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Death penalty in india

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Death penalty in india

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Death penalty in india

  1. 1. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com DEATH PENALTY IN INDIA MAHALAKSHMI SURESH
  2. 2. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com What is Death Penalty? • Legal process whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime. • Death was prescribed as one of the punishments in the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC). • The Indian Penal Code, 1860 awards death sentence as a punishment for various offences: 1. Criminal conspiracy (s. 120B), 2. Murder (s. 302), 3. Waging or attempting to wage war against the Government of India (s. 121), 4. Abetment of mutiny (s.132), 5. Dacoity with murder (s. 396) and others. • Apart from this there are provisions for death penalty in various legislations like the NDPS Act, anti – terrorism laws etc-.
  3. 3. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com • Practiced in almost every society, although at this time only 58 nations actively practice it, with 95 countries abolishing it. • It remained in effect after independence in 1947. • The first hanging in Independent India was that of Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte in the Mahatma Gandhi assassination case on 15 November 1949. • Article 21 of the Constitution of India – Protection of life and personal liberty. History of Death Penalty
  4. 4. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Power of the President The present day constitutional clemency powers of the President and Governors originate from the ”Government of India Act 1935 “. Constitutional power Article 72(1) of the Constitution of India states: The President shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence. (a) in all cases where the punishment or sentence is by a Court Martial; (b) in all cases where the punishment or sentence is for an offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the Union extends; (c) in all cases where the sentence is a sentence of death. Similarly, the pardoning powers of the Governor of a State are mentioned in Article 161.
  5. 5. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Stages in Death Penalty Cases 1. Award of Death Penalty by the Court of Sessions 2. Confirmation Hearing before the State High Court 3. Proceedings before the Supreme Court of India 4. Request of Pardon Filed Before a Governor of State or the President of India 5. Write Petition after the Rejection of Request for Pardon
  6. 6. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Execution of death sentence METHOD OF EXECUTION IN INDIA: Hanging. 1. Hanging is the method of execution in the civilian court system, according to the Indian Criminal Procedure Code. 2. Under the 1950 Army Act, hanging as well as shooting are both listed as official methods of execution in the military court-martial system. Shooting. Under the 1950 Army Act, hanging as well as shooting are both listed as official methods of execution in the military court-martial system.
  7. 7. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Years of last known Execution
  8. 8. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Years of last known Execution
  9. 9. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com NCRB and ACHR statistics
  10. 10. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Individuals Below Age 18 At Time of Crime. According to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000, individuals who were under the age of 18 at the time of the crime cannot be executed. Pregnant Women. According to a 2009 amendment, a pregnant woman sentenced to death must be granted clemency. Intellectually Disabled. According to the Indian Penal Code, individuals who were mentally ill at the time of the crime and who did not understand the nature of the act or know that the act was wrong or against the law cannot be held criminally liable. This could be interpreted to exclude intellectually disabled persons from the death penalty. Mentally Ill. According to the Indian Penal Code, individuals who were mentally ill at the time of the crime and who did not understand the nature of the act or know that the act was wrong or against the law cannot be held criminally liable. Comments. Under Bachan Singh v. State of Punjab, advanced age may be a mitigating factor in sentencing, although it does not have the same exclusionary effect as youth does. Categories of Offenders Excluded From the Death Penalty
  11. 11. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com

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