Traditional grammar classifies words based
on eight parts of speech:
Express actions, events or states of being.
Dracula bites his victims in the neck.
Giselle Warren was my first teacher. (state of
The teacher taught the lesson number 1.
A) action B) Event C) state of being
Name a person, animal, place, thing and
How many nouns can you see here?
Last year our neighbors bought a boat.
Portia White was an opera singer.
The bus inspector looked at all the
According to Plutarch, the library at
Alexandria was destroyed.
Use it to replace a noun in order to make your
sentences less repetitive.
TYPES OF PRONOUNS
Personal- I, you, she, he, it, we, they…
Demonstrative- this, these, that, those…
Interrogative- what, who, whom, which…
all, another, anybody, each, many, none…
Relative- who, whom, that, which
Reflexive- myself, yourself, herself, himself…
mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs
Object- me, you, her, him, us, them…
Modifies a noun by describing, identifying or
CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE ADJECTIVES?
The truck-shaped balloon floated over the
Mr. Walden papered his kitchen walls with
flowered wall paper.
The coals mines are dark.
The back room was filled with large, yellow
Modifies a verb, an adjective, another
adverb, a phrase or a clause. It Indicates
manner, time, place, cause or degree and
answers questions such as how, when, where
and how much.
Some adverbs can be identified by the suffix
ly but must of them must be identified by
untangling the grammatical relationships
within the sentence or clause as a whole.
CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE ADVERBS?
The woman quickly made the clothes.
We urged him to dial the number more
Unfortunately, the bank closed at three today.
Finally, the doors to the stadium were
They celebrate the festival annually.
American cuisine is actually quite diverse.
Everyone knows that fried chicken is
practically a staple food of the south in the
Links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other
words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the
preposition introduces is called the object of the
The preposition indicates the temporal, spatial or
logical relationship of its object with the rest of
The book is on the table.
The book is under the table.
She reads the book during class.
The children climbed the mountain without
There was rejoicing throughout the land
when the government was defeated.
The dog is hiding under the porch because it
knows it will be punished for chewing up a
pair of shoes.
The writer check for the manuscript he was
sure was somewhere in his office.
You use conjunctions to link words, phrases and
I ate the pizza and the pasta.
Call your mother when you are ready.
And, but, for, or, so, yet, nor. Use them to join
individual words, phrases and clauses.
Subordinating conjunctions introduce a dependent
clause and indicate the nature of the relationship
among the independent clauses and the dependent
clauses. After, although, as, because, before, how, if
once, since, than, though, till, until, whether, while…
Lilacs and violets are usually purple.
Daniel’s uncle claim that he spent most of his
youth dancing on rooftops and swallowing
After she had learned to drive, Alice felt more
If the paper work arrives on time, your check
will be mailed on Tuesday.
Gerald had to begin his thesis over again
when his computer crashed.
Is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion.
It’s not grammatically related to any other part of
the sentence. You usually follow an interjection
with an exclamation mark.
CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE INTERJECTIONS?
Ouch, that hurt!
Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today!
I heard one guy say to another guy “he has a
I don’t know about you but, good lord, taxes are
Each part of the speech
explain what the word is and
how the word is used.
The same word can be a noun
in one sentence and a verb in
The next examples show how
a word can change from a
function to another…
Books are made of ink, paper and glue.
Debora waits patiently while Bridget
books the tickets
What’s the function of books in the first
What’s the function of books in the
In the first it’s a noun. In the second it’s
CAN YOU IDENTIFY THESE
We walk down the street.
The mail carrier stood in the walk.
The town decided to built a jail
The sheriff will jail the robbers.
The children’s cries are annoying.
The baby cries all night long.
The clown chased a dog around the ring.
A) verb b) noun c) preposition d) adverb
Yikes! I’m late for class.
A) noun b) conjunction c) interjection
Mr. Frederic angrily stamped out the fire.
A) verb b) noun c) adjective d) adverb
What was I thinking of?
A) noun b) verb c) adverb d) pronoun
The manager confidently made his presentation to the
board of directors.
A) verb b) adverb c) adjective d)noun
Exciting new products and effective marketing
strategies will guarantee the company’s success.
Dust covered every surface in the locked bedroom.
Small children often insist that they can do it by
Hawaii is the only state in the United States that was
an independent country.
Anyone that would like to enter pays a modest fee.
People can attend a farm animal auction at the fair.