Food additives and health

199 views

Published on

Food additives and health

Published in: Law
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
199
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Food additives and health

  1. 1. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Food Additives & HeALtH
  2. 2. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Justification for the use of additives in food (according to the Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Committee): • preservation of the nutritional value of food; • use in special food for consumers with specific dietary needs; • improvement of the stability, the organoleptic properties and the nutritional value of food while its nature is not drastically changed; • use in manufacturing, processing, transport and storage of food, but not with the intention of disguising the use of inferior raw materials, undesirable practices, and techniques.
  3. 3. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com The use of Food Additives • The food additives being used should present no risk to the health of the consumer at the levels of use. (a) To preserve the nutritional quality of the food; (b) To enhance the keeping quality or stability of a food or to improve its organoleptic properties; (c) To provide necessary constituents for foods manufactured for groups of consumers having special dietary needs; • All food additives shall be used under conditions of good manufacturing practice (GMP) which quantity of the additive added to food shall be limited to the lowest possible level necessary to accomplish its desired effect • Income Tax Slab And Rate For Businesses For Cooperative Society
  4. 4. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Five main categories of additives • Flavorings: There are approximately 1100 to 1400 natural and synthetic flavorings available to food processors. • Stabilizers: These are used to keep products in a set state • Colorings: Ninety percent are artificial and do not contain any nutritional value. • Sweeteners: These are designed to make the foods more palatable. • Preservatives: Helps maintain freshness and prevents spoilage that is caused by fungi, yeast, molds and bacteria. • Acids/Bases: Provides a tart flavor for many fruits and is used in pickling as well as putting the carbonation in soft drinks .
  5. 5. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Classification of Food Additives  1. Preservatives:  •Prevent  the  growth  of  micro-organisms  which could cause food spoilage and lead to  food poisoning •Extend the shelf-life of products, so that they  can  be  distributed  and  sold  to  the  consumer  with a longer shelf-life
  6. 6. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Examples of selected preservatives • a. Salt, sugar, vinegar, and pepper( common household preservatives) • b. Saltpeter or sodium nitrate ( used for meat curing) • c. Sulfur dioxide ( sulfurous acid) and sulfide (inhibit discoloration of cut fruits and serve as anti- browning agent) • d. Benzoic acid or Sodium benzoate (for fruit juices, jellies, margarine, and catsup) • e. Citric and Tartaric Acids (provide the acid for flavor improvement in syrups, drinks, and jellies) • f. Alum and soaked lime or apog ( used as a firming agent for pickles and fruit preserves)
  7. 7. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Cont… 2. Antioxidants • prevent food containing fat or oil from going rancid due to oxidation, developing an unpleasant odour or flavour; • prevent the browning of cut fruit, vegetables and fruit juices (and so increase shelf life and appearance). For example, vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, or E300, is one of the most widely used antioxidants. • Very-beneficial in preventing spoilage in animals fat caused by oxidation.
  8. 8. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com 3. Sequestrants • Is a chemical which combines with a substance and sets aside so it can be removed from the food. • Used to inactivate a substance which interferes with the processing of a food. They are frequently used to keep the minerals from settling out of beverages and making them cloudy. Sorbital and Phosporic Acid are used as sequestrants
  9. 9. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Cont… 4. Humectants • Prevent food from drying out •Glycerine, Sorbital, and Monitol are called humectants and are used in foods such as coconut and certain confections to help retain moisture.
  10. 10. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com 5. Bleaching and Maturing Agents, starch Modifier • Chemicals such as Chlorine Dioxide, Bromate and Iodate, and Chlorine are used in bleaching and maturing agents for flour. The use of these materials reduces the time required for natural aging of flour therefore is economically important. • Bleaching agents are also used in manufacturing of certain cheese to impart a white color. • The bleaching agent used is Benzoyl Peroxide, Hydrogen Peroxide is used to bleach tripe, a variety meat.
  11. 11. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com 6. Emulsifiers, stabilisers, gelling agents and thickeners • Emulsifiers help mix ingredients together that would normally separate, e.g. Lecithins . • Stabilisers prevent ingredients from separating again, e.g. locust bean gum . • Emulsifers and stabilisers give food a consistent texture, e.g. they can be found in low-fat spreads. • Gelling agents are used to change the consistency of a food, e.g. pectin , which is used to make jam
  12. 12. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Cont... 7. Surface Active Agents • Lecithin is an emulsifier, an example of surface- active agents. When added to baked goods, it facilitates in machining of dough and improves resulting bread appearance. 8. Anti-caking agents, Anti – foaming agents • Anti-caking agents ensure free movement or flow of particles, e.g. in dried milk or table salt. • Anti-foaming agents prevent or disperse frothing, e.g. in the production of fruit juices. • Calcium Phospate, Silica Gel in curing mixes and Stearate are examples of anti-caking agent
  13. 13. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com  9. Colours • restore colour lost during processing or storage, e.g.  marrowfat peas;  • ensure that each batch produced is identical in  appearance or does not appear ‘off’;  • reinforces colour already in foods, e.g. enhance the  yellowness of a custard;  • give colour to foods which otherwise would be  colourless (e.g. soft drinks) and so make them more  attractive
  14. 14. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Cont… 10. Flavour enhancers • Flavour enhancers bring out the flavour in foods without imparting  a flavour of their own, e.g. monosodium glutamate (E612) is added  to processed foods. For example some soups, sauces and sausages.  Flavourings, on the other hand, are added to a wide range of  foods, usually in small amounts to give a particular taste. These do  not have E numbers because they are controlled by different food  laws. Ingredients lists will say if flavourings have been used, but  individual flavourings might not be named.
  15. 15. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com 11. Acids, bases and buffers Acids, bases and buffers control the acidity or alkalinity of  food, for safety and stability of flavour. 12. Glazing agents Glazing  agents  provide  a  protective  coating  or  sheen on the surface of foods, e.g. confectionary  (for appearance and shelf-life).
  16. 16. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Criteria for Use Before  being  considered  for  use,  a  chemical  preservative  needs  to  fulfill  the  following  conditions:  1. It must be non-toxic and suitable for application.  2. It must not impart off-flavors when used at levels  effective in controlling microbial growth.  3. It must be readily soluble.  4. It must exhibit antimicrobial properties over the  PH range of each particular food.  5. It should be economical and practical to use.
  17. 17. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Center for Food Safety Sues FDA Over  Food Additives The Center for Food Safety has filed a lawsuit against the US Food  and Drug. Administration over the FDA’s regulation of food additives and its  ‘Generally Recognized as Safe’ (GRAS) programme. According to the suit, the  FDA  has  relied  on  a  proposed  rule  over  the  last  15  years  allowing  food  manufacturers to determine whether a food additive is safe enough to be  included on the agency’s list of ingredients that are ‘generally recognized as  safe’. Ingredients not on the GRAS list require agency approval before they  can be used in food. This proposed rule was not final when the FDA began  accepting GRAS notices in 1998 and it still has not been finalised today. In  the  complaint,  the  Center  for  Food  Safety  asks  the  court  to  vacate  (set  aside)  the  proposed  rule  and  require  that  the  FDA  apply  the  previous GRAS rule.  According to the suit, the FDA’s conduct in relying on a proposed  rule ‘indefinitely’ – and not considering nor responding to public comments  in the process of finalising it – violates the rule-making requirements of the  Administrative Procedure Act.
  18. 18. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com HEALTH HAZARDS •  Sodium  Nitrite(  bacon,  ham,  hot  dogs,  luncheon  meats,  smoked  fish,  and  corned  beef)  When  grilled  it  transforms  into  a  reactive  compound that has been linked to cancer.  • BHA and BHTBHA and BHT( many foods such as cereals, chewing  gum, potato chips, and vegetable oils) It can cause allergic reactions,  hyperactivity  and  it  may  be  toxic  to  the  nervous  system  and  the  liver. For some people, it can increase their cancer risk.  • Propyl Gallate ( meat products, chicken soup base, and chewing  gum)  While  not  proven  to  cause  cancer  in  humans,  it  is  linked  to  cancer in animals.   •  Olestra  ((reduced  fat  snack  chips)  Olestra  blocks  fat  absorption  but  blocks  vitamin  absorption  as  well.  It  can  also  cause  severe  diarrhea, cramps and gas.
  19. 19. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Monosodium GlutamateMonosodium Glutamate ( soups, salad dressings, chips, frozen entrees, and restaurant food) It can cause headaches and nausea for some people. Try using a moderate amount of salt as a healthier alternative. • Trans FatsTrans Fats (numerous foods, fast food) Too much trans fat has been proven to cause heart disease and other serious health conditions. Experts recommend consuming no more than 2 grams per day. • AspartameAspartame ( low-calorie desserts, gelatins, drink mixes, and soft drinks) Studies have shown that lifelong consumption may increase risk of cancer or other neurological problems. • Food Colorings: Blue 1, 2; Red 3; Green 3; Yellow 6Food Colorings: Blue 1, 2; Red 3; Green 3; Yellow 6 These colorings have been linked to cancer in animals, while Yellow 6 has been linked to bladder cancer in humans.
  20. 20. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Hydrogenated Fats —cardiovascular disease, obesity • Sulfites (sulfur dioxide, metabi sulfites, and others)—allergic and asthmatic reactions • Sugar and Sweeteners —obesity, dental cavities, diabetes and hypoglycemia, increased triglycerides (blood fats) or candida (yeast) • Artificial Sweeteners (Aspartame, Acesulfame K and Saccharin)— behavioral problems, hyperactivity, allergies, and possibly carcinogenic. The government cautions against the use of any artificial sweetener by children and pregnant women. Anyone with PKU (phenylketonuria—a problem of phenylalanine, an amino acid, metabolism) should not use aspartame (Nutrasweet). • Refined FlourRefined Flour —low-nutrient calories, carbohydrate imbalances, altered insulin production • SaltSalt (excessive)—fluid retention and blood pressure increases
  21. 21. CHENNAI 3rd Floor, ‘Creative Enclave’, 148-150, Luz Church Road, Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004. Tel: +91 - 44 - 2498 4821 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Tel: +91 - 80 - 6546 2400 COIMBATORE BB1, Park Avenue, # 48, Race Course Road, Coimbatore - 641018. Tel: +91 - 422 – 6552921 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Thank You

×