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Redefining America: Findings from the 2006 Latino National Survey

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A “national” telephone survey of 8600 Latino residents of the United States, seeking a broad understanding of the qualitative nature of Latino political and social life in America

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Redefining America: Findings from the 2006 Latino National Survey

  1. 1. Redefining America: Findings from the 2006 Latino National Survey Luis R. Fraga Stanford University University of Washington John A. Garcia University of Arizona Rodney E. Hero University of Notre Dame Michael Jones-Correa Cornell University Valerie Martinez-Ebers Texas Christian University Gary M. Segura University of Washington
  2. 2. Sources of FundingSources of Funding • Annie E. Casey FoundationAnnie E. Casey Foundation • Carnegie CorporationCarnegie Corporation • Ford FoundationFord Foundation • Hewlett FoundationHewlett Foundation • Irvine FoundationIrvine Foundation • Joyce FoundationJoyce Foundation • Kellogg FoundationKellogg Foundation • National Science FoundationNational Science Foundation • Russell Sage FoundationRussell Sage Foundation • Texas A&M University: MALRC, PERGTexas A&M University: MALRC, PERG
  3. 3. Latino National SurveyLatino National Survey • A “national” telephone survey of 8600 LatinoA “national” telephone survey of 8600 Latino residents of the United States, seeking a broadresidents of the United States, seeking a broad understanding of the qualitative nature of Latinounderstanding of the qualitative nature of Latino political and social life in Americapolitical and social life in America • State-stratified samples that reach approximatelyState-stratified samples that reach approximately 90% coverage of the national Latino population90% coverage of the national Latino population • Approximately 40 minutes (length and number ofApproximately 40 minutes (length and number of questions depends on split-samples, etc)questions depends on split-samples, etc) • English and SpanishEnglish and Spanish • Universe is all Latino adults, not citizens or votersUniverse is all Latino adults, not citizens or voters
  4. 4. Themes within the SurveyThemes within the Survey • Survey includes…many of the questions or topics youSurvey includes…many of the questions or topics you have grown to love from existing surveys, wheneverhave grown to love from existing surveys, whenever possible to ensure comparability;possible to ensure comparability;  Questions submitted by various political scientists specificallyQuestions submitted by various political scientists specifically targeted at states;targeted at states;  Questions suggested by the advisory boardQuestions suggested by the advisory board • Beyond the standard, we focused on transnationalism,Beyond the standard, we focused on transnationalism, identity, inter-group and intra-group relations, gender,identity, inter-group and intra-group relations, gender, education, policy preferences, discrimination,education, policy preferences, discrimination, mobilization and overall political orientationsmobilization and overall political orientations • Some questions specific to foreign born, non-citizens,Some questions specific to foreign born, non-citizens, registered voters, and residents of specific statesregistered voters, and residents of specific states
  5. 5. Stratified StructureStratified Structure The survey is stratified, that is, creates stand-alone samples in 15The survey is stratified, that is, creates stand-alone samples in 15 states and the DC Metro area allowing us to speak to specificstates and the DC Metro area allowing us to speak to specific political contextspolitical contexts  ArizonaArizona 400400  ArkansasArkansas 400400  CaliforniaCalifornia 12001200  ColoradoColorado 400400  DC-SMSADC-SMSA 400400  FloridaFlorida 800800  GeorgiaGeorgia 400400  IllinoisIllinois 600600  IowaIowa 400400  NevadaNevada 400400  New JerseyNew Jersey 400400  New MexicoNew Mexico 400400  New YorkNew York 800800  North CarolinaNorth Carolina 400400  TexasTexas 800800  WashingtonWashington 400400  TOTALTOTAL 86008600
  6. 6. California Sub-samplesCalifornia Sub-samples • Bay Area:Bay Area: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco,Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, SonomaSan Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, Sonoma • Los Angeles Metro:Los Angeles Metro: Los Angeles, Orange, VenturaLos Angeles, Orange, Ventura • San Diego:San Diego: San DiegoSan Diego • Central Valley:Central Valley: Fresno, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, SanFresno, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, TulareJoaquin, Stanislaus, Tulare • Inland Empire:Inland Empire: Riverside (western), San BernardinoRiverside (western), San Bernardino (southwestern)(southwestern) • Other California:Other California: Sacramento, rest of stateSacramento, rest of state
  7. 7. Percent Hispanic of U.S. Population,Percent Hispanic of U.S. Population, 1960-20301960-2030 3.6 4.8 6.9 9.7 13.2 16.4 19.3 22.5 0 5 10 15 20 25 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 Source: Chapter 2. Multiple Origins, Uncertain Destinies. Adapted from Figure 2-2. Percent
  8. 8. Hispanic Births and Net ImmigrationHispanic Births and Net Immigration by Decade: 1960-2030by Decade: 1960-2030 2.6 1.3 3.2 3 4.4 5.5 7 8.1 9.2 7.6 11.2 7.3 13.4 8.1 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1960-70 1970-80 1980-90 1990- 2000 2000-10 2010-20 2020-30 Births Immigration Source: Chapter 2. Multiple Origins, Uncertain Destinies. Adapted from Figure 2-1. Millions
  9. 9. Population Growth in the U.S., 2000-2100 71.4 67.3 63.8 60.1 56.3 52.8 45.6 40.3 14.6 17 19.4 21.9 24.3 29.5 33.3 12.2 12.5 12.8 13 13.1 13.2 13.2 13 3.9 4.8 5.7 6.7 7.8 8.9 11 12.6 11.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2075 2100 PercentofTotalPopulation White Latino Af-Am Asian Source: Population Projections Division, U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2002
  10. 10. California Population Distribution, 1990-2050 57 56 54 53 51.5 47 39 29 26 23 26 27 28 29 30 33 39 47 50 54 7 7 7 7 7 6 11 12 13 13 13 12 1.9 2 2 2 2 2 34 43 7 7 7 7 7 111110109 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 PercentofTotalPopulation White Latino Af Am Asian Multirace Source: Population Projections, Department of Finance, State of California, 2004
  11. 11. !
  12. 12. Population Growth in U.S., 2000-2100 71.4 67.3 63.8 60.1 56.3 52.8 45.6 40.3 14.6 17 19.4 21.9 24.3 29.5 33.3 12.2 12.5 12.8 13 13.1 13.2 13.2 13 3.9 4.8 5.7 6.7 7.8 8.9 11 12.6 11.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2075 2100 PercentofTotalPopulation White Latino Af-Am Asian California Population Distribution 1990-2050 57 56 54 53 51.5 39 29 26 23 26 27 28 29 30 39 46 50 54 7 7 7 7 7 6 13 12 2 2 2 2 2 2 47 34 43 33 7 7 7 7 7 1313 111110109 11 12 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 PercentofTotalPopulation White Latino Af Am Asian Multirace Population Growth Chart ComparisonsPopulation Growth Chart Comparisons United StatesUnited States CaliforniaCalifornia
  13. 13. Latino Diversity Census Bureau (American Community Survey, Released August 2006) Mexican 63.9% Puerto Rican 9% Cuban 3.5% Salvadoran 2.9% Dominican 2.7% Guatemalan 1.7% Colombian 1.8% ALL OTHERS 14.3% Native-born (not Island-born): 35.4% Foreign-born 61% Island-born PR 3.6% No high school diploma 43% College graduate 11.1% Latino National Survey (unweighted N) Summer 2006 *Mexican 66.1% (5704) *Puerto Rican 9.5% (822) *Cuban 4.9% (420) *Salvadoran 4.7% (407) *Dominican 3.9% (335) *Guatemalan 1.7% (149) *Colombian 1.6% (139) *All Others 7.6% *Native-born 28.4% (2450) *Foreign-born (adults) 66.2% (5717) *Island-born PR 5.4% (467) *No high school diploma 37% *College graduate 16.2% 44 million Latinos in the US
  14. 14. Country of OriginCountry of Origin Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire Mexico 68.6 84.4Mexico 68.6 84.4 78.778.7 76.1 95.3 97.4 93.2 95.876.1 95.3 97.4 93.2 95.8 El Salvador 4.3 8.2El Salvador 4.3 8.2 9.69.6 14.5 0.0 0.7 0.9 0.714.5 0.0 0.7 0.9 0.7 Guatemala 2.0 2.2Guatemala 2.0 2.2 2.22.2 3.2 1.2 0.7 1.7 0.73.2 1.2 0.7 1.7 0.7 Other 24.2 5.2Other 24.2 5.2 9.59.5 6.2 3.5 1.2 4.2 2.86.2 3.5 1.2 4.2 2.8
  15. 15. NativityNativity Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire BornBorn U.S. 28.6 30.9U.S. 28.6 30.9 39.739.7 26.4 25.9 34.4 43.2 29.626.4 25.9 34.4 43.2 29.6 Born OutsideBorn Outside U.S. 66.7 68.5U.S. 66.7 68.5 60.360.3 73.4 72.9 65.6 54.2 69.073.4 72.9 65.6 54.2 69.0 Naturalized 30.1 35.0Naturalized 30.1 35.0 40.240.2 36.2 30.6 25.3 46.9 30.636.2 30.6 25.3 46.9 30.6
  16. 16. Generational StatusGenerational Status CaliforniaCalifornia BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire Gen 1 69.2Gen 1 69.2 60.760.7 73.6 74.1 65.6 57.3 70.473.6 74.1 65.6 57.3 70.4 Gen 2 12.8Gen 2 12.8 14.814.8 12.1 11.8 11.9 18.8 10.612.1 11.8 11.9 18.8 10.6 Gen 3 9.3Gen 3 9.3 15.515.5 8.0 4.7 11.9 10.3 7.88.0 4.7 11.9 10.3 7.8 Gen 4+ 8.7Gen 4+ 8.7 8.98.9 6.3 9.4 10.6 13.7 11.36.3 9.4 10.6 13.7 11.3
  17. 17. Assimilation, Values, and IdentityAssimilation, Values, and Identity
  18. 18. Language PreferenceLanguage Preference Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire English 38.1 39.8English 38.1 39.8 52.952.9 32.0 32.9 37.8 59.3 43.032.0 32.9 37.8 59.3 43.0 Spanish 61.8 60.2Spanish 61.8 60.2 47.147.1 68.0 67.1 62.3 40.7 57.068.0 67.1 62.3 40.7 57.0 Language chosen to complete the surveyLanguage chosen to complete the survey
  19. 19. Importance of Learning EnglishImportance of Learning English Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central InlandLA San Central Inland OtherOther AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire VeryVery Important 91.9 94.7Important 91.9 94.7 91.291.2 94.6 92.9 94.0 91.5 95.194.6 92.9 94.0 91.5 95.1 SomewhatSomewhat Important 6.7 5.1Important 6.7 5.1 7.47.4 4.2 4.7 6.0 6.8 4.24.2 4.7 6.0 6.8 4.2 Not VeryNot Very Important 0.9 1.0Important 0.9 1.0 0.70.7 1.1 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.71.1 2.4 0.0 1.7 0.7 Not At AllNot At All Important 0.4 0.2Important 0.4 0.2 0.70.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
  20. 20. Importance of Retaining SpanishImportance of Retaining Spanish Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire VeryVery Important 84.9 84.1Important 84.9 84.1 79.479.4 85.5 82.4 86.1 83.1 82.485.5 82.4 86.1 83.1 82.4 SomewhatSomewhat Important 11.9 13.3Important 11.9 13.3 17.717.7 11.7 16.5 12.6 13.6 14.111.7 16.5 12.6 13.6 14.1 Not VeryNot Very Important 1.9 1.7Important 1.9 1.7 0.70.7 1.1 1.2 1.3 3.4 0.71.1 1.2 1.3 3.4 0.7 Not At AllNot At All Important 1.1 1.0Important 1.1 1.0 2.22.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.80.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.8 Question:Question: How important do you think it is for you and your family to maintain the abilityHow important do you think it is for you and your family to maintain the ability to speak Spanish?to speak Spanish?
  21. 21. Language ProficiencyLanguage Proficiency across Generationsacross Generations 11stst GenGen 22ndnd GenGen 33rdrd GenGen 44thth GenGen Answered in EnglishAnswered in English 19.219.2 73.773.7 90.490.4 91.391.3 Answered in Spanish,Answered in Spanish, Speak EnglishSpeak English 19.119.1 19.519.5 8.28.2 7.77.7 Total Share withTotal Share with English ProficiencyEnglish Proficiency 38.338.3 93.293.2 98.698.6 99.099.0 Retain SpanishRetain Spanish ProficiencyProficiency 99.299.2 91.691.6 68.768.7 60.560.5  Strong English dominance and nearly universal EnglishStrong English dominance and nearly universal English proficiency among the first-generation of US born;proficiency among the first-generation of US born;  Generally strong Spanish retention, aided by refreshedGenerally strong Spanish retention, aided by refreshed populations of Spanish-speakers.populations of Spanish-speakers.
  22. 22. Importance of Learning English/Importance of Learning English/ Retaining Spanish across GenerationsRetaining Spanish across Generations 11stst GenGen 22ndnd GenGen 33rdrd GenGen 44thth GenGen How important do you think it is that everyone in the United States learnHow important do you think it is that everyone in the United States learn English?English? SomewhatSomewhat 5.25.2 8.68.6 11.811.8 11.611.6 VeryVery 94.194.1 89.389.3 86.186.1 84.084.0 How important do you think it is for you or your family to maintain theHow important do you think it is for you or your family to maintain the ability to speak Spanish?ability to speak Spanish? SomewhatSomewhat 9.79.7 13.713.7 17.917.9 22.222.2 VeryVery 88.688.6 84.484.4 73.073.0 66.766.7
  23. 23. Sense of American and Home-Country IdentitySense of American and Home-Country Identity Across GenerationsAcross Generations 11stst CACA 22ndnd CACA 33rdrd CACA 44thth CACA How strongly do you think of yourself as “American”?How strongly do you think of yourself as “American”? Somewhat StronglySomewhat Strongly 28.728.7 27.027.0 25.125.1 21.421.4 15.215.2 24.324.3 16.316.3 8.88.8 Very StronglyVery Strongly 24.524.5 25.925.9 56.956.9 62.062.0 78.578.5 48.748.7 76.476.4 87.887.8 How strongly do you think of yourself as (Mexican, Cuban, etc)?How strongly do you think of yourself as (Mexican, Cuban, etc)? Somewhat StronglySomewhat Strongly 19.619.6 21.221.2 22.222.2 19.619.6 26.126.1 28.728.7 34.334.3 34.334.3 Very StronglyVery Strongly 67.667.6 67.767.7 64.364.3 60.560.5 45.145.1 53.953.9 40.540.5 49.249.2
  24. 24. A Multiplicity of IdentitiesA Multiplicity of Identities • Simultaneous strongSimultaneous strong sense of pan-ethnicsense of pan-ethnic identity, national originidentity, national origin identity, and American-identity, and American- nessness  Puerto Ricans illustratePuerto Ricans illustrate best that identities arebest that identities are not mutually exclusivenot mutually exclusive  Cuban pan-ethnicityCuban pan-ethnicity surprisingly highsurprisingly high  Mexican sense ofMexican sense of American-ness highAmerican-ness high considering the shareconsidering the share foreign bornforeign born AmericanAmerican NationalNational OriginOrigin Pan-Pan- EthnicEthnic MexicanMexican 61.761.7 84.084.0 87.487.4 CubanCuban 77.877.8 82.182.1 81.681.6 PuertoPuerto RicanRican 83.783.7 90.790.7 89.389.3 AllAll 65.065.0 84.084.0 87.287.2 Cells are percent expressingCells are percent expressing “somewhat” or “very strongly”“somewhat” or “very strongly”
  25. 25. Levels of Pan Ethnicity and ConnectednessLevels of Pan Ethnicity and Connectedness Of One’s Subgroup to Other LatinosOf One’s Subgroup to Other Latinos  One-half of LNS Latinos perceive a lot ofOne-half of LNS Latinos perceive a lot of commonalities with one’s group and other Latinoscommonalities with one’s group and other Latinos  Stronger pan-ethnic identifiers are more inclined toStronger pan-ethnic identifiers are more inclined to see this connection.see this connection.  Over three- fourths of the combined stronger pan-Over three- fourths of the combined stronger pan- ethic identifiers see their own national origin groupethic identifiers see their own national origin group as having a similar fate with other Latinosas having a similar fate with other Latinos
  26. 26. Selected Markers of SocietalSelected Markers of Societal AssimilationAssimilation 11stst 22ndnd 33rdrd 44thth Roman CatholicsRoman Catholics 73.873.8 69.769.7 66.866.8 58.158.1 Social CapitalSocial Capital (Group Participation)(Group Participation) 14.114.1 25.025.0 29.429.4 33.433.4 Military Service, Self orMilitary Service, Self or FamilyFamily 16.116.1 48.948.9 68.668.6 72.372.3 Education < HighEducation < High SchoolSchool 49.749.7 22.922.9 17.617.6 16.216.2 Household incomeHousehold income <$35k<$35k 53.453.4 34.934.9 29.229.2 33.433.4 Percent Marrying non-Percent Marrying non- LatinosLatinos 13.313.3 32.232.2 42.642.6 53.353.3
  27. 27. Attention to US and “Home Country”Attention to US and “Home Country” Politics and Public AffairsPolitics and Public Affairs • Attention to US politics is strong, even among the foreign born,Attention to US politics is strong, even among the foreign born, and approaches (and in some cases surpasses) levels for alland approaches (and in some cases surpasses) levels for all other groups, among Latinos born in the US.other groups, among Latinos born in the US. • While about 57% of foreign born respondents agree that theyWhile about 57% of foreign born respondents agree that they should be able to vote in home country elections, only about 4%should be able to vote in home country elections, only about 4% have ever done so, and about 58% report paying little or nohave ever done so, and about 58% report paying little or no attention to politics back home.attention to politics back home. 11stst 22ndnd 33rdrd 44thth Attention to/Interest in US politicsAttention to/Interest in US politics Somewhat or Very InterestedSomewhat or Very Interested 60.060.0 73.973.9 79.279.2 81.381.3 Attention to/Interest in “Home-Country” politicsAttention to/Interest in “Home-Country” politics Little or No Attention PaidLittle or No Attention Paid 57.557.5 61.061.0 72.872.8 72.872.8
  28. 28. Preferences for CulturalPreferences for Cultural Assimilation and DistinctnessAssimilation and Distinctness 11stst CACA 22ndnd CACA 33rdrd CACA 44thth CACA Importance of Changing to Blend into Larger SocietyImportance of Changing to Blend into Larger Society SomewhatSomewhat 26.226.2 24.324.3 33.333.3 21.721.7 34.734.7 31.131.1 37.537.5 36.036.0 VeryVery 61.461.4 63.763.7 44.644.6 58.358.3 40.640.6 51.551.5 35.735.7 36.836.8 Importance of Maintaining Distinct CultureImportance of Maintaining Distinct Culture SomewhatSomewhat 16.216.2 15.015.0 18.318.3 14.914.9 20.320.3 21.821.8 26.126.1 29.329.3 VeryVery 78.678.6 79.979.9 75.875.8 69.169.1 72.972.9 72.972.9 66.766.7 60.660.6 • Support for blending into the larger culture and for maintaining aSupport for blending into the larger culture and for maintaining a distinct culture are positively related (r=.1415):distinct culture are positively related (r=.1415): • Not seen as an either/or propositionNot seen as an either/or proposition
  29. 29. Civic and PoliticalCivic and Political ParticipationParticipation
  30. 30. Patterns of Civic EngagementPatterns of Civic Engagement CaliforniaCalifornia BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire GroupGroup Participation 20.4Participation 20.4 23.523.5 18.9 18.8 17.9 22.9 25.418.9 18.8 17.9 22.9 25.4 OrganizationalOrganizational ProblemProblem Solving 28.7Solving 28.7 28.728.7 28.9 25.9 27.8 33.1 27.528.9 25.9 27.8 33.1 27.5 InformalInformal ProblemProblem Solving 32.9Solving 32.9 29.429.4 33.4 32.9 34.4 28.8 35.933.4 32.9 34.4 28.8 35.9
  31. 31. Interest in PoliticsInterest in Politics Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire VeryVery Interested 18.9 19.4Interested 18.9 19.4 15.415.4 22.2 23.5 16.6 17.8 14.122.2 23.5 16.6 17.8 14.1 SomewhatSomewhat Interested 46.1 47.9Interested 46.1 47.9 50.750.7 45.1 44.7 48.3 51.7 54.945.1 44.7 48.3 51.7 54.9 NotNot Interested 30.4 27.6Interested 30.4 27.6 28.728.7 28.3 29.4 28.5 22.9 25.428.3 29.4 28.5 22.9 25.4 Not Sure/Not Sure/ Don’t Know 4.1 4.4Don’t Know 4.1 4.4 5.25.2 3.5 2.3 5.3 6.8 5.63.5 2.3 5.3 6.8 5.6 Question:Question: How interested are you in politics and public affairs? Would you say you areHow interested are you in politics and public affairs? Would you say you are very interested, somewhat interested, or not at all interested?very interested, somewhat interested, or not at all interested?
  32. 32. Voter RegistrationVoter Registration Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire Registered 77.4 79.5Registered 77.4 79.5 75.975.9 81.6 73.8 77.9 81.0 78.481.6 73.8 77.9 81.0 78.4 NotNot Registered 21.4 19.5Registered 21.4 19.5 23.023.0 18.1 21.4 22.1 17.9 18.918.1 21.4 22.1 17.9 18.9 This question was only asked of citizens.This question was only asked of citizens.
  33. 33. Electoral Participation, 2004Electoral Participation, 2004 CaliforniaCalifornia BayBay LA San Central Inland OtherLA San Central Inland Other AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire Contacted 36.7Contacted 36.7 48.348.3 33.9 33.3 39.0 36.9 33.833.9 33.3 39.0 36.9 33.8 Voted 62.3Voted 62.3 60.960.9 67.4 54.8 61.0 53.6 58.167.4 54.8 61.0 53.6 58.1
  34. 34. Latinos and PartisanshipLatinos and Partisanship
  35. 35. Patterns of PartisanshipPatterns of Partisanship Overall U.S. BornOverall U.S. Born CACA Born OutsideBorn Outside CACA U.S.U.S. DemocratDemocrat 42.1 55.942.1 55.9 50.650.6 33.933.9 37.037.0 RepublicanRepublican 21.5 26.021.5 26.0 22.822.8 18.818.8 10.510.5 IndependentIndependent 8.1 5.68.1 5.6 7.17.1 10.010.0 9.09.0 Don’t CareDon’t Care 12.7 4.812.7 4.8 6.86.8 17.417.4 20.120.1 Don’t KnowDon’t Know 15.6 8.615.6 8.6 12.112.1 20.020.0 23.223.2
  36. 36. Partisanship Among CitizensPartisanship Among Citizens U.S.U.S. CACA NaturalizedNaturalized CACA RegReg CACA Not RegNot Reg CACA DemocratDemocrat 55.955.9 50.650.6 43.943.9 47.347.3 55.955.9 56.956.9 33.633.6 28.628.6 RepublicanRepublican 26.026.0 22.822.8 24.924.9 17.117.1 26.126.1 18.318.3 22.322.3 27.427.4 IndependentIndependent 5.65.6 7.17.1 8.68.6 9.39.3 6.16.1 8.58.5 8.28.2 7.97.9 Don’t CareDon’t Care 4.84.8 6.76.7 9.29.2 7.87.8 3.93.9 4.34.3 15.415.4 14.514.5 Don’t KnowDon’t Know 8.68.6 12.112.1 13.413.4 18.318.3 8.18.1 11.811.8 20.620.6 21.421.4
  37. 37. Patterns of Partisanship, CaliforniaPatterns of Partisanship, California Nation CaliforniaNation California BayBay LA San Central InlandLA San Central Inland OtherOther AreaArea Diego Valley EmpireDiego Valley Empire StrongStrong Democrat 17.6 33.1Democrat 17.6 33.1 23.123.1 39.3 27.7 27.3 36.1 23.939.3 27.7 27.3 36.1 23.9 Democrat 16.3 25.7Democrat 16.3 25.7 34.134.1 25.8 21.3 20.5 24.1 26.125.8 21.3 20.5 24.1 26.1 LeansLeans Democrat 10.4 8.5Democrat 10.4 8.5 8.88.8 8.6 6.4 8.0 2.4 15.28.6 6.4 8.0 2.4 15.2 Independent 38.5 12.4Independent 38.5 12.4 13.213.2 11.0 14.9 17.1 10.8 13.011.0 14.9 17.1 10.8 13.0 LeansLeans Republican 6.8 4.4Republican 6.8 4.4 4.44.4 3.0 4.3 9.1 6.0 4.43.0 4.3 9.1 6.0 4.4 Republican 5.9 9.8Republican 5.9 9.8 8.88.8 6.2 12.8 11.4 13.3 14.16.2 12.8 11.4 13.3 14.1 StrongStrong
  38. 38. Partisanship and GenderPartisanship and Gender MaleMale FemaleFemale DemocratDemocrat 41.241.2 40.740.7 RepublicanRepublican 23.7 18.723.7 18.7 IndependentIndependent 9.3 7.69.3 7.6 Don’t CareDon’t Care 11.7 14.611.7 14.6 Don’t KnowDon’t Know 14.1 18.414.1 18.4
  39. 39. Citizenship and Issue Positions:Citizenship and Issue Positions: Problem Facing the CountryProblem Facing the Country CitizenCitizen CACA Non-citizenNon-citizen CACA Iraq WarIraq War 30.030.0 30.330.3 33.233.2 28.328.3 EconomyEconomy 14.714.7 15.215.2 12.412.4 17.617.6 IllegalIllegal ImmigrationImmigration 8.48.4 8.38.3 14.814.8 13.413.4 Education/Education/ SchoolsSchools 4.24.2 5.15.1 4.74.7 1.21.2 OtherOther 12.412.4 11.311.3 6.66.6 6.86.8 “What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the country today?”
  40. 40. Partisanship and Issue Positions:Partisanship and Issue Positions: Problem Facing the CountryProblem Facing the Country DemocratDemocrat CACA RepublicanRepublican CACA IndependentIndependent CACA Iraq WarIraq War 33.833.8 33.233.2 25.125.1 29.429.4 25.825.8 28.428.4 Economy 15.0Economy 15.0 17.117.1 14.614.6 15.015.0 14.514.5 17.917.9 IllegalIllegal ImmigrationImmigration 6.96.9 7.57.5 9.09.0 8.88.8 10.610.6 14.114.1 Education/Education/ Schools 5.4Schools 5.4 4.34.3 4.54.5 2.42.4 5.05.0 3.73.7 Other 11.7Other 11.7 10.410.4 17.317.3 12.612.6 16.116.1 4.64.6 “What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the country today?”
  41. 41. Partisanship and Issue Positions:Partisanship and Issue Positions: Preferred Party to Address Problem Facing CountryPreferred Party to Address Problem Facing Country DemsDems CACA RepsReps CACA NeitherNeither CACA Don’tDon’t CACA KnowKnow DemocratDemocrat 39.439.4 49.349.3 7.47.4 6.86.8 43.143.1 32.432.4 10.110.1 11.211.2 RepublicanRepublican 14.614.6 7.47.4 26.226.2 33.133.1 46.346.3 50.650.6 13.013.0 8.78.7 IndependentIndependent 12.112.1 22.722.7 6.86.8 8.28.2 63.863.8 51.251.2 17.217.2 17.817.8 Don’t CareDon’t Care 6.26.2 10.110.1 3.93.9 5.05.0 54.254.2 37.537.5 35.735.7 47.247.2 Don’t KnowDon’t Know 6.16.1 6.06.0 4.84.8 6.66.6 48.548.5 43.043.0 40.640.6 44.244.2 “Which political party do you think has a better approach to address this problem?”
  42. 42. Citizenship and Issue Positions:Citizenship and Issue Positions: Problem Facing LatinosProblem Facing Latinos CitizenCitizen CACA Non-citizenNon-citizen CACA IllegalIllegal ImmigrationImmigration 25.025.0 25.425.4 35.135.1 30.730.7 Education/Education/ SchoolsSchools 13.913.9 16.716.7 3.63.6 4.64.6 Unemp/JobsUnemp/Jobs 11.711.7 10.910.9 12.612.6 11.211.2 Iraq WarIraq War 1.51.5 2.02.0 1.61.6 2.82.8 OtherOther 13.613.6 13.513.5 9.29.2 8.48.4 “What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the Latino community today?”
  43. 43. Partisanship and Issue Positions:Partisanship and Issue Positions: Problem Facing LatinosProblem Facing Latinos DemocratDemocrat CACA RepublicanRepublican CACA IndependentIndependent CACA IllegalIllegal ImmigrationImmigration 24.724.7 24.824.8 23.723.7 26.026.0 27.527.5 32.232.2 Education/Education/ Schools 18.2Schools 18.2 16.116.1 15.315.3 15.815.8 11.311.3 10.010.0 Unemp/Jobs 12.4Unemp/Jobs 12.4 12.312.3 11.011.0 6.86.8 9.79.7 11.711.7 Iraq War 1.8Iraq War 1.8 1.71.7 0.90.9 3.03.0 1.91.9 4.24.2 Other 13.8Other 13.8 10.510.5 16.416.4 23.323.3 14.414.4 8.78.7 “What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the Latino community today?”
  44. 44. Partisanship and Issue Positions:Partisanship and Issue Positions: Preferred Party to Address Problem Facing LatinosPreferred Party to Address Problem Facing Latinos DemsDems CACA RepsReps CACA NeitherNeither CACA Don’tDon’t CACA KnowKnow DemocratDemocrat 44.844.8 51.251.2 6.76.7 6.66.6 37.137.1 32.032.0 11.411.4 10.010.0 RepublicanRepublican 19.319.3 13.113.1 21.021.0 24.824.8 42.142.1 49.349.3 17.617.6 12.612.6 IndependentIndependent 14.414.4 18.618.6 7.87.8 7.07.0 55.755.7 56.256.2 22.022.0 18.018.0 Don’t CareDon’t Care 12.112.1 10.210.2 6.26.2 4.24.2 48.248.2 41.041.0 33.533.5 44.444.4 Don’t KnowDon’t Know 7.77.7 7.17.1 6.26.2 8.88.8 40.540.5 34.334.3 45.645.6 49.649.6
  45. 45. IMMIGRATION POLICY
  46. 46. Preferred Immigration Policy by Generation 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Immediate Legalization Guest Worker Legaliz Guest Worker Seal Border None of These Preferred Immigration Policy PercentwithinGeneration Preferred Immigration Policy First Preferred Immigration Policy Second Preferred Immigration Policy Third Preferred Immigration Policy Fourth Preferred Immigration Policy All
  47. 47. Preferred Immigration Policy,Preferred Immigration Policy, by Generationby Generation 11stst CACA 22ndnd CACA 33rdrd CACA 44thth CACA ImmediateImmediate LegalizationLegalization 53.653.6 58.258.2 23.723.7 22.122.1 35.535.5 37.237.2 15.515.5 16.316.3 Guest Worker:Guest Worker: Legalization 25.3Legalization 25.3 22.822.8 43.743.7 53.453.4 35.135.1 34.334.3 47.047.0 52.152.1 Guest Worker:Guest Worker: TemporaryTemporary 10.610.6 9.69.6 13.913.9 16.316.3 12.012.0 12.112.1 13.613.6 12.612.6 Seal BorderSeal Border 2.12.1 0.80.8 7.37.3 2.32.3 6.56.5 7.57.5 11.511.5 12.912.9
  48. 48. Latino National SurveyLatino National Survey • Executive Summary• Executive Summary • Demographic Tables• Demographic Tables • Background Tables• Background Tables • Questionnaire and Toplines• Questionnaire and Toplines Available at the website of the WashingtonAvailable at the website of the Washington Institute for the Study of Ethnicity, Race, andInstitute for the Study of Ethnicity, Race, and Sexuality (WISER), University of Washington,Sexuality (WISER), University of Washington, Seattle:Seattle: http://depts.washington.edu/uwiser/LNS.shtmlhttp://depts.washington.edu/uwiser/LNS.shtml

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