An Ancient History China has a history spanning over 5,000 years. The first recognized organized dynasty was the Xia circa 2000-1500 B.C. Feudalism was the dominant economic and cultural model for the first 4,000 years. Historically, China’s government operated as a series of dynasties; about 24 with around 400 emperors up until 1911. The last dynasty to rule China was the Qing. In 1911, the Chinese Revolution lead by Dr. Sun Yat-Sen overthrew the Qing dynasty and created a republic. In 1949, The People’s Republic of China was formed after deposing the former government after a lengthy civil war. This ushered in the reign of the Communist Party which still holds power.
Basic Details about China Full Name: The Peoples Republic of China Population: 1.3 billion (as of 2004 and 2011) Capital City: Beijing National Flag: Five-Stars-Red-Flag Location: middle and East Asia, bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean Territorial Seas: the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea Climate: mainly continental monsoon climate (Tibet: vertical climate zone) People: Han Chinese (93.3%), plus 55 ethnic groups like Miao, Li, Mongolian Language: Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) based on Beijing dialect, plus local dialects Main Religions and Beliefs: officially atheist, Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam (over 22 million), Catholicism (over 4 million) and Protestantism (over 10 million) Currency and Monetary Unit : Renminbi/Yuan Form of Government: system of National Peoples Congress Administrative Demarcations: 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and 2 Special Administrative Regions Chinese President: Hu Jintao