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Hydrocarbon

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Hydrocarbon

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Hydrocarbon

  1. 1. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Hydrocarbon project in Tamil Nadu - are the protests justified? HY By Parvathi.V Accounts Department •? •Do we support the hydrocarbon project in Neduvasal, Tamil Nadu? •Will the extraction of methane in the Tanjore district of Tamil Nadu be disastrous? •What is the full story behind the ONGC hydrocarbon project in Tamil Nadu? What is the purpose of extracting hydrocarbon in Neduvasal? Why should it be banned?
  2. 2. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Neduvasal Hydrocarbon Project: The Background • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister on February 15, 2015, gave its approval for the hydrocarbon projects including Neduvasal Hydrocarbon Project as a part of the Centre’s 2015 ‘Discovered Small Fields policy’. • The two contract areas, Karaikal (10.4 Sq km) located in Puducherry and Neduvasal (10.0 Sq km) located in Tamil Nadu were awarded under Discovered Small Field (DSF) • They have an in-place volume of 4,30,000 metric tons of oil and oil equivalent gas. • Project was signed during the Congress-DMK regimen • .
  3. 3. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • What is Discovered Small Field Policy? • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi (CCEA) has approved the award of 31 contract areas as part of the Discovered Small Field (DSF) Bid Round 2016. • The contract was for 44 oilfields (in 31 contract areas), including 28 on-land and 16 offshore fields discovered by Oil and Natural Gas Corp. (ONGC) and Oil India Ltd (OIL) • These fields were offered under the new policy for small fields known as Discovered Small Field (DSF) policy, 2015, which offers improved fiscal terms with the aim to enhance Oil and gas production and reducing import dependency of the country. • These fields were offered through a transparent international competitive bidding process. And the bidding was open to all, including National Oil Companies (i.e. ONGC and OIL) and other central and state .
  4. 4. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • What is a Hydrocarbon Project? • In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. • Hydrocarbon exploration (or oil and gas exploration) is the search or hydrocarbon deposits beneath the Earth’s surface, such as oil and natural gas. • What is Neduvasal Hydrocarbon Project Controversy? • The central government is planning to extract the hydrocarbon (oil and natural gas) in Neduvasal village in Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu. • Many villagers are protesting against the proposed Hydrocarbon project. • Their fear is due to the possible impact the project can result in the village life and agriculture.
  5. 5. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Hydrocarbon Project: What are the reasons put forward by the protestors? Neduvasal • This hydrocarbon project would pose severe environmental problems and adversely affect the livelihood of farmers in and around Neduvasal. • The farmers also claimed that the fertility of the land will be affected. • There is also apprehension regarding the lowering of ground water level. • The displacement of habitation of the people in the village. • The villagers also fear that this project may disturb the interface of the seawater and groundwater that may later on results in the intrusion of saline water to the fresh water sources. • There may be no agricultural activity while the hydrocarbon exploration is on. The villagers in and around Neduvasal are completely dependent on agriculture for their livelihood and this may seriously affect their life pattern. • The government didn’t have any information related to the exact location of hydrocarbon exploration and there is no clarity in how the crude oil will be extracted.
  6. 6. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Oil & Gas will be extracted •
  7. 7. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Fracking sand is processed in the following steps. • Step 1: Removeallvegetation • Step 2: Remove top soil and unwanted rock layers • Step 3: Break the sandstones with explosives and other hard machinery. This process involves the air contamination with nano particle silica spherical particles which can easily penetrate our lungs and cause all kind of lung diseases, cancer and breathing difficulties.
  8. 8. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Step 4: Excavate sandstone
  9. 9. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Step 5: Crush the sandstones and make it at the desired particle size
  10. 10. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Step 6: Wash sand to clean and remove the unwanted material left in the sand (water involved)
  11. 11. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Step 7: Stockpile sand for drying, sorting, and final shipment • Finally, the process is recycled with the left overs and clay.
  12. 12. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Reasons For Choosing places like Neduvasal 1.Availability of the raw material for frac sand. 2. Availability of ample space to mine, process and wash sand. Neduvasal is a purely rural place with enormous lands to have room for their whole processes. 3. Availability of cheap labour. This is again a major reason these projects are designed where you get people for relatively cheaper prices. 4. Naive people. Yes, here they get labours who care less about the short/long term consequences of these projects be it diseases or lung malfunctions. 5. Transport, logistics reasons. The above said factors are the main reason for choosing Neduvasal for hydrocarbon projects.
  13. 13. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • What are the possible advantages of Neduvasal Hydrocarbon Project? • This is a major step towards self-sufficiency in the crude oil production. • The Government of India aims to use the Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP) to reduce India’s crude imports by 10% by 2022. • It aims to net revenue of Rs 9,300 crore from this project out of which the state is expected to get Rs 5,000 crore. • This project is believed to pass economic benefits to the State and its people in the form of royalty, VAT, additional employment generation and economic development as per the petroleum ministry. •
  14. 14. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Hydrocarbon extraction in rest of world • Its feared that the process called Hydraulic Fracking is involved in extraction of Shale gas. Hydraulic fracturing of shales goes back at least to 1965. In 1976, the United States government started the Eastern Gas Shales Project which included numerous public- private hydraulic fracturing demonstration projects. • As of 2013, massive hydraulic fracturing is being applied on a commercial scale to shales in the United States, Canada, and China. Several countries are planning to use the hydraulic facturing There are hundreds of wells drilled and being drilled by fracking method in USA. Fracking was banned in 2 states out of 50 states in America. • China is big time into Shale extraction and has increased its target 5 folds last year. China is the world leader in Shale gas extraction and no protests were recorded – only one study is flashing in internet that too not carried out in China. No adverse effects on human health, environment were recorded in China.
  15. 15. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • What are the assurances given by the authorities about the extraction process? • The extraction of Oil and Gas from sub-surface is a well- established practice and the Exploration and Production industry uses state-of-the-art technology for the operations and takes maximum care for environmental effects. • The operators also get Environment Impact Assessment is done before carrying out any drilling activities and other activities. • The process of drilling and production requires very limited surface land area (120X120 square meters) which will not affect agriculture or the soil of the entire lease area.
  16. 16. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Advantages and Disadvantages of Burning Hydrocarbons • Advantages • We can use hydrocarbons as fuel. Hydrocarbons can be burned to release energy. • Can be cheap. • Provides energy quickly and is moderately reliable. • The amount of carbon dioxide released can be controlled. • The amount of other gases released, such as sulfur impurities, can also be reduced by being refined further (although this process would be expensive).
  17. 17. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Disadvantages • If complete combustion (when fuels burn in plenty of air) occurs, water and carbon dioxide are released. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, which restricts radiation of heat away from earth. • If the hydrocarbon is burned in a limited supply of air, incomplete combustion occurs as there is insufficient oxygen to burn completely. Carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas, is release. • If air supply is really restricted, carbon can be released as soot and smoke. The solid particles can be a respiratory irritant.
  18. 18. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Bigger problem with bigger molecules; require more oxygen to burn. • Oil and coal contain sulfur compounds. When they burn, they release sulfur dioxide. As well as being a respiratory irritant, sulfur dioxide is dissolved by rain, making acid rain. This damages limestone buildings it also changes the PH of the soil (key links). • Aggressive conditions cause the normally unreactive nitrogen to react. This forms nitrogen oxides, which are irritants and can also contribute to acid rain (It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals and infrastructure. Acid rainis caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which react with the water
  19. 19. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Evaluation • Although there are far more disadvantages than advantages of burning hydrocarbons, the main advantage is that it enables us to use energy that we utilise in our everyday lives, whether it be using electricity or driving a car. The disadvantages, however, can have devastating affects on the environment that will be irreversible, such as global warming. This endangers the lives of organisms living on Earth. Global dimming and 'acid rain' are also key problems. Fortunately, these issues can be resolved by refining the hydrocarbons to remove impurities, such as sulfur and nitrogen.
  20. 20. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Thank YouThank You

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