Transnational Communities - not your grandfather’s diaspora - Digaai MeetingAlvaro Lima, September 2012
why a trasnational platform ? Since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990’s, a new regime has slowly evolved and continues to take shape. Globalization has remade the economy of virtually every nation, reshaped almost every industry and touched billions of lives, often in ambiguous ways; Today, drugs, crime, sex, war, protest movements, terrorism, disease, people, ideas, images, news, information, entertainment, pollution, goods, and money all travel the globe. They are crossing national boundaries and connecting the world on an unprecedented scale and with previously unimagined speed; The shrinking of distance and the speed of movement that characterize the current globalization process find one of its most extreme forms in electronically based communities from all around the world interacting in real time and simultaneously; Communication networks stretching across the world have the potential to connect people, previously disconnected from what went on elsewhere, into a shared social space quite distinct from territorial space. Developments in information and communication technologies have changed relations between people and places; These global processes have also shaped the nature and pace of migration and the terms of national belonging. What we still narrate in the language of immigration, is actually a series of processes having to do with globalization of economic activity whereby global elements are localized, international labor markets are constituted, and cultures from all over the world are de- and re-territorialized – they are, along with the internationalization of capital, a fundamental aspect of globalization.
Global markets create permanent demand for highly skilled technical and professional workers as well as for unskilled laborers. Uneven development and the industrialization of traditional economic sectors in sending countries create large, mobile pools of underemployed labor; Once this process is started, the linkages established between immigrant communities in the receiving country and their families in the sending countries tend to reinforce the process. That is, once started, it spreads through social networks. These social networks are the sets of cross-border interpersonal ties connecting migrants, return migrants, and non-migrants through kinship, friendship, and attachment to a shared place of origin; Although these networks generally emerge from economic relations among migrants and between migrants and non-migrants, social, religious, and political connections also constitute these arenas. The more diverse and thick these “transnational social fields” are, the more numerous the ways for migrants to remain active in their homelands. The more institutionalized these relationships become, the more likely it is that transnational membership will persist; Uneven integration processes further reinforce these networks. Migrants adopt some values and practices of receiving societies but not others, gain access to some social and economic institutions but are barred from integrating into others, they may exhibit structural assimilation without cultural or residential assimilation, or they assimilate into different segments of the host society. They are assimilating while remaining transnational at the same time.
Transnationalism is the regular, frequent engagement in economic, political and socio-cultural activities in both countries: Transnational platform Transnational platform
This new reality creates new notions of community, of membership, and of entitlement. Supporting these transnational communities is key to deeper and lasting transformations of their host and sending societies. The possibilities opened up by the Internet and other digital technologies create unique opportunities to empower these communities, support these transformational processes and create new forms of citizen action, civic engagement and community life; The transnational platform will be designed to support these processes among Brazilian immigrants across the world. The platform will open up opportunities for Brazilian immigrants around the world to build social capital, political power and economic assets. Although designed to support the Brazilian community, it provides a “template” that can be replicated in other communities that are looking for new ways to forward social and economic capital formation through fostering transnational ties.
transnational platform model (PHASE I) SEARCH AGGREGATE ARCHIVE CURATE WIKI NOTICIAS DATAHUB BLOGS INFOGRAFICOS LIVRO TVBRASIL EDUCATION MEMORIA MURAL BANCA POLINGBrazilian Transnational Community RADIO ACERVO VIU ACHOU …. everyday General Model it life practices capture social practices capture economic activity social economic activity activity capture everyday life practices (PHASE II) (PHASE III) SERVICE MODEL MASHUPS JOURNALING TAGGCLOUDS … (remittances, airline tickets, phone minutes, locker…)