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TOEFL Advisory

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TOEFL Advisory

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TOEFL Advisory

  1. 1. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 1
  2. 2. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 2 αTOEFL Advisory
  3. 3. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential What is TOEFL? • Required for studying abroad in North America, Asia’s MBA/Graduate school/University/Boarding school etc. • Reading, Listening, Speaking, Writing • 30 x 4 = 120 • Need at least above 100 for top schools
  4. 4. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential What is TOEFL? • TOP MBA ask 110 • Reading 28 → 30 • Listening 27 → 28 • Speaking 25 → 27 • Writing 25 → 27 • Total 105 →112
  5. 5. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential General TOEFL Takers • Don’t know what to do • Not motivated as scores don’t rise as easily • Test is 20,000 yen. Expensive • Too much daily temptations • 「Quit TOEFL」
  6. 6. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Strategy • TOEFL has US high school contents • Class contents+school conversations • To start from 3800 is NG! • Going to big cram school is also NG! • Learn from the contents • Understanding the contents comes first!
  7. 7. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Strategy • Biology, History, Astronomy, Culture etc. • Understand US high school’s class contents • R>Speed reading・Structure grasp • L>Efficient memo taking • S>Repeated practice • W>Repeated template practice
  8. 8. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Strategy • Necessary to master how to solve TOEFL • Speed reading → Question comprehension → Check Contents → 2DOWN with elimination method → Scrutiny of answers → Find absolutely different point→3DOWN
  9. 9. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Strategy • Select answers that are 「TOEFL answer-like」 • Use the process of elimination method • Clarify why options drop • ALWAYS double check. Never assume something. • One-word is the key at the end
  10. 10. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Strategy • How to prepare for the test • Strategy on the day of the test • How to write notes • How to use templates • Time allocation in Reading • Shortcut to learning the know-how of TOEFL
  11. 11. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Strategy • Are any texts OK? • Do what in which order? • R Which articles to read everyday? • L What to listen to everyday? • How many times a week to conduct S x W training?
  12. 12. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 12 αTOEFL Individual Advisory
  13. 13. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential General TOEFL takers • Don’t know what to do • Not motivated as scores don’t rise as easily • Test is 20,000 yen. Expensive • Too much daily temptations • 「Quit TOEFL」
  14. 14. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Individual Advisory • Thorough individual advisory • Teach what needs to be done • Manage schedule • S x W special training • Highest efficiency in reaching 112! • First, aim for 105!!
  15. 15. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Individual Advisory • Learn study methods & know- hows! • Complete progress management • S&W Reviews (5 times x 2) • Complete bargain!
  16. 16. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Individual Advisory • 200k yen for Individual Advisory 1 year • MBA Advisory (300)+TOEFL: 500→450K yen • MBA+GMAT+TOEFLで700→600 (Most popular, over 1000 in other institutions)
  17. 17. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Individual Advisory • Exemption from admission fee of 50,000 yen for those signing up within 2 weeks from today! • Presentation of the forbidden 「αTOEFL Strategy Manual 」! • MBA+GMAT applications give complete success! Most popular!
  18. 18. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential TOEFL Individual Advisory • If you sincerely wish to score high in TOEFL, try αTOEFL Individual Advisory • Facebook >Toshihiko Irisumi • Questions!
  19. 19. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 19
  20. 20. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 20 αTOEFL Seminar 3-day Special Training
  21. 21. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential WHY You want to take TOEFL?
  22. 22. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 22 IELTS・GRE Schools available for application 2014
  23. 23. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 23 IELTS Recommendations
  24. 24. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential Conversion Table TOEFL IELTS TOEIC 109 7.5 990 100 7 900 88 6.5 800 76 6 700 68 5.5 650 61 5 600 Despite the many tests around the world, there is a considerable gap between their recognition and difficulty.
  25. 25. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential Test of English for Studying Abroad ・Admissions officers evaluate you solely on whether you are capable of taking lectures in English. ・There are many standardized English tests such as TOEFL/ IELTS/ TOEIC/ PTE/ CPE/ CAE etc. Depending on the tests available for your target school, select a test that you can best score on and prepare strategically! 25
  26. 26. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential IELTS as an alternative to TOEFL  Relatively easier to score than TOEFL?! 1. Listening is easier 2. No complex problems combining Speaking & Listening 3. Speaking in an interview format  IELTS accepted even in major graduate schools Except for Wharton, Kellogg, Columbia, NYU, most major business schools accept IELTS (As of 2012)
  27. 27. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential B-Schools available for application with IELTS(2014 US) FT Rank in 2013 School name IELTS 1 Harvard Business School 7.5 2 Stanford Graduate School of Business 7 3 University of Pennsylvania: Wharton NG 5 Columbia Business School NG (TOEFL or PTE) 9 MIT: Sloan GMAT/GRE Verbal 10 University of Chicago: Booth 7 12 University of California at Berkeley: Haas 7 13 Northwestern University: Kellogg NG 14 Yale School of Management OK 16 Dartmouth College: Tuck OK 18 Duke University: Fuqua OK 19 New York University: Stern NG 23 UCLA: Anderson 7 24 Cornell University: Johnson OK 30 University of Michigan: Ross OK
  28. 28. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential B-Schools available for application with IELTS(2014 Europe) FT Rank in 2013 School name Country IELTS 4 London Business School UK OK 6 Insead France / Singapore 7.5 7 IESE Business School Spain 7.0 11 IE Business School Spain OK 16 University of Cambridge: Judge UK 7.5 19 IMD Switzerland NA 21 HEC Paris France OK 22 Esade Business School Spain 7.5 24 University of Oxford: Saïd UK 7.5 28 Warwick Business School UK 7.0 29 Manchester Business School UK 6.5 33 Rotterdam School of Management Netherlands OK 36 National University of Singapore Business School Singapore 6.5
  29. 29. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 29 GRE Recommendations
  30. 30. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential B-Schools available for application with GRE(2014 US) FT Rank in 2013 School name GRE 1 Harvard Business School OK 2 Stanford Graduate School of Business OK 3 University of Pennsylvania: Wharton OK 5 Columbia Business School OK 9 MIT: Sloan OK 10 University of Chicago: Booth OK 12 University of California at Berkeley: Haas OK 13 Northwestern University: Kellogg OK 14 Yale School of Management OK 16 Dartmouth College: Tuck OK 18 Duke University: Fuqua OK(GMAT preferred) 19 New York University: Stern OK 23 UCLA: Anderson OK 24 Cornell University: Johnson OK 30 University of Michigan: Ross OK
  31. 31. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential B-Schools available for application with GRE(2014 Europe) FT Rank in 2012 School name Country GRE 4 London Business School UK OK 6 Insead France / Singapore OK 7 IESE Business School Spain OK 11 IE Business School Spain OK 16 University of Cambridge: Judge UK OK 19 IMD Switzerland OK 21 HEC Paris France OK 22 Esade Business School Spain OK 24 University of Oxford: Saïd UK GMAT 28 Warwick Business School UK GMAT 29 Manchester Business School UK OK 33 Rotterdam School of Management Netherlands OK 36 National University of Singapore Business School Singapore OK
  32. 32. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential For reference, • Cornell University: Q. GRE or GMAT?  “… I still anticipate that a large majority of applicants will submit with a GMAT score. Although an increasing number of b- schools are now accepting the GRE, the GMAT is still viewed as the common denominator among applicants. With that said, this year we will be reviewing a small percentage of applicants that have chosen to take the GRE….” http://www.johnson.cornell.edu/Full-Time-MBA/Admissions/Admissions- Blog/EntryId/139/GRE-or-GMAT-does-it-matter.aspx • London Business School: Q. Do you accept the GRE?  if you have already taken the GRE, please contact our Admissions Team with your tests information so we can discuss your individual situation in more detail……. http://www.london.edu/programmes/msc/faqs.html 32
  33. 33. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 33 TOEFL
  34. 34. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 34 • Measuring your English abilities • Does your English abilities actually go up? • Major cram schools already out-of-date! • αMethod  High scores! • Take and score 110!! TOEFL
  35. 35. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 35 Day 1:READING Day 2:LISTENING Day 3: Writing/Speaking TOEFL 3-day Training Course
  36. 36. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 36 • We teach basic concepts and how to solve TOEFL problems • Then, Finish off with TOEFL Individual Advisory! TOEFL 3-day Training Course
  37. 37. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 37 • Clarification of purpose • Setting goals • What score, by when? • Current status and target score • Next test dates TOEFL 3-day Training Course
  38. 38. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 38 • Do what by next test? • How much vocabulary to learn? • Solve official test book how many times? • Do what everyday? • Receive feedback/revision when? • To put every effort! TOEFL 3-day Training Course
  39. 39. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 39 Main Principle The answer is always written TOEFL Lecture
  40. 40. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 40 • The answer is always written • Questions come in order of the text • Which options are wrong? • Which options are correct? • Eliminate wrong answers • Eliminate 3, then remaining option is the answer! • Do not try to find the answer at first sight TOEFL Lecture
  41. 41. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 41 • How are wrong answers designed? • How are correct answers designed? TOEFL Lecture
  42. 42. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 42 READING
  43. 43. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 43 • No. of Qs:12−14 • 3-6:Factual Info • 3-5:Vocabulary • 1-3 : Inferences • 3 main types • Score 28 with the right strategy! READING
  44. 44. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 44 [Wrong answers] 1. Not mentioned 2. Inimical (Opposite) 3. Different from what is written READING
  45. 45. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 45 [Vocab Questions] 1. EASY if Memorize  Know 2. Educated guess using hints from the front and back of the sentence 3. Elimination method if you still don’t know READING
  46. 46. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 46 [How to solve] 1. αSkimming 1.5 min x 2 par. (Speed Reading) 2. What are the main points? 3. Structure check 4. View answer options 5. Elimination method READING
  47. 47. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 47 [αSkimming] 1. Speed reading of 2 paragraphs in 1.5 minutes 2. Grasping key words 3. Read while understanding the structure 4. Oh, this point is written here~ 5. Oh, the main point is this~ READING
  48. 48. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 48 Let’s do it! READING
  49. 49. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 49 [Normal Skimming] 1. Speed reading in 3 minutes 2. Grasping key words 3. Read while understanding the structure 4. Oh, this point is written here~ 5. Oh, the main point is this~ READING
  50. 50. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 50 [αSkimming] 1. Speed reading in 1.5 minutes 2. Grasping key words 3. Read while understanding the structure 4. Oh, this point is written here~ 5. Oh, the main point is this~ READING
  51. 51. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 51 [Factual Questions] 1. Not written 2. Inimical (opposite) 3. Different from what is written READING
  52. 52. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 52 [EXCEPT Questions] 1. Eliminate options that are written 2. Remaining option is the answer READING
  53. 53. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 53 [Vocabulary Questions] 1. You already know 2. Make an educated guess 3. Elimination method READING
  54. 54. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 54 [Fill-in Questions] 1. In-line with the flow of the text 2. Read the flow of the text 3. Dependent? Opposite? READING
  55. 55. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 55 [Sorting Questions] 1. Do it at the very end READING
  56. 56. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 56 [Homework] 1. Practice SET1-6 2. Practice Test 1-3 3. Elimination method!! 4. Clarify the basis for eliminating 5. Matching that basis & OG’s rationale! READING
  57. 57. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 57 [Important point] 1. Eliminate 3 options 2. Remaining is the answer 3. No need to confirm the correct answer! 4. Sorting Qs should be done at the very end! 5. Finish others, then go back! READING
  58. 58. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 58 LISTENING
  59. 59. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 59 Conversation • 1 conversation >5Qs Lecture • 1 lecture >6Qs Listening
  60. 60. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 60 • 2-3Conv:5Q(10-15) • 4-6Lecture:6 Q (24-36) • Scoring (Ex. 36 Q) • 33-36 > 28−30 • 29-32 > 25−29 • Aim for 29/36! Listening
  61. 61. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 61 1. Main Idea 2. Speaker’s intention 3. Sentence structure Listening
  62. 62. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 62 1. Main Idea 2. Speaker’s intention 3. Sentence structure Listening
  63. 63. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 63 1. Main idea 1) Content 2) Purpose 3) Detail Listening
  64. 64. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 64 1. Main idea 1) Content • What problem does the man have? • What are the speakers mainly discussing? • What is the main topic of the lecture? • What is the lecture mainly about? • Correct:Rephrased • Incorrect:Abstract Listening
  65. 65. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 65 1. Main idea 2) Purpose • Why does the student visit the professor? • Why does the student visit the office? • Why the professor ask to see the student? • Why does the professor explain X? • Asked with reason in mind • Why did this person visit that place? Any problems? • Why did this student/lecturer mention that? Listening
  66. 66. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 66 1. Main idea 3) Detail • According to the professor, what is one way that X can affect Y? • What is X? • What resulted from the invention of the X • Asked with reason in mind • Details are not asked. Important point! • Vocab used in the conversation is NOT used in the answer options • Answers in line with the main idea O Listening
  67. 67. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 67 1. Main idea 2. Speaker’s intention 3. Sentence structure Listening
  68. 68. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 68 2. Speaker’s intention 1) Function 2) Attitude Listening
  69. 69. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 69 2. Speaker’s intention 1) Function • What does the professor imply when he says this? • Why does the student say this? • What does the professor mean when she says this? • Often, it is not specifically stated • Be aware of the intention of the speaker Listening
  70. 70. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 70 2. Speaker’s intention 2) Attitude • What can be inferred about the students? • What is the professor’s attitude toward A? • What is the professor’s opinion of X? • What can be inferred about the student when she says this? • What does the woman mean when she says this? • Pay attention to the tone of the speaker • Is he/she troubled? happy? apologetic? Listening
  71. 71. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 71 1. Main idea 2. Speaker’s intention 3. Sentence structure Listening
  72. 72. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 72 3. Sentence structure 1) Organization 2) Connection 3) Inference Listening
  73. 73. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 73 3.Sentence structure 1) Organization • How does the professor organize info? • How is the discussion organized? • Why does the professor discuss X? • Frequent in lectures • Pay attention to comparison or sequence of issues • Topic shift(A → B) • Main topic→ Sub topic • Intro, Conclusion / Example / joke Listening
  74. 74. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 74 3.Sentence structure 2) Connection • What is the outcome of doing X? • What can be inferred about X? • What does the professor imply about X? • Pay attention to the format of the lecture • Pay attention to conditions and definitions • Connection between main keywords Listening
  75. 75. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 75 3.Sentence structure 3) Inferences • What can be inferred about X? • What does the professor imply about X? • Choose the ‘additional’ choice to go along with the conclusion of the conversation/lecture • In many cases, words not mentioned in the conversation will be the answer Listening
  76. 76. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 76 1. Take Notes! 2. Major Points Only! 3. Expect Questions! 4. New Words/Concepts 5. Organization/Connection 6. Elimination! Listening
  77. 77. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 77 No need to think too much! 1. Main idea 2. Speaker’s intention 3. Sentence structure Listening
  78. 78. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 78 SPEAKING
  79. 79. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 79 • ‘Episodes’ are needed to answer many of the questions • Questions such as ‘Favorite travel destination, childhood memories, experiences with English, places with memories, first experiences with something’ are all answerable with one answer • In Speaking, coming up with and memorizing episodes that are readily available is very important • In Speaking, many questions come in similar formats, so it is quite helpful to have episodes ready Speaking
  80. 80. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 80 • There are only 45 seconds in Speaking • First....、Second....etc., Do not answer in the format of an essay! • This is a conversation • Answers with simple vocab and grammar are best • Vocabulary is also evaluated, but the most important criterion is whether you have answered the question Speaking
  81. 81. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 81 • For Independent, you are asked to think for 15 secs, then answer for 45 secs • For Integrated, you are asked to think for 30 secs, then answer for 60 secs • Decide on the outline to prepare/speak for 15/30 seconds • Understand how much to prepare/speak for 45/60 seconds • Get used to the sense of 45, 60 seconds • Make sure to finish in time • Special training with individual correction Speaking
  82. 82. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 82 WRITING
  83. 83. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 83 • Independent: 30 mins • Decide the outline in the first 5 minutes • Review and edit in the last 5 minutes • Write for 20 minutes Writing
  84. 84. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 84 [Independent] 1. Intro:1) Clarify your position(I agree/disagree with the statement ".....") 2. 2)Introduce all of your main reasons (because of the following reasons: inequality and poverty.../ because of differences in incomes and domestic violence...) 3. 1st point:Your main point「Followed by Why」+ Example 4. 2nd point:Your next point or opposite view.「Introduce an opposite viewpoint and write why it is not valid, thus strengthening your main argument」 5. Conclusion:Rewrite your point. Write the +/- of each point and also your personal opinion. Students at high levels strengthen their point by arguing for the opposite of their personal opinion. (Although (---------), I believe that (My point) is.......) Writing
  85. 85. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 85 • Integrated: Read for 3 minutes, then listen to lecture • Required to summarize in 20 minutes • Take proper notes while listening • Decide on the outline in the first 5 minutes • Do NOT write your own opinion Writing
  86. 86. (C) 2016 Alpha & Company, Inc.Strictly Confidential 86 EOP

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