Using the 2010 Census and the American Community Survey


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Examples of how the City of Boston uses the 2010 Census and the American Community Survey (ACS) .

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Using the 2010 Census and the American Community Survey

  1. 1. Using the 2010 Censusand the AmericanCommunity SurveyAlvaro Lima – Director of ResearchBoston, May 2011
  2. 2. 2010 Census+ Provide a complete count of all residents+ Can be used to compare to previous Census- Asks only basic questions:  Number of people  Age  Sex  Race And Ethnicity (Hispanic origin)- It happens only every 10 years (data gets old)
  3. 3. American Community Survey (ACS) + Yearly data collection (up-to-date information) + Covers questions that are no longer part of the Census - Subject to sampling error - Relatively small sample size (difficult to look at small geographies) - Average of five years (2005 – 2009)
  4. 4. Which data source to use?(Census 2010 counts) (ACS 2005-2009 estimates) Total Population Racial Distribution Age Sex Housing Occupancy Income Education Ancestry Occupation Poverty Nativity Language
  5. 5. What we do with these data (1) We provide data and analysis to Diversity Index by Planning District - 2000 - 2010 city agencies, neighborhood North Dorchester organizations, the press … Back Bay/Beacon Hill 0.8 South Dorchester 0.7 South Boston South End 25% 0.6 0.5 West Roxbury 0.4 Boston Central, 22.4% 0.3 0.2 20%Charlestown Jamaica Plain 0.1 0 South Boston, 17.3% Housing Changes (2000 - 2010) Mattapan Harbor Islands 15% South End, 14.2% Central Hyde Park Roxbury, 13.9% Feneway/Kemore Roslindale Charlestown, 11.5% Allston/Brighton East Boston 10% Roxbury Fenway-Kenmore, 8.8% Boston, 8.2% West Roxbury, 9.5% Jamaica Plain, 6.7% North Dorchester, 5.4% 5% East Boston, 5.1% Back Bay-Beacon Hill, 4.3% Hyde Park, 3.5% South Dorchester, 4.0% Mattapan, 3.2% Allston-Brighton, 3.0% Diversity Index - 2010 Diversity Index - 2000 Roslindale, 2.6% Harbor Islands, 0.0% 0% Planning Districts
  6. 6. What we do with these data (2) 2010 Census profiles for Boston and its neighborhoods  Our analysis shows:  Strong population growth since 2000  The “majority-minority” city status increased from 51% to 53% since 2000  The Hispanic population grew dramatically  The city’s housing stock showed its strongest growth in over half a century
  7. 7. What we do with these data (3) Foreign-Born Profiles (2010 Census and 2005-2009 ACS)  BRA Research Division series called “Imagine All the People” looking at the largest immigrant communities in Boston  The series looks at key characteristics of these immigrant communities:  general demographic characteristics  educational attainment and language ability  place of residency in the city  economic impact and entrepreneurship
  8. 8. What we do with these data (4) Language Skills in Metro Boston’s Labor Market  This document looks at the language ability of Greater Boston’s immigrant population and links it to job opportunities in the region concluding that:  the number of immigrants with limited English language skill is growing  jobs requiring higher language abilities pay more and are expected to grow faster  wage difference between jobs requiring advanced and limited language skills is expected to grow
  9. 9. What we do with these data (5) Thrive in 5 – toward Universal School Readiness  The BRA Research Division provided data and analysis to Boston’s Public School Department to design this program  Using the ACS we assembled data on:  the number of children ages 0 – 5  educational attainment of their parents  age of the parents  racial distribution of children and parents  poverty status
  10. 10. What we do with these data (6) Young Adults in Boston  Coupling city data sources with 2000 Census data, this report argues that Boston attracts and retains a large number of young adults 20-34  Using ACS data it also shows that Boston ranks 2nd of the 25 largest cities in the US in terms of proportion of young adults between the ages of 20-34  This analysis led to the creation of the City’s One in 3 program aimed at helping Boston retain young adults
  11. 11. What we do with these data (7) Boston by The Numbers  Using ACS data in combination with state and federal data this snapshot of Boston’s economy shows that Boston accounts for 16.2% of all jobs in Massachusetts  It also shows that Boston has more jobs than residents with 62% of these jobs filled by commuters from outside the city  Finally, up to 36% of workers in the surrounding cities work in Boston