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The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21a of the Indian Constitution.

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Law presentation

  2. 2. 5 Why RTE ? Because……
  3. 3. 1 75 million children do not have access to basic education. About 25% of 1.2 billion Indians are illiterate. India ranks 134 in literacy rate in the world. Even below Cambodia and Algeria.
  4. 4. India and the world literacy rate 74.04% 100% 99% 95.9% 99% 90% 99.5%
  5. 5. 18.33% 28.30% 34.45% 43.57% 52.21% 64.83% 74.04% 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 Literacy rate 1951-2011 Journey so far…..
  6. 6. 93.91% 92.28% 91.58% 66.95%67.06% INDIAN LITERACY SCENARIO Most literate Most illiterate
  7. 7. (Details)
  8. 8. Initiatives………
  9. 9. The Act: • Every child in the age group of 6-14 years will be provided 8 years of elementary education. • Any cost that prevents a child from accessing school will be borne by the State. • No child shall be denied admission for want of documents.
  10. 10. • No child shall be asked to take an admission test. • No mainstream schools for children with disabilities. • Private schools shall be required to have 25% reservation for weaker sections of the community .
  11. 11. IMPLEMENTATION OF ACT : • Under the 86th constitutional amendment ,2002 right of children to free and compulsory education act ,2009 in the Article 21-A of the Indian constitution inserted RTE as one of the fundamental right by special majority of both the houses of parliament. The act came into force from 1st april 2010. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced the operationalisation of the Act. Children, who had either dropped out of schools or never been to any educational institution, will get elementary education. • “The RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT came into force from 1st april 2010.”
  12. 12. Main features of Right to Education Act : • Free and compulsory education to all children of India in the six to 14 age group. • No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until completion of elementary education. • A child who completes elementary education shall be awarded a certificate. • Calls for a fixed student-teacher ratio. • Will apply to all of India except Jammu and Kashmir.
  13. 13.  Provides for 25 percent reservation for economically disadvantaged communities in admission to Class One in all private schools.  Mandates School teachers will need adequate professional degree within five years or else will lose Job.  School infrastructure (where there is problem) to be improved in three years, else recognition cancelled.  Financial burden will be shared between state and central government.
  14. 14. Right To Education Bill :  The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2010 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on April 1st, 2010. The Bill was referred to the Standing Committee on Human Resource Development, which is scheduled to submit its report within two months.  The Bill amends the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act,2009. It expands the definition of “child belonging to disadvantaged group” to include children with disability. . “Child with disability” is defined as a child who is blind, leprosy cured, hearing impaired and mentally ill. . It also includes children suffering from autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities.
  15. 15.  A child suffering from autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities has the same right to pursue free and compulsory elementary education which children with disability have under the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.  The Act provides for establishing School Management Committees to prepare school development plan. Article 30 of the Constitution provides that all minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. Thus, the Bill states that School Management Committees of minority institutions shall function only in an advisory capacity.
  16. 16. Responsibilities For State Govt. & local authorities  Good quality EE conforming to specified norms and standards.  Timely prescription of curriculum, courses of study, teachers’ training. For local authorities  Ensure admission of children of migrant families.  monitor functioning of schools within its jurisdiction; and decide the academic calendar.
  17. 17. • Strict disciplinary actions to be taken against wrong doings in the school. • Timely audit of schools. • Create the post of Public Education Officer Changes brought into:
  18. 18. ICT a blessing ! • Introduction of information and communication technology. • Facilitates distant learning. • Helps train teachers • Use of latest technology interactive teaching.
  19. 19. If everything goes well……. then!