Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Registration of tm in foreign languages

3 views

Published on

Registration of tm in foreign languages

Published in: Law
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Registration of tm in foreign languages

  1. 1. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com “Registration of Trademarks in foreign languages” Indumathi.G
  2. 2. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com India, being a country of 780 languages, is still inquisitive of learning various other foreign languages. There are few that are opted at schools itself. Thus there are more chances for a word to have different meanings in various languages. More correctly more chances of getting trashed at other states with our native language!!
  3. 3. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com
  4. 4. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com When this is the case within the national boundary, imagine taking it to the global level! At the wake of this LPG, there are more and more brands that grow everyday beyond its former territory.
  5. 5. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com So! How does a mark in a foreign language gets registered in India? - The Indian market, now has a huge number of foreign brands that we ourselves choose to pick the one of the foreign brands over the Indian brand! But have we ever wondered as to what the brand’s name mean?
  6. 6. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Lets look at what the Indian Trademarks rules say about it. The rule 33 of the Trademark Rules,2002 states that an endorsement of transliteration and translation for trademarks which contain a word or words in scripts other than Hindi or English on the application form and the additional representations thereof, and every such endorsement is also required to state the language to which the word belongs. 
  7. 7. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com TheTrademark Registry following the rule decided on the followingTrademarks that were in foreign languages.
  8. 8. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com THE DOCTRINE OF FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS (THE DOCTRINE) To decide on a Trademark in a foreign language, the Trademark registry follows the above doctrine where the foreign Trademark is translated to the native or the common languages of the country.Then it is determined to see if it conflicts with the existing marks. It is tested if the consumers who knows the language would per se translate the word which would cause confusion with the existing trademarks. The word is tested for its generic and descriptive relevance with the goods.
  9. 9. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Translation is meaning of something in language other than the one in which it was said/written. Transliteration gives the word from a different language in letters that you can understand so as to be able to pronounce it. Ελευθερ Ελευθερία (Greek) Freedom Ελευθερία (Greek) Eleutheria
  10. 10. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Though earlier many foreign trademarks which did not qualify the test were allowed by the registry, of late the doctrine is widely applied and when found not to stand the test are rejected under the following sections. Sec 9 (1) (a) - which are devoid of any distinctive character, that is to say, not capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one person from those of another person Sec 9 (1) (b)- which consist exclusively of marks or indications which may serve in trade to designate the kind, quality, quantity, intended purpose, values, geographical origin or the time of production of the goods or rendering of the service or other characteristics of the goods or service
  11. 11. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Lets see what the final words were on disputes in registration!! AktiebolagetVolvo of Sweden vs.Volvo Steels Ltd.of Gujarat [1998 PTC 63 (Bom)] Mark Disputed:VOLVO (machines) Language: Latin Meaning:“To roll up” “re-rolling” to roll together” Principle followed: likelihood that the customers may translate the word easily and get confused with the meaning of the word in English” Held: The impugned foreign word (Volvo) originated from a “dead and obscure language,” Latin, the Doctrine, which is “not an absolute rule but merely a guideline,” would not be applicable. 
  12. 12. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com C Kamani Oil Industries Pvt.Ltd.vs Bhuwaneshwar Refineries Pvt. Ltd [2014(4) BomCR 487] Mark Disputed: RISOVs. RISO LITE (rise bran oil) Language: Italian Meaning: Rice Principle followed:Awareness of the majority customers Held:  Not descriptive as the majority Indians are not aware that the word RISO in Italian means Rice. M/S.Hitachi Ltd.vs Ajay Kumar Agarwal [ILR 1996 Delhi 359] Mark Disputed: HITACHI Vs. HITAISHI (electronics) Meaning: “Hi” means Sun and “Tachi” means to raise or to stand in Chinese and “Well wisher” in Hindi Held: The word ‘HITACHI’ and ‘HITAISHI’ are pronounced almost the same way and an average or ordinary purchaser will not be able to know the difference between the two when he goes to the market to buy the said product.This is likely to cause deception and confusion in his mind. Even though the meaning of the two words may be different and they are written in different scripts, there is no doubt that both words have a striking phonetic similarity.
  13. 13. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com  To end The necessity of the double door scrutiny of the foreign language marks is recommendable not just to meet out the purpose of the TM act, but even to avoid embarrassment of obscene meanings of the word. With the linguistic boundary of India extending to more and more foreign languages, the doctrine will act as an effective foolproof. However, the peculiarity of each case shall be considered before a decision on acceptance of the mark is made. As complications grow more principles and doctrines are to arise. The present doctrine is also considered as a mere guideline and not a standing rule. So, lets wait for the law to grow old enough to understand and adopt to this linguistic outrage.
  14. 14. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com 고맙습니다
  15. 15. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 - 6552921 HYDERABAD Suite 132 & 133, Level 1, Midtown, Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Tel: +91 - 40 - 6050 6009 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com DISCLAIMER Any copyr ight ed mat erial in t his pr esent at ion is used in f air use f or t he pur pose of st udy, review or cr it ical analysis only, and will be r emoved at t he r equest of t he copyr ight owner (s).

×