NT&T Seminar Stijn Joye (UGent)

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NT&T Seminar Stijn Joye (UGent)

  1. 1. THE HIERARCHY OF GLOBAL SUFFERING A critical discourse analysis of international television news reporting on natural disasters Stijn Joye NewsTalk & Text seminar 06/03/2009
  2. 2. Natural disasters 1987-2006 <ul><li>Source: Hoyois et al., 2007: 18 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geographical breakdown <ul><li>4201 Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>(source: EM-DAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage in cm² </li></ul><ul><li>(N= 8949 newspaper articles) </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE HIERARCHY OF GLOBAL SUFFERING A critical discourse analysis of international television news reporting on natural disasters Stijn Joye NewsTalk & Text seminar 06/03/2009
  5. 5. One day of disaster news: 02/01/2006 RQ: If and how discourses of inequality and hierarchies of place and human life are articulated in news texts on distant global suffering 1410 5 USA Forest fire 81 3 Australia Forest fire 3600 3 USA Flood 16124 235 Indonesia Flood and land slides 5 128 000 73 338 Pakistan Earthquake Affected Deaths Country Natural disaster
  6. 6. <ul><li>Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterogeneous field of discourse theory and analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social constructionist approaches to discourse in the sense of language use as social practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDA : Fairclough, Wodak, van Dijk, Chouliaraki, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues of ideology and power  unequal power relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three-dimensional model of Fairclough (1992) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discursive practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social practices </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 1. Text <ul><li>Intertextuality </li></ul><ul><li>Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2. Discursive practices <ul><li>Access to information ~ news gathering </li></ul><ul><li>News selection </li></ul><ul><li>Editorial policy international news </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional context & audience </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2. Discursive practices <ul><li>Socio-political context </li></ul><ul><li>Discursive or social practice? </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunami versus Pakistan earthquake </li></ul>
  10. 10. 3. Social practices <ul><li>van Dijk: polarization between ingroup (us) and outgroup (them) </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchies of people, place and suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Eurocentric world order </li></ul>
  11. 11. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Misfortune in West = moral cause, positive - (as if they are like) us </li></ul><ul><li>Misfortune in Indonesia (& Pakistan) = “adventuristic reports on irrelevant misfortune” - Others </li></ul><ul><li>Link television news texts with broader social practice = Critical Discourse Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>News discourse normalizes global inequalities and hierarchies </li></ul>
  12. 12. THANK YOU! Questions or comments ? <ul><li>CONTACT: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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