Future forms.dashinova,leladze


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Future forms.dashinova,leladze

  1. 1. FUTURE TENSE Leladze Ekaterina, Dashinova Ekaterina; LB1-11-40
  2. 2. Future Simple(Indefinite) Formation: will/shall+V1 Affirmative form Question We will/shall („ll) Will/Shall we work. work? Negative form We will not(won‟t)/shall not(shan‟t) bring.
  3. 3. Future Simple(Indefinite) Characteristic words and phrases: in a month(year);  soon;  some day;  in fifty years‟ time;  in 2050;  tomorrow.  the day after tomorrow;  one of this days;  next week(month, year );  in the (near) future; 
  4. 4. Future Simple(Indefinite) Usage: Promises I promise I will buy you this toy. Habits He will always make noise when we are sleeping. Unplanned Don't worry! I will help (spontaneous) decisions you with this problem. Predictions It will get more difficult.
  5. 5. Future Simple(Indefinite) Usage: Single action which will be made in the future He‟ll be back in two months. Repeating actions in the I will phone you every future day. Action which will occur during any time in the future I shall be busy all morning.
  6. 6. Future Progressive(Continuous) Formation: will/shall + to be +V4 Affirmative form Question We will/shall(„ll) Will/Shall we be going. be doing Negative form We will not/ shall not be going.
  7. 7. Future Progressive(Continuous) Characteristic words and phrases: when I see him…;  at 10 o‟clock;  soon;  the whole day(month, year);  at that moment;  all day long;  the whole evening;  from five till eight;  this time next year;  two days from now;  when; 
  8. 8. Future Progressive(Continuous) Usage: Future actions in progress In an hour, I will be sitting in front of my TV. Guesses He won't be coming any time soon. He is still at the office. Questions Will you be coming home before or after 10 PM?
  9. 9. Future Progressive(Continuous) Usage: The action will be going on when another future action happens When you come to the library, I'll be sitting by the central window. The action at a specified He'll be sleeping at two tomorrow. point of time in the future.
  10. 10. Future Perfect Formation: will/shall + to have+V3 Affirmative form Question We will/shall („ll) Will/Shall we have come. have come? Negative form We will not/shall not have come.
  11. 11. Future Perfect. Characteristic words and phrases: by then;  by that time;  by Sunday;  by the end of the year;  by winter;  by 9 o‟clock.  by;  by tomorrow;  before;  until/till, by then;  when (in the meaning "by the time") 
  12. 12. Future Perfect. Usage: Completion before a specified point in the future Before they come, we will have cleaned up the house. Actions or situations that By the next year, I will will last in the future (for a have known Monica for specified time) 30 years.
  13. 13. Future Perfect. Usage: Certainty that an action was completed The guests will have arrived at the hotel by now. (I'm sure the guests have arrived at the hotel) What we are talking Half a year! Everyone about a future time, may will have forgotten me! be determined not by direct instructions, and the situation or context.
  14. 14. Future Perfect Progressive(Continuous) Formation: will/shall+have been+V4 Affirmative form Question Negative form We will/shall have been running Will/Shall we have been running? We will not/shall not have been running.
  15. 15. Future Perfect Progressive(Continuous) Characteristic words and phrases: by 9 o‟clock;  by the time;  by next winter;  for a week (month, year);  by the end of the year.   for a long time;
  16. 16. Future Perfect Progressive(Continuous) Usage: Action which began in the past or will begin till any moment in the future and will be still in process of development up to this moment He will have been working in this bank for thirty years next week. Cause of a future situation We will be making a rest stop in half an hour, because you will have been driving the car for 6 hours by then. Duration at a definite moment in the future Before they come, we will have been cleaning the house for 5 hours.
  17. 17. Notes:    No future tense is used in subordinate clauses of time and condition. Use the Simple Present instead of the Simple Future. The Present Simple is used for future actions according to schedule / timetable instead of the Future Simple The Future Perfect and the Future Perfect Continuous are rarely used in speech. They used mostly in writing, for example, in formal correspondence and scientific literature.
  18. 18. References Угарова Елена «Все времена английских глаголов» (compact directory of English verbs); Moscow, “Iriss Press”, 2008, 96 pages)  (Russian sites devoted to studying of English) http://www.native-english.ru/grammar http://usefulenglish.ru/grammar/the-key-to-thefuture-tenses http://www.alleng.ru/mybook/3gram/6verb_18.htm http://www.study.ru/support/handbook/verb7.html  (American site for learning English tenses) http://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/ 