Mongolia of Eternal blue sky(영원한 파란 하늘의 몽골) Altanzul Khorolragchaa 21st of Jan 2013
• Location: Northern Asia, between China and Russia.• Area: 1 566 500 sq. km – land: 1,555,400 km2 – water: 9,600 km2
EARLY HISTORY OF MONGOLIA• Archeological digs have uncovered human remains in the Gobi and other regions of Mongolia dating back nearly 500,000 years.• The 1st Mongolian state -Hunnu was founded by Mooduni Shanyu in BC209.• The Great Wall of China was built partly as defense against the nomads from the north.• In the 4th century Hunnu defeated by the Chinese and split into two 2 parts. West part of the Hunnu migrated to the Europe.• Attilla was the most powerful King of Hunnu who settled in Europe• After the Hunnu, Mongolian land was occupied by Siyanbi, then by Nirun from the III century until VI century.
• In 1206, after the several years of war with other Mongol tribes, Temujin (Chinggis Khan) the leader of one of the Mongolian tribe united Mongol tribes and proclaimed The Great Mongol State in Orkhon valley.Chinggis Khan • He originated the largest land 1162-1227 empire in World history.
The map of Mongol Empire • The largest contiguous land empire in world history. • Under his successors it stretched from present-day Poland in the west to Korea in the east, and from Siberia in the north to Vietnam in the south, covering some 33,000,000 km², (22% of Earths total land area) and having a population of over 100 million people.The Great Mongol Empire 1206-1294
• Population: 2.8 million• Ethnic groups: 90% Khalkha Mongol, 7% Kazakh, 3% Buriad and others• Language: Mongolian• Religions: 94% Buddhist, 6% Muslim, Christian and Shamanism
Modern Ulaanbaatar 1950`s1911 1980`sNight view of Ulaanbaatar Last year celebrated 373th year anniversary Population: 1.2 mln (40% of tolal) Divided into 9 main districts
Gobi Steppe River Forest Sierra(고비) (초원) (강) (숲) (산맥)
Spring Summer Autumn Winter (봄) (여름) (가을) (겨울)
• Mongolia has four distinct seasons which is high, cold and dry with extreme seasonal fluctuations between hot summers and cold winters. Average summer temperature +250C, average winter temperature -250C. Although Mongolian winter is very cold with a lot of snowfalls, it also has many sunny days throughout in winter time.
• Mongolia is known as the Land of the Eternal Blue Sky• Over 250 days are sunny a year• Star gazing tour: The stars seemed close enough to touch