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Grammar book part two


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Grammar book part two

  1. 1. Grammar BookPart 2<br />By: Chucho Goldman<br />
  2. 2. Past Participles as Adjectives<br />El Futuro and ir + a+ infinitive<br />Demonstrative Adjectives<br />Demonstrative Pronouns<br />Imperfect<br />Los Mandatos<br />Informal + irregulars<br />Formal + irregulars<br />DOP + IOP placement<br />Modal Verbs<br />Reflexives<br />Saber vs. Conocer<br />Table Of Contents<br />
  3. 3. Past participles<br />Agrees with noun it modifies in gender and number<br />Abrir- Abierto<br />Poner- Puesto<br />Cubrir- Cubierto<br />Resolver- Resvelto<br />Decir- Dicho<br />Romper- Roto<br />Escribir- Escrito<br />Ver- Visto<br />Morir- Muerto<br />Volver- Vuelto<br />Ir- Ido<br />
  4. 4. Futuro<br />Infinative+Ending<br />Endings are same for -er, -ir, -ar<br />emos<br />é<br />ás<br />éis<br />á<br />an<br />
  5. 5. Future Irregulars<br />decir dir<br />hacer  har<br />poder  podr<br />poner  pondr<br />querer  querr<br />saber  sabr<br />salir  saldr<br />tener  tendr<br />valer  valdr<br />venir  vendr<br />
  6. 6. Demonstrative Adjectives/Pronouns<br />*To make a pronoun add an accent <br />on the first “e”<br />*Always agree with the gender and number with the noun they modify<br />*Always come in front of the noun they modify<br />
  7. 7. Imperfect Tense<br />*Used to describe past events<br />*no stem changes<br />*no specific ending or beginning<br />
  8. 8. MandatosInformales<br />
  9. 9. Irregulars<br />Affirmative<br />Negative<br />Di (decir)<br />Haz (hacer)<br />Ve (ir)<br />Pon (poner)<br />Sal (salir)<br />Sé (ser)<br />Ten (tener)<br />Ven (venir)<br />Tengas (tener)<br />Vengas (venir)<br />Dés, digas (dar, decir)<br />Vayas (ir)<br />Seas (ser)<br />Hagas (hacer)<br />Estés (estar)<br />Sepas (saber)<br />
  10. 10. Direct Objects<br />Lo, La, Los, Las<br />
  11. 11. Modal verbs<br />Used to help change verb meanings<br />Modal+infintive<br />Ir+a+infinitive<br />Poder (oue) = to be able to<br />Querer (eie) = to want<br />Deber= Should<br />Tenerque= to have to<br />Ex. Puedolimpiar<br />
  12. 12. Reflexive Verbs<br />Self Words<br />Process of thought<br />Pick pronoun<br />Conjugate <br />Pronoun in front of verb<br />Me Nos<br />Te Os<br />Se Se<br />*Can attach to infinatives<br />Example:<br />Estoypegandome OR Me estoypegando= I am hitting myself<br />