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Urban spaces

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Urban spaces definitions and compositions

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Urban spaces

  1. 1. Urban Spaces Definition and Components
  2. 2. Definition of Urban Open Spaces
  3. 3. Urban open spaces are: All types of spaces between buildings in the town which include paths- squares- gardens – parks …………. .
  4. 4. Importance of Urban Open Spaces
  5. 5. • They give form and shape to the city.
  6. 6. • They provide space needed for recreation.
  7. 7. • They Create chances for interaction between people.
  8. 8. • They Preserve natural beauty .
  9. 9. • They provide places for economic activities.
  10. 10. Types of Urban Open Spaces
  11. 11. There are many types of open spaces such as: Water ways parks Green areas Playing fieldplayground plaza square Street
  12. 12. Water ways: include both natural lacks, rivers and streams which represent rich wildlife habitats and offer recreational value.
  13. 13. Water ways: include manmade lacks and canals that offer recreational value. They can also be used as movement paths.
  14. 14. The Park : “Is a natural preserved area available for recreation .”
  15. 15. The park The landscape: • Its landscape shall consist of meadows, waterbodies, woodlands, and open shelters. meadows waterbodies open shelterswoodlands
  16. 16. The park : • The Surroundings: • The park is Surrounded by the city from one side and open to the natural lands from other sides CITY Natural lands • The size: • The minimum size of the park is 8 acres
  17. 17. The Green “Is an open space available for recreation”
  18. 18. The Green The landscape: • its landscape shall consist of lawn and trees lawn trees
  19. 19. The cityThe city The Green The Surroundings: • The green is Surrounded by the city elements from all sides.
  20. 20. • The green can be naturalistically or formally disposed. • The size: • The minimum size shall be 0.5 acre and the maximum size shall be 8 acres Naturalistically disposed formally ordered
  21. 21. The Playing fields Are open space dedicated for playing sports such as football, basket ball, golf courses…… • The size depends upon the type of sport
  22. 22. The playground “Is an open space which is designed and equipped for the children.”
  23. 23. The Playground • The Surroundings: • The playground should be fenced and located near residential areas • Playgrounds may be included within parks and greens Residential areas
  24. 24. The playground The landscape: • Its landscape shall consist of lawn, trees, sand and playing equipment.
  25. 25. The Plaza “An open space available for civic purposes and commercial activities”
  26. 26. The Plaza The Surroundings: • Is defined by buildings frontages and usually attached to important building.
  27. 27. The plaza The landscape: Its landscape shall consist primarily of pavement, Trees are optional The size: The minimum size shall be 0.5 acre and the maximum size shall be 2 acres
  28. 28. The Square “Is an open space available for civic purposes”
  29. 29. The Square The Surroundings: • Is defined by buildings frontages and is located at the intersections of important thoroughfares. Buildings frontages
  30. 30. The Square • The landscape: Its landscape shall consist of, lawns and trees And shall be formally disposed. • The size: The minimum size shall be 0.5 acre and the maximum size shall be 5 acres
  31. 31. The streets “Are the connections between spaces and places , and they are considered as spaces themselves.” • Types of streets There are many types of streets differs in scale, characters, types of buildings that line them such as main streets or pedestrian paths.
  32. 32. Components of Urban Open Spaces
  33. 33. The components of the space Human Components “Uses, behaviors, …” Physical components Walls Floors Roof Furniture
  34. 34. WALLS
  35. 35. Are the vertical elements which surround the space and give the space its shape. 1. The walls:
  36. 36. What are the types of walls?!!
  37. 37. Buildings
  38. 38. Trees
  39. 39. Fences
  40. 40. Fences
  41. 41. Topography of the land
  42. 42. Floors
  43. 43. 2. The floors: The floor of the space is the base on which all the activities of the space happen.
  44. 44. What are the types of floors?!!
  45. 45. The floor can be flat or with levels.
  46. 46. The floor can be soft or harsh
  47. 47. The paving pattern can divide the space into zones Zone for pedestrian Zone for furniture Zone for shopping Using floor features in design
  48. 48. Near beaches paths are paved with rough pavement to prevent slipping Using floor features in design
  49. 49. In developing a historic area we use the same type of old pavement to preserve the character of the area Using floor features in design
  50. 50. Roofs
  51. 51. 3. The roof : The structure forming the upper covering of a building, space, …..
  52. 52. What are the types of roofs?!!
  53. 53. Usually the sky is the roof for urban open spaces.
  54. 54. Usually the sky is the roof for urban open spaces.
  55. 55. Sometimes parts of the space can be covered for specific purposes, like providing shading, privacy, defining the space
  56. 56. Textile
  57. 57. Plants
  58. 58. Concrete
  59. 59. Wooden Pergola
  60. 60. 4. Furniture of the space Hardscape elements softscape elements Trees and plantsLighting Seats Fountains ……
  61. 61. Hardscape
  62. 62. Lighting : Lighting has many functions in urban spaces: • It extends the time of using urban spaces. • It provides safety and security.
  63. 63. It contributes to the beauty of urban spaces
  64. 64. It leads the movement to specific directions
  65. 65. What are the types of lighting?!!
  66. 66. Lighting columns
  67. 67. Short Lighting columns
  68. 68. Hanged Lighting units
  69. 69. Tree grates Tree grates are the horizontal cover of the planting hole. They are used to enable water to reach the roots of a tree. They allow enough ventilation to the soil . Tree Collar A vertical element which surround the stem of the tree to protect it. It is fixed in the tree grate The corner of tree collar should be curved to prevent causing harm for pedestrians
  70. 70. Tree planters and pots There are Many types of tree planters and are available for both tree and flowers.
  71. 71. Signs They convey messages that are essential to the function and safety of a space.
  72. 72. The signs can determine a direction or a speed limit
  73. 73. The sign should be clear – specific- and attractive
  74. 74. Sculptures Sculptures and other public arts are important elements in improving the quality of the urban environment.
  75. 75. Sculptures and status can act as landmarks which help in creating a clear urban image.
  76. 76. Fountains Fountains and pools are often the focal elements of a public space.
  77. 77. The merge between using sculptures and water adds a lot to the quality of urban environment
  78. 78. The sound of water help in creating the feel of relaxation besides the cooling effect of water .
  79. 79. Street Art
  80. 80. Bollards They act as a barrier separating traffic from pedestrian areas .
  81. 81. Seating The type and placement of sitting areas depend upon many factors like the function of the space, the users… . But in general setting area should be shaded- the seats should be comfortable – from durable materials- with attractive shapes…….
  82. 82. Shelters Which are used for waiting public transportation
  83. 83. Subway entrances
  84. 84. Clocks, trash container, and drinking fountains :
  85. 85. Softscape
  86. 86. Components of the space 4. Furniture of the space Hardscape elements softscape elements Trees and plantsLighting Seats Fountains ……
  87. 87. Trees and Plants They Play an essential role in urban spaces both functionally and aesthetically
  88. 88. They can act as a beautifying elements:
  89. 89. They can provide shading
  90. 90. They can act as a landmark
  91. 91. They can act as walls for the space
  92. 92. They can act as a buffer for preventing wind or creating privacy
  93. 93. They can act as Barrier to divide the space
  94. 94. They can act as a ground cover:
  95. 95. They can direct vision
  96. 96. They can act as Sculptures
  97. 97. Sculpture, seat and shed Finally, We can merge between more than one element of space furniture to make variable functions.
  98. 98. THANK YOU 

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