FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATEARRAY(FPGA) APPLICATION IN    INSTRUMENT LANDING        SYSTEM(ILS)                BDU10803 ELECTRI...
CONTENT1. Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)    1.1 What is FPGA?    1.2 Vendors of FPGA Device    1.3 FPGA product2. In...
1. FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE-              ARRAY (FPGA)   An integrated circuit (IC) that can be configured by a    custome...
2. Introduction & Components ofInstrument Landing System (ILS)   o Is an instrument aid for pilot during landing.   o Very...
2.1 Ground equipment2.1.1   Localizer2.1.2   Glide slope2.1.3   Marker beacon2.1.4   Monitoring
• Provide horizontal                     course guidance to                     runway centerline.                        ...
LOCALIZER
VHF GLIDE-SLOPE ANTENNAS
2.2 Airborne Equipment2.2.1 Receiver2.2.2 Aerial2.2.3 Instrumentation
•Receive radio                     frequency from ground                         AIRBORNE                        EQUIPMENT...
ADC         DSP (Digital FPGA                (Analog to      Signal                      Digital)     Processing)         ...
REFERENCE•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrument_landing_system•http://leagueofextraordinarytechnicians.wikispaces.com/IL...
THANK YOU
Field Programmable Gate Array(FPGA) Application In Instrument Landing System(ILS)
Field Programmable Gate Array(FPGA) Application In Instrument Landing System(ILS)
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Field Programmable Gate Array(FPGA) Application In Instrument Landing System(ILS)

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Field Programmable Gate Array(FPGA) Application In Instrument Landing-is the system where an aircraft landing automatically to the runway selected. The system will catch to glideslope and and localize

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  • The design relies on Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and FPGA processing units to monitor all parameters of the transmitted signals in real-time Interconnects-allow the blocks to be connect together in many different configurations.
  • Glide path, provides vertical alignment and angle of approach -Glide path information is paired with the associated localizer frequency. -The antenna array is located approx. 1000ft from the approach end of the runway and offset approx. 400ft. -Marker Beacons to identify particular locations along the approach
  • ILS is the devices that generate signals or transmits signal to runway and then, analog system input to DSP part is converted to digital signal by FPGA This signal then will demodulated by (Analog to Digital) converter. Then (DSP) will find phase difference by reading result of Amplitude Modulation (AM) and Frequency Modulation (FM) saved in FPGA memory. In addition ,every runway have different ILS frequency. An airplane can achieved the ILS by setting the same frequency as the runway. So, when a pilot is setting the specific frequency on the instruments which is the runway frequency, then the airplane will navigate to the follow ILS which is the same frequency to the runway. The airplane will centerline to the runway until it reach to the glide slope (GS) which is maximum height for ILS. Above than that, the ILS frequency will disturb. After it pass through the gs the airplane strt to descend. An Analog-to-Digital converter ( ADC ) takes the analog signal and converts it into a binary language the software can understand. The Digital Signal Processor ( DSP ) manipulates the digital signals to perform the required functions. Digital-to-Analog Converter ( DAC ) takes the computer signal and converts it into something that other parts of the radio hardware and humans can understand. Radio Frequency ( RF ) is the range of frequencies that are used in radio communications -every runway have specific frequency-stb is place where fpga is located that monitor the system- -at 18nm-set frequency to ils fre-then,airplane will nav to ils fre-at about 9nm,the airplane is strt to descend at gs-while to centerline to the runway- - VHF transmits radar signal and intensity data to ILS Signal Deciphering and Display Computer. - Localizer signal transmitted in direction opposite of runway to horizontally guide aircraft to touchdown point. - Glide-Slope signal transmitted at an angle of 7.5-10 degrees into sky to define vertical descent path to runway touchdown point. - On-board antenna system located in aircraft radome receives radar and VHF signals and sends it to on-board ILS computer. -Signal data is then displayed on instrument panel gauge which maps the directional, and descent path to the runway.
  • -at 18nm-set frequency to ils fre-then,airplane will nav to ils fre-at about 9nm,the airplane is strt to descend at gs-while to centerline to the runway- - VHF transmits radar signal and intensity data to ILS Signal Deciphering and Display Computer. - Localizer signal transmitted in direction opposite of runway to horizontally guide aircraft to touchdown point. - Glide-Slope signal transmitted at an angle of 7.5-10 degrees into sky to define vertical descent path to runway touchdown point. - On-board antenna system located in aircraft radome receives radar and VHF signals and sends it to on-board ILS computer. -Signal data is then displayed on instrument panel gauge which maps the directional, and descent path to the runway.
  • The transmitters are located on the centerline at the opposite end of the runway from the approach threshold. The signal transmitted consists of two fan shaped patterns that overlap at the centre. The overlap area provides the on-track signal. -Normal reliable coverage of localizers is 18nm within 10° of either side of course centerline and 10nm within 35°.
  • Field Programmable Gate Array(FPGA) Application In Instrument Landing System(ILS)

    1. 1. FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATEARRAY(FPGA) APPLICATION IN INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM(ILS) BDU10803 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY Dr. Afandi bin Ahmad Muhammad Hazwan bin Ab Rashid AD110095 Amal Iqmal bin Adnan AD110189 Mohamad Irfan bin Azmi AD110169
    2. 2. CONTENT1. Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) 1.1 What is FPGA? 1.2 Vendors of FPGA Device 1.3 FPGA product2. Introduction & Components of Instrument Landing System (ILS) 2.1 Ground Equipment 2.1.1 Localizer 2.1.2 Glide slope 2.1.3 Marker Beacon 2.1.4 Monitoring 2.2 Airborne Equipment 2.2.1 Receiver 2.2.2 Aerial 2.2.3 Instrumentation3. How does it works
    3. 3. 1. FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE- ARRAY (FPGA) An integrated circuit (IC) that can be configured by a customer after manufacturing to program the system. Contain programmable logic components called "logic blocks", and interconnects. FPGA chips handle dense logic and memory elements offering very high logic capacity Can be configurable without change their hardware Vendors: Xilinx, Altera, Actel FPGA product Xilinx Virtex-7 FPGA, Spartan-6 LXT FPGA & Stratix V from Altera
    4. 4. 2. Introduction & Components ofInstrument Landing System (ILS) o Is an instrument aid for pilot during landing. o Very useful when limited visibility occur at runway.
    5. 5. 2.1 Ground equipment2.1.1 Localizer2.1.2 Glide slope2.1.3 Marker beacon2.1.4 Monitoring
    6. 6. • Provide horizontal course guidance to runway centerline. GROUND• Localizer, glideslope and marker EQUIPMENT •Provides verticalbeacon being alignment and angle ofmonitored. approach.
    7. 7. LOCALIZER
    8. 8. VHF GLIDE-SLOPE ANTENNAS
    9. 9. 2.2 Airborne Equipment2.2.1 Receiver2.2.2 Aerial2.2.3 Instrumentation
    10. 10. •Receive radio frequency from ground AIRBORNE EQUIPMENT•ILS indicator to •To detect radioeasy view of pilot frequencyabout the system
    11. 11. ADC DSP (Digital FPGA (Analog to Signal Digital) Processing) Read result Aircraft start to AM & FMdescend though GS and centerline to the runway Localizer & Glide Slope(GS) Antenna ILS start Pilot set transmit working ILS frequency
    12. 12. REFERENCE•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrument_landing_system•http://leagueofextraordinarytechnicians.wikispaces.com/ILS+Glidesl ope+-+Operation+%26+Testing•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrument_landing_system•http://www.pilotfriend.com/training/flight_training/nav/ils.htm•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrument_landing_system
    13. 13. THANK YOU

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