Guiding Questions………Why was control of the Mississippi River important to the United States?
Guiding Questions………How did the United States purchase Louisiana?
Guiding Questions………What were the results of the explorations of Lewis and Clark and of Zebulon Pike?
Control of the Mississippi RiverFarmers west of the Appalachians shipped their crops on the Mississippi to New Orleans. From there, ships carried the produce to Atlantic ports.
Control of the Mississippi River Spain controlled New Orleans. Sometimes they threatened to close the port. In the Pinckney Treaty of 1795, Spain agreed to let Americans ship their goods down the Mississippi to New Orleans.
Control of the Mississippi RiverIn 1800 Spain gave Louisiana back to France. Napoleon wanted to grow food in Louisiana.
Control of the Mississippi RiverEvents in Haiti, a French colony in the Caribbean, ruined his plans. Enslaved Africans in Haiti revolted and declared their independence.
Control of the Mississippi RiverTo gain control of Louisiana, Jefferson decided to buy Louisiana.
The U.S. Buys LouisianaJefferson sent Robert Livingston and James Monroe to buy New Orleans and West Florida from Napoleon.
The U.S. Buys LouisianaLivingston and Monroe met with the French foreign minister. After some time, he asked them if they would like to buy all of Louisiana.
The U.S. Buys LouisianaSurprised, Livingston at first offered $4 million. Eventually, he and Monroe agreed to $15 million.
The U.S. Buys Louisiana No one was sure the purchase was constitutional. In the end, Jefferson decided that he did have the authority to buy Louisiana. The Senate approved the treaty, and the Louisiana Purchase went into effect.