Experimental psychology: A specific methodological approach.
The four canons of science.
Where do experimental psychologist work?
Advantages and disadvantages of experimental psychology.
The Present Status of Experimental Psychology.
Experimental psychology is the study of
psychological issues that uses experimental
Experimental psychology is an area of
psychology that utilizes scientific methods to
research the mind and behavior.
The phrase “experimental psychology” refers to
a specific methodological approach to the study of
as well as to several specific areas of research within
psychology which predominantly use experimental
Wilhelm Wundt Is Best
1 The establishment of the first
2 His influence on the school of thought known as
Ernst Heinrich Weber
Weber was a German physician who is the
founder of experimental psychology. His
main interests were the sense of touch.
Fechner published in 1860 what is
considered to be the first work of
experimental psychology, Weber
was not a psychologist, and it was
Fechner who realized the importance of Weber’s
research to psychology. Fechner was interests establishing a
scientific study of the mind-body relationship, which
became known as
psychophysics. Much of Fechner's research focused on the
measurement of psychophysical method of limits and the
method of adjustment, which are still in use.
In the middle of 20th
century, behaviorism become a
Frederic barlett,Kenneth James Williams craik,wiliam
adman hick and Donald Broadbent.
They focus on topic such as
thinking,memory,attention. Experimental psychologist
use a range of methods .
psychologists study human behavior in different
contexts .Human participants are instructed to
perform tasks in an experimental setup and the
measurement of behavior make in liberty
Experimental psychologist use survey
befor,during and after experimental intervention
and observation methods.
In other methods we use interview, naturalistic
observation are practiced within fields typically
investigated by experimental psychologists .
B.F skinner criticized experimental psychology in a speech at
American psychological association(APA) for becoming
mentalist .He focusing research on internal mental
processes instead of observable behavior
Experimental Psychology: A specific
Those in experimental psychology use a
methodological approach to conduct experiments in
controlled situations in order to examine human
behavior. These psychologists take nothing for
arrange as they study human responses to
sensation, perception, motivation, memory, learning
and physiological psychology.
Experimental Psychologists perform the following duties:
1 Run experiments to study human behaviorism and
2 Study behavior processes in animals.
3 Primarily uses the experimental method to
4 Answers questions about the when, where,
and why of behavior by careful manipulation
and control of relevant variables.
5 Use findings to inform diagnoses and
treatments for various social, behavioral and
The Four Canons of Science :-
In order to understand the scientific approach to
experimental psychology as well as other areas of
scientific research, it is useful to know the four
fundamental principles that appear to be accepted by
almost all scientists.
One of the first cannons of science is the assumption
of determinism. This canon assumes that all events
have meaningful, systematic causes.
The canon of empiricism simply means to make
observations. This is the best method of figuring out
orderly principles. This is a favorite tool among
scientist and psychologists because they assume that
the best way to find out about the world is to make
The third basic assumption of most scientific schools
of thought is parsimony. The canon of parsimony says
that we should be extremely in developing or choosing
between theories by steering away from unnecessary
concepts. Almost all scientist agree that if we are faced
with two competing theories, that both do a great job at
handling a set of empirical observations, we should
prefer the simpler of the two. The central idea behind
parsimony is that as long as we aim to keep simplifying
and organizing, we should continue until we have
made things as simple as possible.
The final and most important canon of science is the
assumption that scientific theories should be testable using
currently available research techniques. This canon is
closely related to empiricism because the techniques that
scientists typically use to test their theories are empirical
techniques. In addition to being closely related to
empiricism, the concept of testability is even more closely
associated reasonable. The idea of testability is that
scientists go an extra step by actively seeking out tests that
could prove their theory wrong. Among psychologists, the
concepts of testability are extremely important because
many really theories like the work of psychoanalysts were
difficult to put to any kind of objective test.
Where do experimental psychologists
The majority work in universities and colleges
Others find research-related work in
Research Institutes and Centers
Government and Military Organizations
Private Companies and Industry
Advantages and disadvantages of experimental
1 Experiments are the only means by which cause and
effect can be established.
2 It allows for precise control of variables.
3 Experiments can be replicated.
1 All the psychological phenomena cannot be studied by
2 The experimental method is costly in term of money
The Present Status of Experimental Psychology
There is now no important university anywhere in the
modern world ' but in some way recognizes the right of
experimental method in psychology to a position in the
scheme of higher education and of scientific
The experimental psychologist has no lack of
problems with which to concern himself. The greatest
success has so far been won in the realm of the study
of the special senses and of perception. But his
methods and results are now extending rapidly. More
and more the higher mental processes are coming
within the experimentalist's purview, so far as
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