Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Vishaka guidelines

503 views

Published on

Vishaka guidelines

Published in: Law
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Vishaka guidelines

  1. 1. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com VISHAKA GUIDELINES
  2. 2. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com As Zia Mody says in her book, Ten Judgements that Changed India, "Judicial activism reached its pinnacle in Vishakha Vs. State of Rajasthan." The Supreme Court provided the first authoritative decision of 'sexual harassment at workplace'; In India The Supreme Court acknowledged and relied to a great extent on international treaties that had not been transformed into municipal law and; It confronted with a statutory vacuum, it went creative and proposed the route of 'judicial legislation. Introduction
  3. 3. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Facts: Bhanwari Devi, who was a social worker (saathin) in Rajasthan was brutally gang raped by a number of upper class men as she had tried to stop a child marriage. The incident took place in 1992. Bhanwari Devi was determined to get justice so she lodged a case against the offenders. However, the accused were acquitted by a trial court. Several inspired women’s groups and NGOs filed a PIL (Public Interest Litigation) in the Supreme Court under the collective platform of Vishakha asking the court to give certain directions regarding the sexual harassment that women face at the workplace. The result is the Supreme Court judgment, which came on the 13th August 1997, and gave the Vishakha guidelines. The judgment of August 1997 provided the basic definitions of sexual harassment at the workplace and provided guidelines to deal with it. It is seen as a significant legal victory for women's groups in India. What happened?
  4. 4. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com The Supreme Court had inspected the case which highlighted the problem of Gender Inequality, outraging the modesty of women, sexual harassment at the workplace and rape as societal issues of substantial intensity. Thus violence against women. What was the decision? Issue of the case With no domestic legislation to adequately address sexual harassment in the workplace, the Court undertook measures to enforce gender equality and non- discrimination in accordance with universal human rights norms and standards.
  5. 5. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Sexual harassment in the workplace is a violation of women’s human rights, specifically: Constitution of India Article 14: Equality before the law Article 15: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth Article 19 (1)(g): Right to practice one’s profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business Article 21: Right to life and personal liberty In particular, the Court referred to India’s ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), which prohibits discrimination in the workplace and outlines specific state obligations to end it: Article 11(1)(a, f): The right to work and the right to protection of health and to safety in working conditions, including the safeguarding of the function of reproduction Article 24: States parties undertake to adopt all necessary measures at the national level aimed at achieving the full realization of the rights recognized in the present Convention General Recommendation No. 19: On the elimination of violence against women. Provisions in Law
  6. 6. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com DEFINITIONS Sexual harassment as: Unwelcome sexually determined behaviour Physical contact and advances. Sexually colored remarks. Demanding or requesting for sexual favors. Showing pornography. Any other unwelcome conduct of sexual nature may be verbal or non-verbal or physical. Spreading rumours about a woman’s sexual relationship with anybody. Anything at work that can place the working woman at disadvantage compared to other male employees in her official career just because she is a woman – can be termed as sexual harassment. Vishaka V. State of Rajasthan
  7. 7. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com GENERAL POINTS Gender equality includes protection from sexual harassment and the right to work with dignity as per our constitution. Extra hazard for a working woman compared her male colleague is clear violation of the fundamental rights of ‘Gender Equality’ & Right to Life and Liberty. Safe working environment is fundamental right of a working woman. In no way should working women be discriminated at the workplace against male employees. (If a woman is, then it must be documented in company policies, for example limitation of women in police and armed forces.) Vishaka V. State of Rajasthan
  8. 8. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com GUIDELINES In its judgment, the Court provided a set of guidelines for employers – as well as other responsible persons or institutions – to immediately ensure the prevention of sexual harassment. These guidelines were formulated since the then civil and penal laws in India did not adequately provide for specific protection of women from sexual harassment in workplace. In accordance with Article 141 of India’s Constitution, these guidelines were to be considered law until appropriate legislation was created: 1. Duty of the Employer or other responsible persons in work places and other institutions 2. Preventive Steps 3. Criminal Proceedings 4. Disciplinary action 5. Complaint mechanism 6. Complaints committee 7. Worker’s initiative 8. Awareness 9. Any third party It shall be the duty of employer (and person in charge) to take all necessary and reasonable steps, so as to assist the affected person (in terms of support and preventive action). No prejudice of any rights available under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. Vishaka V. State of Rajasthan
  9. 9. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ACT Superseded the Vishakha Guidelines The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition And Redressal) Act, 2013 makes it illegal to sexually harass women in the workplace. This Act is only for women who are sexually harassed in workplaces. The Act is for any woman who is harassed in any workplace. It is not necessary for the woman to be working at the workplace in which she is harassed. A workplace can be any office, whether government or private. The Act defines sexual harassment at the work place and creates a mechanism for redressal of complaints. It also provides safeguards against false or malicious charges. Even if there are no cases of sexual harassment at the moment, it is still necessary for the committee to be set up (if you employ more than 10 workers) and for all rules to be followed. It talks about the different ways in which someone can be sexually harassed and how they can complain against this kind of behaviour. SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
  10. 10. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
  11. 11. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com The Act gives you a choice between dealing with the offender within the office or approaching a court. If you wish, you can file a criminal complaint instead of approaching your Internal/Local Complaints Committee. Every employer is required to constitute an Internal Complaints Committee at each office or branch with 10 or more employees. The District Officer is required to constitute a Local Complaints Committee at each district, and if required at the block level. The Committee is required to complete the inquiry within a time period of 90 days. On completion of the inquiry, the report will be sent to the employer or the District Officer, as the case may be, they are mandated to take action on the report within 60 days. The Complaints Committees have the powers of civil courts for gathering evidence. The Complaints Committees are required to provide for conciliation before initiating an inquiry, if requested by the complainant. SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
  12. 12. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com The inquiry process under the Act should be confidential and the Act lays down a penalty of Rs 5000 on the person who has breached confidentiality. The Act requires employers to conduct educational programmes and develop policies against sexual harassment, among other obligations. Penalties have been prescribed for employers. Non-compliance with the provisions of the Act shall be punishable with a fine of up to 50,000/-.₹ Repeated violations may lead to higher penalties and cancellation of licence or registration to conduct business. Government can order an officer to inspect workplace and records related to sexual harassment in any organisation. Under the Act, which also covers students in schools and colleges as well as patients in hospitals, employers and local authorities will have to set up grievance committees to investigate all complaints. Employers who fail to comply will be punished with a fine of up to 50,000/- rupees. SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
  13. 13. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ACT:   Firstly,  it  hides  those  ladies  operating  within  the  defense force, that area unit mostly men – dominated sectors. Secondly,  the  act  seems  to  be  gender biased since  it  solely  protects ladies. Thirdly, the act has wide scope for false allegations. There  are  high  possibilities  at  the  hands  of  girls  for  her  personal  advantages. Fourthly,  the  availability  relating  to  the  fixing of the financial compensation per  the  economic potential  of the  person makes it discriminatory.  SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
  14. 14. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com CONSEQUENSES   Has there been an implementation to these?    One of the major drawbacks being, that such laws and guidelines find their places only in law books and few journals. The  common  masses  don’t  get  to  know  about  such  judgments.  The  NCW  study  shows  that  60%  of  working  woman is still not aware of this.    In number of cases it was found that the women who made complaints had to meet with an enquiry about their own conduct and no enquiry was made against the person against whom the complaint was made.    Lodging complaints often results in isolation of the women, both by employer and by the colleagues.    It results in increase and sometimes more violent harassment.   There is always a hesitation to initiate action against him.   Worst of all, the victim is usually pressured to take the complaint back, through threat.   Witnesses also tend to show their back since they are threatened to remain quite.   It was reported by the International Labour Organization that very few Indian employers were compliant to this  statute. Most Indian employers have not implemented the law despite the legal requirement that any workplace  with  more  than  10  employees  need  to  implement  it.  According  to  a  FICCI-EY  November  2015  report,  36%  of  Indian  companies  and  25%  among  MNCs  are  not  compliant  with  the  Sexual  Harassment  Act,  2013.  The  government has threatened to take stern action against employers who fail to comply with this law. SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013
  15. 15. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com “While a murder destroys the physical frame of the victim, a rapist degrades and defiles the soul of a helpless women” The international brand UBER ran into a series of troubles in the last  year. Ever since 2012, the company has faced over 215 complaints, of  which 47 were directly regarding sexual harassment.  On  November,  2013,  Tarun  Tejpal,  the  Founder  of  the  magazine  Tehelka, was accused of sexual assault by one of his reporters on  two separate occasions.  This  case  dates  to  2015.  Gayathri  Balaswamy  entered  into  an  employment agreement, stating her appointment as a Vice-President  of  the  company  Novasoft Technologies.  However,  within  a  few  months  she  resigned  and  lodged  a  criminal  complaint  against  two  officers of the company.  CONCLUSION
  16. 16. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com “A woman is like a tea bag. You can’t tell how strong she is until you put her in hot water” - Eleanor Roosevelt   Justice Arjit Pasayat

×