Visualizing diasporas

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Presentation to the Visualizing Diaspora Meet Up group, June 2013.

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Visualizing diasporas

  1. 1. Visualizing Diasporas Alvaro Lima, June 2013 Transnational Communities- not your grandfather’s diaspora -
  2. 2. Traditional Understanding – The Migration Flow ADMISSION: Who? How many? What kind?
  3. 3. poverty stagnation overpopulation etc… Traditional Understanding – The Migration Flow WHY?
  4. 4. Country Total Population (millions) Population from Developing Countries (millions) Percent of Total Population Top Five Source Countries (percent of total) Top Five Source Countries United States Spain France UK Netherlands Portugal Japan 281.4 40.8 58.5 58.8 16.0 10.4 127 28.4 1.5 3.7 3.0 1.2 0.5 1.2 10.1 3.7 6.4 5.1 7.6 4.5 1.0 45.2 44.2 20.4 30.1 48.6 62.8 69.6 Mexico, Philippines, Puerto Rico, India, China Morocco, Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Vietnam India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Jamaica, South Africa Suriname, Turkey, Indonesia, Morocco, Netherlands Antilles Angola, Mozambique, Brazil, Cape Verde, Venezuela North Korea, South Korea, China, Brazil, Philippines Foreign-Born Population of Rich OECD Countries from Developing Countries Source: Let Their People Come, Lant Pritchett, 2006
  5. 5. Integration policies are skeletal, ad hoc, under-funded and dominated by the ideology of assimilation – MELTING POT labor market housing education etc… Traditional Understanding – The Settlement ESOL entrepreneurship
  6. 6. Immigrants forge economic, social, cultural and political relations that link together their societies of origin and settlement… New Understand - Immigrant Transnationalism
  7. 7. Drivers of Transnationalism  Developments in the means of transportation and communications have changed the relations between people and places (costs);  International migrations have become crucial to the demographic future of many developed countries;  Global political transformations and new international legal regimes weakened the state as the only legitimate source of rights;  Fostered by global consumption, global production, and immigration, cultural hybridization are substituting folkloric romanticism and political nationalism enshrined as essences of national cultures;
  8. 8. Some Implications of Transnationalism  Portability becomes crucial for transnational migrants – education and certification processes; investment and retirement schemes, health insurance, etc.;  The concept of “community,” “society,” as well as “the local,” must be redefined as space of flows (relationships), pluri-local and nation-state-boarder spanning, instead of bounded geographic places – geographic and social container spaces;  Transnational immigrant entrepreneurs’ contributions to the economy have to be recognized as such and not as just “ethnic;”  Nation-state ideals of identity in both sending and receiving countries are challenged by transnational practices – double citizenship, transnational rights, regimens, etc…;  States must re-conceive immigration and adapt their policies and practices to accommodate transnational realities;
  9. 9. Transnational platform New Possibilities – Transnational Platform(s) Transnational platform
  10. 10. First Generation Innovation Portfolio  Digaai.com  Transnational Index  Diaspora Capital Services  Educational Delivery & Partnership Models  Health Care Management & Insurance Provision  Social Security  Political Representation
  11. 11. it Brazil Japan United States Portugal Angola Spain Paraguay Brazilian Transnational Community Digaai Transnational Platform capture everyday life practices capture social practices capture economic activity (PHASE I) SEARCH AGGREGATE ARCHIVE CURATE PHASE II DATAVERSE … SLIDESHARE …
  12. 12. it Brazilian Transnational Community capture everyday life practices capture social practices capture economic activity (PHASE I) SEARCH AGGREGATE ARCHIVE CURATE (PHASE II) MASHUPS JOURNALING TAGGCLOUDS … GeneralModel Transnational Platform Model WIKI … DATAHUB … DATAVERSE … SLIDESHARE …
  13. 13. Conectando brasileiros mundo afora www.digaai.com digaaí - [dig-ă-ēē ] 1. To give your opinion; to speak up; popular Brazilian expression used as a greeting such as “What is happening?” or “How are you doing?” 2. di-ga [verb] – to say; to express; to enunciate; to present an idea or opinion; to inform or affirm 3. a-í [adverb] – here; in this place; close to the person you’re speaking with
  14. 14. Other Tools: http://digaai836.apphb.com/acervo Newspaper s & Magazines http://digaai836.apphb.com/acervoVideos http://mapa.digaai.org/index.php Web News
  15. 15. Infographic s Vojo Yelow page http://varjotahoje.com/rb/grafico01.php http://vojo.co/en/users/digaai http://viuachou.com/index.php
  16. 16. http://exaptive.com/ Data visualization of Brazilian Immigrant newspapers
  17. 17. Existing Data: MEASURING TRANSNATIONALISM
  18. 18. $875 $398 $331 $218 $- $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 Brazil Ecuador México Guatemala Guyana Dominican R. Colombia Nicaragua El Salvador Honduras Cuba Monthly Remittance by Nationality $278 $274 $192 $188 $185 $177 $113 ABOVE AVERAGE BELOW AVERAGE AVERAGE = $294 45.4% 20.5% 17.8% 5.1% 4.9% 3.7% 1.6% 0.8% 0.2% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 45.0% 50.0% Foods and spices Videos, DVDs, CDs Clothing Newspapers/magazines Books Alcohol Cigarettes Craft Items Others Purchasing of Nostalgic Products Among Brazilians 37.6% 28.9% 26.0% 5.5% 1.6% 0.3% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% Does not have / NR Checking account Savings account Credit card Investment account Foreign currency savings Financial Accounts in Country of Origin - Brazil MEASURING TRANSNATIONALIS M
  19. 19. 46.6% 36.80% 27.0% 22.7% 20.0% 15.3% 14.0% 10.3% 9.1% 5.7% 3.7% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% 40.0% 45.0% 50.0% Guyana Brazil Ecuador Honduras Colombia Nicaragua Dominican R. México Cuba El Salvador Guatemala Help Beyond Remittances AVERAGE = 19.2% ABOVE AVERAGE BELOW AVERAGE 19 26.3% 12.4% 10.0% 6.7% 5.0% 4.0% 3.5% 3.3% 2.8% 2.4% 0.0% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% Guyana Brazil Ecuador Honduras Colom bia Nicaragua Mexico Dom inican R. Guatem ala El Salvador Cuba Support of Hometown Associations AVERAGE = 6.7% ABOVE AVERAGE BELOW AVERAGE MEASURING TRANSNATIONALIS M
  20. 20. MEASURING TRANSNATIONALIS M
  21. 21. Existing Data: REMITTANCES
  22. 22. FINDINGS FROM 2007 SURVEY OF BRAZILIAN REMITTERS IN MASSACHUSETTS
  23. 23. HIGHLIGHTS FROM 2007 SURVEY:
  24. 24. HIGHLIGHTS FROM 2007 SURVEY:
  25. 25. Existing Data: U.S Census & American Community Survey
  26. 26. Total Foreign-Born and Total Foreign-Born BrazilianTotal Foreign-Born and Total Foreign-Born Brazilian Populations in the United StatesPopulations in the United States 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1996 1999 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Thousands Millions Immigration Trends in the U.S. (1930-2007) TotalForeign-Born Brazilians Source: U.S. Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis 1982 deadline for U.S. residence Immigratio n Reform and Control Act of 1986 Immigration Act of 1965 Welfare Reform Act of 1996 US Patriot Act of 2001
  27. 27. United States Ranking Country 31,107,889 1 Mexico 9,177,487 2 China: 1,518,652 3 Philippines 1,369,070 4 India 1,022,552 5 Vietnam 988,174 6 Cuba 872,716 7 Korea 864,125 8 Canada 820,771 9 El Salvador 817,336 10 Germany 706,704 11 Dominican Republic 687,677 12 United Kingdom 677,751 13 Jamaica 553,827 14 Colombia 509,872 15 Guatemala 480,665 16 Italy 473,338 17 Poland 466,742 18 Haiti 419,317 19 Japan 347,539 20 Russia 340,177 21 Ecuador 298,626 22 Iran 283,226 23 Honduras 282,852 24 Peru 278,186 25 Ukraine 275,153 26 Pakistan 223,477 27 Nicaragua 220,335 28 Brazil 212,428 29 Guyana 211,189 Population Ranking – United States, 2000 Source: U.S. Census 2000, SF3 Data Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis United States Rankings Countries Estimate 1 Mexico 11,424,600 2 China: 1,870,796 3 Philippines 1,648,025 4 India 1,469,946 5 Vietnam 1,098,664 6 El Salvador 1,053,978 7 Korea 1,016,207 8 Cuba 940,031 9 Canada 840,197 10 Dominican Republic 744,540 11 Guatemala 686,120 12 Germany 637,967 13 Jamaica 612,567 14 Colombia 584,735 15 Haiti 504,750 16 Poland 487,597 17 Italy 413,749 18 Honduras 406,476 19 Russia 389,159 20 Peru 384,891 21 Ecuador 383,060 22 England 374,792 23 Japan 355,293 24 Taiwan 352,602 25 Brazil 342,732 26 Iran 321,151 27 Ukraine 317,945 28 Pakistan 263,458 29 Guyana 250,878 30 Nicaragua 232,337 31 Trinidad and Tobago 221,893 32 Hong Kong 209,949 Population Ranking – United States, 2007 Source: American Community Survey (ACS), 2007, BRA Research Division Analysis Population Ranking – Brazilian Population, 2000 and 2007
  28. 28. Massachusetts Ranking Country 772,983 1 Portugal 66,627 2 China: 54,450 3 Dominican Republic 46,744 4 Canada 40,247 5 Brazil 36,669 6 Haiti 33,862 7 Vietnam 30,457 8 Italy 28,319 9 India 28,086 10 United Kingdom 25,403 Population Ranking – Massachusetts, 2000 Metro Boston Ranking Country 531,089 1 China 34,086 2 Haiti 28,336 3 Brazil 26,360 4 Canada 25,672 5 Dominican Republic 24,124 6 Italy 21,929 7 India 20,048 8 Vietnam 19,342 9 El Salvador 16,179 10 Portugal* 16,035 Population Ranking – Metro Boston, 2000 Source: U.S. Census 2000, Public Use Microdata (PUM) 5% Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis Boston Ranking Total: 151,836 1 Haiti 15,423 2 China: 13,497 3 Dominican Republic 12,608 4 Vietnam 9,741 5 El Salvador 6,318 6 Jamaica 6,315 7 Cape Verde 6,076 8 Colombia 5,001 9 Ireland 4,951 10 Brazil 4,652 Population Ranking – Boston, 2000 Source: U.S. Census 2000, SF3 Data Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis Boston: 10th Metro Boston: 3rd Massachusetts: 5th United States: 28th Population Ranking – Brazilian Population, 2000 and 2007 Massachusetts Rankings Countries Estimate 1 Brazil 76,934 2 China 69,707 3 Portugal 61,720 4 Dominican Republic 55,921 5 Haiti 41,379 6 India 39,612 7 Vietnam 34,897 8 Canada 34,185 9 Italy 26,285 10 El Salvador 23,421 Population Ranking – Massachusetts, 2007 Source: American Community Survey, ACS, 2007, BRA Research Division Analysis Boston Rankings Countries Estimate 1 China: 14,220 2 Haiti 14,169 3 Dominican Republic 13,207 4 Vietnam 9,179 5 El Salvador 7,641 6 Colombia 7,174 7 Jamaica 6,781 8 Brazil 6,731 9 Mexico 4,044 10 Ireland 3,499 Population Ranking – Boston, 2007 Boston: 8th Metro Boston: Massachusetts: 1th United States: 25th Source: American Community Survey, ACS, 2007, BRA Research Division Analysis
  29. 29. United States Ranking Country 31,107,889 1 Mexico 9,177,487 2 China: 1,518,652 3 Philippines 1,369,070 4 India 1,022,552 5 Vietnam 988,174 6 Cuba 872,716 7 Korea 864,125 8 Canada 820,771 9 El Salvador 817,336 10 Germany 706,704 11 Dominican Republic 687,677 12 United Kingdom 677,751 13 Jamaica 553,827 14 Colombia 509,872 15 Guatemala 480,665 16 Italy 473,338 17 Poland 466,742 18 Haiti 419,317 19 Japan 347,539 20 Russia 340,177 21 Ecuador 298,626 22 Iran 283,226 23 Honduras 282,852 24 Peru 278,186 25 Ukraine 275,153 26 Pakistan 223,477 27 Nicaragua 220,335 28 Brazil 212,428 29 Guyana 211,189 Population Ranking – United States, 2000 Source: U.S. Census 2000, SF3 Data Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis Massachusetts Ranking Country 772,983 1 Portugal 66,627 2 China: 54,450 3 Dominican Republic 46,744 4 Canada 40,247 5 Brazil 36,669 6 Haiti 33,862 7 Vietnam 30,457 8 Italy 28,319 9 India 28,086 10 United Kingdom 25,403 Population Ranking – Massachusetts, 2000 Metro Boston Ranking Country 531,089 1 China 34,086 2 Haiti 28,336 3 Brazil 26,360 4 Canada 25,672 5 Dominican Republic 24,124 6 Italy 21,929 7 India 20,048 8 Vietnam 19,342 9 El Salvador 16,179 10 Portugal* 16,035 Population Ranking – Metro Boston, 2000 Source: U.S. Census 2000, Public Use Microdata (PUM) 5% Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis Boston Ranking Total: 151,836 1 Haiti 15,423 2 China: 13,497 3 Dominican Republic 12,608 4 Vietnam 9,741 5 El Salvador 6,318 6 Jamaica 6,315 7 Cape Verde 6,076 8 Colombia 5,001 9 Ireland 4,951 10 Brazil 4,652 Population Ranking – Boston, 2000 Source: U.S. Census 2000, SF3 Data Sample, BRA Research Division Analysis Boston: 10th Metro Boston: 3rd Massachusetts: 5th United States: 28th Population Ranking – Brazilian Population, 2000
  30. 30. Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  31. 31. Percentage of Brazilians by County – United States Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  32. 32. Number of Brazilians by Census Tract - Massachusetts Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  33. 33. Number of Brazilians by Census Tract – Boston and North Shore Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  34. 34. Number of Brazilians by Census Tract – Boston’s Metro West Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  35. 35. Number of Brazilians by Census Tract – South Shore and Cape Cod & Islands Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  36. 36. Percentage of BraziliansPercentage of Brazilians by Census Tracts – Cityby Census Tracts – City of Bostonof Boston Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  37. 37. Number of Brazilians byNumber of Brazilians by Census Tracts – City ofCensus Tracts – City of BostonBoston Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  38. 38. Number of Brazilians by Census Tracts – FloridaNumber of Brazilians by Census Tracts – Florida Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  39. 39. Number of Brazilians by Census Tracts – CaliforniaNumber of Brazilians by Census Tracts – California Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  40. 40. Number of Brazilians by Census Tracts – MiamiNumber of Brazilians by Census Tracts – Miami Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  41. 41. Number of Brazilians by Census Tracts – OrlandoNumber of Brazilians by Census Tracts – Orlando Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  42. 42. Number of Brazilians by Census Tracts – San FranciscoNumber of Brazilians by Census Tracts – San Francisco BayBay Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  43. 43. Number of Brazilians by Census Tracts – Los AngelesNumber of Brazilians by Census Tracts – Los Angeles Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, BRA Research Division Analysis, Digital Cartography & GIS
  44. 44. Fonte: Fazendo America, Alvaro Lima & Pete Plastrik, 2007
  45. 45. Other database:  Naturalizations  Removals  Brazilian Immigrant voting patterns  Brazilians by countries  Brazilian data from other countries (census, reports, etc…)  Existing studies  Brazilian census  Other databases

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