<Basic Beliefs & Apologetics>
Principles <ul><li>Distinguish between tough  questions  and tough  problems </li></ul><ul><li>“ I don’t know” is fine! Un...
Session #1 God is Real
Discuss! <ul><li>Why did you become a Christian? “I became a Christian because _______.” </li></ul><ul><li>What are 1-2 of...
 
 
 
There are more than  1.5 million   galaxies !
By  chance  or  design ?
The challenge  for  evolution
 
Let’s watch the vid! The Teleological Argument
The Anthropic Principle
The Cosmological Argument (Kalam)
“ In the beginning was the Word , and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning.   Thr...
Other ‘hot’ problems <ul><li>“ There is no truth”, “The world is an illusion”, “Truth is determined by _____” </li></ul><u...
Session #2 God is Love
Quiz : Are you a  heretic ?!
What is the Trinity?
 
1 x 1 x 1 = 1
The best model I can  think of thus far…
 
 
 
 
The Problem of Evil <ul><li>Why doesn’t God stop evil? </li></ul><ul><li>Why didn’t God stop Hurricane Katrina, the Japan ...
 
 
The LORD will rise up as he did at Mount Perazim, he will rouse himself as in the Valley of Gibeon— to do his  work , his ...
Yet by far the best ‘answer’ to the problem of evil…
 
What happened on the Cross? GROUP EXERCISE!
 
 
 
 
 
Session #4 Jesus
What questions do you have about Jesus?
<ul><li>Who did Jesus’ contemporaries understand Jesus to be? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the ‘kingdom of God’? </li></ul><u...
4 Jewish groups during Jesus’ time There were (at least)
 
#1 The Withdrawers
Qumran Community / Essenes <ul><li>Focus: Purity, separation, complete withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: Leave the cou...
#2 The Assimilators
Sadducees <ul><li>Focus: assimilation and accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: Join the government, profit from those ...
#3 The Fault-Finders
Pharisees <ul><li>Focus: other people’s faults(!), distinguishing between ‘good guys’ and ‘bad guys’,  </li></ul><ul><li>V...
“ Life is like a forensic lab…”
Modern-day Pharisees?
#4 The  Revolutionaries
Zealots <ul><li>Focus: revolution, violence </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: Overthrow the government by force (other means are ...
Into the midst of these four worldviews…
 
WITHDRAWERS REVOLUTIONARIES ASSIMILATORS FAULT-FINDERS “ Behold I make all things new” (Rev 21)
Jesus <ul><li>Focus: aggressive kindness and love (for  all ), self-sacrifice, all-out giving,  </li></ul><ul><li>Victims:...
<Did it really happen?> Did it really happen?
Consider… <ul><li>All evidence suggests that Jesus  really  died (water from body, unbroken legs, burial) </li></ul><ul><l...
More ‘hot’ questions <ul><li>What about those who didn’t get to hear the Gospel through no fault of their own? </li></ul><...
The Temptations of Christ in the Wilderness:  A Study of Truth, Man & Sin
“ I will allure her and bring her into the wilderness and  speak to her heart ”  (Hosea 2:14)
 
Why do Christians still sin?
The  1 st  Temptation
&quot;If you are the Son of God,  tell this stone to become bread .&quot; (Luke 4:3)
 
The Devil doesn’t appear like this
 
“ Man  shalt not live by bread alone…”
Who / What is Man?
The issue of Inerrancy <ul><li>Does the Bible NEED to be 100% error-free? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the Bible 100% error-free? ...
The ‘miracle’ of NT preservation
Sin is the  ‘Cutting Short’  of a  kingdom process!
The  2 nd  Temptation
&quot; If you are the Son of God… throw yourself down . For it is written:  'He will command his angels concerning you, an...
 
 
'He will command his angels concerning you…”
Sin =  ‘Circus Stunts’  to gain kingdom peace / protection!
Thou shalt not  BLACK-MAIL  the Lord your God!
Temptation is often a  distortion  of true vocation
The  3 rd   Temptation
&quot; All this I will give you,&quot; he said, &quot;if you will  bow down and worship me .&quot;  (Luke 4:9)
What about faith and government / politics?
“ All this I will give you…”
Sin is a  Short Cut  towards a  kingdom goal!
What’s the Common Thread?
Session #5 We Are Jesus
In 165 AD, a devastating epidemic swept through the Roman empire, killing 1/3 of the population, incl. Emperor Marcus Aure...
In 251 AD, another plague hit the empire, this time both  rural  and  urban  areas were affected…
“ Most of our brothers showed unbounded love…never sparing themselves and thinking only of one  another…Heedless of danger...
“ The heathen behaved in the very opposite way. At the first onset of the disease,  they pushed the sufferers away and fle...
Result? ‘ Miraculous’ healing Huge Conversions Growth of Christian population Spread of Christian love/principles througho...
What is your  1-minute  elevator pitch? “ A Christian is ______”
 
 
The kingdom of God is like a team of resistance fighters...
If a country starts mobilizing its troops, preparing its airplanes, testing its weapons, sending spies to other countries,...
 
 
 
The kingdom of God is like a cigarette smoker…
Jesus’ strange kingdom… <ul><li>It’s “weak” and “foolish” (1Cor 1) </li></ul><ul><li>It’s lowly and despised…it’s somethin...
Residential Bible School: Apologetics & Basic Beliefs
Residential Bible School: Apologetics & Basic Beliefs
Residential Bible School: Apologetics & Basic Beliefs
Residential Bible School: Apologetics & Basic Beliefs
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Residential Bible School: Apologetics & Basic Beliefs

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Residential Bible School: Apologetics & Basic Beliefs

  1. 1. <Basic Beliefs & Apologetics>
  2. 2. Principles <ul><li>Distinguish between tough questions and tough problems </li></ul><ul><li>“ I don’t know” is fine! Unanswered questions don’t mean Christianity is false! </li></ul><ul><li>Love is more important than logic </li></ul><ul><li>What can YOU learn? </li></ul><ul><li>The “seeker” issue (or why ‘proof’ is almost never sufficient); psychological certainty vs. epistemic certainty </li></ul>
  3. 3. Session #1 God is Real
  4. 4. Discuss! <ul><li>Why did you become a Christian? “I became a Christian because _______.” </li></ul><ul><li>What are 1-2 of the most difficult questions you have heard about Christianity? (Sticky Note exercise!) </li></ul>
  5. 8. There are more than 1.5 million galaxies !
  6. 9. By chance or design ?
  7. 10. The challenge for evolution
  8. 12. Let’s watch the vid! The Teleological Argument
  9. 13. The Anthropic Principle
  10. 14. The Cosmological Argument (Kalam)
  11. 15. “ In the beginning was the Word , and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning.   Through him all things were made ; without him nothing was made that has been made.” (John 1:1-3)
  12. 16. Other ‘hot’ problems <ul><li>“ There is no truth”, “The world is an illusion”, “Truth is determined by _____” </li></ul><ul><li>How do I know I exist? </li></ul><ul><li>Why doesn’t God do ‘sky-writing’? </li></ul><ul><li>Nature is all there is…you are being fooled by your brain </li></ul>
  13. 17. Session #2 God is Love
  14. 18. Quiz : Are you a heretic ?!
  15. 19. What is the Trinity?
  16. 21. 1 x 1 x 1 = 1
  17. 22. The best model I can think of thus far…
  18. 27. The Problem of Evil <ul><li>Why doesn’t God stop evil? </li></ul><ul><li>Why didn’t God stop Hurricane Katrina, the Japan tsunami, etc.? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is there pain? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do bad things happen to good people? (Why do good things happen to bad people?!) </li></ul>
  19. 30. The LORD will rise up as he did at Mount Perazim, he will rouse himself as in the Valley of Gibeon— to do his work , his strange work , and perform his task, his alien task . (Isaiah 28:21)
  20. 31. Yet by far the best ‘answer’ to the problem of evil…
  21. 33. What happened on the Cross? GROUP EXERCISE!
  22. 39. Session #4 Jesus
  23. 40. What questions do you have about Jesus?
  24. 41. <ul><li>Who did Jesus’ contemporaries understand Jesus to be? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the ‘kingdom of God’? </li></ul><ul><li>Did Jesus want to start a church? </li></ul><ul><li>Why all the miracles ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Jesus talk in parables ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did He die? </li></ul>
  25. 42. 4 Jewish groups during Jesus’ time There were (at least)
  26. 44. #1 The Withdrawers
  27. 45. Qumran Community / Essenes <ul><li>Focus: Purity, separation, complete withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: Leave the country! Forget politics! </li></ul><ul><li>Good: Holy and set apart </li></ul><ul><li>Bad: Totally disengaged and thus irrelevant to the world </li></ul><ul><li>Not a threat to the status quo </li></ul>
  28. 46. #2 The Assimilators
  29. 47. Sadducees <ul><li>Focus: assimilation and accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: Join the government, profit from those in power </li></ul><ul><li>Good: Works well with the world and within the system </li></ul><ul><li>Bad: Selfish and helps perpetuate injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Not a threat to the status quo </li></ul>
  30. 48. #3 The Fault-Finders
  31. 49. Pharisees <ul><li>Focus: other people’s faults(!), distinguishing between ‘good guys’ and ‘bad guys’, </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: “I-told-you-so”, “You-should-have-…”, “Your-mistake-was…” </li></ul><ul><li>Good: Well-informed and very critical of all parties (except themselves!) </li></ul><ul><li>Bad: Creates burdens for people, de-contextualised ‘solutions’, </li></ul><ul><li>Not a threat to the status quo </li></ul>
  32. 50. “ Life is like a forensic lab…”
  33. 51. Modern-day Pharisees?
  34. 52. #4 The Revolutionaries
  35. 53. Zealots <ul><li>Focus: revolution, violence </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: Overthrow the government by force (other means are a waste of time!) </li></ul><ul><li>Strongly opposed to injustice, courageous and action-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Bad: Perpetuates ‘violence’ and ‘hatred’, equates worldly justice with divine justice </li></ul><ul><li>Threatens status quo </li></ul>
  36. 54. Into the midst of these four worldviews…
  37. 56. WITHDRAWERS REVOLUTIONARIES ASSIMILATORS FAULT-FINDERS “ Behold I make all things new” (Rev 21)
  38. 57. Jesus <ul><li>Focus: aggressive kindness and love (for all ), self-sacrifice, all-out giving, </li></ul><ul><li>Victims: Liberation of the heart, really good news, compassion, hope, peace, joy, promise of resurrection </li></ul><ul><li>Oppressors: Sacrifice, radical listening / friendship, forgiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone: A New Way of Being Human </li></ul><ul><li>A quiet but real threat to the status quo! </li></ul>
  39. 58. <Did it really happen?> Did it really happen?
  40. 59. Consider… <ul><li>All evidence suggests that Jesus really died (water from body, unbroken legs, burial) </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish leaders claimed the disciples stole the body but tomb was guarded by Roman soldiers (whose lives were at stake) </li></ul><ul><li>More than 500 people saw Jesus resurrected, and who was present for days (hallucination cannot explain this!), see Acts 1 </li></ul><ul><li>The first witnesses were women! (not good for credibility or conspiracy!) </li></ul><ul><li>What motives did disciples have for lying? So they could ‘look good’? So they could be persecuted and die as martyrs? </li></ul>
  41. 60. More ‘hot’ questions <ul><li>What about those who didn’t get to hear the Gospel through no fault of their own? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we even know Jesus existed? </li></ul><ul><li>What about Da Vinci Code?! </li></ul><ul><li>Why does God create all people sin-less? Won’t that be the case in Heaven? </li></ul>
  42. 61. The Temptations of Christ in the Wilderness: A Study of Truth, Man & Sin
  43. 62. “ I will allure her and bring her into the wilderness and speak to her heart ” (Hosea 2:14)
  44. 64. Why do Christians still sin?
  45. 65. The 1 st Temptation
  46. 66. &quot;If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread .&quot; (Luke 4:3)
  47. 68. The Devil doesn’t appear like this
  48. 70. “ Man shalt not live by bread alone…”
  49. 71. Who / What is Man?
  50. 72. The issue of Inerrancy <ul><li>Does the Bible NEED to be 100% error-free? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the Bible 100% error-free? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the OT and NT compare historiographically with other documents </li></ul><ul><li>What about 2Tim 3:16? </li></ul>
  51. 73. The ‘miracle’ of NT preservation
  52. 74. Sin is the ‘Cutting Short’ of a kingdom process!
  53. 75. The 2 nd Temptation
  54. 76. &quot; If you are the Son of God… throw yourself down . For it is written: 'He will command his angels concerning you, and they will lift you up in their hands , so that you will not strike your foot against a stone ” (Luke 4:3)
  55. 79. 'He will command his angels concerning you…”
  56. 80. Sin = ‘Circus Stunts’ to gain kingdom peace / protection!
  57. 81. Thou shalt not BLACK-MAIL the Lord your God!
  58. 82. Temptation is often a distortion of true vocation
  59. 83. The 3 rd Temptation
  60. 84. &quot; All this I will give you,&quot; he said, &quot;if you will bow down and worship me .&quot; (Luke 4:9)
  61. 85. What about faith and government / politics?
  62. 86. “ All this I will give you…”
  63. 87. Sin is a Short Cut towards a kingdom goal!
  64. 88. What’s the Common Thread?
  65. 89. Session #5 We Are Jesus
  66. 90. In 165 AD, a devastating epidemic swept through the Roman empire, killing 1/3 of the population, incl. Emperor Marcus Aurelius…
  67. 91. In 251 AD, another plague hit the empire, this time both rural and urban areas were affected…
  68. 92. “ Most of our brothers showed unbounded love…never sparing themselves and thinking only of one another…Heedless of danger, they took charge of the sick, attending to their every need and ministering to them in Christ …drawing on themselves the sickness of their neighbors and cheerfully accepting their pains…” Bishop Dionysius of Alexandria, AD260
  69. 93. “ The heathen behaved in the very opposite way. At the first onset of the disease, they pushed the sufferers away and fled from their dearest , throwing them into the roads before they were dead and treated unburied corpses as dirt, hoping thereby to avert the spread and contagion of the disease; but do what they might, they found it difficult to escape.” Bishop Dionysius
  70. 94. Result? ‘ Miraculous’ healing Huge Conversions Growth of Christian population Spread of Christian love/principles throughout empire!
  71. 95. What is your 1-minute elevator pitch? “ A Christian is ______”
  72. 98. The kingdom of God is like a team of resistance fighters...
  73. 99. If a country starts mobilizing its troops, preparing its airplanes, testing its weapons, sending spies to other countries, etc. – what does that tell you?
  74. 103. The kingdom of God is like a cigarette smoker…
  75. 104. Jesus’ strange kingdom… <ul><li>It’s “weak” and “foolish” (1Cor 1) </li></ul><ul><li>It’s lowly and despised…it’s something that is NOT (1Cor 1) </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not of this world (John 8) </li></ul><ul><li>It’s perfected in our weakness i.e. we need to be very ‘teruk’ before New Creation becomes very ‘terror!’ (2Cor 12) </li></ul>

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