The Division of Rome Parting Ways: East and West The Rise of Islam Implications of Byzantium
Tetrachy ◦ New government system established by Diocletian (284 – 305) ◦ This system allowed for four people to rule the Roman Empire Both the east and the west would have an Augustus and Caesar to control the area. ◦ This is system how both Maxentius and Constantine gained power in the fourth century A.D.
Maxentius and Constantine start a civil war. Constantine emerges victorious in 312 A.D. ◦ Battle at Milvan Bridge Constantine then moves capital to Constantinople, in the east.
Constantinople marks a new beginning in Roman history, the transition from Western dominance, to Eastern dominance.
Western Empire Eastern Empire ◦ “Barbization of Rome” ◦ Tried to retain Roman When Rome was sacked by values. the barbarians, the ◦ Throughout the fourth western empire did not and fifth century, they fall, but changed. were very prosperous Vistigoths became integral ◦ Began to divide due to part of Roman politics conflicts within Western empire would Christianity never be the same
Capital city located at Constantinople. Population consisted of Hellenized people of middle eastern descent. Divided population due to religious beliefs.
Wanted to return Roman Empire to its past prestige. ◦ Justinian actually remade the Roman Empire Recaptured North Africa and Italy ◦ At very high costs ◦ Virtually left the empire bankrupt
Muhammad, in 610, reported he had a vision that he was the messenger of God He began preaching openly and was forced out of his hometown, Mecca He found residence in Medina, this journey from Mecca to Medina is known as the Hirja On this march, Muhammad found many followers, and in 629 returned to Mecca, and took the city
The fundamentals of Islamic religion is found in the Qur’an
Islamic religion spread very quickly throughout the area. ◦ Many tribes heard Muhammad’s message After Muhammads death, his successors conquered a vast empire But, Conquering was easier than governing The Islamic empire did not last long
When most of Europe fell to Islam, Byzantine remained a Christian stronghold When the Western Empire fell to barbarian rule, Byzantium remained to Roman traditions Byzantium is also currently the center of Hellenized life.
Kishlansky, Mark A., Patrick J. Geary, and Patricia OBrien. Civilization in the West. New York: Longman, 2003. Print. Pictures ◦ Nihad Hamzic, Invasions of the Roman Empire, October 1st, 2006 ◦ Flamarande, Western Eastern Roman Empire, December 28th, 2007, CC ◦ F.R. von Hubner, Byzantine Constantinople, October 25th, 2006, cc ◦ Justinian43, Byzantine 737, November 3rd, 2007, CC ◦ ARTE, Byzantine Empire Animated2, July 17th 2007, CC ◦ Stranger, Justinian, May 7th, 2007, CC ◦ NormanEinstein, Mecca, Saudi Arabia locator map, April 20th, 2007, CC ◦ Doctor Yuri, Qur’an, December 16th, 2009, CC ◦ Brian Szymanski, Age of Caliphs, September 19th, 2007, CC ◦ Evil Berry, Coin of Byzantium, July 16th, 2009, CC