Located in the landlocked plateau of Central Asia between Chinaand Russia, Mongolia covers an entire area of 1.566.500 km- it .takes the 15th place with its size in the world Mongoliastretches about 2.400 km form the west to the east and about1.260 km from the north to the south.
The northern part of the country is covered by forest mountainranges and the southern part by desert, desert steppe, and steppeareas with low mountains. High snow-capped mountains andglaciers and the eastern part by vast plains and wild heathsdominate the western part. The Mongolian environment has alarge variety of features. Mongolia can be divided into six zones;desert, mountain, mountain taiga, mountain forest steppe, aridsteppe and taiga.
The mountain belt of the Mongol Altai, Khangai and Khentiimountainous regions, with their perpetual snow, glaciers, tracesand signs of ancient ice covers, has been well preserved due to aconstantly cold climate and strong winds. About 81% of thecountry is higher than 1000 meters above sea level and theaverage elevation is 1580 meters.
The steppe grades into Gobi Desert, which extends throughoutsouthern Mongolia from the east to the west of the country. TheGobi Desert, which extends throughout southern Mongolia fromthe east to the west of the country. The Gobi is mostly gravelly,but also contains large areas of sand dunes in the dries areas ofGobi near the southern border. The country has numeroussaltwater and freshwater lakes.
Most of Mongolian 3500 lakes are located in the western andnorthern parts of th country- biggest lakes like Uvs, Khovsgul, Khyargas, Khar, Boon Tsagaan, Orog, and many more.
Winter-Spring-Summer-Autumn Climate of MongoliaThe main characteristics of the climate of Mongolia are sunny days, long and cold winters, low precipitation and large annual, seasonal, monthly and diurnal fluctuations in air temperature. The average mean temperature recorded in January is -34C in the plateau and depressions, but extreme temperatures have been recorded between -50 and -56 degrees centigrade.
In the northern mountains the average mean temperature in thewarmest warmth is between +35C and +41C, depending on thearea.
Geography and climate vary greatly across the United States. Thetotal area of the US is over 9.6 million square kilometers, makingit either the third or fourth largest country in the world (its rankdepends on how Chinas size is calculated). The United States iscomprised of 48 "contiguous" or "continental" states, whichrefers to the states located in a single connected region on thecontinent of North America. The US has two additional states:Alaska and Hawaii. Alaska is located in the northwestern mostpart of North America, but Canada separates it from the"contiguous" states. Hawaii is also separated; it is an archipelagoin the Pacific Ocean.
Peaks Above 14,000 Feet in the United States mount Mckinley
Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. The Khüiten Peak inextreme western Mongolia on the Chinese border is the highest point (4,374 meters).
Great Bear Lake is the largest lake entirely within Canada (Lake Superior and Lake Huron straddling the Canada-US borderare larger), the fourth largest in North America, and theseventh largest in the world. The lake is in theNorthwest Territories and is situated on the Arctic Circlebetween 65 and 67 degrees of northern latitude and between 118and 123 degrees western longitude, 186 m (610 ft)above sea level.
One of the clearest lakes in the world, Lake Hovsgol has thenickname "Dark Blue Pearl of Mongolia". Mongolias largestfresh water lake is 125 km long and plunges to over 250 m. Dueto its size the water is very cold, and remains ice-covered untilwell into June.