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Topic Out Lines
1. Concept of Dynamic Architecture.
2. History of Rotating Buildings.
3. Early Rotating Building.
4. Rotat...
Meaning / Concept
Dynamic (of a process or system) characterized by constant change,
activity, progress, or movement.
Dyna...
Meaning / Concept
These buildings provides the possibility to orient the own space:
- according to the moments of the day ...
1/13/2015 5
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Revolving Building
E...
1/13/2015 6
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Revolving Building
E...
History of Rotating Buildings
The dynamic/rotating buildings enjoyed a surprisingly long life—and a
recent rebirth across ...
Early Rotating Buildings
a
1/13/2015 8
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba ...
Early Rotating Buildings
Renaissance design, like technical innovation in
general, was often driven by military necessity....
Early Rotating Buildings
Like a small-scale Parthenon on the Acropolis, the summer house sat atop a mount overlooking the ...
Early Rotating Buildings
1/13/2015 11
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba B...
Early Rotating Buildings
1/13/2015 12
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba B...
Early Rotating Buildings
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba B...
Early Rotating Buildings
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba B...
Early Rotating Buildings
Right : Revolving tower at
southend-on-sea , England,
1900.
Left : Patent for revolving
tower bas...
Rotating Restaurants
A Rotating/revolving restaurant is a usually tower restaurant eating space designed
to rest atop a br...
1/13/2015 17
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The revolving
restaurant's debut
actually occurred
in Germany, with
its first iteration
appearing in 1959
in Stuttgart. Ci...
The first revolving restaurant in the U.S., La Ronde,
opened in 1961 in Honolulu, atop the Ala Moana
Building (it's since ...
Most European spinning restaurant construction
happened at the same time, from the Donauturm
in Vienna to the Olympiaturm ...
Designing a building on a turntable
The basic form of revolving portion of the building was simple: A circular
structure c...
Designing a building on a turntable
Rotating a floor, as it turns out, isn't particularly technically complicated.
Mickey ...
Designing a building on a turntable
The restaurant rests on a thin steel
platform, which sits on top of a series of
wheels...
Designing a building on a turntable
Typically, the turntable itself was entirely
independent of the surrounding structure;...
Rotating Restaurants Forms
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Spire restaurants, ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Rotating Restaurant...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Rotating Restaurant...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Rotating Restaurant...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Rotating Restaurant...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Rotating Restaurant...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Rotating Restaurant...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
First Rotating Resi...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
First Rotating Resi...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
First Rotating Resi...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Partially Rotating ...
1/13/2015 37
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Partially Rotating ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Partially Rotating ...
1/13/2015 39
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic / Kinetic F...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic / Kinetic F...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Interior De...
1/13/2015 42
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Interior De...
1/13/2015 43
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Furniture
T...
1/13/2015 44
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Furniture
L...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Twisted / Dancing S...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
One of the latest d...
1/13/2015 47
IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Revolution
...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Revolution
...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Revolution
...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Revolution
...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Revolution
...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Revolution
...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Revolution
...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Towers Adva...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Towers Adva...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Dynamic Towers Adva...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Eco-Friendly Dynami...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Eco-Friendly Dynami...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Eco-Friendly Dynami...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Sustainable Dynamic...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The Rotating Tower ...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Gaza own perspectiv...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Gaza own perspectiv...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Static Urban Fabric...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The fields in betwe...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Empty and forlorn
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The dynamic of surr...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Buildings Weight an...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Buildings Colors an...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
The street as figur...
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IUG | College of Engineering | Department of
Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
City Sky-line
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Mobility and Dynami...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Static-Dynamic Form...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Static-Dynamic Form...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Static-Dynamic Form...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Gaza Dynamic Buildi...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Gaza Dynamic Buildi...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Gaza Dynamic Buildi...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Gaza’s First Dynami...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
Gaza’s First Floati...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
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References
 Revolv...
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Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
We Finished !
For L...
Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture
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Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 1 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 2 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 3 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 4 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 5 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 6 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 7 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 8 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 9 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 10 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 11 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 12 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 13 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 14 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 15 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 16 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 17 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 18 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 19 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 20 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 21 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 22 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 23 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 24 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 25 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 26 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 27 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 28 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 29 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 30 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 31 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 32 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 33 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 34 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 35 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 36 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 37 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 38 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 39 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 40 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 41 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 42 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 43 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 44 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 45 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 46 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 47 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 48 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 49 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 50 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 51 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 52 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 53 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 54 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 55 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 56 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 57 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 58 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 59 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 60 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 61 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 62 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 63 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 64 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 65 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 66 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 67 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 68 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 69 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 70 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 71

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Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 73 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 74 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 75 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 76 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 77 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 78 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 79 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 80 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 81 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 82 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 83 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 84 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 85 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 86 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 87 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 88 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 89 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 90 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 91 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 92 Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture Slide 93

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Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture

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Prepared By: Aliaa M. Shamallakh | IUG | Gaza | Palestine

This presentation was part of studying the course " Theories ans Criticism in Architecture ", it focused on the history of dynamic architecture, its concept, progress, characteristics, shapes, and last revolution. Also, it focus on the Gaza own perspective on dynamic perspective.

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Dynamic architecture + Gaza Own Perspective on Dynamic Architecture

  1. 1. Topic Out Lines 1. Concept of Dynamic Architecture. 2. History of Rotating Buildings. 3. Early Rotating Building. 4. Rotating Restaurants. 5. Designing a building on a turntable. 6. First Residential Rotating Tower. 7. Partially Rotating House. 8. Dynamic/ Kinetic Façade. 9. Dynamic Interior Design. 10. Dynamic Furniture. 1/13/2015 2 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka 8. Twisted & Dancing Buildings. 9. Dynamic Revolution (2008). 10. The Fourth Dimension. 11. Aspects of Dynamic Buildings. 12. Dynamic Towers Advantages. 13. Eco-Friendly Dynamic Towers. 14. Sustainable Dynamic Tower. 15. The Rotating tower of Dubai. 16. Gaza own perspective on Dynamic Architecture.
  2. 2. Meaning / Concept Dynamic (of a process or system) characterized by constant change, activity, progress, or movement. Dynamic Architecture / Dynamic Buildings , the start of a new conception in Architecture , a concept of buildings in motion which can be found in many shapes such as: 1. Static-Dynamic (Form, Textures, Colors). 2. Partially-Dynamic (specific spaces, elevations, Interior partitions, Furniture). 3. Fully-Dynamic (the whole Building can rotate, revolve, swivel or pivot). 1/13/2015 3 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  3. 3. Meaning / Concept These buildings provides the possibility to orient the own space: - according to the moments of the day (sun & light). - in relation to the seasons. - in relation to the surrounding environment (views). - For the purposes of protection and defense - or simply to own pleasure. 1/13/2015 4 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  4. 4. 1/13/2015 5 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Revolving Building Early Idea, 1906 In 1906 American newspaper columnist George Ade described planning a transatlantic voyage and reserving a stateroom that he assumed would be filled with sunlight and warm breezes throughout the crossing. At the outset of the journey, however, he was disappointed to realize that the ship had to turn around as it left the dock, and that his cabin would actually face north “with nothing coming in at the porthole except a current of cold air direct from Labrador”. The experience gave him an idea: The unexpected manner in which the boat turned around has suggested to me a scheme for a revolving apartment house. The building will be set on giant casters and will revolve slowly, so that every apartment will have a southern exposure at certain hours of the day, to say nothing of the advantage of getting a new view every few minutes.
  5. 5. 1/13/2015 6 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Revolving Building Early Idea, 1906 Ade was not the first to come up with the idea of a rotating building, but his description and his plans to capitalize upon it neatly typify the development of rotating architecture throughout the twentieth century. With ever-changing vantage points revolving buildings offered a new way of looking at the world. They rewrote spatial relationships within buildings and reconfigured views of the world outside. With gears, motors, and ball bearings they made nature serve the occupant, for climate or lighting control, entertainment or spectacle. Amateur inventors, entrepreneurs, and eccentrics took up the challenge of designing a viable, affordable version for their own use or to package and sell to the public. Like George Ade’s many of these designs were never built, but remained elusive visions of a revolving future.
  6. 6. History of Rotating Buildings The dynamic/rotating buildings enjoyed a surprisingly long life—and a recent rebirth across cities in Asia and the Middle East. So where, and when, did it all begin ? 1/13/2015 7 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka 1st Century | 64 -70 AD Nero’s Rotating Dining Hall, at the Golden House. 9th Century Renaissance design of rotary machine tooling enabled more accurate rifled gun barrels, and machine guns exponentially multiplied firing rates. 12th Century Revolving Summer Houses have been a common feature of the gardens and parks enjoyed by European nobility. 13th Century | 1295 the park of hesdin with a dining house on wheels that could be rolled out to the park and turned to face the sun. 18th Century | 1736 revolving summer house and mount at kensington Gardens by Bernard Lens the young. 19th Century | 1800 Curio’s theater. 19th Century | 1841 Theodor Timby ‘s model for his rotating tower/turret for US navy monitor. 19th Century | 1883 Rotating house on a rooftop in Paris, as envisioned by Albert Robida in hisbook the twentieth Century. 19th Century | 1895 Jesse Lake’s revolving tower providing a constantly changing view of Atlantic city’s Boardwalk . 19th Century | 1900 Revolving tower at southend on sea, England.
  7. 7. Early Rotating Buildings a 1/13/2015 8 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Nero’s Rotating dining hall at Domus Aurea (Golden House), a luxurious palace surrounded by an immense portico. The room which has just been discovered was always turning around itself just like earth does and was powered by a constant flow of water from the sea and two small lakes (Albula waters). 1st Century 64 – 70 AD
  8. 8. Early Rotating Buildings Renaissance design, like technical innovation in general, was often driven by military necessity. Throughout history fighting forces have sought advantage with stronger swords, thicker walls, and quieter submarines. Advances in metal and casting technology created powerful artillery that rendered obsolete existing fortifications, rotary machine tooling enabled more accurate gun barrels, and machine guns exponentially multiplied firing rates. Great strides in the mechanization of war were made during the nineteenth century. At least two designs were proposed, but ultimately never built. 1/13/2015 9 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Renaissance rotary machine tool for wars
  9. 9. Early Rotating Buildings Like a small-scale Parthenon on the Acropolis, the summer house sat atop a mount overlooking the palace garden with its features. It offered opportunities to experience and meditate on landscape that was handcrafted to appear naturalistic. In fact, the mount itself was man-made from earth excavated to create a pond elsewhere on the grounds. 1/13/2015 10 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Revolving Summer House and mount at kensington Gardens by Bernard Lens the Younger , 1736
  10. 10. Early Rotating Buildings 1/13/2015 11 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  11. 11. Early Rotating Buildings 1/13/2015 12 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka In 1841, Theodore Timby, a nineteen-year-old from Syracuse, New York, came up with his own design for a land-based revolving gun tower. To illustrate the invention he carved a miniature version from a four-inch block of ivory. The following year he built an ironclad model seven feet in diameter and in January 1843 he patented the idea.
  12. 12. Early Rotating Buildings 1/13/2015 13 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka In 1883 French caricaturist and novelist Albert Robida published the first in a trilogy of illustrated futuristic novels. The Twenteith Century predicted a future of comfort and social equality made possible by nineteenth century industry and innovation. In Robida’s vision of futuristic life in Paris, houses that combine the appearance of chateaus and train carriages are constructed on a circular platform placed atop existing dwellings. The platform is rotated by a servant immediately below using a hand crank, and the tail or fin extending diagonally from the bottom of the rotating section is similar to those seen on post mills. According to the author, the rooftop rotating house is necessary because most transportation in the twentieth century would be done in dirigible-like flying machines called aerocabs and aeroyachts that would be boarded at roof level, and the growth of the Parisian population and pollution would force new construction ever higher.
  13. 13. Early Rotating Buildings 1/13/2015 14 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Right : Jesse Lake’s revolving tower, 1895 Left : revolving tower in Yarmouth based on Lake’s design.
  14. 14. Early Rotating Buildings Right : Revolving tower at southend-on-sea , England, 1900. Left : Patent for revolving tower based on Jesse Lake’s design : note the turntable and its wheeled underside that rotates around the upper face of the platform. 1/13/2015 15 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  15. 15. Rotating Restaurants A Rotating/revolving restaurant is a usually tower restaurant eating space designed to rest atop a broad circular revolving platform that operates as a large turntable. The building remains stationary and the diners are carried on the revolving floor. The revolving rate varies between one and three times per hour and enables patrons to enjoy a panoramic view without leaving their seats. Such restaurants are often located on upper stories of hotels, television towers, and skyscrapers. It wasn't just the recipes that were faddish. The 1960s were halcyon times for restaurant experiences that hold almost no appeal today, from the dine-o-mat to the drive-in diner. But one curious product of this era had true staying power: the revolving restaurant. 1/13/2015 16 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka 1933 Sightseeing Restaurant for Chicago world’s fair. 1959 The Stuttgart Fernsehturm (TV. Tower) 1960 1970 1961 Cairo Tower , Egypt. largely associated with 1960s and 1970s fairs and expositions , from the CN Tower in Toronto, the Skylon Tower in Niagara Falls, the Sunsphere in Knoxville, and the Tower of the Americas in San Antonio, La Ronde in honolulu, to the Spce needle for the world’s fair in Seattle.
  16. 16. 1/13/2015 17 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  17. 17. The revolving restaurant's debut actually occurred in Germany, with its first iteration appearing in 1959 in Stuttgart. Civic authorities constructing a TV. tower were looking for some additional means to wring use from the building, and they found it in food. They put a restaurant in the tower, and in the spirit of postwar West German economic hubris, the Stuttgart Fernsehturm would turn— offering at-table views of not merely one but every possible vista. 1/13/2015 18 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka TV. Tower in Stuttgart, 1959
  18. 18. The first revolving restaurant in the U.S., La Ronde, opened in 1961 in Honolulu, atop the Ala Moana Building (it's since been lost). La Ronde was soon followed by the Space Needle, built for the 1962 Worlds Fair in Seattle, and then by a range of North American peers that are likely familiar to you: structures—and their respective restaurants—largely associated with 1960s and 1970s fairs and expositions, from the CN Tower in Toronto, the Skylon Tower in Niagara Falls, and the Sunsphere in Knoxville, to the Tower of the Americas in San Antonio. 1/13/2015 19 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Sunsphere in knoxville, 1982 World’s Fair
  19. 19. Most European spinning restaurant construction happened at the same time, from the Donauturm in Vienna to the Olympiaturm in Munich. Towers in Cairo, Kenya, the Philippines, and many other locations soon joined the revolving revolution. The Eastern Bloc embraced the gimmick too, most notably in the Fernsehturm in East Berlin and the Ostankino Tower in Moscow, but also more remotely, in Tallinn and across the Central Asian Republics. 1/13/2015 20 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Cairo Tower in Egypt, 1961
  20. 20. Designing a building on a turntable The basic form of revolving portion of the building was simple: A circular structure containing a platform rotated around a central core, which held elevators, kitchens, and so on, designed to ensure that every table cycled through a view of the surrounding landscape at a carefully calibrated speed. 1/13/2015 21 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  21. 21. Designing a building on a turntable Rotating a floor, as it turns out, isn't particularly technically complicated. Mickey Steinberg, a structural engineer on several notable John Portman hotel projects (the leafy, atrium-laden designs found in many U.S. cities) explained in a recent interview that the engineering requirements of the revolving structure became quite simple. A mechanism perfected by a Connecticut firm called Macton built the "turntables" for most American and several international revolving restaurants (its only competitor even today is the Chinese firm Weizhong, which has dominated Asian construction and is growing rapidly). The pattern was always the same, Steinberg said: "We built a floor and then we contracted with them to build a turntable." 1/13/2015 22 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  22. 22. Designing a building on a turntable The restaurant rests on a thin steel platform, which sits on top of a series of wheels connected to the floor. The propulsion? Frequently, a motor with only about ¾ horsepower, according to Steinberg, attached to an angled steel plate with "wheels on both sides like a clutch." A prominent question was just how rapidly to turn the platform—how fast to patrons want to spin? Macton recommended 40 to 50 minutes for most rotations, which some thought was merely an arbitrary speed, But Steinberg said that the management at one hotel noticed that people would often get off the spinning deck after one rotation at the same place where they got on—to get another cocktail at the bar. So they decided to subtly encourage the speed, adjusting the rotation to a half hour. "If we speed it up we'll sell more drinks because they'll get off quicker," the hotel management reasoned. Patrons did speed up their drinking—but there was also an unforeseen side effect. "They were also getting sick all the time! So they soon set that back to regular speed." 1/13/2015 23 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The wheeled turntable mechanism in one rotating tower
  23. 23. Designing a building on a turntable Typically, the turntable itself was entirely independent of the surrounding structure; a timeworn diner's test was to leave something on the lip of the unmoving edge of the floor and watch it inch away. Some structures completely separated the static core from the spinning outer ring with a set of windows. Whatever their exact engineering, nearly all spinning restaurants were designed with a sole, obvious goal: Unobstructed views—the circular, revolving portion is surrounded by curved glass. There was more variety is to be found in the kind of buildings that supported them, though. 1/13/2015 24 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  24. 24. Rotating Restaurants Forms 1/13/2015 25 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Most rotating restaurants are like architectural barnacles. They rely on other "host" buildings or natural features to provide the necessary height, concentration of visitors, and a share of the design statement. The host structure or site usually has one of three primary forms: vertical cantilevered towers (the superstars of the genre); commercial and industrial buildings; or mountain tops. Towers build adjacent to tourist-frequented natural wonders like Niagra Falls or expositions like the Tower of the Americas in San Antonio, Texas, served primarily as observation deck, restaurant attraction, and instant landmark. Other towers were first and foremost telecommunications platforms—-revolving restaurants and observation decks were ancillary income generators.
  25. 25. 1/13/2015 26 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Spire restaurants, a series of columns or needles supporting an orb or cylinder, are certainly the best- known type—and the stuff of countless skyline whether they accommodate some other function or exist only for the fine view. Occasionally, these towers culminate in observation structures, like the sparkled microphone of the Reunion tower in Dallas, or the pillared disco ball of the Sunsphere in Knoxille. But spires usually rise through and beyond any restaurants. The towers themselves are typically dull linear or mildly narrowing columns; visual interest is a question of whatever cylinder, globe or discus these assorted javelins seem to have speared. They make for interesting contrastive additions to cityscapes, but are generally a pretty uniform lot. Rotating Restaurants Forms
  26. 26. 1/13/2015 27 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Rotating Restaurants Forms Top: The Space Needle in Seattle. Bottom: The Munich Olympiaturm. The Olympiaturm in Munich, above, is a great example of how a stacking pattern creates visual appeal and interest from afar. The most dynamic spinning buildings have a base that's more than just a pillar. For instance, the lattice frame of the Space Needle makes the tower a rare case of appearing both elegant and dynamic.
  27. 27. 1/13/2015 28 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Rotating Restaurants Forms Occasionally observation structures attempt something more strange; the Kamzik Tower near Bratislava, has no central column. Rather, four angled columns run along its corner, an exoskeleton that widens and then narrows again with several clearly separated floors exposed. It looks almost like an Eastern Bloc joke of a building finished non-sequentially that decided to open existing floors no matter how much sky separated them—-and it looks great. Alttitude Restaurant, Kazmic TV. Tower, Bratislava. 1975
  28. 28. 1/13/2015 29 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Rotating Restaurants Forms In only a few cases did designers seem to pay some architectural attention to integrating the restaurant. Several accomplished this by simply building cylindrical structures that naturally mirrored or easily housed circular restaurants at their top. The Cairo Tower and the Kenyatta Conference Center were two such strong cases, using locally- inflected high-rise modernism—from local techniques to materials—to create successful integrated structures. Naironbi's Kenyatta Conference Center
  29. 29. 1/13/2015 30 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Rotating Restaurants Forms The Radisson Hotel Cincinnati Waterfront is another example, as are several John Portman hotels, including the Westin Peachtree Plaza in Atlanta and the Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center. The Westin Peachtree Hotel, 1976
  30. 30. 1/13/2015 31 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Rotating Restaurants Forms Stranger designs crop up elsewhere, such as the Genex Tower in Belgrade, where a spire rises along one office tower volume and is linked to another at its top levels.
  31. 31. 1/13/2015 32 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Rotating Restaurants Forms The third category, mountaintop revolving restaurants, is about the simplest expression of the form, given that their locations obviously don't require much of a built platform to achieve a view. You'll find them in the Alps, in the Himalayas, and even, in the case of the Drehrestaurant Allalin, atop a glacier. The best-known mountaintop restaurant is Piz Gloria in Switzerland, whose claim to fame is its role as Telly Savalas' health spa in the 1968 James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service.
  32. 32. 1/13/2015 33 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka First Rotating Residential Tower Suite Vollard, 2001
  33. 33. 1/13/2015 34 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka First Rotating Residential Tower Suite Vollard, 2001  The Suite Vollard is a rotating residential building in Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.  This Apartment Building was Designed by a team of Architects, headed by Bruno de Franco & David Fisher.  This building is the only one of its kind in the world, as each of the 11 apartments can rotate 360º.  Each apartment can spin individually in any direction. One rotation takes a full hour.  The apartment rings rotate around a static core used for building services, utilities, and all areas which require plumbing.  Each apartment was sold for approximately 300,000 $.
  34. 34. 1/13/2015 35 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka First Rotating Residential Tower Suite Vollard, 2001
  35. 35. 1/13/2015 36 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Partially Rotating House Sharifi-Ha house, Tehran,2013 Based in Tehran, the Sharifi-ha House by Iranian architectural firm Nextoffice is a luxurious home by anyone's standard. The seven-floor residence boasts an elevator, swimming pool, and a sizable gym. More interestingly, it also features three rooms which resemble large wooden boxes and sit upon operable rotating platforms. Sharifi-ha House's three operable rooms remain in a flat, or "closed" position during cold weather. However, if the sun comes out, each room can rotate 90 degrees outwards with the touch of a button to reveal a terraced area. While the house is in its "open" state, there's also more ventilation and light available to those inside.
  36. 36. 1/13/2015 37 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Partially Rotating House Sharifi-Ha house, Tehran,2013
  37. 37. 1/13/2015 38 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Partially Rotating House Sharifi-Ha house, Tehran,2013
  38. 38. 1/13/2015 39 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic / Kinetic Facade Kiefer Technic Showroom Bad Gleichenberg, Austria Dynamic exterior of Kiefer Technic Showroom in Bad Gleichenberg, Austria consists of electric window shutters made of perforated aluminum. Unique facade, designed by Ernst Giselbrecht, changes throughout the day, transforming the building into a dynamic sculpture.
  39. 39. 1/13/2015 40 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic / Kinetic Facade Kiefer Technic Showroom Bad Gleichenberg, Austria
  40. 40. 1/13/2015 41 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Interior Design Yuko Shibata is the Japanese designer behind this modest-but-effective interior design intervention. The use of two very simple non-structural wall elements turns a small apartment into a superb multi-functional set of living, working and sleeping areas.
  41. 41. 1/13/2015 42 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Interior Design
  42. 42. 1/13/2015 43 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Furniture Torque Desk by I M Lab
  43. 43. 1/13/2015 44 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Furniture Living room table | Yanko Design
  44. 44. 1/13/2015 45 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Twisted / Dancing Skyscrapers Static/Traditional Dynamic Santiago Calatrava, 2005
  45. 45. 1/13/2015 46 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka One of the latest design trends that seems to have found appeal among some architects is a towering skyscraper that twists its way up to the top. Possibly the first, modern, twisted skyscraper constructed was the Turning Torso in Malmö, Sweden. It is designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava and officially opened on 27 August 2005. Twisted / Dancing Skyscrapers After the successful completion of the Turning Torso, designers started proposing similar audacious structures elsewhere. Many projects got shelved, others were passed and built, and a handful of them are currently under construction.
  46. 46. 1/13/2015 47 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Revolution Dr. David Fisher’s Revolution, 2008
  47. 47. 1/13/2015 48 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Revolution Dr. David Fisher’s Revolution, 2008
  48. 48. 1/13/2015 49 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Revolution Dr. David Fisher’s Revolution  Dr. David Fishers is an Italian Architect based in Florence owning a design firm called “Infinity Design”.  Honors at Faculty of Architecture in Florence University.  Taught as faculty in the same and in structural engineering department.  Awarded PhD Honoris causa by the Prodeo Institute at Columbia University (NY).  Not a traditional architect as he worked mainly in the field of construction redefining the technical and technological extremes of building.  Involved in restoration of ancient buildings.  Pioneer in the field of prefabrication and dynamic buildings.
  49. 49. 1/13/2015 50 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Revolution The Fourth Dimension ! The greatest innovation, which characterizes David Fisher’s tower of endless shapes is the introduction of the fourth dimension, Time, as an essential part of the building philosophy. This concept brings first of all a dynamic use of space: not only does the Rotating Tower adjust to its surroundings, it can also comply with its tenants’ needs and whims. Dynamic/Rotating towers and skyscrapers, allow tenants to select their favorite view at any moment, following the sun or letting the apartment rotate slowly to enjoy the view. This means that the Tower's external shape and profile change constantly, projecting a new perception of architecture: what was motionless has become dynamic.
  50. 50. 1/13/2015 51 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Revolution The Fourth Dimension ! What drove David Fisher towards Dynamic Architecture is the determination to develop new space solutions, and at the same time better living conditions. In simple words, it is easy to see that not much has happened since the Egyptians built the Pyramids: Architecture is still based on the laws of static. David Fisher describe his buildings as "designed by time, shaped by life". Dynamic Architecture is not related only to style and design, it involves a completely new approach to construction: Buildings are endowed with movement and are able to change their shape over time. For all these reasons, David Fisher thinks and designs his buildings with four dimensions, not only height, width and depth, but also “Time”.
  51. 51. 1/13/2015 52 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower brings three main futuristic aspects, three revolutions: 1. The shape of the building changes continuously: Buildings as Part of the Environment, adjusting to the sun and the wind, to the view and to our momentary requirements. Each floor, in fact, can rotate separately, changing every second the shape of the building. The Rotating Skyscraper takes on shapes imposed by time and life, never appearing the same in any two given moments. It is the first building to have four dimensions: Designed by TIME, shaped by LIFE. Dynamic Revolution
  52. 52. 1/13/2015 53 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Revolution 2. The method of construction (Prefabrication) It is in fact the first building produced in a factory, giving construction a new industrial approach. The entire building, aside from the concrete core, is made of prefabricated units which arrive to the construction site completely finished, including flooring, water piping, air conditioning and all finishes. These units, made of steel, aluminium, carbon fiber and other high quality modern materials, are installed “mechanically” on site. The building, made of single separate floors, is structurally sound and flexible at the same time, being of very high seismic resistance.
  53. 53. 1/13/2015 54 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Revolution 3. The combining technology and luxury with environment: The skyscraper's wind turbines, positioned horizontally between each floor, and solar ink on its many roofs will produce energy making the tower the first self- powered building. Thus the Rotating Tower, a unique architectural solution, becomes also a "power station" producing green energy for the city.
  54. 54. 1/13/2015 55 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Towers Advantages 1. Quality control: Industrialization enables much stricter and more reliable quality control procedures. 2. Safety: On-site workers will operate in a functional and organized process and the off-site workers in a comfortable environment, because of smart and well organized assembly procedures. 3. Tailor-made solutions: Owners will be able to customize their apartments according to their desire and avoiding knocking down walls after they receive the key of their apartment. 4. Fast construction: An 80-story skyscraper can be built in 22 months. Pre-assembly in a factory generates significant gains in efficiency and productivity. 5. Cost savings: Of site work and Industrialization generates economies of scale and experience effects that significantly lower cost of construction.
  55. 55. 1/13/2015 56 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Towers Advantages 6. Resource optimization: Streamlined industrial processes ensure a proper planning of needed resources. 7. Green "Construction Site": No more noise, debris, and waste material, reduction in energy consumption, traffic, and pollution. 8. Extended building lifespan: Industrialization brings cutting edge materials and technologies to construction, extending the products’ lifespan. 9. Low energy requirements: The increased efficiency arising from industrialization leads to significantly lower energy requirements.
  56. 56. 1/13/2015 57 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Dynamic Towers Advantages
  57. 57. 1/13/2015 58 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Eco-Friendly Dynamic Towers The Dynamic Tower, the world's first building in motion, takes the concept of environmental buildings to the next level, generating electricity for itself, making it the first skyscraper designed to be entirely powered by wind and sun.
  58. 58. 1/13/2015 59 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Eco-Friendly Dynamic Towers The Dynamic Tower is an innovative green building. With wind turbines fitted horizontally between each rotating floor, the 80- story building will have up to 79 wind turbine systems, making it a truly green power plant. While traditional vertical wind turbines have environmental and social effects, including the need for roads to build and maintain them, in addition to the noise and the obstruction of views, the Dynamic Tower's wind turbines are practically invisible and extremely quiet due to their special shape and the carbon fiber material of which they are composed.
  59. 59. 1/13/2015 60 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Eco-Friendly Dynamic Towers Photovoltaic ink is to be placed on each rotating floor to produce solar energy. With approximately 20% of each roof exposed to the sun and light, a building with 80 roofs provides the roofing space of more than 10 similar size buildings. In addition, natural and recyclable materials including stone, marble, glass and wood are intended for the interior finishing. Further improving the energy efficiency of the Dynamic Tower, insulated glass and structural insulating panels are employed. During construction of the green tower, energy use is drastically reduced due to the prefabrication of the building in a factory.
  60. 60. 1/13/2015 61 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Sustainable Dynamic Towers Dynamic buildings are a result of a decade-long experience in the research of innovative building components, capable of interacting with climate conditions and regulating energy flows through the building surface. The “intelligent” building is thus one whose external components become elements of thermal self-regulation, ensuring indoor comfort while reducing energy consumption.
  61. 61. 1/13/2015 62 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower of Dubai
  62. 62. 1/13/2015 63 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower of Dubai  80 floors, 420 meters tall.  First 20 floors will be Offices.  Floors 21 to 35 will be a Luxury hotel,  Floors 36 to 70 will be Apartments.  While the top 10 floors will be luxury Villas.  Apartment sizes range from 124 sq.m to villa of size 1200 sq.m  It will be the first building in the World to be entirely constructed from factory made prefabricated parts.  These parts are being manufactured in a factory in Altamura, Italy.  It will require just 600 people in the assembly facility and 80 technicians on the site instead of min. 2000 workers for a similar building.  the consturction will complete by the end of this year.
  63. 63. 1/13/2015 64 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  64. 64. 1/13/2015 65 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka
  65. 65. 1/13/2015 66 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower of Dubai
  66. 66. 1/13/2015 67 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower of Dubai
  67. 67. 1/13/2015 68 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower of Dubai
  68. 68. 1/13/2015 69 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower of Dubai
  69. 69. 1/13/2015 70 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The Rotating Tower of Dubai
  70. 70. 1/13/2015 71 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Gaza own perspective On Dynamic Architecture
  71. 71. 1/13/2015 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka 72
  72. 72. 1/13/2015 73 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Gaza own perspective on Gaza city, one of the Palestinian cities and one of the most densely populated places in the world. It has a long history as it was a cradle of many civilizations, further it is exposed to many wars and crises since 1948 till now. In the last five years (2009-2014), Gaza exposed three barbarian wars with massive loss of human life and huge systematic destruction of homes. These events caused sequential economic crises, negatively impacted in shaping the urban fabric, and changed the architectural features in Gaza. Therefore, it is difficult to find any application of dynamic architecture with its modern and developed concept. But this video will show you a new perspective on dynamic architecture in Gaza !! Dynamic Architecture
  73. 73. 1/13/2015 74 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Static Urban Fabric Gaza has a static-Dynamic urban Form which can be perceived visually, and is clearly presented: - The fields in between buildings. - Empty and forlorn. - The dynamic of surrounding space. - Buildings Weight and height. - Buildings colors and textures. - The street as figure. - Crossing and squares. - City Sky-line. - Mobility and dynamic life. - Dynamic form and elevation of some buildings. With dynamic form
  74. 74. 1/13/2015 75 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The fields in between buildings
  75. 75. 1/13/2015 76 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Empty and forlorn
  76. 76. 1/13/2015 77 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The dynamic of surrounding space
  77. 77. 1/13/2015 78 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Buildings Weight and Height
  78. 78. 1/13/2015 79 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Buildings Colors and textures
  79. 79. 1/13/2015 80 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka The street as figure Crossing and squares
  80. 80. 1/13/2015 81 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka City Sky-line
  81. 81. 1/13/2015 82 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Mobility and Dynamic Life
  82. 82. 1/13/2015 83 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Static-Dynamic Form & Elevation Arcmed Hotel, Gaza
  83. 83. 1/13/2015 84 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Static-Dynamic Form & Elevation Arcmed Hotel, Gaza
  84. 84. 1/13/2015 85 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Static-Dynamic Form & Elevation Arcmed Hotel, Gaza
  85. 85. 1/13/2015 86 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Gaza Dynamic Buildings/Towers ! Epic / Catastrophic Motion In June 2014, Gaza has been excluded from the fourth dimension, where the boundaries of time and place are broken with the massive Israeli-bombardment in the whole Gaza Strip all the time. And the buildings were moving down, or simply it is turned upside down in seconds!
  86. 86. 1/13/2015 87 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Gaza Dynamic Buildings/Towers ! Epic / Catastrophic Motion
  87. 87. 1/13/2015 88 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Gaza Dynamic Buildings/Towers ! Epic / Catastrophic Motion
  88. 88. 1/13/2015 89 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Gaza’s First Dynamic Space Al-Dolphin Floating Restaurant Not innovative, not perfect, but it gives you an opportunity to have a meal or a drink while you enjoy the scene of Gaza city sky-line on one side and the scene of sunset on the other side!! - It’s opened just in summer, one day per week . - It is NOT a unique design. - Absence of safty factors. - Small Functional area which affects the whole services. - Low quality furniture with bad arrangement.
  89. 89. 1/13/2015 90 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka Gaza’s First Floating restaurant Al-Dolphin Restaurant
  90. 90. 1/13/2015 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka 91 References  Revolving Architecture: A History of Buildings That Rotate, Swivel, and Pivot | By Chad Randl | Princeton Architectural Press | 1 edition |May 15, 2008.  A Brief History of Buildings That Spin | Anthony Paletta | www.gizmodo.com | 10/16/14 9:00am.  The Dynamics of Architectural Form | Rudolf Arnheim | University of California Press | February 7, 1978.  www.dynamicarchitecture.net
  91. 91. 1/13/2015 92 IUG | College of Engineering | Department of Architecture | Aliaa Shamallkh & Roba Baraka We Finished ! For Listening …..
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Prepared By: Aliaa M. Shamallakh | IUG | Gaza | Palestine This presentation was part of studying the course " Theories ans Criticism in Architecture ", it focused on the history of dynamic architecture, its concept, progress, characteristics, shapes, and last revolution. Also, it focus on the Gaza own perspective on dynamic perspective.

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