The role of informatics in decreasing health care

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The role of informatics in decreasing health care

  1. 1. The Role of Informatics in Decreasing Health Care Disparities December 1, 2013
  2. 2. “Informatics” Defined as the “science and art of turning data into information” (Hebda & Czar, 2013)
  3. 3. “Data” Qualitative or quantitative values that are gathered for interpretation at a later time “Information” Data that has been interpreted
  4. 4. Health Disparities “differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of disease and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups in the United States” (Center to Reduce Health Disparities, 2013)
  5. 5. DIFFERENCES • Race • Ethnicity • Sex • Sexual identity • Age • Disability • Socioeconomic status • Geographic location
  6. 6. Current Health Disparities 2013
  7. 7. • • • • • • Hypertension Obesity Substance abuse Maternal and infant health Mental illness Violence
  8. 8. “to achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve health of all groups” HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020
  9. 9. “Health Equity” Attainment of the highest level of health for all people
  10. 10. It is necessary to reduce the prevalence of the disparities and achieve health equity Informatics aide in the move to eliminate health disparities
  11. 11. The Role of Informatics • Improved access to health care information • Eliminate communication barriers • Broader reach of information sharing • Improved educational resources • Improved patient care
  12. 12. Informatics Applications • Clinical settings • Administrative uses • Health care consumers
  13. 13. Informatics in Clinical Setting • • • • • Monitoring systems Order entry Laboratory systems Radiology systems Pharmacy systems
  14. 14. Electronic Health Record Medical records on an individual that can be accessed through interoperable systems by healthcare professionals from various facilities or organizations
  15. 15. Personal Health Record an electronic application that stores personal health information • • • • 24 hour access All health information conveniently stored in one place Access to online scheduling and reminders May or may not be linked to Electronic Medical Record (EMR)
  16. 16. Advantages • • • • • • Enhanced documentation Improved quality of care Reduced errors Common database Enhanced record of patient Patient outcomes
  17. 17. Informatics in Administration • Client registration • Payroll and Human Resources • Scheduling Systems
  18. 18. Advantages • • • • • • Increased productivity Improved staff communication Quality Assurance Improved registration, scheduling, billing Inventory control Employee satisfaction
  19. 19. All applications have an effect on quality of care a patient or healthcare consumer receives and ultimately result in health equity, eliminating health disparities
  20. 20. Informatics and Health Care Consumers • Most important in reducing current disparities • Information Disseminaton • Improve Health Literacy • Eliminate Digital Divide
  21. 21. Information Dissemination • Basic health promotion program • Internet used to disseminate health promoting information (immunizations, STDs, HTN, drug/alcohol abuse) • Reaches all geographic areas • Personal computer translate
  22. 22. Social Networking • Consumers create groups with similar chronic illnesses or disease processes to seek support or information • Examples are My Space, Facebook, LinkedIn • Areas of concern 1. 2. 3. 4. Scientific content Anxiety generated Confidentiality Ethical issues
  23. 23. Improved Communication • Across many populations without regard to geographical location • “real time” communication-improves timeliness of responses • Support from peers or individuals with similar illnesses
  24. 24. Obstacles • Health literacy • Disparity in Access
  25. 25. Health literacy- the degree to which consumers understand health information and services and their ability to make informed health care decisions Visual literacy Computer literacy Information literacy
  26. 26. Disparity in Access Digital Divide- refers to the various degrees of availability or access to information technology in populations • Improve access to technology • Improve health status of all populations • Eliminate disparities • Attain health equity
  27. 27. Informatics • Making health care information readily available • Improving educational opportunities • Improving availability of job resourcesaide in improving socioeconomic status • Eliminating communication barriers with translation applications • Eliminating geographical barriers
  28. 28. References Blais, K. & Hayes, J. (2011). Professional nursing practice:concept and perspectives (6th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. Center to Reduce Health Disparities: Disparities Defined. National Cancer Institute. Retrieved November 26, 2013, from http://crchd.cancer.gov/about/defined.html Disparities. Healthy People.gov. Retrieved November 27, 2013, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/disparitiesAbout.aspx Hebda, T., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses & healthcare professionals. (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
  29. 29. Template Provided By www.animationfactory.com 500,000 Downloadable PowerPoint Templates, Animated Clip Art, Backgrounds and Videos

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