymbioCity reflects all Swedish everywhere, alwaystion of organisms in a mutually knowledge and experience in As the Brundtland Commis-beneficial union. In Sweden, we approaching sustainability. sion* put it, sustainability ishave been focusing on holistic Several hundred Swedish con- “development that meets thecity planning for 50 years. For sultants, contractors and sys- needs of the present withoutus, symbiosis means finding tem suppliers are organised in compromising the ability ofsynergies between urban tech- various networks dedicated to future generations to meet theirnology systems that save natu- spreading the vision of sustain- own needs.”ral resources and cost less. able urbanism and making the * The Brundtland Commission, distance to implementation as formerly the World Commission short as possible. We all share on Environment and Develop- the SymbioCity approach. ment (WCED), convened by the United Nations in 1983. World of cities SymbioCity… Urbanisation is closely tied to … puts into practice a holistic economic and cultural develop- approach for sustainable urban ment. The majority of the world’s development primarily based 6.9 billion people already live in primarily on experiences and or near cities. This exponential best practice. All aspects of large-scale urban growth has sustainability should be con­ created a pressing need for sidered. more holistic planning and … uses an integrated approach governance of city develop- where different fields of action ment. These challenges were will be coordinated and com- the reason why the Swedish bined in an optimal way. government and the Swedish Trade Council launched a con- … offers a concept which is cept for sustainable city devel- adaptable to different develop- opment at the World Summit ment levels of cities and towns on Sustainable Development as well as different planning in Johannesburg 2002. situations.4
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  6. 6. BackgroundHow should urbangrowth be managed?World challenges City life Decision timeWhile ecological footprints World population will likely Faced with these diverse chal-come in many sizes, we are all rise to 9 billion by 2050. In 20 lenges, city governments areleaving our mark on the planet. years, as many as 60% of the eager to take action. Today, cityThe environment is under obvi- human population will live in mayors all around the globe areous and increasing stress to cities. Cities already represent a planning for sustainable urbanwhich every economy contrib- major share of the consumption development and future humanutes. The main challenge areas of non-renewable resources, life. The challenges are enor-are well known: water supply, produce large amounts of waste mous, but the benefits evenfood supply, transport systems, and pollute our air and water. greater. Policy options rangewaste disposal; and threats to City leaders are increasingly from consumer behavior tofauna and flora. Not to mention aware of the needs of the large infrastructure invest-the problem of climate change future: free mobility, clean air ments. Never before have urbanand the carbon dioxide emis- and water, waste recycling, technologies in harmony withsions that stem from almost any smart energy consumption, citizens offered such promisinghuman economic activity. Spe- spatial planning for green areas, opportunities. It is time for newcialists in ecosystem research and biological diversity in urban decisions.have shown how different envi- environments.ronmental aspects depend oneach other. The depletion ofnatural resources in most of theworld today is a serious threatto our standard of living. Traffic is an obvious major source of air pollution and car- bon dioxide emissions but is not alone in straining urban envi- ronments. Fossil fuel con- sumption for heating and low energy efficiency in buildings also adds to the challenges we face.6
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  8. 8. Our experience Sustainability by Sweden Pioneers Private and public In the 1950s and 1960s you Sweden was an early starter in Sustainable growth is a shared wouldn’t even dip a toe in the sustainable thinking. As early as responsibility. Strict environ- polluted waters around Stock- the 1960s, Sweden recognised mental legislation and rules holm. Swimming and fishing that the rapid loss of natural provide guidance for develop- were of course forbidden. resources had to be confronted. It ing and preserving green cities. Today, swimmers are every- took a leading role in organizing The successful cooperation where, and fishing in central the first UN conference on the between local, regional and Stockholm is popular. environment – held in Stockholm national authorities and private in 1972. In the 1970s Sweden was industry – as well as the crucial the most oil-dependent country involvement of the public – has in the industrialized world, but helped to turn ideas of sustain- following the oil crisis in 1973, ability into reality. made tremendous efforts to find new sources of energy, create new ways to insulate buildings and develop automatic energy saving systems. In 1996–2008 Swedish carbon dioxide emissions fell by 18% GNP while GNP increased by 45%. Linking environmental perfor- mance to economic perfor- mance is both necessary and fruitful. CO2 1995 20088
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  10. 10. Think green save money le eatab unb rs! offe10
  11. 11. SymbioCity will help youn cut life cycle costs of system investments …n cut maintenance costs …n improve living satisfaction …n increase property values …n use land more efficiently …n reduce air pollution, noise and vibrations, harmful substances, polluted water, sewage and waste …n cut carbon dioxide emissions …… for home, industrial, commercial and office areas… for any city, block, house or household… for both small and large-scale implementations… for planning, building and renovation 11
  12. 12. The ConceptValue from combinationsGet more for less Long term gains With a social A multi-disciplinaryThe most important word in SymbioCity is all about the dimension approachSymbioCity is value. How to get life cycle cost – the long-term To ensure a successful and Sharing information is crucialmore for less. By integrating benefits of investments. In a appreciated investment, the to a cost-efficient and smoothdifferent urban technology sustainable city, maintenance citizens should be involved process. Municipalities, publicsolutions, we create synergies costs tend to be lower thanks early in the process, through authorities, universities, insti-that increase resource efficiency, to forethought and better information, education and tutes, private companies andoptimise recovery and reuse planning, resulting in lower communication. In the Symbio­ other networks can come– and saves money. Cleaner air, life cycle investment costs and City view, social and economic together to share knowledge,reduced noise, improved water better returns. factors are as important as the skills, and organizational mus-quality and a safer living envi- ecological and technical – the cle. Questions of legislation andronment makes people happier recognized ultimate goal being its implementation, of decision-with their housing – which in health, comfort, safety and making, transparency, andturn increases property value. maximum quality of life for all accountability are addressed citizens. and answered. No more landfills! In Sweden, less than 20% of household waste is deposited as landfill. In Stockholm, 75% of all waste is collected for recycling or use as fuel. For household waste, this figure is 95%! Organic waste from restaurants and grocery shops as well as from households, toilet waste, sludge from septic tanks or waste water treatment plants – all of it can be used to produce biogas. The digested biogas contains methane, which can be used for heating and electricity production or, after refining, as fuel for transportation. fro wast m e fuel! to12
  13. 13. The building blocksAn integrated planning approach iskey to unlocking hidden synergies inthe city. Why manage urban sectors oneby one? Instead, let SymbioCity combinethem, saving valuable city resources andcreating new values.Clockwise, from top:n Urban functions (housing, industries, services) n Waste managementn Energyn Landscape planningn Architecture and master planningn Traffic and transportn Water supply and sanitationThe symbiosis in SymbioCity Combine industrial Combine waste waste heat with the management and municipal energy heat production plant – cut energy – get a new power production costs in industry! re! half! the Combine architec- Combine waste­ ture and landscape water treatment planning – let sun- and traffic systems shine and shading – get biofuel for lower heating and public transport! cooling costs! 13
  14. 14. THE LAYOUTMaking urban systemscommunicateInformation and n Smart logistics can save n With smart monitoring,communication transportation fuel as well as buildings and factories can storage space, electricity and become highly energy efficient.Information and Communica- heating.tion Technologies (ICT) is an n Involvement creates respon-important part of SymbioCity. n Digitalized communications sibility. Maintain an open dia-It’s all about easily accessing, reduces the need for some logue with stakeholders aboutanalyzing and sharing vital transport altogether. public projects before and afterinformation in and between implementation. n Smart power grids avoid peakall urban systems and parties loads, save electricity, and make n Defined systems for measuring– including the public. ICT use of multiple energy sources. and evaluating city functionsincreases resource efficiency in are crucial for mayors’ decisions.both the short and long term,which will ultimately reduceCO2 emissions across the board.14
  15. 15. Scalable and easy to modifyRegion, city, district, building or household? Depending on your needs and The most efficient solutions are not alwaysresources you can use the SymbioCity approach at different scales: For brand the most high-tech. This simple matrix showsnew city areas or for renewals of existing urban districts. To found a new, waste management and recycling in differentstate-of-the-art, large scale, ultramodern high-tech district. Or to help you scales and degrees of technology advance-create a single system or building that can serve as a touchstone – driving ment. The SymbioCity approach can be usedinterest in sustainable urban development – so that a district or a city can be on any level, independently of project size,developed step by sustainable step. SymbioCity adapts to your unique situation! technology level or budget. SMALL MEDIUM LARGE HIGH TECHNOLOGY LEVElAutomated waste collection Automated waste collection system Automated waste collection networkfor a single house SMALL MEDIUM LARGE MEDIUM TECHNOLOGY LEVElComposting and recycling solutions Recycling centre Recycling network SMALL MEDIUM LARGE LOW TECHNOLOGY LEVElIndividual composts Private collectors Collection network 15
  16. 16. Carbon down! Thumbs up! s cces ! su ies stor16
  17. 17. A few Swedish showcasesSymbioCity in practicemaster planningHammarby by-the-sea, a model districtIn the 1990s, plans were madeto build Hammarby Sjöstad in aformer brownfield area of wharfsand docks. Today, it boastsattractive housing for severalthousand Stockholmers. By 2018the area will have approximately11,000 apartments, 25,000inhabitants and 10,000 work-places. The “Hammarby model”has set a new world standardfor future sustainable housingdevelopment, with its integratedplanning approach.n A system based approach toarchitecture and planning ofenergy efficient housingn Automatic undergroundwaste collection systemsn Solar-powered hot water andelectricityn Biogas from householdsewage water and wasten Collection and filtrationof runoff watern Super-efficient buildings,triple glazed windows, greenroofs, etc.The investments have beenproven environmentallysuccessful:40% less environmental stress50% less eutrophication40% less ground-level ozone25% less water consumption 17
  18. 18. heating energyDistrict heating – energy hero Smart electricity StockholmFrom December to March, the household boilers. When the A smart grid applies digital times it can turn off selectedtemperature is below freezing plants also provide electricity technology to monitor and appliances to reduce demand.in many parts of Sweden. – so-called combined heat and control all electricity, to save The technology can also feedThat’s why “district heating” power – a 90% degree of energy energy, reduce cost and small scale energy productionhas become our energy hero. efficiency is possible. District increase reliability. When into the main grid, to makeDistrict energy systems pro- heating plants are also much power is least expensive the use of it where it’s needed atduce steam or hot water at a cleaner: in Umeå, 99.5% of sul- user can allow the smart grid the time. Today, Stockholmcentral plant. The steam or phur and particles are filtered to automatically turn on is planning for a smart gridwater is then piped under- out. Incineration works well selected home appliances, system in Stockholm Royalground to individual buildings with most fuels, including bio- such as washing machines, Seaport – an area that willwithin a designated area. This mass and waste from house- or factory processes that can house 25,000 inhabitantsprovides 50% of the house- holds, construction industry run at arbitrary hours. At peak when completed in 2025.holds with an ideal indoor cli- and forestry. It has been calcu-mate. District heating is far lated that if the European Unionmore efficient than traditional reached the same level of dis- Oscar Properties / Herzog de Meuronindividual household heating trict heating as Sweden, theand thus releases much less Europeans could overshootcarbon dioxide. Thanks to dis- their carbon dioxide reductiontrict heating, total Swedish targets four times.carbon dioxide emissions have District heating environmentalfallen by 25% since the 1970s. performance, since 1980:A district heating system can 70% less carbon dioxideeasily increase energy efficiency 95% less SO2by 50% compared to individual 80% less NOX18
  19. 19. coolingThe big chillSometimes we like it cold. On ground to supply customershot days, business productivity with cold water from adjacentis much higher in air-condi- rivers or lakes. But it can alsotioned offices. Hospitals ben- be produced from sewageefit enormously from effective water or sludge. Compared toclimate control. Using essen- individual household air-con-tially the same technology as ditioning, district cooling low-district heating, cities can cre- ers carbon dioxide emissionsate district cooling systems. by 60%. On smaller scales,District cooling has massive innovative companies provideadvantages over individual system solutions for both cool-solutions. For one thing, it is ing and warming, using solaroften produced in the form of technology combined withfree cooling via a closed distri- extremely efficient small scalebution system laid in the heat exchangers. biogas Biogas from waste Biological waste and waste­ biogas train is also in process. water can easily be turned into There is little waste in the biogas. In Linköping, one process. After fermentation municipal gas company offer- to gas, the bio-manure is used ing biogas for vehicles now has as an agricultural nutrient, 7% of the local fuel market. reducing the use of artificial A full scale project with a local fertiliser.energy savingNo heat lostThere is enormous potential in waste heat. Thanks to awaste heat recovery – in har- detailed energy assessmentnessing the heat energy from and large investments in newwaste that would otherwise be technology, the company nowlost. In Iggesund, in the cold uses a greater part of wastenorth, a large paperboard fac- heat from the industrial pro-tory has cut its fossil fuel con- cesses as a source for the wholesumption by 75% by using plant and all its buildings. 19
  20. 20. housingA change for lifeFrom triple glazed windows to sources are household appli-hot water economy, all the ances and the residents’ ownbuildings in new districts are body heat. But you can alsooptimized using a life cycle cal- renovate sustainably. Nearculus of maintenance costs. Gothenburg, a suburban areaMany new designs use insula- from the 1970s has recentlytion techniques that allow for been refurbished. The energy,so-called passive energy build- electricity and water savings water Clean watersings, where the only heating are all well above 30%.community We spent more than three niques have now become so decades cleaning Lake Mälaren sophisticated that even house-Sustainable safety from household wastewater, industrial pollution and traffic hold wastewater can be a resource for drinkable waterThere is much to be gained by and that local people should be runoff. Water treatment tech- production.aiming for both a safe and involved in the change processattractive environment. The to inspire confidence in theGothenburg area of Gårdsten development. Soon the figuresused to be a rundown 1970s took a new direction. Shortly SymbioCity is an allsuburb. When the city decided after the renovations, empty Swedish approach, andon a total makeover, 40% of apartments dropped to zero, business cases aroundapartments were short of ten- crime rates went down by the world testify to theants and unemployment and 40%, and the number of local success and adaptabilitycrime rates were at national businesses rose eightfold. of Swedish solutions forrecord levels. It was clear that Today, Gårdsten is an interna- a sustainable urban e development. er th all ov rld!social solutions and urban plan- tional model of sustainablening had to go hand in hand social development. wo20
  21. 21. Check our offers! Swedish companies have delivered their solutionsaround the globe, both high-tech and low-tech. Find your rightpartner or supplier, read more about our cases or simply play theSymbioCity Scenarios game. Enjoy www.symbiocity.org 21
  22. 22. ChecklistA few inspiring ideastraffic and urban water supply buildingtransport functions and sanitation designn Assess public transport n Locate industry correctly with n Water and drainage utilities n Plan for rainwater collectionfacilities between out-of-the- regard to prevailing wind direc- and waste collectors need to during the planning and con-way areas and city centres, tion for improved public health. cooperate to prevent dumping struction process.commercial and industrial of waste and septic sludge in n Cut energy demands for cool- n Consider designing multi­areas, and site new residential collectors for storm water and/ ing of industries and offices purpose buildings in urbanareas where it is favourable or wastewater. through passive and energy areas to facilitate mixed use offrom a transportation and producing building techniques. n Drinking water sources are both housing and small-scalepublic infrastructure viewpoint, often polluted by wastewater, business activities within theto minimise costs for transport n Let energy utilities and indus- sludge and toilet waste. Allow service sector. This reducesand connections to energy and try cooperate to cut peak loads cooperation between water need for private transportation.water supply systems. in order to make energy supply supply and sanitation authori- more reliable. n Reduce energy demand,n Waste utilities, private actors ties. energy supply needs and operat-and traffic planners can develop n Minimize industrial waste and n Water supply and treatment ing costs by specially designedplans for how to make waste swap hazardous substances for and wastewater plants should walls, roofs and floors (insula-transportation efficient. less hazardous ones through be managed in a way that tion, space and design of win- collaboration between environ-n Minimise the need for trans- decreases energy demand. dows, etc.). mental and waste authorities.portation by private car and n Health education and hygien- n Careful building design inmotorcycle through collabora- n Combat environmental prob- ic practices, included in water relationship to the surroundingtion between public transport, lems “upstream.” Improve supply and sanitation authority landscape. Topography, vegeta-industry and urban planners. incoming water quality at operations, can mitigate water- tion and related factors are wastewater treatment plantsn Utilize synergies between borne diseases. important to the micro-climate, through cooperation withland-use, traffic and transpor- in turn influencing energy industry.tation to achieve good logistics demand, the diffusion of air pol-for public transportation in n Combine urban planning, lution, comfort level due to sunorder to minimize transporta- building design, production exposure, sun shading or windtion energy consumption as processes and equipment, exposure for cooling winds inwell as air pollution and noise. introduced in early decision- summertime or wind protection making phases, to diminish in wintertime, etc.n Manage storm water in coop- industrial demands for cooling.eration with road department n Make entrances to buildingsand water utilities. easily accessible from bicycle and walking paths, and include parking lots for bicycles. n Let green roofs attenuate storm water flow and contrib- ute to cooling.22
  23. 23. landscape wasteplanning management energyn Develop alternative solutions n Fermentation of biodegrad- n Let forestry authorities,and ideas for integrated land able waste, septic sludge or nature conservation authoritiesuse and green areas, traffic/ wastewater sludge may be a and energy planners/utilitiestransportation and infrastruc- feasible option for small-scale cooperate to stop deforestationtural planning. energy production. Gas may be around a city. utilized for heating purposes orn Purify water bodies through n Let municipal utility depart- to produce vehicle fuel.systems connected to recre- ments cooperate to identifyation and biodiversity. Integrate n Clearly allocate responsibility energy-saving opportunities forgreen areas and the attenuation for dry toilet waste, septic the city.of storm water by developing sludge and other types of waste n Let the energy sector spreadattractive open ponds and in cities where the waterborne knowledge of potential hazardsditches. sanitation system is limited and in cooking or heating with dan- sanitation is an issue for then Redevelop old waste dumps gerous fuels. They may be able waste collection services.for ecological and recreational to contribute alternative, energypurposes. n Incinerate waste with strict efficient solutions. environmental controls.n Use green areas to help n Use combined heat and powerschool children understand n Digest biodegradable waste, systems for waste incineration.ecology and the environment. septic sludge or wastewater for small-scale energy production.n Reduce air and water pollu- Utilize biogas for heating pur-tion with green areas. poses or vehicle fuel.n Coordinate green wedges and n Make waste transportationgreen corridors with pleasant efficient by collaborationpaths for bicycling and walking. between waste utilities, private actors and traffic planners. n Design buildings and their immediate surroundings with regard to the source separation and collection of waste – for example by facilitating waste management centers on the ground floors of multi-family housing. 23
  24. 24. SymbioCity is an initiative by the Swedish Swedish Trade Council Government through The Swedish Trade Telephone +46 8 588 660 00 Council, in the aim for sustainable urban E-mail symbiocity@swedishtrade.se development worldwide. Website www.symbiocity.org For an update on cases and news, stop by www.symbiocity.org ! amazing24

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