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Digital Economy - Totally Connected

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Network access is one of the most critical pillars, for Thailand’s digital economy project to be successfully as both users, private and public networks need to be linked together, supporting and feeding off each other.

The Information and Communication Technology Ministry (MICT), recognizes this and is seeking to add three other ministries with telecom networks, to share their capacities and serve the vision of a digital economy with a national telecommunications network pool.

The national telecommunications network pool would share or lease networks to other operators to provide services, which will, increased the country's internet access and penetration. The major state agencies for the national telecom pool project is TOT and CAT Telecom, as well as three electricity enterprises under the Energy Ministry.

On paper, these enterprises could indeed become the main part of an infrastructure that is able to serve as a pipe, connecting networks and people. However, there are some issues.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Digital Economy - Totally Connected

  1. 1. I is I21 N . .,lTC3 IvI= i> u T EI2 Wide Spectrum Technical Magazine for Computer Engineers Uri 4 aLTUri 3 wnnfiniau-Suoinu 2557 Ul'1FlOiUU§. V'l‘I8’3i7imSO)FifTS 9738 HOULYJOIVIQSHOUITJOIQWOSI urIn: >IuLJs: orI 1000 Aerospace Engineering US: iF‘IFlli’IfJ: ‘ USE-I43-5l'F15)TUl‘l: 'JUUWIvJ€*)9Fl? lSl1T0'UU1 it ». .,. sG. ; . ! so-red
  2. 2. “Digital Economy” Totally Connected n5.Iira: '=1i: Ia rinaimiins rI7fi§JrIrr71rn7s uasnvfinailiiainai arrn. lifia“. A/ Ir. Allan T. RASMUSSEN 1. Introduction: By the end of this year. almost 12 billion devices will be connected to the Internet, which is equivalent to 1.7 connected devices for every person on the planet. Traditional connected devices like PCs, smartphones and tablets account for less than 1/ 3 of these connected devices, the rest is set—top boxes. TV’s, wearable devices, sensors, etc. I Take the Smart Classroom set—top box as an example. The content arrives via the Digital ‘ TV network to the set—top box in the classroom. The set—top box itself has Hybrid I Broadcast and Broadband service (Hbb TV) which is a combination of TV and Internet content provided broadcasted via the DVB- T2 digital TV network. The return signal from I the set— top box is Internet Protocol distributed via a 3G SIM card on the mobile network. Smart Classroom Distribution + HbbTV, DVB-T2 & IP via mobile network V = :'~', Antenna I ' v ovarzfflb i brv I Combi set—top box ' 55M/ lp GSM/ IP/ DVB~52/DVB-T2 H ‘ V I W] Monitor 0 -0 Telecom Antenna MUX 4 0 A Royal Thai Distance -5 ’ HbbTV Interactive GSM/ lP 1€i““'-"S ‘_°U"d'= “'°“ Educational Services 0 "‘5"'g KI3'ka"g""°" I . r u ‘ I» ~ > iI)l'I’Vi 1 ‘ , Teacher i Z-way communication
  3. 3. By year 2020, 33 billion devices will be connected to the internet, equivalent to 4.3 devices per person. Add to this Thailand already soaring mobile data usage, and it is clear we are ready to enter the “Digital Economy” expecting to be totally connected, questions is— Is the ICT industry ready? _ STRATEGYANALYTICS Global Internet Device Installed Base Forecast 35000 . 30000 25000 : 2 20000 EIO1-** Q I Wearables E 15000 i :2 Smart Home Devices % I Smart TVs 10000 I Internet Media Devices I Tablets 5000 ~ I Smartphones O I PCs 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Source: Strategy Analytics October 2014 2. A national telecommunications network pool: Network access is one of the most critical pillars, for Thailand's digital economy project to be successfully as both users, private and public networks need to be linked together, supporting and feeding off each other. The Information and Communication Technology Ministry (MICT), recognizes this and is seeking to add three other ministries with telecom networks, to share their capacities and serve the vision of a digital economy with a national telecommunications network pool. The national telecommunications network pool would share or lease networks to other operators to provide services, which will, increased the country’s Internet access and penetration. The major state agencies for the national telecom pool project is TOT Public and CAT Telecom Public, as well as the three electricity enterprises under the Energy Ministry. On paper, these enterprises could indeed become the main part of an infrastructure that is able to serve as a pipe, connecting networks and people. However, there are some issues. Since 2001 (Phase 1), TOT has only managed to deploy 5,320 third—generation (3G) base station, in comparison to Advanced Info Service (AIS) with 19,300base—station. Although, TOT still have 15,000second— generation (2G) base stations as well as 300,000 cement telecom poles and a range of telephone booths nationwide, which could be tweaked to better use e. g. HetNet. So perhaps a solution would be to use TOT’s 3G 2100 MHz network 5fl3FlSSU FIOUWOICIOSHWS ZN au‘uFi3 wnntirneufiuawnu 2557
  4. 4. where available. and then roam on CAT’s network in areas where TOT is not available, well again there are some issues with that. Although CAT has a network of base stations, it is based on 850MHz, which is only supported by approximately half of all the devices available on the market today. Of course, this could be solved, by setting a standard that all devices must support all available networks in Thailand, it is doable. but beside the extra costs, it could limit international device manufactures eagerness to innovate and participate in Thai Digital Economy. Nevertheless, it undermines the need for another important pillar. as we connect various networks. devices, services and people. 3. On the Equipment Standards: Standardization is one of the key areas, because standards to ensure interoperability i. e. ensure that different systems can talk together and is an essential prerequisite for the development of the necessary context in order to fully exploit the opportunities. Standards are initially often based on international standards. However, it may be necessary to adapt specific national circumstances and needs. Eg. local standards for sectors such as health. trade or geo— graphical data, or in the instance of a private group or a ministry. However. it is a general characteristic of a standardization process to look for a basis of international standards and thereby ensure interoperability between national standards and international standards, especially with AEC2015 in mind. 4. Breaking down the silos: So, with some tweaking and updates, a national telecom network pool could do the trick, so far so good. as this is “just” telecom infrastructure but who will handle the national telecom network pool? As already mentioned. the telecom network pool would operate by sharing or leasing networks with. and to other operators, in other words what we know as a Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO) or Mobile Virtual Network Enabler (MVNE) setup. MVNE is a neutral entity. which provides infrastructure and services to both mobile networks operators and MVNOs, which enables existing, and new MVNOs to offer their services on the mobile operator’s network. while leaving the back— end enablement to the MVNE. The MVNE provides services, such as billing. business workflow, product setup. service delivery. customer care, fraud management, web services, reporting. sale platforms, etc. MVNE is a well— known solution in Denmark, Norway. Korea, Malaysia, UK. Germany, France, for years, coincidently in countries who also rank in top of ICT and Economy. It has proven the ability to speed up the offering on new services and promotions by bypassing constraints and delays. MVNO is an organization. which offers mobile and mobile data services. The MVNO does not own spectrum. instead it enters into an agreement with either a mobile operator or MVNE to obtain access to network services at wholesale rates. and then sets its retail ‘prices independently. (I) (I) ll) i§i§‘- Sac” -= -3.7:: -:s’a=
  5. 5. U’! V I Typically MVNE Model j» Telecom Operator MVNO 5 MVNO X Telecom Operator partners with one MVNE to tap into multiple MVNOs by only providing spectrum bandwidth 5. In Conclusion: Thai| and’s mobile market changes regularly and both TOT and CAT’s challenge has been to benefit from this, so far without success, due to internal legacy systems, complex processes, and the lack of an attractive package for existing and aspiring MVNO's or Over— the- top content (O'| ‘|') providers seeking to launch in Thailand. TOT and CAT are not the only one to blame, although Thailand’s telecom industry has seen a variety of innovations over the years, the speed of such innovations have been slow in comparison to OTT services, which have overtaken the operators on their own super highway. Telecom operators have to serve across all segments in return this also adds a lot of bureaucracy. For every success story where one Thai start—up has managed to launch its services on either AIS, DTAC or True, hundreds did not even make it to the door. Global and regional wholesale business has grown tremendously as MVNOs can target niche markets, e. g. Internet of Things (loT) Machine—to—Machine (M2M) MVNO’s, Elderly focused MVNOs, OTT MVNOs, Ftural MVNO’s. Ethnic focused MVNO’s and so on. National Telco Network pool MVNE SERVICES “°""‘§"°"’ Anmuun 53,055 Ciurcmer Mum, st». 3. Voucher Sal: & Device Sewn, Service "E Mangemem Distnhuzian Ma nasement The right MVNE will build the necessary infrastructure would support all standard network interfaces and connect their MVNE core service platform to the national telecom network pool, as well as bring in additional service from the vast pool of opportunities that exist or will be innovated with digital economy in Thailand. Basically outsource the development, marketing and operation of the national telecom network pool wholesale services to a MVNE without compromising budget, network or neutrality. At this point, someone would U04 00003 wnnfimau A suownu 2557 5F13r1SSLJF1OUvT'0ICl€)s'a1S
  6. 6. perhaps suggest companies, who are used to government ICT projects. to run the MVNE. although these companies have many advantages, they lack one important thing—MVNE experience. as it is much more, than just a technical platform. the MVNE model enables different stakeholders to align their interests and collaborate on finding the smartest solutions. Similarly, you would not call a brain surgeon just to put gas on your car, and as mentioned, many MVNE’s already exist today. in regards of MVNE and that is neutrality, as both of them are themselves MVNO‘s. Considering the above issues and possible solutions “Digital Economy” totally connected— is defiantly one— step closer to the above mentioned Denmark devices, and will impact the way Thai people learn. work, live and play. References: HbbTV[ http: //en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Hybrid_Broadcast_Broadband_TV| Wikipedia HbbTV Examplej http: //youtu. be/ ZV6ilgJJRWc| Fransat Connecte, YouTube HSPA devices by frequency] http: //www. gsacom. com/ news/ gsa_259.php4 LTE devices by frequency] http: //www. gsacomcom/ news/ gsa_392.php Internet of Things (loT)| http: //en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ lnternet_of_Things| Wikipedia Machine to machine (M2M)| http: //en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Machine_to_machinej Wikipedia UTUUODIST 88 Snonssunouwolmosaws ii tin: ciuns I-tnninwau-$743100 2

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