The parts of a speech


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The parts of a speech

  2. 2.  Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech:  Verb  Noun  Pronoun  Adjective  Adverb  Preposition  Conjunction  Interjection
  3. 3.  Express actions, events or states of being.  Dracula bites his victims in the neck. (expressing action)  Giselle Warren was my first teacher. (state of being)  The teacher taught the lesson number 1.  A) action B) Event C) state of being
  4. 4.  Name a person, animal, place, thing and abstract idea.  How many nouns can you see here?  Last year our neighbors bought a boat.  Portia White was an opera singer.  The bus inspector looked at all the passengers.  According to Plutarch, the library at Alexandria was destroyed.
  5. 5.  Use it to replace a noun in order to make your sentences less repetitive.  TYPES OF PRONOUNS  Personal- I, you, she, he, it, we, they…  Demonstrative- this, these, that, those…  Interrogative- what, who, whom, which…  Indefinite- all, another, anybody, each, many, none…  Relative- who, whom, that, which  Reflexive- myself, yourself, herself, himself…  Possessive- mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs  Object- me, you, her, him, us, them…
  6. 6.  Modifies a noun by describing, identifying or quantifying words.  CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE ADJECTIVES?  The truck-shaped balloon floated over the houses.  Mr. Walden papered his kitchen walls with flowered wall paper.  The coals mines are dark.  The back room was filled with large, yellow umbrellas.
  7. 7.  Modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase or a clause. It Indicates manner, time, place, cause or degree and answers questions such as how, when, where and how much.  Some adverbs can be identified by the suffix ly but must of them must be identified by untangling the grammatical relationships within the sentence or clause as a whole.
  8. 8.  CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE ADVERBS?  The woman quickly made the clothes.  We urged him to dial the number more carefully.  Unfortunately, the bank closed at three today.  Finally, the doors to the stadium were opened.  They celebrate the festival annually.  American cuisine is actually quite diverse.  Everyone knows that fried chicken is practically a staple food of the south in the USA.
  9. 9.  Links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition.  The preposition indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object with the rest of the sentence.  The book is on the table.  The book is under the table.  She reads the book during class.
  10. 10.  The children climbed the mountain without fear.  There was rejoicing throughout the land when the government was defeated.  The dog is hiding under the porch because it knows it will be punished for chewing up a pair of shoes.  The writer check for the manuscript he was sure was somewhere in his office.
  11. 11.  You use conjunctions to link words, phrases and clauses.  I ate the pizza and the pasta.  Call your mother when you are ready.  Co-ordinating conjunctions. And, but, for, or, so, yet, nor. Use them to join individual words, phrases and clauses.  Subordinating conjunctions introduce a dependent clause and indicate the nature of the relationship among the independent clauses and the dependent clauses. After, although, as, because, before, how, if once, since, than, though, till, until, whether, while…
  12. 12.  Lilacs and violets are usually purple.  Daniel’s uncle claim that he spent most of his youth dancing on rooftops and swallowing goldfish.  After she had learned to drive, Alice felt more independent.  If the paper work arrives on time, your check will be mailed on Tuesday.  Gerald had to begin his thesis over again when his computer crashed.
  13. 13.  Is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion. It’s not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence. You usually follow an interjection with an exclamation mark.  CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE INTERJECTIONS?  Ouch, that hurt!  Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today!  I heard one guy say to another guy “he has a car, eh?”  I don’t know about you but, good lord, taxes are so high!
  14. 14.  Each part of the speech explain what the word is and how the word is used.  The same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb in the other  The next examples show how a word can change from a function to another…
  15. 15.  Books are made of ink, paper and glue.  Debora waits patiently while Bridget books the tickets  What’s the function of books in the first sentence?  What’s the function of books in the second sentence?  In the first it’s a noun. In the second it’s a verb.
  16. 16.  CAN YOU IDENTIFY THESE FUNCTIONS?  We walk down the street.  The mail carrier stood in the walk.  The town decided to built a jail  The sheriff will jail the robbers.  The children’s cries are annoying.  The baby cries all night long.
  17. 17.  The clown chased a dog around the ring.  A) verb b) noun c) preposition d) adverb  Yikes! I’m late for class.  A) noun b) conjunction c) interjection  Mr. Frederic angrily stamped out the fire.  A) verb b) noun c) adjective d) adverb  What was I thinking of?  A) noun b) verb c) adverb d) pronoun  The manager confidently made his presentation to the board of directors.  A) verb b) adverb c) adjective d)noun
  18. 18.  Exciting new products and effective marketing strategies will guarantee the company’s success.  Dust covered every surface in the locked bedroom.  Small children often insist that they can do it by themselves.  Hawaii is the only state in the United States that was an independent country.  Anyone that would like to enter pays a modest fee.  People can attend a farm animal auction at the fair.