Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Urban open spaces

11,671 views

Published on

urban open spaces

Published in: Design
  • Be the first to comment

Urban open spaces

  1. 1. Urban open Spaces
  2. 2. Urban open spaces are: All types of spaces between buildings in the town which include paths- squares- gardens – parks …………. .
  3. 3. Functional importance: • They give form and shape to the city.
  4. 4. Functional importance: • They provide space needed for recreation.
  5. 5. Social importance: • They Create chances for interaction between people.
  6. 6. Aesthetic importance: • They Preserve natural beauty .
  7. 7. Economic importance: • They provide places for economic activities.
  8. 8. There are many types of open spaces such as: Water ways parks Green areas Playing field playground
  9. 9. There are many types of open spaces such as: plaza square Streets
  10. 10. Water ways: include both natural lacks, rivers and streams which represent rich wildlife habitats and offer recreational value.
  11. 11. Water ways: include manmade lacks and canals that offer recreational value Water ways can also be used as movement paths.
  12. 12. The Park : “Is a natural preserved area available for recreation .”
  13. 13. The park The landscape: • Its landscape shall consist of meadows, waterbodies, woodlands, and open shelters. meadows waterbodies open shelterswoodlands
  14. 14. The park : • The Surroundings: • The park is Surrounded by the city from one side and open to the natural lands from other sides CITY Natural lands • The size: • The minimum size of the park is 8 acres
  15. 15. The Green “Is an open space available for recreation”
  16. 16. The cityThe city The Green The Surroundings: • The green is Surrounded by the city elements from all sides.
  17. 17. The Green The landscape: • its landscape shall consist of lawn and trees lawn trees
  18. 18. • The green can be naturalistically or formally disposed. • The size: • The minimum size shall be 0.5 acre and the maximum size shall be 8 acres The Green Naturalistically disposed formally ordered
  19. 19. The Playing fields Are open space dedicated for playing sports such as football, basket ball, golf courses…… • The size: • Depends upon the type of sport
  20. 20. The playground “Is an open space which is designed and equipped for the children.”
  21. 21. The Playground • The Surroundings: • The playground should be fenced and located near residential areas • Playgrounds may be included within parks and greens Residential areas
  22. 22. The playground The landscape: • Its landscape shall consist of lawn, trees, sand and playing equipment.
  23. 23. The Plaza “An open space available for civic purposes and commercial activities”
  24. 24. The Plaza The Surroundings: • Is defined by buildings frontages and usually attached to important building.
  25. 25. The plaza The landscape: Its landscape shall consist primarily of pavement, Trees are optional The size: The minimum size shall be 0.5 acre and the maximum size shall be 2 acres
  26. 26. The Square “Is an open space available for civic purposes”
  27. 27. The Square The Surroundings: • Is defined by buildings frontages and is located at the intersections of important thoroughfares. Buildings frontages
  28. 28. The Square • The landscape: Its landscape shall consist of, lawns and trees And shall be formally disposed. • The size: The minimum size shall be 0.5 acre and the maximum size shall be 5 acres
  29. 29. The streets “Are the connections between spaces and places , and they are considered as spaces themselves.” • Types of streets There are many types of streets differs in scale, characters, types of buildings that line them such as main streets or pedestrian paths.
  30. 30. 1. Distinctiveness: • Means that the spaces reflect the local character of the area and have a variety of uses, built form, features, colors and materials that give the spaces and buildings their own identity within the overall character of the surrounding urban environment. AL Azhar park which locates in the heart of Islamic Cairo, its details reflect the local character of the area
  31. 31. 2. Accessibility: • Means that Good connections lead to open spaces and good connection from open spaces to other parts of the city.
  32. 32. 3. Safety: • People use urban spaces without fear of tripping or falling, or being attacked. Safe urban spaces have buildings facing onto them Safe urban spaces have separate bicycle lanes and wide, well-lit paths
  33. 33. 4. Comfort: • comfort include: • environmental factors (shading from sun, wind, etc). • physical comfort (comfortable and sufficient seating, etc). • social and psychological comfort (privacy, etc) Shading Comfortable seats
  34. 34. 5. provision of passive and active engagement: • passive engagement: • “Means people stay calm and watch” passive engagement are provided in urban spaces by fountains, views, public art, and so forth.
  35. 35. • Means more contact with others in urban spaces. • Design of the urban space can create opportunities for contact • the arrangement of urban elements such as benches, fountains, can encourage the social contact. Active engagement:
  36. 36. 6. Enjoyable: • Representing variety of pleasant events. Such as concerts, art exhibitions, festivals, and other social events.
  37. 37. • What’s the type of this space?
  38. 38. • What’s the type of two open spaces?
  39. 39. • What’s the type of two open spaces?
  40. 40. 1. Distinctiveness: 2. Accessibility: 3. Safety: 4. Comfort: 5. provision of passive and active engagement: 6. Enjoyable:
  41. 41. THANK YOU 

×