Federal Funding Accountability & Transparency Act (FFATA) Alyssa Dillon North Park University SBNM 5730
History• Introduced on April 6, 2006 as S. 2590 by Tom Coburn, BarackObama, Tom Carper and John McCain. • 43 others co-sponsored this bill (S. 2590, 2006).• A “secret hold” was placed on this bill, which would haveprevented it from reaching the Senate floor. The secret of whoplaced this hold went viral in the blog world until Sen. Stevensfinally admitted it was his hold (Koppel et al., 2006).•The bill was passed by Senate on September 7, 2006 (S. 2590,2006).
History• Sister bill, H.R. 5060 was passed by the House, but it wasweaker so the Senate did not pass this bill. •The House‟s awareness of this similar bill helped to expedite the passing of S. 2590 (H.R. 5060, 2005).• S. 2590 was introduced to the House on September 8,2006 and was passed five days later (S. 2590, 2006).
Becoming a LawPresident George W. Bush signed the bill into law onSeptember 26, 2006 – as seen in the photo below (S.2590, 2006).
About FFATA• This bill was signed to empower every American with theability to hold the government accountable for each spendingdecision. •This bill will increase transparency for the over $1 trillion in federal awards (U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2010).• The Office of Management and Budget established acentralized and accessible database (www.USASpending.gov) in2007 to access this information.
About FFATATo achieve greater transparency, the act requires the database to provide the following informationabout each federal award:• Name of entity receiving award• Amount of award• Type of award (e.g., grant, loan, contract)• Agency funding award• A North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code of the recipient or a Catalog ofFederal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) number (where applicable)• Program source• Award title that describes the purpose of the funding• Location of recipient• City, state, congressional district, and country in which award performance primarily takes place• Unique identifier for entity receiving award and of the parent entity of recipient, if one exists• Any other information specified by OMB (Hatch, 2006).
Impact on Non Profit Organizations• FFATA requires information on federal awards (federalfinancial assistance and expenditures) be made availableto the public via a single, searchable website.• Federal awards include grants, loans, awards,cooperative agreements and other forms of financialassistance as well as contracts, subcontracts, purchaseorders, task orders, and delivery orders.
Impact on Non Profit Organizations• The centralized website allows for citizens andwatchdog groups to easily access information on federalfunding to non-profit organizations.• Many organizations claim they do not receive any city,state or federal funding (such as PAWS Chicago) and thisis a way to check these claims.
Impact on Non Profit Organizations• From the start this bill was widely supported by groupssuch as PETA, Gun Owners of America and the NationalGay and Lesbian Task Force (Hatch, 2006).• Organizations such as these listed above supported thisbill as they wanted to encourage this public database thatwould encourage transparency of federal funding andsupport for non-profit organizations.
ReferencesHatch, G. (2006). The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act:Background, Overview, and Implementation Issues. Retrieved fromhttp://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/secrecy/RL33680.pdf.H.R. 5060 (2005). Retrieved from http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d109:HR05060:@@@L&summ2=m&Koppel et al. (2006). Sen. Stevens is „the secret senator.‟ CNN. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/08/30/secret.senators/S. 2590 (2006). Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-109s2590is/pdf/BILLS-109s2590is.pdf.U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2010). Implementation of the Federal FundingAccountability and Transparency Act of 2006. Retrieved fromhttp://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-10-365