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Photo Design-Light and Color-Chapter 4


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Photo Design-Light and Color-Chapter 4

  1. 1. Composing with light and color
  2. 2. Chiaroscuro <ul><li>Chiaroscuro-attributed to the Italian painter Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literally means light/dark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refers to the dramatic modeling of subjects in painting by shafts of light illuminating dark scenes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It controls the sense of modeling in an image and so it controls the 3d quality of the work </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. Chiaroscuro <ul><li>Chiaroscuro is a high contrast type of lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Generally you are exposing for the highlights and allowing the shadows to go comparatively dark </li></ul>
  4. 6. Key <ul><li>Brightness can dictate the mood of the photo </li></ul><ul><li>When the image is dark, favoring shadow tones, it is considered low key </li></ul><ul><li>When the image is brighter, it is considered high key </li></ul><ul><li>It is difficult to show high key in color images </li></ul><ul><li>High key black and white can be luminous and graphic, but high key color often looks washed out and underexposed </li></ul>
  5. 7. Original
  6. 8. High and Low key
  7. 9. Original scene
  8. 10. High and Low key
  9. 14. Ambiguity
  10. 15. Caustics
  11. 18. Reinforcing pattern
  12. 19. Color in Composition <ul><li>Hue, saturation, and brightness make up a color </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hue is the name of the color (blue, red…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saturation is the intensity of the hue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brightness is determines how dark or light the hue is </li></ul></ul>
  13. 21. Color <ul><li>Primary colors are red, blue, and yellow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But this doesn ’t correspond with our RGB for film and digital images </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Red, blue and yellow refer to light reflecting off of paint from paper or canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Our RGB refers to transmitted light </li></ul><ul><li>For our purposes we will use the painting primaries </li></ul>
  14. 23. Primary Colors
  15. 24. RED <ul><li>Red is considered the strongest color </li></ul><ul><li>It tends to advance toward the viewer </li></ul><ul><li>It can be seen as vital, earthy, hot, passion, aggression, danger </li></ul>
  16. 25. Red
  17. 26. YELLOW <ul><li>Yellow is the brightest color </li></ul><ul><li>It can be seen as vigorous, sharp, insistent, aggressive, cheerful </li></ul><ul><li>It has obvious association with the sun and light sources </li></ul><ul><li>Against a dark background it can seem to radiate light </li></ul>
  18. 28. BLUE <ul><li>Blue recedes more than yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Seems to be relatively dark, quiet, and cool, wet, airy </li></ul><ul><li>Refers strongly to sky and water </li></ul>
  19. 30. Secondary Colors
  20. 31. GREEN <ul><li>The color of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest growth and progress </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow-green is associated with spring and youth </li></ul><ul><li>Green can also show decomposition and sickness </li></ul>
  21. 34. VIOLET <ul><li>The illusive color </li></ul><ul><li>Has connotations of mystery </li></ul><ul><li>The similar color of purple has connotations of religion and regality </li></ul>
  22. 35. Violet
  23. 37. ORANGE <ul><li>Warm, strong, brilliant, powerful </li></ul><ul><li>It is the color of sunset and fire </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with celebration and heat </li></ul>
  24. 40. Color Relationships <ul><li>Colors need to be treated in relationship to each other </li></ul><ul><li>These relationships can evoke emotional reactions </li></ul><ul><li>How colors ought to be paired is a question of the ages </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony is a pleasing, acceptable relationship </li></ul>
  25. 41. HARMONY <ul><li>Complementary harmony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hues from across each other on the color wheel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harmony of Similarity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hues from the same section of the color wheel </li></ul></ul>
  26. 42. Orange-blue
  27. 43. Pink-green
  28. 44. Warm-cool
  29. 45. Green-orange
  30. 46. Red-green
  31. 47. Color accent
  32. 48. Color accent
  33. 49. Muted Colors <ul><li>Strong colors are relatively rare in the natural world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They occur in isolated areas (flowers…) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With digital photography we can manage saturation of our colors very easily </li></ul>
  34. 50. Orientalist palette
  35. 51. Muted color
  36. 52. Mossy greens
  37. 53. Metallics
  38. 54. Interference colors
  39. 55. Texture and form