Recess in elementary school


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Recess in elementary school

  1. 1. RECESS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Do children benefit from a break in the school day?
  2. 2. WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE PART OF RECESS? CLICK ON YOUR FAVORITE ACTIVITY Click the smiley face after you have checked out all the recess activities!
  3. 3. RECESS MAKES KIDS SMARTER <ul><li>In 2006, 11% of U.S. schools required elementary school students to have a daily recess </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006, according to a study by the Center for Disease Control, 79% of elementary schools provided a daily recess </li></ul><ul><li>New brain research shows a positive link between physical activity and learning abilities </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of principals take away recess as a form of punishment </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘No Child Left Behind’ act is accused of causing schools to cut recess in order to have more time for instruction to meet new standards </li></ul>
  4. 4. RECESS MAKES KIDS SMARTER <ul><li>8 out of 10 principals believe that recess has a positive impact on academics </li></ul><ul><li>Children who have a daily recess benefit in the following ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less fidgety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More on task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More brain connections develop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve negotiation skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More active outside of school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn leadership, games, problem solving on the playground </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. RECESS MAKES KIDS SMARTER- REFLECTION <ul><li>I was surprised at the low percent of schools that require recess (11%), but encouraged by the percent of schools that do provide recess (79%). </li></ul><ul><li>My elementary school also took away recess as a punishment. We would have to stay in the classroom or stand on the edge of the playground with our backs to our peers the entire recess (torture!). </li></ul><ul><li>I can see how the ‘No Child Left Behind” act has caused some schools to eliminate recess. Learning is obviously important, but when kids get restless they won’t retain the information. </li></ul>Click the star!
  6. 6. IMPACT OF RECESS ON CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR <ul><li>Recess is a break from whatever activity a person is doing; ‘a period of time away from the task at hand: an interlude, a change of pace’ </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S. recess is usually a 15-20 minute break outdoors </li></ul><ul><li>A study was conducted proving that students with recess used their classroom time more effectively than those students who did not have a recess </li></ul><ul><li>Children are renewed after recess and are able to return to class more focused after having a break to do as they wish </li></ul><ul><li>Children are more fidgety before recess compared to after </li></ul>
  7. 7. IMPACT OF RECESS ON CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR <ul><li>Jambor, Guddemi, and Pellegrini came up with 3 arguments for schools to eliminate recess: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More instructional time is needed to increase test scores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recess disrupts students’ work patterns, it is hard to return to full attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recess encourages aggression and antisocial behavior </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. IMPACT OF RECESS ON CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR- REFLECTION <ul><li>I disagree with all three of Jambor, Guddemi, and Pellegrini’s arguments. Although I do think instruction time will increase test scores; but taking away fifteen minutes of break time will do more harm than good in my opinion. Yes, fights might occur during recess but it helps children learn how to work out issues among their peers. </li></ul><ul><li>I think recess is a great way to give students a break from constant instruction. Even as a college student I find it hard to stay focused in a three hour class. </li></ul>Click the star!
  9. 9. THE END OF RECESS <ul><li>Gym class and recess are not the same thing; gym is planned and structured, recess is unstructured and allows students to use the time as they please </li></ul><ul><li>“ Recess should not be viewed as a reward, but a necessary educational support component for all children.” –Council on Physical Education for Children </li></ul><ul><li>“ It used to be that the biggest problems of recess were scraping your knee or having a run-in with the schoolyard bully. Nowadays the greatest risk maybe to your school’s Adequate Yearly Progress rating” </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE END OF RECESS <ul><li>As standards increase, time allowed for recess decreases </li></ul><ul><li>Recess is a way for children to get daily exercise </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of 3 students are obese </li></ul><ul><li>9 out of 10 parents believe that physical activity during the school day would be academically beneficial </li></ul><ul><li>Adults get breaks at their jobs; students should get breaks at school </li></ul><ul><li>Recess time is often combined with lunch time </li></ul><ul><li>Unstructured play is essential in children's overall social development </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE END OF RECESS- REFLECTION <ul><li>I agree that gym and recess are not the same. I always enjoyed recess way more than gym class. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t think twenty minutes of recess a day will end obesity, but it is a good step. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults would not be very happy if they didn’t get breaks, students feel the same way. Six or more hours is a long time to stay focused on learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is so focused on improving test scores that they forget the little things that help students get through the day. </li></ul>Click the star!
  12. 12. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Recess is beneficial to elementary school students </li></ul><ul><li>Students lose focus after so much instruction; recess helps to regain that attention </li></ul><ul><li>NCLB has made it difficult for schools to fit in recess and the amount of instruction necessary to meet standards </li></ul><ul><li>Students look forward to recess; so do adults </li></ul><ul><li>Giving students a break improves their abilities to retain information </li></ul>
  13. 13. REFERENCES <ul><li>Adams, C. (2011). Recess Makes Kids Smarter. Instructor , 120(5), 55-59. Retrieved from EBSCO host . </li></ul><ul><li>Jarrett, O. S., Hoge, P., Davies, G., Maxwell, D. M., Yetley, A., & Dickerson, C. (1998). Impact of recess on classroom behavior: Group effects and individual differences. Journal of Educational Research , 92(2), 121. Retrieved from EBSCO host . </li></ul><ul><li>Schachter, R. (2005). The End of Recess. District Administration , 41(8), 36-41. Retrieved from EBSCO host . </li></ul>