Ch9.2

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Ch9.2

  1. 1. 9.2 Creating a Foreign Policy
  2. 2. Vocabulary: <ul><li>Foreign policy: the actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Guiding Questions……. How was American opinion divided over the French Revolution?
  4. 5. Guiding Questions… <ul><li>Why did Washington want the nation to remain neutral in foreign affairs? </li></ul>
  5. 7. Vocabulary <ul><li>Neutral: choosing not to support either side in a war. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Guiding Questions…… <ul><li>Why was it difficult for the United States to remain neutral? </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>The French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>1789: French rebelled against their king. The peasants and the middle class paid heavy taxes, while nobles paid none. </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Reformers wanted a constitution to limit the king’s power and protect basic rights. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>American Views Favoring the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Americans knew what it meant to struggle for liberty. </li></ul><ul><li>France had been their first ally. </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Jefferson: The French had the right to use violence to win freedom. </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>American Views Against the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The revolution turned violent. The king, queen, and tens of thousands of others were executed. </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Hamilton and Adams: Democracy can’t be created through widespread violence. </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>Following the French Revolution, wars broke out between France and England. Washington had to decide on a foreign policy . </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>The United States had signed a treaty with France that made the two countries allies. Washington worried that the U.S. could not honor the treaty and still remain neutral. </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>Neutrality Proclamation, stated that the United States would not support either side in the war. It forbade Americans from aiding either side. </li></ul>
  16. 20. Problems with neutrality <ul><li>Warring European nations seized American ships. </li></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>John Jay negotiated a treaty with Great Britain. Jay’s Treaty said: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain had to pay damages for seized American ships. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><ul><li>Britain agreed to give up its forts in the West. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans had to pay debts owed to British merchants. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>Many Americans protested Jay’s Treaty because it did nothing to protect the rights of neutral American ships. </li></ul>
  20. 24. <ul><li>When Washington retired, in his Farewell Address he advised Americans to stay out of European affairs. </li></ul>
  21. 25. <ul><li>Many Americans turned against the French Revolution when </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) John Jay got the British to sign a treaty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) Thomas Jefferson condemned the revolution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) the French started seizing American ships. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) the revolution became increasingly violent. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>President Washington’s foreign policy proclamation said that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) in the European conflict, the United States would support France. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) in the European conflict, the United States would remain neutral. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) in the European conflict, the United States would support Britain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) individual Americans could make up their own minds and aid either side. </li></ul></ul>

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