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Alpha Catalyst Consulting Malaysian Innovation Climate Report 2010


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This reports explores the climate for innovation in Malaysia.

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
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Alpha Catalyst Consulting Malaysian Innovation Climate Report 2010

  1. 1. (Co. No.: 1273639-U) In Search of InnovAsian ™ Change Renewal Innovasian Second Curve Creation The Malaysian Innovation Climate Report 2010 Azim Pawanchik & Dr. Suraya Sulaiman Alpha Catalyst Consulting 25th January 2010 PROJECT ™ INNOVASIAN (Co. No.: 1273639-U) This report is based on the Malaysian Innovation Climate Survey 2009, which was designed and managed by Alpha Catalyst Consulting in collaboration with Microsoft Innovation Center, Malaysia.
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1.0! Introduction! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 5 2.0! What is Innovation?! ! ! ! ! ! 10 3.0! Innovation in Malaysia! ! ! ! ! ! 12 4.0! Do we really need to Innovate?! ! ! ! ! 14 5.0! Innovation: Rhetoric or Reality! ! ! ! ! 16 6.0! Barriers to Innovation ! ! ! ! ! ! 26! 7.0! Drivers to Innovate!! ! ! ! ! ! 32 8.0! Time to embrace constraints ! ! ! ! ! 34 No part of this report shall be reproduced, broadcasted or distributed in any form or by any means or stored in any database, network or retrieval system without the prior consent of Alpha Catalyst Consulting. The contents of this report has been prepared by Alpha Catalyst Consulting and constitute the views and opinions of Alpha Catalyst Consulting only, and not those of Microsoft. Alpha Catalyst Consulting shall not bear any responsibility for any damage, loss or injury, whether intentional or unintentional, incurred as a result of usage in any way of the information contained in this report. Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 2
  3. 3. Acknowledgments We would like to thank all the participants of the Malaysian Innovation Climate Survey for investing the We believe innovation time and mental energy to share their views on innovation. We would also like to thank other partners is a mindset and culture, that is for helping us design the survey, promote the survey capable of conceiving the need and in preparing the report. This includes Microsoft Malaysia, MDEC, Warisan Global Sdn. Bhd. (the host for change and developing for Global Entrepreneurship Week in Malaysia), breakthrough ideas and Youth Entrepreneur Malaysia, Bugs Tan and many solutions. It’s the willingness to others. We would also like to express our gratitude to Bank Rakyat, DiGi Berhad, AirAsia X, UEM Innovation choose and execute risky but Centre, Petronas and many other organizations for promising ideas. Lastly, it is allowing us to learn, explore and understand innovation from a Malaysian/Asian perspective. about harnessing value when ideas are brought to the market. Hence, it’s a convergence of needs, great ideas, execution and value creation About Alpha Catalyst Consulting Alpha Catalyst Consulting (ACC) is an Asian based Innovation Consulting company. It was founded in the year 2000. ACC’s main focus is on helping organizations build the capability and capacity to innovate and renew itself, to be competitive in the market place. Through extensive research and consulting experience in Asia, Alpha Catalyst has pioneered a simple and pragmatic Innovation Framework to help companies that are curious to embrace the innovation agenda. Our insights have helped Asian organizations explore new approaches and ideas to innovate the way they innovate, whilst widening perspectives and embracing innovation without fear of uncertainty. ACC, has done work in diverse industries ranging from banking sector, oil and gas right up to the telco industry. Apart from Malaysia, the ACC team has also worked in Singapore, Indonesia and in the Middle East. Alpha Catalyst Consulting, Level 36, Menara Maxis, Kuala Lumpur City Centre, Kuala Lumpur, 50088 Malaysia. Tel: 603 26150133 email: Embracing constraints to innovate 3 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 Leading Innovation from an Asian Perspective
  4. 4. Microsoft is committed to helping foster strong local software economies in every country where it does business. The Microsoft Local Software Economy Initiative (LSE) takes a leading role in this effort through investments in ICT education and skills development, support of programs that encourages "entrepreneurship and accelerates local technology commercialization, and initiatives that inspires innovation in the local economy. " Central to its efforts in developing the local software economy in Malaysia is its commitment to inspire innovation by providing access to its software and technologies to select groups such as startups and students via programs such as BizSpark, DreamSpark and WebsiteSpark; building the capability of local companies and professionals via training and advisory; and fostering a closer collaboration between industries and the government. " A cornerstone of the LSE is the Microsoft Innovation Centers (MICs) that create an environment to foster innovation. A network of 110 Microsoft Innovation Centers across 60 countries provides access to world- class resources for software developers, IT professionals, university students and faculty, and entrepreneurs. The MICs provide participants with opportunities to exchange ideas, collaborate on innovative solutions to shared challenges and help local communities translate those ideas into business success. " In Malaysia, we have established two MICs, the Microsoft Innovation Center @ Cyberjaya and the Microsoft Innovation Center "@ MIMOS, collaborations with MSC Malaysia and MIMOS Berhad respectively. These MICs cater to a wide spectrum of organizations and audiences, from private to public sector, from startups to mature Independent Software Vendors and from students to professionals. " " About Microsoft Malaysia Contact Details: Microsoft (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd ( Microsoft (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd malaysia) is a subsidiary of Microsoft Corporation and Level" 29-30, Tower 2, Petronas Twin Towers, was incorporated on July 8, 1992. Kuala Lumpur City Center Founded in 1975, Microsoft is the worldwide leader in 50088, Kuala Lumpur software, services and Internet technologies for Malaysia personal and business computing. The company offers Tel: +603 2179 6838 a wide range of products and services designed to URL: empower people through great software – any time, MIC related enquiries: " any place and on any device. Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 4
  5. 5. etavonni ot stniartsnoc gnicarbmE 1.0 Introduction # A company may maintain a healthy competition against Singapore, India, profit margin and enjoy continued success Philippines, Taiwan and Korea. without innovation, by maintaining status quo — focusing on quality, cutting costs and Thus, if a company’s competitors does customer relationship. This is especially true not drive it to innovate, its shareholders’ if the company is unexposed or immune to demands for greater return on competition, and more so if its customers investment, certainly would. And demand little choice. increasingly, companies will feel the However, few companies operate in such a pressure of demands from its utopia. For the rest of the corporate and stakeholders — from its partners to commercial world, there suppliers — to advance are several reasons into, if not catch up, companies should with innovation. embrace innovation. Malaysian based Many new concepts on companies need to innovation have innovate as competition emerged in the past rises globally and our few years. This list customers become more includes open discerning. As the innovation, disruptive consumer’s lifestyle innovation, front-end evolve to reflect their innovation, blue ocean level of affluence, they strategy, value will demand better and innovation, business more innovative products model innovation, and services. design thinking, design In addition to that, the for six sigma and many current global financial more. crisis is sign of times when doing more of the # We believe same is not enough to that innovation is still at generate adequate shareholder value. its infancy stage in Malaysia. We are still lagging behind other Asian countries such such as Singapore, Japan, Korea The Malaysian economy has been slowly and Taiwan. Currently our focus has shifting away from agriculture and low-cost been on productivity and quality of our manufacturing, as local labour costs services and products. The time for skyrocket at a far greater rate than in change is here. How ready are countries like China, Indonesia, Thailand Malaysian companies to innovate? Does and Vietnam. But Malaysia has, thankfully, the Malaysian/Asian culture support or moved up the value chain by investing hinder innovation? Can we adopt a heavily in the services and knowledge- developed countries’ or Western models based sectors such as the ICT industry, bio- to innovate as how we emulated the technology, engineering and design Japanese culture in productivity? This services, hospitality, outsourcing and curiosity lead us to embark on a journey financial services. But within this realm, in search of innovation in Malaysia. Malaysia has to face even greater Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 5
  6. 6. 6 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 stniartsnoc gnicarbmE etavonni ot evitcepsreP naisA na morf noitavonnI gnidaeL kihcnawaP mizA namialuS ayaruS .rD & kihcnawaP mizA m oc.t s yla ta c a h pla@ m i z a :E tnatlusnoC lapicnirP tsav sah eH .noitavonni dna egnahc lanoitasinagro fo saera eht ni sesilaiceps mizA lanoitasinagro dna snoitisiuqca dna sregrem ,stcejorp egnahc erutluc ni ecneirepxe eH .moclA dna ICI ,GPP rof dekrow eh tsylataC ahplA gnidnuof ot roirP . tnemngila-er hcus aisenodnI dna eropagniS ,aisya laM ni seinapmoc htiw dekrow dna detlusnoc sah ynam dna sanorteP ,pinhceT , llehS ,sserpxE naciremA ,ORMA NBA ,iGiD ,cinosanaP sa tcejbus eht no snoitasinagro dna secnerefnoc ni ylra luger stneserp /skaeps eH .srehto ot egaruoC ehT “ dna ”etavonnI ot stniartsnoC gnicarbmE“ no yllaicepse noitavonni fo ”.etaerC tnerruc siH .ayalaM ytisrevinU morf y rtsimehC ni )snoh( cSB sih dna KU eht morf ABM sih deviecer eH ot seinapmoc ni y golodohtem tnemeganam noitavonni ®egnahC rof tsylataC eht gniylppa no si sucof stra laitram naisA dna gniknihT lausiV gnisu ni sesilaiceps osla eh taht morf trapA .eulav etaerc .ytilibixefl dna ytivitaerc lanosrep ecnahne ot yhposolihp August 2009. namialuS ayaruS .rD Innovation Centre, Malaysia. We ended the survey in m oc.t s yla ta c a h pla@a ya r u s :E tnatlusnoC roineS Climate Survey 2009 in collaboration with Microsoft lanosrep ni sesilaiceps gnitlusnoC tsylataC ahplA rof tnatlusnoc roines a ,ayaruS .rD htiw dekrow dna slaudividni dehcaoc sah ehS . tnemeganam sserts dna y grene ,ytivitaerc morf trapA .sanorteP dna cinosanaP ,pinhceT , liO noppiN ,ydaL hctuD ,iGiD sa hcus stneilc In March 2009, we launched the Malaysian Innovation sah ehS . KU eht morf tnemeganam sserts ni etacfiitrec a sah ehs tsilaiceps lacidem a gnieb lortnoC dniM avliS eht sa hcus saera detaler ecnamrofrep lanosrep lareves ni deniart neeb morf euqinhcet A( my gniarB dna )tnemeveihca laog dna noitaxaler ,sserts ni euqinhcet( .)ecnamrofrep rehgih rof snoitcennoc ydob-dnim eht gnitargetni rof SU eht various parties. reh ni si htgnerts reH .ygolonhceT niarB elohW eht dna IDBH eht gnisu ni tnatlusnoc defiitrec a osla si ehS pleh ot htlaeh larutan dna secneics htlaeh ,ecneics niarb morf egdelwonk gnidnelb fo ytilibapac Change® Innovation framework along with inputs from .ytilibapac dna stnelat s’elpoep rieht no pat snoitazinagro The survey itself is largely based on our Catalyst for ! age group. ,s i x a M a ra n e M ,r o ol F h t6 3 e r t n e C y t iC r u p m u L a l a u K and reflections of employees from diverse industries and ai s ya la M ,r u p m u L a la uK 8 8 0 0 5 8 8 0 0 5162 30 6 :x aF 3310 5162 30 6 :l eT m oc.ts yla tacah pla.w w w view. Hence we designed a survey to tap on the experience 1 90/8002 © of innovation, not from a macro economic or policy point of innovation but with this survey we wanted a utilitarian view We are fully aware that there are so many approaches in otherwise! and within the country, and what will make them tick or so, and discover their views of innovation; within their company are supposed to be practicing innovation or those aspiring to do operating level. To really bore down to the exact individuals who pragmatic bottom-up perspective, to explore innovation at an different. We wanted to look at the innovation scene from a innovation in Malaysia. However, we wanted something a little academic researches conducted, to understand the state of company level. We are also certain, that there are many innovation at a country level, industry level and even at a We have come across many surveys in the past that looks at The Survey
  7. 7. ! A t o t a l o f 27 3 i n d i v i d u a l s AGE participated in the survey. On the average, each section had between 230-250 responses. We had opened the survey to the general public and decided Below 30 31-40 not to define the demographics early on. 40% 47% Thus, we decided to report the survey based on the profile of people who have participated. 41-50 12% # As expected a large percentage of the respondents, 40%, came from the Above 51 IT industry, contributed by Microsoft 1% Innovation Center’s involvement. The demographics of the data is highly diverse and we saw many angles of LEVEL analyzing and reporting the results. However, as we wanted this report to be Project Leader/Manager very general and broad, we shall be 25% reporting the survey based on industry (top five), company size, respondents Executive/Senior Executive age and from an overall perspective. 46% Senior Manager/Middle Manager ! 6% ! Non Executive 14% Top Management 9% 0 13 25 38 50 FUNCTION IT 40.5 Technical/Engineering/Quality 15.5 Others 12.9 Sales & Marketing 11.4 Human Resource, Admin & Corporate Communication 6.1 Strategy 6.1 Customer Service 3.4 Finance + Accounting 3.4 Supply Chain (Procurement, Warehouse, Distribution) 0.8 Others: real estate, teachers/lecturers, lawyer, editor, journalist, doctors etc. Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 7
  8. 8. Number of employees Company age 201-1000 24% 3-10 years 51-200 33% >1000 21% 22% > 10 years 52% 11-50 Below 3 years Below 10 15% 18% 15% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Industry ICT Services Yes No Banking/Finance/Insurance Pending Approval Planning to apply Manufacturing 7% Oil and Gas 2% Infrastructure/Construction Public Sector 32% Creative/Media/Entertainment Telecommunication Retail Plantation/Agriculture 60% Agriculture Social Enterprise Mining MSC Status Company Company Type 0% 15% 30% 45% 60% Local - Private 51.8% Multinational Company(MNC) 20.0% Local - Public Listed 11.0% Foreign - Private 5.3% Local - GLC 4.9% Government/Semi Government 4.9% Non Profit/NGO 2.0% 8 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  9. 9. The Report ! This report is not a fully scientific USING THE REPORT endeavor that would meet the vigorous statistical scrutiny and analysis that is fit for a management journal but more of our view of For the individual, we hope that this the innovation climate in Malaysia. It is report will help you understand where based on a combination of the survey data, our interviews and conversations with you fit, in the innovation equation. various individuals, consulting experience with our clients, our innovation framework and philosophy; and finally the current For the innovators we hope this report reports, research and publications on will help you understand your innovation. challenges better as well as provide The report has seven main sections. The first some clues of how to overcome them. one is on the sur vey design and demographics. The second part looks at the definition of innovation and this is followed For the leaders, we hope it will guide by the third section, Innovation in Malaysia, at a broad perspective. The fourth section you to lead your team to be more explores the innovation priority, where we innovative and create a culture where analyzed the company’s desire to innovate. The fifth section looks at the readiness of innovation will thrive. Malaysian companies to innovate. We believe that there is a big difference between having the desire and having the capacity For the strategist, we hope this report and capability to innovate. will help you be more strategic when it ! In the subsequent section we go deep comes to innovation and be more and expose the barriers to innovation from effective at managing your portfolio of the various perspectives. The seventh section shifts the focus from the company towards innovation investments and projects. the individuals and looks at the critical elements for the individuals to innovate. For the academician, we hope this ! In the final section, we shall be report will help you explore new sharing our take of the overall results and the optimum environment for innovation to territories to conduct new experiments happen within Malaysian companies. We and research; with higher believe that this report can be used as a starting point for innovation; to build on and commercialization rate. expand on what is already there. We want this report to provide a common language for innovation so that companies and Finally, for the policy makers, we hope individuals alike can start having a deeper that this report will help you create and more meaningful conversation with your teams about innovation. policies and develop initiatives to build Malaysia’s long term capability and capacity to innovate. 9 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  10. 10. 2.0 What is Innovation? # First and foremost, the word innovation Creativity Creativity 75% 75% comes from the Latin root ‘nova’ meaning R&D 46% ‘new’. Many associate innovation with Technology 40% creativity (75%), as reflected in our survey. Other typical responses includes R&D (46%) Mindset Mindset 36% and of course technology (40%). Products 19% ! Services 18% ! Some have also associated it with Business Model 17% patents and invention. As we go down the list, Design 15% we saw something surprising as 36% of the Culture 15% respondents associate innovation with Processes 11% mindset; something that is intangible and Risks 10% unexpected, leading significantly ahead of products, services and business models. Is there a revolution brewing in the world of Innovation happens when innovation, ready to be unleashed? significant value has been # What came out the lowest was risk, created where only 10% linked it to innovation. This is rather intriguing, as embarking on something new is usually risky! Does this reflect the 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Malaysian approach to ‘safe’ changes? Does it mean that we are hungry for innovation as >1000 !"# !"# $%# $'# (# '# long as its not too risky? How then do we expect a major turnaround? We feel this deserves a bigger share in terms of association.# 200-1000 $%# %&# '# !$# $$# $"# ! According to our respondents, their companies largely practice service(28%) and product (20%) innovation. In larger <200 !$# !'# $%# $$# $*# $%# companies, with more than 200 employees, process/operational innovation (19-21%) appears to have a stronger presence as well. Based on our conversations and observations, Overall !&# !(# $!# $)# $!# $%# this is largely tied to quality, continuous improvement and six sigma based projects. Types of Innovation based # What we did not capture in our survey on company size was the level of innovation; whether it was !"#$%&'()*!+,(-&./0 simple/incremental or something that was 12"3-&2( radical or breakthrough. Even though the 42(-56 change may be small it doesn’t mean that it 76'2"6./)!"#&2(()*892".:#6./)766#3.:#60 does not create value. We believe that in the 1./2();)<."=2:65 end, innovation happens when significant >%(-62(()<#$2/ value has been created regardless whether it is a financial or an intangible value such as brand building and loyalty. 10 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  11. 11. Innovation 3.0 The Most Innovative company in Malaysia One of the questions we asked in our survey was ‘What is the most innovative company that is operating in Malaysia?’. IKEA came out as the top choice and there was a tie between DiGi and AirAsia. The rationale behind the selection included great design, price, understanding of customer’s needs, branding, creativity and freshness. ! All the three companies are not high technology companies, in the sense that they do not create new technology but instead are focused on design, creativity, business model, branding and customer experience. We are certain that there are other innovative companies in Malaysia which have not captured the attention of our respondents. # We believe that the practice of innovation is also changing. The traditional view of innovation or as Innovation 1.0 we call it, Innovation 1.0 is about invention of new products. Something that is tangible, for instance, yet • Invention + Products another mouse trap that people don’t need. • Solo + Low Resources Innovation 1.0 is normally practiced by an individual or a small team that have really limited resources, just like the Wright Brother inventing the airplane or Leonardo Da Vinci who designed or conceptualized Innovation 2.0 many inventions such as the parachute, tank and various weapons. The practice of Innovation 1.0 is still • Technology + R&D + IP critical as this is where an array of new products and • High Budget + Big Team technologies may emerge. • Long Term ! The second type of innovation is Innovation 2.0. This is resource heavy, focusing on predominantly Innovation 3.0 developing new technologies as well as exploring basic sciences. This is mainly practiced by large • Mindset + Culture + Web 2.0 companies, research centers and academic institutions • Constraint Driven + Open (as they have large budgets and teams). The key focus • Market Driven + Co-Creation here is in obtaining patents and publications for research. The pressure to commercialize is not very intense and the time frame for some of these innovations are more than 5-10 years. ! The third type, an emerging trend in innovation is Innovation 3.0. The key characteristic of Innovation 3.0 is that it is constraint driven, be it cash, technology, time and many others. The time frame from conception of ideas to implementation is normally short. Co-creation and collaboration with a network of partners and customers forms part of the foundation. The driving force of this type of innovation is the right culture and mindset. It is not about creation of technology but application of different and new technologies, usage of web 2.0 and open sourcing. The focus is of creating value with fresh services or new management and business models. Examples of companies practicing this type of innovation include AirAsia X, Tune Hotel, Pulse Group, DiGi and Bank Rakyat.! Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 11
  12. 12. 3.0! Innovation in Malaysia ! Over the past five hundred years our country has been a melting pot for culture, trade, technology and Malaysian Economy in Transition ideology. We were famous as a bustling trade hub of the east. It began with the line of Sultanate of Melaka in 1401, then beginning 1511 the Portuguese, the Dutch and then the English conquered what was then known as Malaya. In 1957, we achieved independence, and then in 1963, Malaysia was formed and we became a nation full of diversity, talents and natural resources. Since then we have seen tremendous changes in our economy. In the 50s right up to the 70s, we were strong in the agricultural sector. By the 80s we shifted to the industrial age through our look east policy. In the 90s we had a vision of being a developed nation by 2020 and Malaysia’s % GDP share by sector began investing in knowledge based D? industry with our K-economy master vice s Ser 70% by plan. 2020 CA ! As globalization descended upon Ag Manufacturing r ic the world we did not sit still. The B? ult ur flattening of the world provided us the e opportunity to make a shift as well as pressured us to change. Beginning in @A 1990, we saw a sharp rise of the services sector share of our GDP and ? by 2020, it is projected that 70% of @ED? @EF? @EG? @EE? H??? H??A our GDP will be from this sector. With I#6('"%&:#6 <-6-65 J5"-&%/'%"2 <.6%K.&'%"-65 12"3-&2( clear competition from China, India, Vietnam and many other countries, Malaysia will need to continue being resilient as in the past and move into the next stage of our economy. Time has come for us ! The time has come for us to embrace the Innovation Economy. to embrace the Agriculture, manufacturing and the other sectors are still relevant; what is critical is that we need to innovate in innovation economy the way we compete and operate our businesses. Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 12
  13. 13. The responsibility to innovate lies with Innovation Drivers and Inhibitors many parties; the government, corporate sector, academic institutions and of course the society at large. 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Customers 81% 6% The burning question lies on how does the corporate sector move into this new Technology 73% 6% era as we have prepared our people to operate in the industrial and knowledge Competitors 72% 5% age? Current Economic Situation 56% 11% • Do we have the suitable culture and Business Partners 51% 10% mindset to innovate? • Do we have the appropriate expertise Infra-structure 50% 19% and knowledge to innovate? Human Capital 44% 15% • Do we have the necessary technology and tools to innovate? Government Policies/Support 38% 20% • Do we have sufficient cash to innovate? Financing 37% 13% ! Suppliers/Vendors 29% 16% # Our survey revealed that the top three driving forces of innovation in Malaysian Culture 25% 27% Malaysia are the customers, competitors and technology. The survey outcome got us thinking; if there is little Driver Inhibitor competition and customers don’t have a choice would a company or 25% of the organization still innovate? ! ! Further down the list we see that only 29% viewed the suppliers/vendors as a driver for innovation. Why is this respondents viewed the figure so low? Are the suppliers not partnering with these companies to Malaysian Culture as a innovate?. Are they merely traders of products/services with little capability to innovate? Finally right at the bottom; driver for innovation while another 27% 27% of the respondents viewed the Malaysian culture as an inhibitor to innovation while 25% viewed it as a viewed it as an inhibitor driver. Why is this so? of Innovation. Which part of our culture drives innovation and which part inhibits innovation? 13 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  14. 14. innovation; the challenges however lies in their capability and capacity to innovate. 4.0 ! Do we really need to innovate? Based on the current Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly economic situation, we Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree should not be questioning whether 1 2 3 4 5 we should innovate or Innovation is a Oil & Gas 4.6 not. It is just like key priority for Manufacturing 4.4 Strongly Disagree Neutral IT Industry Agree 4.3 Strongly asking the question my company to Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree Services 4.3 whether your services be successful 1 2 3 Banking/Finance 4.0 4 5 and products needs to Oil & Gas 4.3 be safe and have a My company Services < 10 4.3 4.4 high quality. Instead should intensify 11- 50 4.0 Manufacturing 4.1 we should be innovation efforts 51- 200 IT Industry 4.3 4.0 questioning how much because of the Banking/Finance 4.34.0 current economic 201- 1000 emphasis should be crisis > 1000 4.4 put into innovation. < 10 4.0 We realize that doing Overall score 4.3 11- 50 3.9 more of the same isn’t 0.4% 0.8% 6.0% 54% 4.0 51- 200 38% enough anymore. 201- 1000 4.1 > 1000 4.2 Our survey reveals Overall 4.1 that more than 90% of the respondents viewed innovation as a key priority for their company 0.4% 1.6% 20% 48% to be successful, especially in the Oil and Gas sector (4.6). This is also reflected across all 30% other industries. Even the traditionally conservative sectors; the Banking/Finance sector, Consulting 2010 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst scored a 4.0. When we look at companies of different sizes, there is a very clear message across the board, innovation is critical with most of them scoring between 4.0 to 4.4. How about the Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly customers, do they want Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree innovation? Looking at 1 2 3 4 5 the results, 69% of the IT Industry 3.9 respondents viewed that Oil & Gas 3.9 Our customers their customers demand demand innovation Services 3.9 innovation from them. from us. Banking/Finance 3.8 How many organizations Services 3.7 are tapping on their Overall 3.8 customers for fresh ideas ? Where do 0.0% 5.5% 25% 50% 19% customers give feedback on what they want? What seems a little ironic is that the lowest scores are from the 90% of the respondents viewed service sector, which presumably has one of the innovation as a key priority for their higher customer interactions. company to be successful 14 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  15. 15. When we launched the Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly survey in Q1 2009, Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree Malaysia was still deep 1 2 3 4 5 in the midst of the global Oil & Gas 4.3 financial crisis. Still, 78% My company Services 4.3 of the respondents felt should intensify Manufacturing 4.1 innovation efforts that their company IT Industry 4.0 because of the should intensify current economic Banking/Finance 4.0 innovation efforts despite crisis the hovering economic < 10 4.0 crisis (scores ranged 11- 50 3.9 between 3.9 to 4.3). 51- 200 4.0 201- 1000 4.1 > 1000 4.2 Based on these results, we can clearly conclude Overall 4.1 that employees feel that 48% 0.4% 1.6% 20% 30% innovation is critical even with the economic crisis. Scrutinizing the data, this perception is especially felt by those in the Oil & Gas and Service sectors and also most significantly by those in large organizations (more than 1000 employees). The innovation priority is clear for many. In fact it may seem to be a paradox, with the Strongly Disagree Disagree! ! to ! Neutral ! ! Agree financial crisis, the natural response is to cut cost, scale down ! conserve resources but ! Strongly Agree instead many felt that their company should be investing into innovation. 1 2 3 4 5 IT Industry 3.9 Oil & Gas 3.9 Our customers Services 3.9 demand innovation Banking/Finance 3.8 from us. Services 3.7 Overall 3.8 0.0% 5.5% 25% 50% 19% innovation is critical even with the economic crisis. 15 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  16. 16. 5.0 Innovation: Rhetoric or Reality In the previous section, Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly we concluded that Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree innovation is critical. The question now is 1 2 3 4 5 how innovative are the IT Industry 3.6 Manufacturing 3.6 companies in Malaysia and are they Oil & Gas 3.4 I believe my Services 3.3 practicing things that company is will lead to innovation? Banking/Finance 3.2 very innovative. < 10 3.7 Our survey reveals 11- 50 3.4 that only 9.3% of the 51- 200 3.2 respondents strongly 201- 1000 3.2 believe that their > 1000 3.4 organization is very Overall 3.4 innovative. The overall 3.6% 14% 34% 39% 9.3% score for this question dipped to 3.4 compared to the score of 4.3 for ‘I believe that innovation is a key priority for my company to be successful’. What this means is that even though the majority (90%) saw the importance of innovation, only 50% believed that their company is innovative. Leading the list is the IT and Manufacturing industry, with a score of 3.6. At the other end of the spectrum is the Banking/Finance industry with a score of 3.2. As for company size, those with less than 10 employees scored higher than the rest, at 3.7. Overall, the scores that we obtained in this research are alarmingly low. Where will Malaysian companies rank in the face of fierce global competition? Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 ! 16 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  17. 17. Our next endeavor was to explore the innovation climate in the respondent’s company. Will the practices in the respondent’s companies lead to innovation or will it hinder innovation? ! ACC’s Catalyst for Change® Innovation Process served as guide for the purpose. Each phase needs a unique set of competency and it would be unfitting to expect an individual to be exceptional at every phase. “Innovation cannot be taught, The process looks at four key areas: but it can be learnt. I can!t C1 - CONCEPTION • What are the catalysts for innovation? How do teach you to be companies get inspired to innovate? Is there a clear innovative, but direction to innovate? can provide you C2: CREATION with the process • What is sparking the generation of new ideas and and it is up to you possibilities? Is there a system to capture the ideas? Who are the people involved in idea generation? to discover what!s your style when C3: CONVERSION it comes to being • Is there a process for converting the ideas into a tangible solution? Are there resources available? Are the leaders innovative.” willing to take risk? C4: CONNECTION • Have the solutions generated value? How do companies connect the solutions to their customer? C4: Connecting the solution with the challenge to create value = Innovation C3: Converting the most promising alternative into a specific solution = Invention C2: Creation of Breakthrough Ideas = Creativity C1: Conceiving the need for Change = Insight Catalyst for Change® Innovation Process 17 Embracing constraints Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 to innovate Leading Innovation from an Asian Perspective
  18. 18. presence of a strategic direction to innovate. Without a clear direction to innovate, employees would be lost in terms of what is expected out of them. ! Which market to focus on? What sort of technology should it focus on ? These strategies are apparent in world class innovators such as Apple, which is very focused in their industry and market of choice. (maybe can add a bit more on apple - how steve sets the direction) .Locally, we see AirAsiaX being very focused in innovating the way they reduce their operational costs. ! Our survey reveals that the IT industry is slightly ahead when is comes to having a clear direction to C1 Conception innovate. However as a whole, we see that only 10% of the respondents strongly view that their company has a clear direction to innovate. Does this translate to mean that only 10% of companies have a very clear direction to innovate? ! Innovating is not about having great ideas alone as without proper focus the great idea would be lost. We believe that market driven innovation begins Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree with the needs of 1 2 3 4 5 customers. One of the IT Industry 3.9 indicators of an Manufacturing 3.7 innovative organization We have a Oil & Gas 3.6 is the presence of a clear Banking/Finance 3.4 strategic direction to direction on Services 3.4 innovate. Without a the areas to clear direction to innovate. < 10 3.9 innovate, employees 11- 50 3.6 51- 200 3.6 would be lost in terms of 201- 1000 3.5 what is expected out of > 1000 3.5 them. Which market to focus on and what sort Overall 3.6 of technology should it 1.3% 10% 29% 50% 10% focus on. These attributes are apparent in world class innovators, which are very focused in their industry and market of choice. Illustration of this is seen in AirAsiaX and Tune Hotel, which is very focused in innovating the way they reduce their operational cost. Our survey reveals that the IT industry is slightly ahead when is comes to having a clear direction to innovate. However, on the whole we see that only 10% of the respondents strongly agree that their company has a clear direction to innovate. Innovating is not about having great ideas alone, without proper focus the great idea would be lost. ! 18 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  19. 19. hovers around the 3.5 mark. Although 48% of respondents agreed with the statement, only 9.3% strongly agreed. " Our conversations with various executives also support this finding, whereby innovation is not regularly discussed in meetings, as are other topics such as sales figures and operational efficiency. Strategy/intent and Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly execution are two Disagree" " " " " " " Agree separate things. Just 1 2 3 4 5 like the new year Oil & Gas 3.6 resolution that is IT Industry 3.5 never executed. Banking/Finance 3.4 Innovation is part Good intention but Manufacturing 3.4 of our agenda in poor follow through! Services 3.4 meetings and One of the indicators discussions, just of seriousness of an like any other < 10 3.8 initiative in matters(e.g. sales, 11- 50 3.7 companies is the quality etc.) 51- 200 3.6 management 201- 1000 3.5 attention. Our > 1000 3.4 research showed that Overall 3.5 the score for innovation as being 1.7% 9.3% 32% 48% 9.3% part of the agenda in meetings and The smaller org have a much more intense/ commited approach to innovation. discussions, is a disappointing 3.5 out of 5. Even though 48% agreed with the statement, only 9.3% strongly agreed. It is interesting to note that the highest score (3.8) in this section is from companies with less than 10 people. Is the innovation agenda stronger in these companies? If so, why is that? Our conversations with various executives also substantiate this data, whereby innovation is not regularly discussed in meetings in contrast to other topics such as sales figures, safety issues and operational efficiency. How much emphasis has your company put into innovation in this perspective? Will there come a time when innovation is discussed with the same vigor as safety is emphasized in the Oil and Gas sector? Is innovation part of the agenda in meetings and discussion? Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 19
  20. 20. A final indicator on the Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly seriousness of innovation Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree of a company its R&D 1 2 3 4 5 budget. Some may Manufacturing 4.1 argue that an R&D Oil & Gas 3.8 budget does not reflect IT Industry 3.4 the innovativeness of a My company Services 3.0 company. However if invests heavily Banking/Finance 3.0 there is no investment on in Research & exploring new Development < 10 3.4 possibilities and 11- 50 3.2 developing new 51- 200 3.1 solutions, it would be 201- 1000 3.1 highly challenging for a > 1000 3.6 company to innovate. Overall 3.3 4.4% 20% 32% 14% 29% Slightly more than 40% of the respondents Large MNC spending. O&G had to compete globally. New areas to drill oil. New challenges. Therefore direction to innovate is clear. Resources are put aside for R&D. indicated that their company invests heavily in innovation. If we were to compare industries, < 50 are most likely start ups the manufacturing and Oil & Gas sector leads the pack. This is followed by the IT sector and SME are not spending. Why? then Services and Banking/Finance. Ind - Manufacturing and O&G are prob ‘product’ driven - something tangible. The service and Banking sector do not appear to spend on R&D. Why? When we analyzed based onHOw are we to target 70% GDP by 2020 from Services ifmore than 1000 employees company size, its companies with the R&D is so low? that seem to be investing on R&D.will our smaller companies, international banks in 2010 onwards? Would HOw The banks sustain against influx of and this would probably reflect the group comprising predominantly SMEs,‘protection’ from the government? we still rely on appear to be venturing an alarmingly low amount into R&D (scoring 3.1). Overall, our spending is low in R&D? Do we really have the cash? Is it low because not much is spent in that sector or is it also a reflection of the outcome from previous R&D, i.e we do not hear of success stories that result from R&D therefore we think not much is being done there. Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010 20 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  21. 21. Do ? C2 Creation There’s no magic when Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly its comes to innovation. Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree You need to spend time 1 2 3 4 5 and resources to IT Industry 3.5 Manufacturing 3.4 innovate. Our survey Oil & Gas 3.4 reveals that 54% of the We are given Services 3.4 respondents are given the opportunity Banking/Finance 3.1 the opportunity to (time and generate creative resources) to < 10 3.6 solutions. However, out generate 11- 50 3.5 of the 54%, only 7.6% creative solutions. 51- 200 3.5 strongly agrees with the 201- 1000 3.4 statement. 3M for > 1000 3.3 instance, allows their Overall 3.4 employees to spend 15% of their time on 1.3% 14% 31% 46% 7.6% their own projects and innovation. The scenario in Malaysia is rather different, where many are too bogged down with routine work and fire- fighting. One of the emerging trends in innovation is open innovation, whereby companies co-create innovative solutions with their suppliers, business partners and customers. The survey results reveal a score of 3.5 in this area; which is on the lower side of the spectrum. If we look back at the earlier part of the survey, suppliers are not seen as a strong driver of innovation. Does the challenge lie Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly with the company or is it Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree with suppliers? 1 2 3 4 5 We constantly Oil & Gas 3.6 collaborate with IT Industry 3.6 Are these companies our suppliers/ Banking/Finance 3.5 ready to co-create with business partners Manufacturing 3.5 their partners, or are to come up with Services 3.3 they just focused on new ideas/ Overall 3.5 getting big discounts or solutions. great bargains form 0.4% 11% 36% 48% 4.6% them? A McKinsey survey showed that O&G/ IT - high dependancy on supplier/buis partner cause do not normally deal direct to customers companies who have embarked on open innovation find an average increase of at least 20% in their level of innovations. Another challenge that is common in Malaysia, is that smaller companies have difficulty to penetrate large organizations probably due to their branding and positioning in the market. Therefore, although they may be very innovative, the chances of collaboration with a large organization, under the umbrella of open innovation, is slim. 21 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  22. 22. C2 One of the key Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly ingredients for innovation Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree is breakthrough ideas 1 2 3 4 5 Oil & Gas 3.6 that can transform a IT Industry 3.6 business or industry and Manufacturing 3.2 propel it to an entirely People in my Services 3.2 new playing field. company Banking/Finance 3.1 frequently come up with In our survey, the overall breakthrough/ < 10 3.5 score in this section is exciting ideas. 11- 50 3.6 3.4 only. Oil & Gas, IT 51- 200 3.4 sector and the smaller 201- 1000 3.3 companies seem to be > 1000 3.2 leading in this area. The Manufacturing, Services Overall 3.4 and Banking/Finance 1.3% 16% 32% 43% 7.2% sectors show a perturbing score of 3.2 Larger org - fear factor of jeopardizing career high. and 3.1. O&G/ IT - ? Direction to innovate clearer? IT/ O&G - leaders are willing to take risk (highest 2 scores). This keeps the employees more confident. More experience in trying new things therefore after a long time Does this truly reflect the capability of our people that breakthrough ideas easier to come by are not able to consistently generate breakthrough ideas or is Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly it that they don’t have Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree the courage or channel to 1 2 3 4 5 IT Industry 3.6 express their ideas or is There is a clear Oil & Gas 3.6 it that they simply don’t channel for Manufacturing 3.3 have the time to think? ideas to surface Services 3.2 within my Banking/Finance 3.1 company. Overall 3.4 The final part of the C2 (Creation) process 1.7% 14% 32% 43% 9.0% explores whether there’s a clear channel for ideas to surface within an organization. This may seem trivial, however we have come across many idea snipers within organizations, that ideas don’t have a chance of getting through the gate, to be heard. Channels for ideas can be as simple as web forums or intranet. Some of these are already practiced within organizations, with success. The overall score here is again a low 3.4. Clear leaders in terms of having a proper channel are the Oil & Gas and IT Industry. "To have a great idea, have a lot of them." - Thomas Edison 22 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  23. 23. C3 Conversion Once the idea has Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly surfaced what happens Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree to it ? If nothing is done 1 2 3 4 5 it will die a premature There is a clear Oil & Gas 3.9 death. In this stage we criteria for Manufacturing 3.6 explore the percentage accepting/ IT Industry 3.5 Banking/Finance 3.3 of companies that have rejecting new Services 3.2 a process of sorting the ideas. Overall 3.4 ideas and then allocating resources to 1.3% 17% 29% 49% 4.0% execute the idea. Important to have clear process. In addition to leaders who are willing to take risk. This is seen in O&G. About half of the respondents case of manufacturing, the process is clear but leaderscriteria for accepting/rejecting In pointed out that there is a clear are not willing to take risk. You still get incremental ideas. The Oil & Gas sector again dominates in this category followed by the Manufacturing innovation. Overall for banking and services very low. sector. One point to note is that having a clear screening criteria is essential, however if those criteria are too stringent it C3result in only low risk projects being approved and if they are will ? too loose, it can result in wasted resources. Do companies allow the conventional thinking and tight budgets to rule decisions? Here is where it is connected to how much Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly risk are the managers/ Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree leaders willing to take 1 2 3 4 5 when it comes to IT Industry 3.7 innovation? Again we Our leaders/ Oil & Gas 3.4 managers are see the IT industry (3.9) Services 3.4 willing to take on and the smaller Banking/Finance 3.2 risks to innovate. companies leading the Manufacturing 3.1 pack. Why are managers in the IT < 10 3.8 industry more willing to 11- 50 3.6 take risks compared to 51- 200 3.5 other industries? 201- 1000 3.3 > 1000 3.2 ! Overall 3.4 What is interesting to note is that the score 4.0% 11% 3.0% 49% 6.0% for Banking/Finance, Manufacturing and also The smaller the company - the more risk leaders are willing to take. larger companies (more than?Reflect a more intimate relationship with higher level of communication andThe between diff org levels 1000 employees) seem to be low (3.2 - 3.4). trust manufacturing sector takes up the rear end at 3.1. Why is IT significantly ahead of the rest? Nature of the buisness - high level of new products globall;y - high competition? If we are to consider the manufacturing sector, what are the repercussion of having risk averse leaders on the innovation quest ? Does having a clear criteria for accepting and rejecting ideas make a significant impact? ! 23 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010
  24. 24. As we saw previously, Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly the manufacturing Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree sector appeared to 1 2 3 4 5 have a clear process Cont C3 a There is structured ? Oil & Gas 4.0 for accepting and approach to Banking/Finance 3.4 Service 3.4 rejecting new ideas fund and IT Industry 3.2 however as their provide Manufacturing 3.2 leaders are not willing resources for Overall 3.3 to take on risks, the promising ideas. type of innovation 3.0% 16% 34% 43% 4.7% Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly prevalent are most Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree likely more focused on 1 2 3 4 5 There is a operational and incremental innovation. A risk averse Oil & Gas 4.0 structured culture will limit creativity and create a vicious cycle Banking/Finance 3.4 approach to of fear to even try to do thingsfund and differently. Service 3.4 IT Industry 3.2 provide Manufacturing 3.2 resources for Innovation is not about generating great ideas alone. Disagree Strongly Neutral Overall 3.3 Agree Strongly promising ideas. Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree The ideas need to be executed to create value 1 thefor 2 3 4 5 company. The survey reveals that when it comes to 3.0% 16% 34% Oil & Gas 3.8 43% 4.7% We have a clear having a structured approach in funding and Banking/Finance 3.4 approach in providing resources for promising ideas;the Oil and measuring the IT Industry 3.4 Gas industry is way ahead of the rest at 4.0. The progress of our Manufacturing 3.2 overall score in this section is 3.3. innovation Service 3.2 efforts. Overall 3.4 Managing innovation 2.6% 16% 34% 41% 6.4% Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly projects is no different Disagree! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agree from other projects. It 1 2 3 4 5 requires discipline, We have a clear Oil & Gas 3.8 Banking/Finance 3.4 consistent approach in IT Industry 3.4 communication and measuring the Manufacturing 3.2 follow through. In this progress of our Service 3.2 area the Oil & Gas innovation sector again leads with efforts. Overall 3.4 a score of 3.8 in having 2.6% 16% 34% 41% 6.4% a clear approach to measuring progress in their innovation efforts. Part of the equation is also to know when to abandon an innovation project. In this sense, companies must not lose sight of the initial focus of the project (the C1(Conception) stage of the innovation cycle). 24 Copyright © Alpha Catalyst Consulting 2010