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Copyright board

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Copyright board

  2. 2. <ul><li>The Indian copyright legislation namely the Copyright Act, 1957 provides for three important authorities and institutions for registration of copyright, effective protection of copyright and also for better enforcement of the copyright of owners and others. They are </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Office </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Board </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Societies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. COPYRIGHT BOARD <ul><li>It is a body constituted under the Copyright Act for </li></ul><ul><li>the discharge of certain judicial functions under the </li></ul><ul><li>Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Constituted by the Central Government (Section 11 </li></ul><ul><li>of the Act) </li></ul><ul><li>The Board was constituted in 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Not a standing body </li></ul>
  4. 4. CONSTITUTION OF THE BOARD <ul><li>Chairman </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more (not exceeding fourteen) </li></ul><ul><li>members </li></ul><ul><li>The Registrar of the Copyright will perform </li></ul><ul><li>all secretarial functions of the Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Board </li></ul>
  5. 5. QUALIFICATIONS OF CHAIRMAN <ul><li>Is either a High Court Judge </li></ul><ul><li>Has been a Judge of a High Court </li></ul><ul><li>Is qualified for appointment as a Judge of a </li></ul><ul><li>High Court </li></ul>
  6. 6. TERM OF CHAIRMAN AND MEMBERS <ul><li>Five years </li></ul><ul><li>Eligible for reappointment </li></ul>
  7. 7. POWERS AND PROCEDURE OF COPYRIGHT BOARD (Section 12 of the Act) <ul><li>Hear appeals against the orders of the Registrar of </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Power to regulate its own procedure – fixing of </li></ul><ul><li>places and times of its sittings </li></ul><ul><li>Hear any proceedings instituted before it within </li></ul><ul><li>the zone. For this purpose the territory of India has </li></ul><ul><li>been divided into the following zones: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Northern zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Central zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Eastern zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Western zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Southern zone </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. POWERS AND PROCEDURE OF COPYRIGHT BOARD <ul><li>Discharge its functions through the Benches constituted </li></ul><ul><li>by the Chairman </li></ul><ul><li>The Bench shall consists of members, each Bench </li></ul><ul><li>consisting of not less than 3 members </li></ul><ul><li>Special Bench consisting of 5 members if the matter is </li></ul><ul><li>of importance </li></ul><ul><li>Difference of opinion among the members of a Bench </li></ul><ul><li>– Opinion of the majority shall prevail </li></ul><ul><li>No such majority – the opinion of the Chairman shall </li></ul><ul><li>prevail </li></ul><ul><li>The Chairman may authorize any of its members to </li></ul><ul><li>exercise any powers conferred on it by Section 74 </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Members shall not take part in any proceedings in </li></ul><ul><li>which he has a personal interest </li></ul><ul><li>The Copyright Board shall not be questioned on </li></ul><ul><li>the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy </li></ul><ul><li>in or defect in the constitution of the Board </li></ul>POWERS AND PROCEDURE OF COPYRIGHT BOARD
  10. 10. STATUS OF COPYRIGHT BOARD - The Copyright Board shall be deemed to be a Civil Court and have the powers of a Civil Court: <ul><li>The Copyright Board is deemed to be a civil court for the purposes of Sections 345 and 346 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>examining him on oath (this jurisdiction extends to the whole of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requiring the discovery and production of any document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receiving evidence on affidavit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any other matter which may be prescribed </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. EXECUTION OF ORDERS OF REGISTRAR AND COPYRIGHT BOARD Deemed to be a decree of a civil court and will be executable in the same manner as a decree of the civil court.
  12. 12. PROTECTION OF ACTION IN GOOD FAITH No suit or other legal proceedings can be taken – done in good faith
  13. 13. FUNCTIONS OF THE COPYRIGHT BOARD <ul><li>To decide whether a work has been published or as </li></ul><ul><li>to the date on which the work was published </li></ul><ul><li>To settle disputes arising in respect of assignment of </li></ul><ul><li>copyright </li></ul><ul><li>To grant compulsory licenses in respect of Indian </li></ul><ul><li>works withheld from public </li></ul><ul><li>To grant compulsory licenses to publish unpublished </li></ul><ul><li>Indian works </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>To grant compulsory licenses to produce and publish </li></ul><ul><li>translation of literary and dramatic works </li></ul><ul><li>To grant compulsory licenses to reproduce and </li></ul><ul><li>publish certain categories of literary, scientific or </li></ul><ul><li>artistic works for certain purposes </li></ul><ul><li>To rectify the register on the application of Registrar </li></ul><ul><li>of Copyright or of any person aggrieved </li></ul>
  15. 15. APPEAL <ul><li>An appeal against all orders except under Section </li></ul><ul><li>6 lies to the High court [Section 72 (2)] </li></ul><ul><li>Within 3 months </li></ul>
  16. 16. CASE STUDIES Vandana v Vandana Saree Emporium (1983) PTC 119 at p. 124 (Copyright Board) The Copyright Board has no powers to limit the user of copyright to any particular territorial area.
  17. 17. Mukherjee v State (1994) PTC 202 It was held that while exercising its jurisdiction under Section 19 A of the Act relating to settlement of dispute arising out of assignment of copyright, the Copyright Board has no power to decide whether there was any infringement of copyright.
  18. 18. THANK YOU